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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ SerdicaView Options:  |  |  | 

Serdica, Dacia Mediterranea (Sophia, Bulgaria)

Sofia was originally a Thracian settlement called Serdica, probably named after the Celtic tribe Serdi that had populated it. Around 29 B.C., Sofia was conquered by the Romans and renamed Ulpia Serdica. When Emperor Diocletian divided the province of Dacia into Dacia Ripensis (on the banks of the Danube) and Dacia Mediterranea, Serdica became the capital of Dacia Mediterranea. Serdica was of moderate size, but magnificent as an urban concept of planning and architecture, with abundant amusements and an active social life. Dates of operation: 272 - 282, 303 - 308 and 313 - 314. Mintmarks: SD, SER, SERD, SMSD.


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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Forum attempts to list references from the most exact match to the least exact match. Cohen is rarely the first reference listed, but in this case it assigns a specific number to this type with this obverse legend and bust; RIC does not. Hunter could be listed first, but since it is specific even to the officina and not an exact match, it must be listed as a variation.
RA72853. Billon antoninianus, Cohen VI 912; Hunter IV 301 var. (4th officina); RIC V, part 2, 878; Pink VI-1, p. 63; SRCV III -, VF, full circles centering, excellent bust, much silvering, weight 3.761 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, emission 4, 277 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand over right shoulder, shield on left arm; reverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), Probus on horseback prancing right, bare-headed, wearing military attire, shield on left arm, with right hand spearing barbarian who is before horse on one knee and raising his arms, shield on the ground under horse, KAA in exergue; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00
 


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 277, Probus began his campaign in Gaul, clearing the Goths and Germanic tribes from the province. He acquired the title Gothicus.
RA73868. Billon antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 877; Cohen VI 917 var. (bust); Hunter IV 301 var. (obv. legend, officina); Pink VI-1, p. 45; cf. SRCV III 12073 (Siscia), Choice gVF, excellent centering, nice style, porous, light corrosion, weight 3.363 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 315o, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, emission 4, 277 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand over right shoulder, shield on left arm; reverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), Probus on horseback prancing right, bare-headed, wearing military attire, shield on left arm, with right hand spearing barbarian who is before horse on one knee and raising his arms, shield on the ground under horse, KA•Γ• in exergue; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00
 


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Serdica struck many similar types with the reverse legends RESITVT ORBIS and RESTITVTOR ORBIS, combined with various busts, obverse legends, officina, and control marks. This coin differs from all the varieties listed in RIC.

KA in the exergue, is the Greek numeral 21, a mark of value, indicating 21 parts bronze to one part silver (approximately 4.5% silver). Γ, is the Greek numeral 3, indicating the coin was struck by the third officina (mint workshop).
RA79604. Silvered antoninianus, Pink VI-1, p. 44-45/1; RIC, part 2, V 856 var. (RESTITVTOR ORBIS), Cohen VI 508 var. (also draped), Hunter IV -, SRCV III -, aEF, well centered, much silvering, some light corrosion, weight 3.122 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, 3nd officina, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, emission 1, 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVT ORBIS (to the restorer of the world), female (on left) standing right, presenting wreath to emperor, emperor (on right) standing left, extending right hand, spear in left hand, star bottom center, KA•Γ• in exergue; not in RIC; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00
 







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REFERENCES

Gautier, G. "Le monnayage d'argent de Serdica après la réforme de Dioclétien" in RN XXXIII (1991).
Gysen, P. "Nouvelles données concernant l'atelier de Serdica sous le règne de Probus" in RBN CXLVI (2000).
Zanchi, P. "Quelques nouveaux antoniniens de Serdica" in SM 120 (November 1980).

Catalog current as of Thursday, July 20, 2017.
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Serdica