Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C.
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX Lathyros, Reign as King of Cyprus, 101 - 88 B.C.
Ptolemy IX Lathyros ("grass pea") was king of Egypt three times, 116 B.C. to 110 B.C., 109 B.C. to 107 B.C. and 88 B.C. to 81 B.C., with intervening periods ruled by his brother, Ptolemy X Alexander. When this coin was struck Ptolemy IX ruled in Cyprus and Ptolemy X in Egypt.
Serifs are unique to just a few rare Ptolemaic coins from this time period. Perhaps all are the work of a single engraver. Serifs also appear on a very rare Kition tetradrachm of this ruler. They appear on the K behind the head of Arsinoe II on the latest of the octadrachms. The heavy-set portrait compares well to MFA 59.51, and not so well to images of Ptolemy I. SH72904. Silver tetradrachm, apparently unpublished and unique!, VF, weight 13.234 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, as King of Cyprus, year 27, 91 - 90 B.C.; obverse diademed bust of Ptolemy IX right, wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on a thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, date LKZ (year 27) before, ΠA mint mark behind, all letters with serifs; $2500.00 (€2175.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros), 116 - 108 B.C.
The style of this undated drachm closely resembles the style of the referenced year 2 drachm and hemidrachm of Ptolemy IX.SH90360. Silver drachm, apparently unpublished and unique! for style cf. Svoronos 1661 (Ptolemy IX, 115 B.C., drachm, ΠA, LB) and 1662 (hemidrachm, same), VF, light corrosion, scratches, weight 3.125 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 315o, c. 116 B.C.; obverse Diademed bust of Ptolemy I right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, no symbols; ex Gerhard Hirsch Nachfolger, auction 296 (3 Feb 2014), lot 1975; $1200.00 (€1044.00)
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
In 153 A.D., there were minor uprisings in Egypt against Roman rule.SH90303. Bronze drachm, Dattari / Savio 2824 (same dies), Geissen 1718 (same dies), Kampmann-Ganschow 35.613, Emmet 1650, Milne -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Milan -, SNG Cop -, VF, rough green patina, edge cracks, weight 23.635 g, maximum diameter 34.8 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 153 - 28 Aug 154 A.D.; obverse AYT K T AIΛ A∆P − ANTΩNINOC CEB EYC, laureate head left, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse bust of Serapis right wearing kalathos, eagle standing facing with spread wings below, a star flanking bust on each side, I / L-Z (year 17) flanking eagle below wings; ex CNG auction 237 (21 Jul 2010), lot 239; ex Jencek Historical Enterprise; rare; $530.00 (€461.10)
Macedonian Kingdom, Ptolemy I, as Satrap in Egypt, 323 - 305 B.C.
Ptolemy Lagides was a Macedonian general who, after Alexander's death, became the Satrap of Egypt under the nominal kings Philip III Arrhidaeus and the infant Alexander IV. By custom, kings in Macedonia asserted their right to the throne by burying their predecessor. Probably because he wanted to preempt Perdiccas, the imperial regent, from staking his claim in this way, Ptolemy took stole the body of Alexander. Ptolemy then openly joined the coalition against Perdiccas. Thus began the long series of wars between the Diadochi, Alexander's successors. In 305, Ptolemy took the titles king and pharaoh, founding the Ptolemaic Kingdom and Ptolemaic Dynasty.GP72061. Bronze hemiobol, Svoronos 172 (as king); BMC Ptolemies p. 8, 62 (295 - 284, Cyprus); SNG Cop 36; SNG Milan 5; Malter 21; Weiser -; Noeske -, VF, crowded flan, red and brown patina, weight 4.503 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 315o, Alexandria mint, 310 - 305 B.C.; obverse diademed and horned head of deified Alexander the Great right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY (no title, upward on left), eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings open, apluster above helmet on left; ex Harlan Berk; scarce; $370.00 (€321.90)
Islamic, Egypt(?), Wheel Cut Miniature Glass Bottle, 10th - 11th Century A.D.
AS61819. Wheel cut miniature bottle; cf. Corning Islamic I 209 - 210; 1 inch high, 10th - 11th century A.D.; vessel of pale green glass, wheel cut baseline and wheel cut alternating arrowheads on the body, top of neck missing; from a New Jersey collection; rare; $340.00 (€295.80)
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
During Hadrian's reign Italian agriculture declined as imports from Egypt and North Africa depressed wheat prices, making it unprofitable to farm and forcing many farmers off the land. In Rome, bread was distributed free to the poor and Roman bakeries produced dozens of bread varieties.RX59599. Bronze drachm, Milne 1038; Dattari 1802 var (date above); Kampmann-Ganschow 32.228; Emmett 1015 (R5), Geissen -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Cop -, SNG Hunterian -, VF, weight 22.004 g, maximum diameter 33.6 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 122 - 28 Aug 123 A.D.; obverse AVT KAIC TPAI A∆PIA CEB, laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder; reverse Nilus reclining left, hippo under left arm, long reed in right, cornucopia in left, LZ (year 7) in exergue; extremely rare; $320.00 (€278.40)
Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Tyche (Greek for luck; the Roman equivalent was Fortuna) was the presiding tutelary deity that governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. Increasingly during the Hellenistic period, cities had their own specific iconic version of Tyche, wearing a mural crown (a crown like the walls of the city).SH66838. Billon tetradrachm, Dattari 5342; Geissen 2982; Kampmann-Ganschow 91.47; SRCV III 10716; BMC Alexandria p. 2266; Milne 4140, Choice aEF, weight 11.345 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 315o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 266 - 28 Aug 267 A.D.; obverse KOPNHΛIA CAΛWNEINA CEB, diademed and draped bust right; reverse tyche reclining left on couch, kalathos on head, rudder in right hand, LI∆ (year 14) above; $280.00 (€243.60)
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
This reverse type was apparently only struck for Antoninus Pius in his year two. Milne lists only a single example. Emmett lists it as rarity 5 (only one or two specimens known from the collections he examined).RX57412. Bronze hemidrachm, Milne 1612, Emmett 1716 (R5), Dattari -, Geissen -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Hunterian -, SNG Cop -, SNG Milan -, Kampmann-Ganschow -, aF, weight 11.475 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 138 - 28 Aug 139 A.D.; obverse AY TK T AIΛ A∆P ANTWNINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Demeter seated left, veiled, sacrificing from patera in right over altar at feet left, long torch in left, LB (year 2) upper left; extremely rare; $270.00 (€234.90)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator, 51 - 30 B.C., Paphos, Cyprus
Kreuzer, in his book The Coinage System of Cleopatra VII and Augustus in Cyprus, assembles evidence dating this type to Cleopatra VII instead of the reign of Ptolemy IV used in older references.GB72638. Bronze 1/8 obol, Kreuzer p. 44, first illustration; Svoronos 1160 (Ptolemy IV); SNG Cop 649; Weiser -, VF, weight 1.382 g, maximum diameter 12.1 mm, die axis 180o, Paphos mint, obverse diademed bust of Cleopatra VII as Isis right, hair in melon-coiffure; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY − BAΣIΛEΩΣ, double cornucopia flanked by ribbons; $270.00 (€234.90)
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