, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
The cistophorus was first struck by the was a (four-drachms coin) struck on a reduced Asian of about 3 grams per . Its name was derived from the cista, a Dionysian cult snake basket that frequently appeared on the . After the was bequeathed to in 133 B.C., the Romans continued to strike for the province, with a value equal to three . The portrait of and later emperors replaced the cista on the .SH85434. Silver , Group VI, 2215, 479, 33, 922, 694, East 262, 1587, VF, full circles strike on a broad , light uneven , light encrustations, small closed edge crack, 11.660 g, maximum 27.2 mm, 0o, mint, c. 24 - 20 B.C.; IMP CAE-SAR (counterclockwise below), right, linear ; garlanded and filleted of ( , ornamented on the front with two hinds standing , above; $1200.00 (€1068.00)
Roman Republic, Aes Formatum, 4th Century B.C.
Called aes formatum by , this very bronze currency was a precursor to the issues of but later than . Presumably, molten bronze-iron was poured into a shallow hole in the dirt. This left a disc-shaped metal mound with a flat . Broken examples are much more common than ones like this.RT11873. Cast bronze Aes Formatum, p. 4, pl. 2.7; 1.273kg, 124mm, Italian mint, 4th century B.C.; convex ; flat ; the is included in the photograph to indicate the size, it is not included with the aes formatum; very ; $800.00 (€712.00)
Roman Republic, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, 69 B.C.
The moneyer, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, was from , in , 23 miles east-southeast of , of the great temple to . Her sanctuary was an immense complex of buildings rising up the hillside on five vast terraces, connected with each other by grand staircases, visible even from the sea. The likely depicts a in the sanctuary. The epithet of means "Original." She was represented suckling two babes, said to be and , and she was especially worshiped by matrons. The oracle continued to be consulted down to Christian times, until Constantine the Great, and again later I, forbade the practice and closed the temple.
SH76980. Silver , 3524 (same wheel control); 405/1b; 800a; 340, F, banker's mark, 3.563 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 135o, mint, 69 B.C.; diademed and draped of right, hair in net, wheel (control symbol) behind; temple , ornamented with sculpture of an anguipede (snake legged) giant holding a club(?) in his left hand, M PLAETORI (AE ) on the , S C in ; very ; $640.00 (€569.60)
and Divus , , 36 B.C., , Gaul
was originally founded as the Roman city , a name invoking prosperity and the blessing of the gods. The city became increasingly referred to as by the end of the 1st century A.D. The etymology of is a latinization of the Gaulish place name Lugodunon. While dunon means , the source of Lug is uncertain. The most commonly offered meaning is the god named Lug. During the Middle Ages, was transformed to by natural sound change.RR70870. Bronze , 515, 7, 689, F, 16.797 g, maximum 29.9 mm, 0o, ( , France) mint, 36 B.C.; IMP DIVI , two heads back to back: laureate of Divus to left and of to right; between them branch with its tip bent to right over Octavian's ; Prow of galley to right, ornamented with an eye and ; superimposed on globe and above deck, below; ; $490.00 (€436.10)
Tutere (Tudor), , Italy, 280 - 240 B.C.
Todi was founded by the ancient people of the Umbri, in the 8th - 7th century BC, with the name of Tutere. The name means "border," it being the city located on the frontier with the Etruscan dominions. It was conquered by the Romans in 217 BC. According to Silius Italicus, it had a double line of walls that stopped Hannibal himself after his at the Trasimeno. Christianity spread to Todi very early, through the efforts of St. Terentianus. St. Fortunatus became the saint of the city for his heroic defense of it during the siege. In Lombard times, Todi was of the Duchy of Spoleto.SH73969. Bronze , 37, CNAI 2, 75, 105; p. 39, 1, F, , pitted, , 3.364 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 180o, Tuder (Todi, Italy) mint, 280 - 240 B.C.; bearded of the satyr (Seilenos) right, wearing ivy ; Umbrian: TVTEDE (downward on left, TVT top outward, EDE top inward), standing left, wings spread; ; $440.00 (€391.60)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
This may have been a legion raised by Antony and disbanded by . The XI , an old legion of Caesar's, fought for (and won the title Actiaca at the battle of ).
