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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>Geographic-AllPeriods>Phoenicia PAGE 1/4123»»»

Phoenicia


Levant, Egypt or Arabia, Imitative Athenian Transitional Style Tetradrachm, c. 350 - 330 B.C.
Click for a larger photo This coin is from the hoard containing at least 76 Athenian-type owls, both Athenian issues and Egyptian and Levantine imitations, and two silver "dumps" cataloged and discussed by Peter G. van Alfen, in "A New Athenian "Owl" and Bullion Hoard from the Near East" in AJN 16-17 (2004-05), pp. 47-61, and pl. 6-13. The hoard is rumored to have come from the western coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
SH66406. Silver tetradrachm, Van Alfen New p. 58 and pl. 12, 67 (this coin), VF, test cut on reverse, weight 16.983 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 270o, Athens mint, c. 353 - 294 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; reverse owl standing right, head facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent; Van Alfen plate coin; very rare; $900.00 (€675.00)

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Acre, one of the oldest continuously inhabited sites in the world, is at the northern extremity of Haifa Bay in northern Israel. The city occupies an important location on the coast of the Mediterranean, linking to waterways and the commercial activity of the Levant.
SH69932. Silver tetradrachm, Price 3283, Newell Dated 35, Müller Alexander -, aVF, sculptural high relief, die break at eye, graffiti upper left on reverse, weight 17.019 g, maximum diameter 26.5 mm, die axis 0o, Ake mint, posthumous, c. 315 - 314 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, eagle in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, Phoenician numeral date (year 32) left below arm; $400.00 (€300.00)

Arados, Phoenicia, 218 - 217 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
Click for a larger photo In 259 B.C., Arados increased her autonomy and dominated a federation of nearby cities including Gabala, Karne, Marathos and Simyra. Thus began the era of Aradus, to which the subsequent coins of the city are dated. Arados was not completely independent, however, the Seleukids retained overlordship.

Arados struck Alexandrine tetradrachms with Phoenician dates from 243 - 206 B.C. Duyrat records examples struck from the same obverse die in years 41 - 43 in the Era of Arados. The obverse die was more worn when it was used to strike this coin than the Duyrat plate coin dated year 42. Therefore this coin was not struck in year 41 and was struck later in year 42 or early in year 43 (218 - 217 B.C.).
SH68707. Silver tetradrachm, Cohen Dated 754; cf. Duyrat 1217 (D71/R?, year 42) or 1221 (same obv die, year 43); Price 3382 (year 42) or 3383 (year 42), gVF, weight 16.970 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Arados mint, 218 - 217 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, eagle in extended right, long lotus tipped scepter vertical behind in left, palm tree left, AP monogram under throne, date (partially off flan, but either year 42 or 43) under throne; $350.00 (€262.50)

Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Berytos, Phoenicia
Click for a larger photo After the siege of Jerusalem, Titus gave gladiatorial games at Berytos, in which the combatants were Jews. (Josephus, Bell. Jud., VII, iii, 1.)
RP55005. Bronze AE 25, RPC II 2045, Rouvier 513, F, weight 13.564 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 180o, Berytos mint, obverse IMP T CAESAR AVG F, bare head left; reverse COL IVL / [AVG], founder plowing with two oxen right; $160.00 (€120.00)

Zemar (Simyra), Phoenicia, c. 2nd Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Zemar (Simyra) was a Phoenician city and a major trade center in Syria.
GB57308. Bronze AE 18, Lindgren III 1633 (unattributed, perhaps otherwise unpublished), cf. Lindgren I A2138A (Damascus), VF, weight 5.281 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse diademed head of Zeus right; reverse turreted bust of Tyche right, Z behind, all within wreath; very rare; $155.00 (€116.25)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy V Epiphanes, 204 - 180 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The name of Ptolemy V Epiphanes appears on the Rosetta stone. He married Cleopatra I, the daughter of the Seleukid king Antiochos III, and was the father of Ptolemy VI, VII, and Cleopatra II. Ptolemy V lost Judea, Philistia, and Phoenicia to Antiochos III after the battle of Panium in 198 B.C. (Dan 11:13-16).
GP60679. Bronze AE 29, Svoronos 1193 (Ptolemy IV, Cyprus); BMC Ptolemies p. 62, 7 (same); SNG Milan 281 (same); SNG Cop 536; Cohen DCA 35; Noeske -; Weiser -; Hosking -, F, weight 16.980 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenician mint, 202 - 201 B.C.; obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia, PK monogram behind; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEOΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head left, ΩΣ left, L∆ (year 4) right; $110.00 (€82.50)

Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Tyre, Phoenicia
Click for a larger photo After her nephew, Caracalla, was murdered, Julia Maesa, successfully used her ample funds to plot the overthrow the usurper Macrinus and place her grandson, Elagabalus, on the throne. The teenager was a disaster as emperor, scorning Roman values with religious and sexual scandals. She cleverly convinced Elagabalus to adopt her other grandson, Alexander, as his heir. Shortly after Elagabalus and his mother were murdered by the Praetorian Guard, dragged through the streets and thrown into the Tiber. Through it all Maesa maintained her power behind the throne.
RP66765. Bronze AE 28, BMC Phoenicia p. 278, 413; Baramki 248; Rouvier 2390; SNG Cop -, Fair, weight 12.596 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, obverse IMP CAES M AV - ANTONINVS AV, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse TV-RI-ORVM, snake entwined around ovoid baetyl, palm tree left, murex shell right; very rare; $110.00 (€82.50)

