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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>Geographic-AllPeriods>Phoenicia PAGE 1/3123»»»

Phoenicia


Levant, Egypt or Arabia, Imitative Athenian Transitional Style Tetradrachm, c. 350 - 330 B.C.
Click for a larger photo This coin is from the hoard containing at least 76 Athenian-type owls, both Athenian issues and Egyptian and Levantine imitations, and two silver "dumps" cataloged and discussed by Peter G. van Alfen, in "A New Athenian "Owl" and Bullion Hoard from the Near East" in AJN 16-17 (2004-05), pp. 47-61, and pl. 6-13. The hoard is rumored to have come from the western coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
SH66406. Silver tetradrachm, Van Alfen New p. 58 and pl. 12, 67 (this coin), VF, test cut on reverse, weight 16.983 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 270o, Athens mint, c. 353 - 294 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; reverse owl standing right, head facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent; Van Alfen plate coin; very rare; $800.00 SALE PRICE $720.00

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Acre, one of the oldest continuously inhabited sites in the world, is at the northern extremity of Haifa Bay in northern Israel. The city occupies an important location on the coast of the Mediterranean, linking to waterways and the commercial activity of the Levant.
SH69932. Silver tetradrachm, Price 3283, Newell Dated 35, Müller Alexander -, aVF, sculptural high relief, die break at eye, graffiti upper left on reverse, weight 17.019 g, maximum diameter 26.5 mm, die axis 0o, Ake mint, posthumous, c. 315 - 314 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, eagle in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, Phoenician numeral date (year 32) left below arm; $400.00 SALE PRICE $360.00

Mark Antony, Triumvir and Imperator, 44 - 30 B.C., Arados, Phoenica
Click for a larger photo In June 36 B.C., Mark Antony launched a major offensive against the Parthians with about 100,000 Roman and allied troops, including 10 legions and 10,000 cavalry. The campaign was a disaster. He was defeated, abandoned by his allies, and lost more than a quarter of his men, many to disease and starvation during his winter retreat to Egypt. Meanwhile, Octavian had forced Lepidus resign and had swayed the traditional Republican aristocracy against Antony. Antony was condemned as a man of low morals who had ?gone native? and abandoned his faithful wife and children in Rome to be with the promiscuous queen of Egypt. Several times Antony was summoned to Rome, but he remained in Alexandria with Cleopatra. The Triumvirate was no more. In Rome, Octavian ruled alone.
RP71397. Bronze AE 23, RPC I 4467; Baramki AUB 192, pl. XV, 10, F, green patina, weight 7.498 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 0o, Aradus mint, 36 - 35 B.C.; obverse bare head right; reverse bull leaping left, CK∆ (year 224 of Arados) above, MH (48 nummi?) below; extremely rare; $360.00 SALE PRICE $324.00

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy V Epiphanes, 204 - 180 B.C., Tyre, Phoenicia
Click for a larger photo This type may have been among the last Ptolemaic coinage struck at Tyre before Ptolemy V lost Judea, Philistia, and Phoenicia to the Seleukid King Antiochos III after the battle of Panium in 198 B.C. (Dan 11:13-16).
GP72052. Bronze hemidrachm, Svoronos 1320 (only one spec. known to Svoronos, year 15 = 190 B.C.), Weiser -, Noeske -, BMC Ptolemies -, SNG Cop -, SNG Milan -, Hosking -, Malter -, F, corrosion, weight 16.794 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, c. 202 - 200 B.C.; obverse head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing tainia; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt; cornucopia over shoulder; piloi of Dioskouroi topped with stars flanking; club under cap on left, Π between legs, IE in exergue; very rare; $288.00 (€247.68) ON RESERVE

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy V Epiphanes, 204 - 180 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The name of Ptolemy V Epiphanes appears on the Rosetta stone. He married Cleopatra I, the daughter of the Seleukid king Antiochos III, and was the father of Ptolemy VI, VII, and Cleopatra II. Ptolemy V lost Judea, Philistia, and Phoenicia to Antiochos III after the battle of Panium in 198 B.C. (Dan 11:13-16).
GP72050. Bronze hemidrachm, Svoronos 1251; BMC Ptolemies 73, 56; Weiser 120; Malter 190; SNG Cop -; SNG Milan -; Noeske -; Hosking -, VF, green patina with red areas on the reverse, weight 33.803 g, maximum diameter 34.7 mm, die axis 45o, Phoenicia, Tyre mint, obverse head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing tainia; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head left , club left, cornucopia with fillet on left shoulder, AP monogram between legs; scarce; $175.00 (€150.50)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV, 221 - 204 B.C.
Click for a larger photo This rare countermark is also found on Weiser 117, 118 and 114; all bronzes from Tyre. Perhaps the countermark was applied under Seleukid hegemony, when Ptolemy V lost Judea, Philistia, and Phoenicia to Antiochos III after the battle of Panium in 198 B.C.
GP72051. Bronze hemidrachm, Svoronos 1130; Noeske 95 (Ptolemy II, 260-246 B.C.); BMC p. 53, 65 (Pt. III); Hosking 56; Malter 156; Weiser 48 (Pt. II, 253-249 B.C.); SNG Cop -, F, some corrosion on the reverse, weight 29.982 g, maximum diameter 33.2 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Tyre mint, obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, club before, ∆I between legs; countermark: ivy leaf in irregular shaped punch; rare countermark; $165.00 (€141.90)

