the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Soli-Pompeiopolis,
Aratos was a native of . His chief pursuits were medicine, grammar, and philosophy. He studied with Menecrates in , Philitas in Cos and Praxiphanes in Athens. About 276 he was invited to the court of the II Gonatas, whose over the Gauls in 277 BC Aratus set to verse. There he wrote his most famous poem, Phaenomena ("Appearances"). He then spent some time at the court of Antiochus I but returned to where he died sometime before 240 B.C.SH58900. Bronze hexassarion,
BIG 32mm bronze; extremely ; $360.00 (€320.40) 1605 (same dies); , p. 247, 20; -; -; -; -; -; -, gF, 12.323 g, maximum 32.4 mm, 180o, Soli-Pompeiopolis mint, 245 - 246 A.D.; AYT K IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC EY CEB, , draped, and right, Π − Π across ; ΠOMΠHIOΠOΛ IAT (year 311) ς (6 assaria), bare-headed, draped of Aratos right; ex Ancient Numismatic Enterprise, with an old round coin ticket probably from 1960's or 1970's,
Persian Empire, Tarkumuwa (Datames), of & , c. 384 - 362 B.C., Tarsus,
Datames' enemies in Artaxerxes' court accused him, perhaps falsely, of intending to revolt against the Great . Secretly warned, he then did, in fact, revolt, c. 370 B.C. The revolt appeared to be leading to a breakup of the entire western half of the empire into autonomous states. His own son's desertion to Artaxerxes was, however, the beginning of the end, which came when Datames was assassinated, c. 362 B.C.GS84906. Silver , 25; 278; 81; series 1, pl. 3, 22, aEF, , tiny edge splits, 0.611 g, maximum 10.1 mm, 45o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, 378 - 372 B.C.; female right (Aphrodite?), wearing earring, necklace, and diadem; Aramaic right, helmeted male (Ares?) right; ex Numismatics e-sale 28 (2 Jul 2016), lot 231; $210.00 (€186.90)
and Annius , Caesars, 166 - 170 A.D., Tarsus,
The brothers Annius and , sons of and the Younger, were made caesars in 166 A.D. Annius died at age 7 of natural causes in Rome on 10 September 169. His younger brother became his father's heir and later successor to his father's throne. The are obviously unrealistic - the caesars were small boys when the coin was struck. RP84085. Bronze AE 17, 5035 (17 spec.); p. 191, 166; 5993; 1456; 1018 var. (no ); -, F, turquoise , , porous, earthen deposits, 3.339 g, maximum 17.2 mm, 0o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, 166 - 170 A.D.; KOPOI CEBACTOY, draped youthful busts of Annius (on left) and , over crossed club and between them; temple with ten columns, left with right and wings open in , KOINOC KIΛIKIAC in , TAP-COY across at center, MHTPOΠ in ; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Hierapolis-Kastabala, , 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Hierapolis-Kastabala was an ancient city in Pedias, three kilometers ancient Pyramus. Alexander the Great stopped at Kastabala before the Battle of Issus in 333 B.C. Antiochus IV refounded the city with the name . In the first century B.C., was the capital of a small local kingdom under the rule of the former Cilician pirate Tarcondimotus I, an ally of . referred to the city as Rome's most loyal ally beyond the and the best friend of the Roman people. The city was known for its temple of Perasia. Strabo wrote of her priestesses who, in a trance, would walk barefoot over hot coals without damage.GY73092. Bronze AE 15, cf. CNG e-auction 250, lot 112; otherwise apparently unpublished; -, SNG Levante-, SNGvA-, -, -, F, , highlighting "desert" , some corrosion, 2.776 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 90o, Hieropolis-Kastabola, mint, 2nd - 1st centuries B.C.; , draped of right, dotted ; standing left on torch, wings open, left, IEPOΠOΛITΩN above, ΠPOΣ TΩI ΠYPA[NA?] below; extremely ; $160.00 (€142.40)
Persian Empire, Tarsos, , Pharnabazos, c. 379 - 374 B.C.
In 377, Pharnabazos was made commander of a Persian attempt to retake , which had rebelled and had defeated two previous attempts to retake it. Pharnabazos hired Greek mercenaries under the Athenian general Iphicrates to reinforce his army. A dispute with Iphicrates resulted in failure of the expedition. GS84908. Silver , series 4, 76, 257, 8645 (uncertain ), -, -, aEF, , slightest corrosion, 0.740 g, maximum 10.9 mm, 90o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, 379 - 374 B.C.; seated half left on backless throne, torso bare, around hips and legs and over left shoulder and arm, grounded long lotus-tipped vertical before him in right hand, left hand at waist; of bearded warrior to left, wearing crested Attic helmet with raised ear flap and adorned with tendril; ex Numismatics e-sale 27 (28 May 2016), lot 254; $150.00 (€133.50)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Tarsos,
"urns" or "crowns" were awarded to winners at ancient Greek games, similar to modern trophies. They are called "crowns" because they may have been placed on the of the . The crowns on this coin and the under the table refer to the Severia Olympia Games celebrated by Tarsos and other cities near the Syrian at a site called "the Quadrigae" where defeated in 194 A.D.
