Plarasa and Aphrodisias, , 1st Century B.C.
During the middle of the second century B.C., the neighboring towns of Plarasa and Aphrodisias united, forming a single community. The union was undoubtedly approved and probably encouraged by to improve their security. The order of the names indicates Plarasa was the dominant community when the agreement was made. At that time Aphrodisias may have been little more than a small village with a sanctuary to Aphrodite. By the middle of the first century B.C., however, Aphrodisias was the prominent partner. Sometime during the reign of , the name Plarasa was dropped. The is apparently that of a late Roman Republican .GS84797. Silver , 2 (O2/R3), I 13 (same dies), 2434 (different dies), cf. p. 27 (illegible), -, aVF, die break behind on , scratches, polished, almost all of is off or unstruck, 3.478 g, maximum 17.1 mm, 0o, Aphrodisias-Plarasa mint, pseudo-automomous, 1st century B.C.; of Aphrodite right, veiled and draped, wearing , earring and necklace; ΠΛAPAΣEΩN KAI AΦPO∆EIΣEIΩN (or similar, none known with end of legible), standing right on thunderbolt, right, wings open, MY/ΩN in two lines in left , ΞE/NO/KPA/THΣ / ME/NAN/∆PO/Y (magistrate Xenokrates ) in nine lines in right ; extremely ; $670.00 (€596.30)
Termessos Major, , c. 238 - 268 A.D.
Alexander the Great likened Termessos, high in the Mountains, to an eagle's nest after he surrounded it but failed to conquer it in 333 B.C. An ally of , Termessos was granted independent status by the Roman Senate in 71 B.C. Independence was maintained continuously for a long time, the only exception being an with Amyntas of (reigned 36-25 BC). This independence is documented also by the coins of Termessos, which bear the title "Autonomous." Termessos was abandoned after its aqueduct was destroyed by an earthquake (date unknown).GB83542. Bronze AE 38, 5364; p. 273, 41; -; -; -; -, aVF, green , rough, pitting, corrosion, , edge chip, , 28.152 g, maximum 37.8 mm, 0o, Termessos Major mint, pseudo-autonomous, c. 238 - 268 A.D.; TEPMHCCEΩN AVTONOMΩN, laureate and bearded of Zeus right; TΩN MEIZONΩN, standing slightly left, left, wearing helmet, long , and , holding offering in right hand, spear in left hand, at feet on far side of right leg, of captured arms behind, Θ left; about twice the of the similar smaller and less coin with the same types ( 2189, AE33, 14.06g); very ; $215.00 (€191.35)
Termessos Major, , c. 238 - 268 A.D.
Hercules' 11th labor was to steal three of Hera's immortality-giving golden apples from the Garden of the , guarded by Ladon, a never-sleeping, hundred-headed dragon. asked to steal the apples, agreeing to hold up the world so could the task. returned but refused to take back his burden. , pretending to enjoy the task, convinced to hold the world while he made a pad of the skin. then ran away and never took back the task.GB83543. Bronze AE 37, 5363, -, -, -, -, -, F, , porous and rough, , 27.232 g, maximum 36.5 mm, 0o, Termessos Major mint, pseudo-autonomous, c. 238 - 268 A.D.; TEPMHCCEΩN AVTONOMΩN, laureate and bearded of Zeus right; TΩN MEIZONΩN, Herakles standing slightly right, left, nude, club downward in right hand, apples of in right hand, skin draped over left arm, Θ right; about twice the of the similar smaller and less coin with the same types ( 2192, AE33, 15.17g); very ; $215.00 (€191.35)
Iol-Caesarea, , , c. 25 B.C. - 24 A.D.
Phoenicians from founded Iol as a trading station around 400 B.C. It became a of the kingdom of under , c. 160 - 104 B.C. In 29 B.C., Roman emperor made the Numidian and his wife II (daughter of Marc Antony and of ) and queen of . The capital was established at Iol, which was renamed Caesarea in of the emperor.GB85358. Bronze 1/4 Unit, MAA 147; III, p. 177, 290 (uncertain mint); 684 var. ( left), F, dark green , , light corrosion, 2.102 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 270o, Iol-Caesarea (Cherchell, Algeria) mint, c. 25 B.C. - 24 A.D.; of left, wearing vulture crown and horned solar-disk headdress; three ears of barley; extremely ; $180.00 (€160.20)
, , 88 - 31 B.C.
