Levant, Egypt or Arabia, Imitative Athenian Transitional StyleTetradrachm, c. 350 - 330 B.C.
This coin is from the hoard containing at least 76 Athenian-type owls, both Athenian issues and Egyptian and Levantine imitations, and two silver "dumps" cataloged and discussed by Peter G. van Alfen, in "A New Athenian "Owl" and Bullion Hoard from the Near East" in AJN 16-17 (2004-05), pp. 47-61, and pl. 6-13. The hoard is rumored to have come from the western coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
SH66406. Silver tetradrachm, Van Alfen New p. 58 and pl. 12, 67 (this coin), VF, test cut on reverse, weight 16.983 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 270o, Athens mint, c. 353 - 294 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; reverse owl standing right, head facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent; Van Alfen plate coin; very rare; $900.00 (€675.00)
Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Acre, one of the oldest continuously inhabited sites in the world, is at the northern extremity of Haifa Bay in northern Israel. The city occupies an important location on the coast of the Mediterranean, linking to waterways and the commercial activity of the Levant.
SH69932. Silver tetradrachm, Price 3283, Newell Dated 35, Müller Alexander -, aVF, sculptural high relief, die break at eye, graffiti upper left on reverse, weight 17.019 g, maximum diameter 26.5 mm, die axis 0o, Ake mint, posthumous, c. 315 - 314 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, eagle in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, Phoenician numeral date (year 32) left below arm; $400.00 (€300.00)
Arados, Phoenicia, 218 - 217 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
In 259 B.C., Arados increased her autonomy and dominated a federation of nearby cities including Gabala, Karne, Marathos and Simyra. Thus began the era of Aradus, to which the subsequent coins of the city are dated. Arados was not completely independent, however, the Seleukids retained overlordship.
Arados struck Alexandrine tetradrachms with Phoenician dates from 243 - 206 B.C. Duyrat records examples struck from the same obverse die in years 41 - 43 in the Era of Arados. The obverse die was more worn when it was used to strike this coin than the Duyrat plate coin dated year 42. Therefore this coin was not struck in year 41 and was struck later in year 42 or early in year 43 (218 - 217 B.C.).
SH68707. Silver tetradrachm, Cohen Dated 754; cf. Duyrat 1217 (D71/R?, year 42) or 1221 (same obv die, year 43); Price 3382 (year 42) or 3383 (year 42), gVF, weight 16.970 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Arados mint, 218 - 217 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, eagle in extended right, long lotus tipped scepter vertical behind in left, palm tree left, AP monogram under throne, date (partially off flan, but either year 42 or 43) under throne; $350.00 (€262.50)
Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Berytos, Phoenicia
After the siege of Jerusalem, Titus gave gladiatorial games at Berytos, in which the combatants were Jews. (Josephus, Bell. Jud., VII, iii, 1.)
RP55005. Bronze AE 25, RPC II 2045, Rouvier 513, F, weight 13.564 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 180o, Berytos mint, obverse IMP T CAESARAVG F, bare head left; reverse COL IVL / [AVG], founder plowing with two oxen right; $160.00 (€120.00)
Zemar (Simyra), Phoenicia, c. 2nd Century B.C.
Zemar (Simyra) was a Phoenician city and a major trade center in Syria.
GB57308. Bronze AE 18, Lindgren III 1633 (unattributed, perhaps otherwise unpublished), cf. Lindgren I A2138A (Damascus), VF, weight 5.281 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse diademed head of Zeus right; reverse turreted bust of Tyche right, Z behind, all within wreath; very rare; $155.00 (€116.25)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy V Epiphanes, 204 - 180 B.C.
The name of Ptolemy V Epiphanes appears on the Rosetta stone. He married Cleopatra I, the daughter of the Seleukid king Antiochos III, and was the father of Ptolemy VI, VII, and Cleopatra II. Ptolemy V lost Judea, Philistia, and Phoenicia to Antiochos III after the battle of Panium in 198 B.C. (Dan 11:13-16).
GP60679. Bronze AE 29, Svoronos 1193 (Ptolemy IV, Cyprus); BMC Ptolemies p. 62, 7 (same); SNG Milan 281 (same); SNG Cop 536; Cohen DCA 35; Noeske -; Weiser -; Hosking -, F, weight 16.980 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenician mint, 202 - 201 B.C.; obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia, PK monogram behind; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEOΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head left, ΩΣ left, L∆ (year 4) right; $110.00 (€82.50)
Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Tyre, Phoenicia
After her nephew, Caracalla, was murdered, Julia Maesa, successfully used her ample funds to plot the overthrow the usurper Macrinus and place her grandson, Elagabalus, on the throne. The teenager was a disaster as emperor, scorning Roman values with religious and sexual scandals. She cleverly convinced Elagabalus to adopt her other grandson, Alexander, as his heir. Shortly after Elagabalus and his mother were murdered by the Praetorian Guard, dragged through the streets and thrown into the Tiber. Through it all Maesa maintained her power behind the throne.
RP66765. Bronze AE 28, BMC Phoenicia p. 278, 413; Baramki 248; Rouvier 2390; SNG Cop -, Fair, weight 12.596 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, obverseIMP CAES M AV - ANTONINVS AV, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse TV-RI-ORVM, snake entwined around ovoid baetyl, palm tree left, murex shell right; very rare; $110.00 (€82.50)
Zemar (Simyra), Phoenicia, c. 2nd Century B.C.
Zemar (Simyra) was a Phoenician city and a major trade center in Syria. The obversebust was identified as Homer in a recent auction listing for the type.
GB69596. Bronze AE 20, Lindgren III 1633 (unattributed); cf. Lindgren I A2138A (Damascus); BMC Phoenicia -; SNG Cop -, F, weight 6.478 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Zemar (Simyra) mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse diademed head of Zeus right, within wreath; reverse turreted bust of Tyche right, Z behind, all within wreath; very rare; $100.00 (€75.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246 - 222 B.C.
Ptolemy III Euergetes was the third ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt. He promoted the translation of Jewish scriptures into Greek as the Septuagint. Due to a falling out at the Seleucid court, his eldest sister Berenice Phernophorus was murdered along with her infant son. In response he invaded Syria, occupied Antioch and even reached Babylon. This war, the Third Syrian War, is cryptically alluded to in Daniel XI 7-9.
GP67334. Bronze hemiobol, Svoronos 709, SNG Cop 496, BMC Ptolemies p. 53, 70, Weiser 57, Hosking 27; SNG Milan 138; Noeske 96 (all refs Ptolemy II, except BMC), VF, small edge crack, minor encrustations, weight 4.608 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Tyre mint, c. 230 - 222 B.C.; obverse diademed and horned head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, club left, no control letters; $75.00 (€56.25)
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Tripolis, Phoenicia
Tripolis (Tripoli, Lebanon) was the center of a Phoenician confederation of Tyre, Sidon and Arados, hence the name Tripoli, meaning "triple city" in Greek.
RP65927. Bronze AE 24, Rouvier 1695; BMC Phoenicia p. 210, 48; SNG Cop 280; Baramki AUB 25; Lindgren 2349, aF, weight 10.025 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 0o, Tripolis mint, 116 - 117 A.D.; obverse AYTOKP KAICAP TPAIANOC A∆PIANOC, laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse TPIΠOΛEITWN, jugate, laureate and draped busts of the Dioscuri right, each wearing pileus surmounted by star; HKY (year 428, off flan) upward on left; $60.00 (€45.00)
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