The A M K Γ Γ is a boast of Tarsos: Πρωτη Mεγιστη Kαλλιστη, meaning First (A is the Greek numeral one), Greatest, and Most Beautiful city of the three (adjoining) provinces ( , Isauria, ). The final Γ indicates a third , which was received under Valerian.RP83549. Bronze AE 33, 1185 (same dies), 1820 (same), 262, 6077 var. ( arrangement), -, -, aF, porous, weak center on , a little off-center, 16.511 g, maximum 32.9 mm, 180o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, c. 255 - 260 A.D.; AV KAI ΠOVΛI OVAΛEPIANOC CE, , draped and right, Π - Π flanking at sides; TAPCO-V MHTPOPOLEWC, three prize crowns set on table, CEVHPI OΛV / A∆PIA EKI/XIPIAI / AVΓOVCTI-A / AKTIA , Γ Γ in ; ex ; $125.00 (€111.25)
Nagidos, , c. 420 - 380 B.C.
Nagidos, a colony of Samos, was located in on a at the mouth of the Sini Cay (Bozyazi Dere) near modern Bozyazi in Mersin Province, Turkey. Nagidos minted coins with a grape cluster as a symbol of the city, some with both Greek and Aramaic inscriptions, and one bearing the name of the Persian Pharnabazus. Aphrodite appears most often on the coins, indicating her sanctuary was the most important in the city. Alexander the Great conquered in 133 B.C. After his death, briefly came under Seleucid rule. About 270 B.C., the Ptolemaic Empire conquered . When the city of Arsinoe was founded on land claimed by Nagidos, the Nagidians refused to recognize the settlers. To resolve the dispute, Nagidos was designated as the mother city and the citizens of both shared a single citizenship. came under Seleucid rule in 197 B.C. Nagidos was abandoned in the middle of the second century B.C., possibly due to attacks by the Cilician pirates.GS83594. Silver , 14, 4410, II 1505, 176 var. (N left), 3 var. (NAΓI), -, -, gVF, attractive , , small on edge, 0.72 g, maximum 10.9 mm, 90o, Nagidos (Bozyazi, Turkey) mint, c. 420 - 380 B.C.; of Aphrodite right, hair in ; bearded of Dionysos right, N right; $125.00 (€111.25)
Korykos, , 1st Century B.C.
Korykos (Corycus) was the for Seleucia, an important harbor and commercial town. The Romans defeated the fleet of Antiochus the Great near Korykos, in 191 B.C. In Roman imperial times emperors usually kept a fleet there to watch over the pirates.
was the messenger of the gods and the god of commerce and thieves. He was the son of Zeus and the nymph Maia. His include the and winged sandals.GB71455. Bronze AE 16, 1099, 800 var. (EΠI/∆H) II p. 462, 1 var. ( , YB/ME), -, -, -, gVF, much nicer than the BnF plate coin, 2.463 g, maximum 16.4 mm, 45o, Korykos (Kizkalesi, Turkey) mint, Roman rule, 1st century B.C.; draped of right, bow and quiver over shoulder, below chin; standing left, holding laurel branch in right, leaning with left arm on column, EΠI over ∆I on left, KΩPYKIΩTΩN downward on right; $120.00 (€106.80)
Tarsos, , c. 164 - 37 B.C.
was a Hittite-Babylonian sun, storm, or warrior god, also perhaps associated with agriculture. The Greeks equated with Herakles ( ). At Tarsus an annual festival honored Sandan-Herakles, which climaxed when, as depicted on this coin, an image of the god was burned on a funeral pyre. GB71448. Bronze AE 21, cf. 1307 ff.; 933 ff.; 333 ff.; p. 180, 107; p. 180, 107; 5672 (none ∆I only), aVF, 8.034 g, maximum 21.2 mm, 0o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, c. 164 - 37 B.C.; veiled and turreted of right; : of within oval punch; TAPΣEΩN, Statue of standing right on horned and winged animal, on a garlanded base and within a pyramidal pyre surmounted by an , ∆I upper left; $110.00 (€97.90)
Soloi, , c. 450 - 386 B.C.
(or Soloi) was a colony of Rhodes, founded c. 700 B.C. southwest of Tarsus, in . It was destroyed in the 1st century B.C., and refounded by as Pompeiopolis (not to be confused with the Pompeiopolis in ).GS74432. Silver tetartemorion, p. 148, 24; -, -, -, -, -, VF, nice , , , slightly grainy, 0.214 g, maximum 6.3 mm, 90o, Soloi mint, c. 450 - 386 B.C.; of right, wearing crested helmet, earring, and necklace; bunch of grapes within linear , all in shallow round ; ; $110.00 (€97.90)
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