Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C.
This coin is one of the largest Ptolemaic coins, and only the third example of this extremely raretype known to Forum. An extraordinary raised pin protrudes from near center, as seen in the photo right.
GP71872. Bronze octobol, Svoronos 1409 (Ptolemy VI, one specimen), apparently otherwise unpublished, aEF, double struck, weight 93.230 g, maximum diameter 46.5 mm, die axis 315o, Paphos mint, c. 215 B.C.; obverse diademed and horned head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, lotus flower before, ΛI between legs; ex Pecunem, Gitbud & Naumann auction 19, lot 346 (misattributed); extremely rare; $3000.00 (€2610.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX Lathyros, Reign as King of Cyprus, 101 - 88 B.C.
Ptolemy IX Lathyros ("grass pea") was king of Egypt three times, 116 B.C. to 110 B.C., 109 B.C. to 107 B.C. and 88 B.C. to 81 B.C., with intervening periods ruled by his brother, Ptolemy X Alexander. When this coin was struck Ptolemy IX ruled in Cyprus and Ptolemy X in Egypt.
Serifs are unique to just a few rare Ptolemaic coins from this time period. Perhaps all are the work of a single engraver. Serifs also appear on a very rare Kition tetradrachm of this ruler. They appear on the K behind the head of Arsinoe II on the latest of the octadrachms. The heavy-set portrait compares well to MFA 59.51, and not so well to images of Ptolemy I.
SH72904. Silver tetradrachm, apparently unpublished and unique!, VF, weight 13.234 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, as King of Cyprus, year 27, 91 - 90 B.C.; obverse diademed bust of Ptolemy IX right, wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on a thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, date LKZ (year 27) before, ΠA mint mark behind, all letters with serifs; $2500.00 (€2175.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros), 116 - 108 B.C.
The style of this undated drachm closely resembles the style of the referenced year 2 drachm and hemidrachm of Ptolemy IX.
SH90360. Silver drachm, apparently unpublished and unique! for style cf. Svoronos 1661 (Ptolemy IX, 115 B.C., drachm, ΠA, LB) and 1662 (hemidrachm, same), VF, light corrosion, scratches, weight 3.125 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 315o, c. 116 B.C.; obverse Diademed bust of Ptolemy I right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, no symbols; ex Gerhard Hirsch Nachfolger, auction 296 (3 Feb 2014), lot 1975; $1200.00 (€1044.00)
Levant, Egypt or Arabia, Imitative Athenian Transitional StyleTetradrachm, c. 350 - 330 B.C.
This coin is from the hoard containing at least 76 Athenian-type owls, both Athenian issues and Egyptian and Levantine imitations, and two silver "dumps" cataloged and discussed by Peter G. van Alfen, in "A New Athenian "Owl" and Bullion Hoard from the Near East" in AJN 16-17 (2004-05), pp. 47-61, and pl. 6-13. The hoard is rumored to have come from the western coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
SH66406. Silver tetradrachm, Van Alfen New p. 58 and pl. 12, 67 (this coin), VF, test cut on reverse, weight 16.983 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 270o, Athens mint, c. 353 - 294 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; reverse owl standing right, head facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent; Van Alfen plate coin; very rare; $800.00 (€696.00)
Roman Egypt, Antinoopolites Nome(?), Portrait of Antinous, c. 137 - 138 A.D.(?)
On 30 October 130 A.D., Hadrian founded the city of Antinoopolis on the very bank of the Nile river where Antinous drowned. It was the capital of a new nome, Antinoopolites. Perhaps the date on this coin is year four of an era beginning with the founding of Antinoopolis.
SH90379. Lead tessera, cf. Geissen 3583, Dattari 2093, Emmett 4290 (R5), Milne -, SNG Cop -, SNG Milan -, aVF, weight 5.023 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antinoopolis(?) mint, c. 30 Oct 133 - 29 Oct 134 A.D.(?); obverse draped bust of Antinous right, wearing lotus crown, crescent-nimbus before, Nike on globe behind crowning him; reversebust of Horus right, draped and wearing the double crown of Egypt, date L - ∆(?) across fields; very rare; $670.00 (€582.90)
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
In 153 A.D., there were minor uprisings in Egypt against Roman rule.