Zemar (Simyra), Phoenicia, c. 2nd Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Zemar (Simyra) was a Phoenician city and a major trade center in Syria. The obverse bust was identified as Homer in a recent auction listing for the type.
GB69596. Bronze AE 20, Lindgren III 1633 (unattributed); cf. Lindgren I A2138A (Damascus); BMC Phoenicia -; SNG Cop -, F, weight 6.478 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Zemar (Simyra) mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse diademed head of Zeus right, within wreath; reverse turreted bust of Tyche right, Z behind, all within wreath; very rare; $100.00 (€75.00)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246 - 222 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Ptolemy III Euergetes was the third ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt. He promoted the translation of Jewish scriptures into Greek as the Septuagint. Due to a falling out at the Seleucid court, his eldest sister Berenice Phernophorus was murdered along with her infant son. In response he invaded Syria, occupied Antioch and even reached Babylon. This war, the Third Syrian War, is cryptically alluded to in Daniel XI 7-9.
GP67334. Bronze hemiobol, Svoronos 709, SNG Cop 496, BMC Ptolemies p. 53, 70, Weiser 57, Hosking 27; SNG Milan 138; Noeske 96 (all refs Ptolemy II, except BMC), VF, small edge crack, minor encrustations, weight 4.608 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Tyre mint, c. 230 - 222 B.C.; obverse diademed and horned head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, club left, no control letters; $75.00 (€56.25)

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Tripolis, Phoenicia
Click for a larger photo Tripolis (Tripoli, Lebanon) was the center of a Phoenician confederation of Tyre, Sidon and Arados, hence the name Tripoli, meaning "triple city" in Greek.
RP65927. Bronze AE 24, Rouvier 1695; BMC Phoenicia p. 210, 48; SNG Cop 280; Baramki AUB 25; Lindgren 2349, aF, weight 10.025 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 0o, Tripolis mint, 116 - 117 A.D.; obverse AYTOKP KAICAP TPAIANOC A∆PIANOC, laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse TPIΠOΛEITWN, jugate, laureate and draped busts of the Dioscuri right, each wearing pileus surmounted by star; HKY (year 428, off flan) upward on left; $60.00 (€45.00)



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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Betlyon, J.W. The Coinage and Mints of Phoenicia. The Pre-Alexandrine Period. Harvard Semitic Monographs, Vol. 26. (Chico, CA, 1982).
Baramki, D.C. The Coin Collection of the American University of Beirut Museum. (Beirut, 1974).
Burnett, A. & M. Amandry. Roman Provincial Coinage II: From Vespasian to Domitian (AD 69-96). (London, 1999).
Cohen, E. Dated Coins of Antiquity: A comprehensive catalogue of the coins and how their numbers came about. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Duyrat, F. Arados Hellénistique: Étude historique et monétaire. (Beirut, 2005).
Duyrat, F. “Les ateliers monétaires de Phénicie du Nord à l’ époque hellénistique” in Les Monnayages Syriens.
Elayi, J. & A.G. Elayi. Le monnayage de la cité phénicienne de Sidon à l’époque perse (Ve-IVe s. av. J.-C.). (Paris, 2004).
Elayi, J. & A.G. Elayi. The Coinage of the Phoenician City of Tyre in the Persian Period (5th-4th cent. BCE). (Leuven-Paris-Walpole, MA, 2009).
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins. (Amphora, 2010).
Hersh, C. "Tyrus Rediviva Reconsidered" in AJN 10. (New York, 1998).
Hill, G.F. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Phoenicia. (London, 1910).
Houghton, A., C. Lorber & O. Hoover. Seleucid Coins: A Comprehensive Catalog. (Lancaster, 2002 - 2008).
Hoover, Oliver D. Handbook of Coins of the Southern Levant: Phoenicia, Southern Koile Syria (Including Judaea), and Arabia, Fifth to First Centuries BC. HGC 10. (Lancaster, PA, 2010).
Lindgren, H. & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coins of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Meshorer, Y. "The Coins of Dora" in INJ 9 (1986).
Meshorer, Y. "One Hundred Ninety Years of Tyrian Shekels" in Studies Mildenberg (Wettern, 1984).
Mionnet, T. E. Description de Médailles antiques grecques et romaines, supplement vol. 8: Rois de Syria. (Paris, 1837).
Mørkholm, O. Early Hellenistic Coinage. From the Accession of Alexander to the Peace of Apamea (336-188 BC). (Cambridge, 1991).
Newell, E.T. Alexander Hoards II, Demanhur, 1905. ANSNNM 19. (New York, 1923).
Newell, E.T. The Dated Alexander Coinage of Sidon and Ake. (Oxford, 1916).
Newell, E.T. Seleucid Coins of Tyre: A Supplement. ANSNNM 73. (New York, 1936).
Prieur, M. & K. Prieur. The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 258. (Lancaster, PA, 2000).
Price, M.J. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991).
Rouvier, J. "Numismatique des Villes de la Phénicie" in Journal International d’Archéologie Numismatique. (Athens, 1900-1904).
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Svoronos, J. Ta Nomismata tou Kratous ton Ptolemaion. (Athens, 1904-08).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 7: Cyprus to India. (New Jersey, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothèque National, Collection Jean et Marie Delepierre. (Paris, 1983).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, Univ. of Glasgow, Part 2: Roman Provincial Coins: Cyprus-Egypt. (Oxford, 2008).
van Alfen, P.G. "A New Athenian "Owl" and Bullion Hoard from the Near East" in AJN 16-17 (2004-05).<

Catalog current as of Thursday, April 24, 2014.
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Ancient Coins of Phoenicia