Levant, Egypt or Arabia, Imitative Athenian Transitional StyleTetradrachm, c. 350 - 330 B.C.
This coin is from the hoard containing at least 76 Athenian-type owls, both Athenian issues and Egyptian and Levantine imitations, and two silver "dumps" cataloged and discussed by Peter G. van Alfen, in "A New Athenian "Owl" and Bullion Hoard from the Near East" in AJN 16-17 (2004-05), pp. 47-61, and pl. 6-13. The hoard is rumored to have come from the western coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
SH66406. Silver tetradrachm, Van Alfen New p. 58 and pl. 12, 67 (this coin), VF, test cut on reverse, weight 16.983 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 270o, Athens mint, c. 353 - 294 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; reverse owl standing right, head facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent; Van Alfen plate coin; very rare; $900.00 (€675.00)
Roman Egypt, Antinoopolites Nome(?), Portrait of Antinous, c. 137 - 138 A.D.(?)
On 30 October 130 A.D., Hadrian founded the city of Antinoopolis on the very bank of the Nile river where Antinous drowned. It was the capital of a new nome, Antinoopolites. Perhaps the date on this coin is year four of an era beginning with the founding of Antinoopolis.
SH90379. Lead tessera, cf. Geissen 3583, Dattari 2093, Emmett 4290 (R5), Milne -, SNG Cop -, SNG Milan -, aVF, weight 5.023 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antinoopolis(?) mint, c. 30 Oct 133 - 29 Oct 134 A.D.(?); obverse draped bust of Antinous right, wearing lotus crown, crescent-nimbus before, Nike on globe behind crowning him; reversebust of Horus right, draped and wearing the double crown of Egypt, date L - ∆(?) across fields; very rare; $750.00 (€562.50)
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
In 153 A.D., there were minor uprisings in Egypt against Roman rule.
SH90303. Bronze drachm, Dattari / Savio 2824 (same dies), Geissen 1718 (same dies), Kampmann-Ganschow 35.613, Emmet 1650, Milne -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Milan -, SNG Cop -, VF, rough green patina, edge cracks, weight 23.635 g, maximum diameter 34.8 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 153 - 28 Aug 154 A.D.; obverse AYT K T AIΛ A∆P − ANTΩNINOC CEB EYC, laureate head left, slight drapery on far shoulder; reversebust of Serapis right wearing kalathos, eagle standing facing with spread wings below, a star flanking bust on each side, I / L-Z (year 17) flanking eagle below wings; ex CNG auction 237 (21 Jul 2010), lot 239; ex Jencek Historical Enterprise; rare; $530.00 (€397.50)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C.
Ptolemy IV's surname, Philopator, means father lover, ironic since according to some authorities he poisoned his father. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria. He was a cruel and evil monarch.
SH70924. Bronze drachm, Svoronos 1125; Noeske 140 ff.; SNG Cop 199; Weiser 49 (Ptolemy II, 253 - 249 B.C.); BMC Ptolemies p. 57, 106 ff. (Ptolemy III); Hosking -, VF, weight 70.894 g, maximum diameter 41.9 mm, die axis 315o, Alexandria mint, obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, filleted cornucopia left, ∆I between eagle's legs; a massive 71 gram Ptolemaic bronze!; $450.00 (€337.50)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy VIIIEuergetes II (Physcon), Second Reign, 145 - 116 B.C., Ancient Counterfeit
While the style is decent, the weight is 25% low and the core appears to be of baser metal. This is most likely a counterfeit struck at an ancient criminal mint.
SH90948. Fouree silver plated tetradrachm, cf. Svoronos 1580 (official, Kition mint, Cyprus, 140 - 139 B.C.), Paphos I 58 - 66 (same), SNG Cop 596 (same), VF, lamination edge flaw, weight 10.730 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 0o, unofficial mint, c. 140 - 116 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head left, LΛA (year 31, appears as LΛΛ) left, KI (mintmark) right; $400.00 (€300.00)
Islamic, Egypt(?), Wheel Cut Miniature GlassBottle, 10th - 11th Century A.D.
AS61819. Wheel cut miniature bottle; cf. Corning Islamic I 209 - 210; 1 inch high, 10th - 11th century A.D.; vessel of pale green glass, wheel cut baseline and wheel cut alternating arrowheads on the body, top of neck missing; from a New Jersey collection; rare; $380.00 (€285.00)
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt, ZodiacType - Jupiter in Aries
The reverse is Zodiactype meaning Jupiter in Aries. It takes Jupiter about 12 years to circle the zodiac (the planet visits an average of one sign a year). Since this type was issued over a number of years, it does not appear to refer to the then current year. Perhaps Jupiter was in Aries at the time of Antoninus' birth. If so, his horoscope predicted he should be wise, highly educated, and popular with an attractive personality. He would live like a saint and would make a good lawyer, judge, or accountant.
SH63102. Bronze drachm, cf. SRCV II 4447, Emmett 1654, gF, rough, weight 17.323 g, maximum diameter 31.7 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, obverse TI AYT K T AIΛ A∆P ANTWNINOC CEB EYC (or similar), laureate, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reverse draped bust of Zeus-Serapis (Jupiter) right, above ram right wearing hemhem crown, Egyptian altar before, date (obscure) above; scarce; $350.00 (€262.50)
Galba, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Galba was governor of Hispania Tarraconensis when he was proclaimed emperor by his troops. The Senate recognized his authority in Jul 68. His avarice, ruthlessness and refusal to pay a promised donative to the praetorian guards made him unpopular. He was assassinated in a conspiracy plotted by Otho.
RX64057. Bronze diobol, Dattari 320; Geissen 241; RPC I 5351; Milne 356; BMC Alexandria p. 24, 202; SNG Cop 154, VF, interesting portrait, weight 8.318 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Sep 68 - 15 Jan 69 A.D.; obverse ΣEPOYI ΓAΛBA AYTO KAIΣ ΣEBA, laureate head right; reverse draped bust of Isis right, wearing crown of horns and disk, LB ( year 2) right; $350.00 (€262.50)
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
During Hadrian's reign Italian agriculture declined as imports from Egypt and NorthAfrica depressed wheat prices, making it unprofitable to farm and forcing many farmers off the land. In Rome, bread was distributed free to the poor and Roman bakeries produced dozens of bread varieties.
RX59599. Bronze drachm, Milne 1038; Dattari 1802 var (date above); Kampmann-Ganschow 32.228; Emmett 1015 (R5), Geissen -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Cop -, SNG Hunterian -, VF, weight 22.004 g, maximum diameter 33.6 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 122 - 28 Aug 123 A.D.; obverse AVT KAIC TPAI A∆PIA CEB, laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder; reverseNilus reclining left, hippo under left arm, long reed in right, cornucopia in left, LZ (year 7) in exergue; extremely rare; $320.00 (€240.00)
Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Tyche (Greek for luck; the Roman equivalent was Fortuna) was the presiding tutelary deity that governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. Increasingly during the Hellenistic period, cities had their own specific iconic version of Tyche, wearing a mural crown (a crown like the walls of the city).
SH66838. Billontetradrachm, Dattari 5342; Geissen 2982; Kampmann-Ganschow 91.47; SRCV III 10716; BMC Alexandria p. 2266; Milne 4140, Choice aEF, weight 11.345 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 315o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 266 - 28 Aug 267 A.D.; obverse KOPNHΛIA CAΛWNEINA CEB, diademed and draped bust right; reversetyche reclining left on couch, kalathos on head, rudder in right hand, LI∆ (year 14) above; $320.00 (€240.00)
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