Cassander of founded in 315 B.C. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a half-sister of Alexander the Great. The Romans made the capital of the Roman province of 168 B.C.GB79940. Bronze AE 26, 19, pl. 23, 9; 804; 369; p. 112, 35, F, green , 11.809 g, maximum 25.9 mm, 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, 88 - 31 B.C.; laureate of , I above; two Centaurs prancing, back to back, each with cloak flying behind and holding a branch, ΘEΣΣAΛO/NIKHΣ in two lines in ; $150.00 (€133.50)
Alexandreia , , c. Mid 3rd Century A.D.
(modern Eski Stambul) is on the Aegean Sea near the northern tip of the coast of Anatolia, a little south of Tenedos (modern Bozcaada). The city was founded by around 310 B.C. with the name Antigoneia and was populated with the inhabitants of Cebren, Colone, Hamaxitus, Neandria, and Scepsis. About 301 B.C., improved the city and re-named it Alexandreia. Among the few structure ruins remaining today are a bath, an odeon, a theater and gymnasium complex and a stadium. The circuit of the old walls can be traced.RP84498. Bronze AE 22, 478 (9 spec., same dies), 1465 (same dies), 106 (same dies), A495, -, -, gVF, nice green , attractive , 6.754 g, maximum 21.9 mm, 0o, (Eski Stambul, Turkey) mint, c. mid 3rd century A.D.; CO - ALEX TR, turreted of right, with CO over AV on ensign behind; she-wolf right, turned back left, suckling the twins and , COL AVG above, TROA in ; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $150.00 (€133.50)
Tripolis, , 3rd Century A.D.
Tripolis on the Meander (called at other times , Apollonia, and Antoninopolis) was an ancient city on the borders of , and , on the northern bank of the upper course of the Maeander, and on the road leading from Sardes by to ad Lycum. It was 20 km to the northwest of . Ruins are near Yenicekent, Denizli Province, Turkey. The ruins, mostly from the Roman and periods, include a theater, , city walls, and a necropolis. An ancient , dating back 1,500 years, was unearthed in 2013.RP79979. Bronze AE 19, 724; 3314; 19; pseudo-autonomous issue, VF, excellent centering, nice green , 4.170 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 180o, Tripolis mint, 3rd century A.D.; of right, wearing a crested Corinthian helmet and ; TPIPOLEITWN, standing slightly left, on left, rudder held by tiller in right hand, in left hand; $145.00 (€129.05)
, , Roman Rule, 212 - c. 189 B.C.
Overcoming formidable resistance and the ingenious devices of Archimedes, the Roman General Marcellus took in the summer of 212 B.C. Archimedes was killed during the attack. The plundered artworks taken back to from lit the initial spark of Greek influence on Roman culture.
GB69016. Bronze AE 22, II p. 424, 227; 1066 ff.; 900; 1472 ff.; 1474 (S), gVF, nice green , unusual , 7.757 g, maximum 21.8 mm, 45o, mint, 212 - c. 189 B.C.; laureate of Zeus left; in galloping in a right, whip(?) in right, reins in left, crescent above, ΣYPAKOΣIΩN in ; ; $115.00 (€102.35)
, , Late 1st Century B.C.
Termessos Major, , 69 - 68 B.C.
Alexander the Great likened Termessos, high in the Mountains, to an eagle's nest after he surrounded it but failed to conquer it in 333 B.C. An ally of , Termessos was granted independent status by the Roman Senate in 71 B.C. Independence was maintained continuously for a long time, the only exception being an with Amyntas of (reigned 36-25 BC). This independence is documented also by the coins of Termessos, which bear the title "Autonomous." Termessos was abandoned after its aqueduct was destroyed by an earthquake (date unknown).GB83515. Bronze AE 18, 2109 (same die), 293, 496, 706, -, -, VF, , green , scratches, light earthen deposits, 4.139 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, Termessos Major mint, pseudo-autonomous, 69 - 68 B.C.; laureate of Zeus left; horse springing left, Γ (year 3) above right, TEP below; $100.00 (€89.00)
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