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Akko - Ptolemais, Phoenicia
Click for a larger photo In 215, Caracalla's troops massacred the population of Alexandria, Egypt, beginning with the leading citizens. The emperor was angry about a satire, produced in Alexandria, mocking his claim that he killed Geta in self-defense.
GS73034. Silver tetradrachm, Prieur 1222, SNG Cop -, VF, grainy, weight 13.335 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 0o, Akko - Ptolemais mint, 215 - 217 A.D.; obverse AYT K M ANTΩNEINOC CEB, laureate head right; reverse ∆HMAP EΞ YΠATOC TO ∆, eagle standing facing, wings spread, tail and head left, wreath in beak, pilei topped by stars between legs; $150.00 (€129.00)

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy V Epiphanes, 204 - 180 B.C.
Click for a larger photo For an attribution of this type to Ptolemy IX, see T. Faucher and M. Shahin, "Le Tresor de Gezeir (lac Mariout, Alexandrie)" in Revue Numismatique 2006, pp. 135-157.
GP68423. Bronze diobol, Svoronos 1190 (Ptolemy IV, Cyprus, 219 B.C.); SNG Cop 533, Cohen Dated 35, SNG Milan -, Weiser -, Noeske -, Hosking -, VF, well centered, nice dark green patina, weight 14.964 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 315o, uncertain Phoenician mint, 203 - 202 B.C.; obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia, PK monogram behind; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEOΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head left, Ω over Σ left, LΓ (regnal year 3) right; rare; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00

Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Berytos, Phoenicia
Click for a larger photo Named for the daughter of Augustus, Colonia Iulia Augusta Felix Berytus was founded in 14 B.C. with veterans of the 5th and 8th legions. Herod the Great, Herod Agrippa I, and Herod Agrippa II built sumptuous monuments and sponsored gladiatorial combats at Berytos. After the siege of Jerusalem, Titus gave gladiatorial games at Berytos, in which the combatants were Jews.
RP55005. Bronze AE 25, RPC II 2045, Rouvier 513, F, weight 13.564 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 180o, Berytos mint, obverse IMP T CAESAR AVG F, bare head left; reverse COL IVL / [AVG], priest with yoke of two oxen right, plowing the pomerium (sacred boundary), founding the new colony; $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C.
Click for a larger photo An unusual and extremely rare type. Sharp clear devices. Missing from most collections and seldom offered.

Svoronos attributed this type to Ptolemais due to the monogram, but symbols between the eagle's legs are usually control marks, not mint marks and the club in the left field is typical of Tyre.

Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes purported events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria.
GP72056. Bronze hemiobol, Svoronos 1060 (only 2 specimens known to Svoronos, Ptolemais mint), SNG Cop -, Weiser -, Noeske -, Malter -, VF, nice dark green patina, weight 6.866 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, obverse filleted and horned head of Zeus Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, double cornucopia on eagles shoulder with one straight and one waiving fillet, club left, ΠIT monogram between legs; ex Forum (2009); extremely rare; $125.00 (€107.50)



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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Betlyon, J.W. The Coinage and Mints of Phoenicia. The Pre-Alexandrine Period. Harvard Semitic Monographs, Vol. 26. (Chico, CA, 1982).
Baramki, D.C. The Coin Collection of the American University of Beirut Museum. (Beirut, 1974).
Burnett, A. & M. Amandry. Roman Provincial Coinage II: From Vespasian to Domitian (AD 69-96). (London, 1999).
Cohen, E. Dated Coins of Antiquity: A comprehensive catalogue of the coins and how their numbers came about. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Duyrat, F. Arados Hellénistique: Étude historique et monétaire. (Beirut, 2005).
Duyrat, F. “Les ateliers monétaires de Phénicie du Nord à l’ époque hellénistique” in Les Monnayages Syriens.
Elayi, J. & A.G. Elayi. Le monnayage de la cité phénicienne de Sidon à l’époque perse (Ve-IVe s. av. J.-C.). (Paris, 2004).
Elayi, J. & A.G. Elayi. The Coinage of the Phoenician City of Tyre in the Persian Period (5th-4th cent. BCE). (Leuven-Paris-Walpole, MA, 2009).
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins. (Amphora, 2010).
Hersh, C. "Tyrus Rediviva Reconsidered" in AJN 10. (New York, 1998).
Hill, G.F. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Phoenicia. (London, 1910).
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Hoover, Oliver D. Handbook of Coins of the Southern Levant: Phoenicia, Southern Koile Syria (Including Judaea), and Arabia, Fifth to First Centuries BC. HGC 10. (Lancaster, PA, 2010).
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Meshorer, Y. "The Coins of Dora" in INJ 9 (1986).
Meshorer, Y. "One Hundred Ninety Years of Tyrian Shekels" in Studies Mildenberg (Wettern, 1984).
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Newell, E.T. Alexander Hoards II, Demanhur, 1905. ANSNNM 19. (New York, 1923).
Newell, E.T. The Dated Alexander Coinage of Sidon and Ake. (Oxford, 1916).
Newell, E.T. Seleucid Coins of Tyre: A Supplement. ANSNNM 73. (New York, 1936).
Prieur, M. & K. Prieur. The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 258. (Lancaster, PA, 2000).
Price, M.J. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991).
Rouvier, J. "Numismatique des Villes de la Phénicie" in Journal International d’Archéologie Numismatique. (Athens, 1900-1904).
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Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
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Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 7: Cyprus to India. (New Jersey, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothèque National, Collection Jean et Marie Delepierre. (Paris, 1983).
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van Alfen, P.G. "A New Athenian "Owl" and Bullion Hoard from the Near East" in AJN 16-17 (2004-05).

Catalog current as of Saturday, January 31, 2015.
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Ancient Coins of Phoenicia