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Motya was an ancient and powerful city on an island off the west coast of Sicily, between Drepanum (modern Trapani) and Lilybaeum (modern Marsala). The island was renamed San Pantaleo in the 11th century by Basilian monks. It lies in the Stagnone Lagoon, and is within the comune of Marsala. The island is nearly 850 metres (2,790 ft) long and 750 metres (2,460 ft) wide, and about 1 kilometer (0.62 mi) (six stadia) from the mainland of Sicily. It was joined to the mainland in ancient times by an artificial causeway (paved road), by which chariots with large wheels could reach the town. The remarkable and exquisite Motya Charioteer marble sculpture found in 1979 is world famous and is on display at the local Giuseppe Whitaker museum. GI85822. Bronze onkia, Jenkins Punic pl. 23, 14; Campana 30; CNS 10 (Eryx); HGC 2 947, F, green patina, tight flan, weight 1.690 g, maximum diameter 10.6 mm, die axis 0o, Motya mint, c. 409-397 BC; obverse bearded male head right; reverse crab seen from above; ex Moneta Numismatic Services; $45.00 SALE |PRICE| $40.50
Carthage, Zeugitana, North Africa, Siculo-Punic, "Questor" Series, c. 300 - 289 B.C.
"The types too are generally considered to be Carthaginian, especially that of the horse's head by itself, which is taken as a reference to the myth recounted by Vergil, that the companions of Dido on her expedition to found Carthage 'dug up a horse's head at the spot indicated by Juno.' Moreover, according to Stephanus, Carthage was also called KAKKABH, a word that in Punic means 'the head of a horse'." -- Eckhel, Doctrina I (1792), pp. 229-230. Eckhel himself has some hesitation about accepting this explanation of the type, however, because of the appearance of a similar horse's head type on early Roman didrachms with the inscription ROMA.SH15387. Silver tetradrachm, Jenkins Punic IV, Series 5b, EF, weight 16.251 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 90o, c. 300 - 289 B.C.; obverse Melkart-Herakles head right wearing lion's skin knotted at neck; reverse horse head left, palm behind, Punic inscription below; fantastic eye appeal, toned; SOLD
Carthage, Zeugitana, North Africa, c. 325 - 300 B.C.
At the height of its prominence, Carthage's influence extended over most of the western Mediterranean. Rivalry with Rome led to a series of conflicts, the Punic Wars. The Third Punic War ended in the complete destruction of the city, annexation by Rome of all Carthaginian territory, and the death or enslavement of the entire Carthaginian population.SH14068. Silver tetradrachm, SGCV II 6438, Jenkins 314, SNG Cop 89, Choice EF (ICG EF45), weight 16.48 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 315o, military camp mint, obverse Melkart-Herakles head right wearing lion's skin knotted at neck; reverse horse head left, palm behind, Punic inscription (People of the Camp) below; rarely this well centered, beautifully toned, fantastic eye appeal; SOLD
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