Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX Lathyros, Reign as of , 101 - 88 B.C.
Ptolemy IX Lathyros ("grass pea") was of three times, 116 B.C. to 110 B.C., 109 B.C. to 107 B.C. and 88 B.C. to 81 B.C., with intervening periods ruled by his brother, Ptolemy X Alexander. When this coin was struck Ptolemy IX ruled in and Ptolemy X in .
Serifs are unique to just a few Ptolemaic coins from this time period. Perhaps all are the of a single engraver. Serifs also appear on a very Kition of this ruler. They appear on the K behind the of on the latest of the octadrachms. The heavy-set portrait compares well to MFA 59.51, and not so well to images of Ptolemy I. SH72904. Silver , apparently unpublished and unique!, VF, 13.234 g, maximum 27.0 mm, 0o, Paphos mint, as of , year 27, 91 - 90 B.C.; diademed of Ptolemy IX right, wearing ; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on a thunderbolt, left, wings closed, date LKZ (year 27) before, ΠA mint mark behind, all letters with serifs; $2250.00 (€1957.50)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX II (Lathyros), 116 - 108 B.C.
The of this undated closely resembles the of the referenced year 2 and of Ptolemy IX.SH90360. Silver , apparently unpublished and unique! for cf. 1661 (Ptolemy IX, 115 B.C., , ΠA, LB) and 1662 ( , same), VF, light corrosion, scratches, 3.125 g, maximum 15.9 mm, 315o, c. 116 B.C.; Diademed of Ptolemy I right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, left, wings closed, no ; ex Gerhard Nachfolger, auction 296 (3 Feb 2014), lot 1975; $1080.00 (€939.60)
Roman , Nov 130 - c. 138 A.D.
Both the and types on this are published but the combination does not appear to be published. Nor did we find another example online. According to , lead tesserae served as local small change in during the first to the third century A.D.RX90574. Lead , Unpublished; cf. 6444 and 3584 (for ) and 6493 and 3575 (for ), VF , 5.107 g, maximum 22.5 mm, 270o, (?) mint, Nov 130 - c. 138 A.D. (possibly later); on horseback right, wearing hem hem crown, in right hand; reclining left on right below, nude to waist, around hips and legs, reeds in his right hand, in left; before him at his feet stands Euthenia (prosperity) wearing and , offering wreath held in right hand; extremely ; $540.00 (€469.80)
, Ptolemy I, as in , 323 - 305 B.C.
Ptolemy Lagides was a Macedonian general who, after Alexander's death, became the of under the nominal kings Philip III Arrhidaeus and the infant Alexander IV. By custom, kings in asserted their right to the throne by burying their predecessor. Probably because he wanted to preempt Perdiccas, the imperial regent, from staking his claim in this way, Ptolemy took stole the body of Alexander. Ptolemy then openly joined the coalition against Perdiccas. Thus began the long series of wars between the , Alexander's successors. In 305, Ptolemy took the titles and pharaoh, founding the Ptolemaic Kingdom and Ptolemaic Dynasty.GP72061. Bronze , 172 (as ); p. 8, 62 (295 - 284, ); 36; 5; 21; -; -, VF, , red and brown , 4.503 g, maximum 18.5 mm, 315o, mint, 310 - 305 B.C.; diademed and horned of deified Alexander the Great right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY (no title, upward on left), standing left on thunderbolt, left, wings open, above helmet on left; ex ; ; $370.00 (€321.90)
, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D., Roman Provincial
Eleutheria is the Greek personification of liberty (ancient and modern). Eleutheria was also an epithet for at Myra, .RX74282. , 5359; 247; 326; 365; 234; p. 25, 209; 18.5; 184, aVF, 12.604 g, maximum 25.5 mm, 0o, mint, 15 Jan 69 - 17 Apr 69 A.D.; AYTOK MAPK OΘΩNOΣ KAIΣ ΣEB, laureate right, LA (year 1) before; EΛEY−ΘEPIA, Eleutheria standing left, wreath in right, in left, leaning on column; $350.00 (€304.50)
Islamic, (?), Wheel Cut Miniature , 10th - 11th Century A.D.
AS61819. Wheel cut miniature ; cf. I 209 - 210; 1 inch high, 10th - 11th century A.D.; vessel of pale green , wheel cut baseline and wheel cut alternating arrowheads on the body, top of neck missing; from a New Jersey collection; ; $340.00 (€295.80)
, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial
During Hadrian's reign Italian agriculture declined as imports from and depressed wheat prices, making it unprofitable to farm and forcing many farmers off the land. In Rome, bread was distributed free to the and Roman bakeries produced dozens of bread varieties.RX59599. Bronze , 1038; 1802 var (date above); 32.228; 1015 (R5), -, -, -, -, VF, 22.004 g, maximum 33.6 mm, 0o, mint, 29 Aug 122 - 28 Aug 123 A.D.; AVT KAIC TPAI A∆PIA CEB, laureate right, drapery on far shoulder; reclining left, hippo under left arm, long reed in right, in left, LZ (year 7) in ; extremely ; $320.00 (€278.40)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II , 285 - 246 B.C.
Huge bronze! The largest of all Ptolemaic bronze coins.GP75643. Bronze octobol, 446; 19; p. 37, 158; 142; 64; 13; 67, aF, 77.706 g, maximum 46.9 mm, 0o, mint, diademed of Zeus-Ammon right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, turned back right, E between legs; $300.00 (€261.00)
, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Roman Provincial
(Greek for luck; the Roman equivalent was ) was the presiding tutelary deity that governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. Increasingly during the Hellenistic period, cities had their own specific iconic version of , wearing a (a crown like the walls of the city).SH66838. , 5342; 2982; 91.47; 10716; p. 2266; 4140, aEF, 11.345 g, maximum 23.7 mm, 315o, mint, 29 Aug 266 - 28 Aug 267 A.D.; KOPNHΛIA CAΛWNEINA CEB, diademed and draped right; reclining left on couch, on , rudder in right hand, LI∆ (year 14) above; $280.00 (€243.60)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX II (Lathyros) or Ptolemy X Alexander, c. 114 - 80 B.C.
After Ptolemy died in 116 B.C., III ruled with her mother II and son Ptolemy IX. In 110 B.C., she replaced Ptolemy IX as co-regent with her second son Ptolemy X. Ptolemy IX regained the throne in 109 but was again replaced in 107 B.C. In 101 B.C., Ptolemy X had his mother III murdered, and then ruled alone or with his niece and wife, Berenice III.GP62519. Bronze AE 14, unpublished, cf. 1696 (1 spec., 35mm), 119 (25mm), -, -, -, -, VF, 2.053 g, maximum 14.2 mm, 0o, Paphos mint, c. 114 - 80 B.C.; of Zeus-Ammon right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEOΣ, standing left, pesatos(?) with diadem and straps left; possibly unique; $240.00 (€208.80)
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