SL79267. Silver , 544/25, 1229, II East 203, 39, NGC F, strike 3/5, surface 2/5, banker's marks (2400602-008), , 3.48 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - XI, ( ) between two legionary standards; NGC certified (slabbed); $400.00 (€356.00)
(Amisos?), Roman ( Lucullus?), c. 100 - 50 B.C.
The Q identifies the bare male as a Roman . This letter is not noted in RPC but is visible here and clear on other examples known to . Perhaps the image is of Lucullus, an important of , about whom Plutarch wrote. The , the Latin FETIA, refers to the fetial ceremony, of the treaty making process, during which a pig was sacrificed to sanctify the oaths. The mint location is unknown but Imhoof-Blumer placed it at Amisus, where Leypold acquired his specimen.
SH71045. Brass AE 21, 2156, I p. 24, 69; 281, VF/F, 6.826 g, maximum 20.5 mm, 0o, (Amisos (Samsun, Turkey)?) mint, c. 80 B.C.(?); bare male right, Q ( ) below; two men standing, holding a pig between them, each with a hand raised, taking an oath of fealty, FETA IA in ; ; $300.00 (€267.00)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
This may have been the famous V Alaudae ('the larks'), a Caesarean legion which remained loyal to Antony but was later retained by . There are other possibilities, however: V Macedonica, a Caesarean legion about which little is known; V Urbana, disbanded after (and therefore quite likely an Antonian legion); and V Gallica, a Caesarean legion that was probably the one that under Lollius lost its to German raiders in Gaul in 17 B.C.RS79795. Silver , 544/18, 1221, II East 196, 32, 354, 1479, VF, slightly off-center, banker's mark on , 3.714 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 180o, mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT AVG III. VIR. R. P. C., galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - V, legionary between two standards; $280.00 (€249.20)
, "Thasian" , c. 148 - 80 B.C.
This Dionysos / Herakles was first struck by Thasos itself on the island and in its continental territories in the South of the Balkans, c. 168 - 148 B.C. After took control of the , "Thasian" types were struck by Roman authorities, c. 148 - 80 B.C., mainly in but also, perhaps, by mobile military mints on campaigns. Imitatives were also struck by at least several tribal groups (mainly or mixed enclaves) from as early as 120 - 100 B.C. to about 20 - 10 B.C.GS79630. Silver , , group XII, 6, 743 (O AC8 / R 592); 1040 ff., VF, , bumps and marks, die wear, 16.745 g, maximum 32.8 mm, 0o, Roman provincial or military mint, c. 148 - 80 B.C.; of Dionysos right, wearing and wreathed in flowering ivy; HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN, Herakles standing half left, nude but for Nemean lion's skin on left arm, resting right hand on grounded club before him, left hand on hip, MH inner left; $270.00 (€240.30)
, "Thasian" , c. 148 - 80 B.C.
This Dionysos / Herakles was first struck by Thasos itself on the island and in its continental territories in the South of the Balkans, c. 168 - 148 B.C. After took control of the , "Thasian" types were struck by Roman authorities, c. 148 - 80 B.C., mainly in but also, perhaps, by mobile military mints on campaigns. Imitatives were also struck by at least several tribal groups (mainly or mixed enclaves) from as early as 120 - 100 B.C. to about 20 - 10 B.C.GS79631. Silver , , group XII, 6, 834 (O AF4 / R 462); 1040 ff., VF, high relief convex , concave , , centered on a , die wear, scratches and marks, 16.949 g, maximum 32.7 mm, 315o, Roman provincial or military mint, c. 148 - 80 B.C.; of Dionysos right, wearing and wreathed in flowering ivy; HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN, Herakles standing half left, nude but for Nemean lion's skin on left arm, resting right hand on grounded club before him, left hand on hip, MH inner left; $270.00 (€240.30)
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