SH90303. Bronze drachm, Dattari / Savio 2824 (same dies), Geissen 1718 (same dies), Kampmann-Ganschow 35.613, Emmet 1650, Milne -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Milan -, SNG Cop -, VF, rough green patina, edge cracks, weight 23.635 g, maximum diameter 34.8 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 153 - 28 Aug 154 A.D.; obverse AYT K T AIΛ A∆P − ANTΩNINOC CEB EYC, laureate head left, slight drapery on far shoulder; reversebust of Serapis right wearing kalathos, eagle standing facing with spread wings below, a star flanking bust on each side, I / L-Z (year 17) flanking eagle below wings; ex CNG auction 237 (21 Jul 2010), lot 239; ex Jencek Historical Enterprise; rare; $530.00 (€461.10)
Islamic, Egypt(?), Wheel Cut Miniature GlassBottle, 10th - 11th Century A.D.
AS61819. Wheel cut miniature bottle; cf. Corning Islamic I 209 - 210; 1 inch high, 10th - 11th century A.D.; vessel of pale green glass, wheel cut baseline and wheel cut alternating arrowheads on the body, top of neck missing; from a New Jersey collection; rare; $380.00 (€330.60)
Macedonian Kingdom, Ptolemy I, as Satrap in Egypt, 323 - 305 B.C.
Ptolemy Lagides was a Macedonian general who, after Alexander's death, became the Satrap of Egypt under the nominal kings Philip III Arrhidaeus and the infant Alexander IV. By custom, kings in Macedonia asserted their right to the throne by burying their predecessor. Probably because he wanted to preempt Perdiccas, the imperial regent, from staking his claim in this way, Ptolemy took stole the body of Alexander. Ptolemy then openly joined the coalition against Perdiccas. Thus began the long series of wars between the Diadochi, Alexander's successors. In 305, Ptolemy took the titles king and pharaoh, founding the Ptolemaic Kingdom and Ptolemaic Dynasty.
GP72061. Bronze hemiobol, Svoronos 172 (as king); BMC Ptolemies p. 8, 62 (295 - 284, Cyprus); SNG Cop 36; SNG Milan 5; Malter 21; Weiser -; Noeske -, VF, crowded flan, red and brown patina, weight 4.503 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 315o, Alexandria mint, 310 - 305 B.C.; obverse diademed and horned head of deified Alexander the Great right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY (no title, upward on left), eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings open, apluster above helmet on left; ex Harlan Berk; scarce; $370.00 (€321.90)
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
During Hadrian's reign Italian agriculture declined as imports from Egypt and NorthAfrica depressed wheat prices, making it unprofitable to farm and forcing many farmers off the land. In Rome, bread was distributed free to the poor and Roman bakeries produced dozens of bread varieties.
RX59599. Bronze drachm, Milne 1038; Dattari 1802 var (date above); Kampmann-Ganschow 32.228; Emmett 1015 (R5), Geissen -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Cop -, SNG Hunterian -, VF, weight 22.004 g, maximum diameter 33.6 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 122 - 28 Aug 123 A.D.; obverse AVT KAIC TPAI A∆PIA CEB, laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder; reverseNilus reclining left, hippo under left arm, long reed in right, cornucopia in left, LZ (year 7) in exergue; extremely rare; $320.00 (€278.40)
Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Tyche (Greek for luck; the Roman equivalent was Fortuna) was the presiding tutelary deity that governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. Increasingly during the Hellenistic period, cities had their own specific iconic version of Tyche, wearing a mural crown (a crown like the walls of the city).
SH66838. Billontetradrachm, Dattari 5342; Geissen 2982; Kampmann-Ganschow 91.47; SRCV III 10716; BMC Alexandria p. 2266; Milne 4140, Choice aEF, weight 11.345 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 315o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 266 - 28 Aug 267 A.D.; obverse KOPNHΛIA CAΛWNEINA CEB, diademed and draped bust right; reversetyche reclining left on couch, kalathos on head, rudder in right hand, LI∆ (year 14) above; $280.00 (€243.60)
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