Jerusalem or Tyre, 18 B.C. - 70 A.D., Temple Tax for Two & Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.
The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half per man the coin would have to be a to pay the tax for both Jesus and . Matthew 17:24-27
SL74044. Silver , p. 241, 124, NGC VG, strike 4/5, surface 3/5, after 19 B.C. (4166159-008), 13.38 g, maximum 22.7 mm, Jerusalem or Tyre mint, 4 - 5 A.D.(?); laureate head of right, lion's skin knotted around neck; TYPOYIEPAΣ KAIAΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), standing left, right talon on ship's ram, frond under wing, date PΛ (?, year 130, uncertain, a bit obscure) over club left, KP and right, Phoenician letter between legs; $560.00 (€487.20)
, Triumvir and , 42 - 31 B.C., Akko-Ptolemais,
In 38 B.C. (or 37 B.C.), , Gaius Octavianus and signed the Treaty of Tarentum, extending the Second Triumvirate until 33 B.C.RP72123. Bronze AE 26, 4740; Monnayage 19; pl. 7, 118; 73; 993; -, aF, rough, earthen encrustations, 10.071 g, maximum 25.6 mm, 0o, Akko-Ptolemais, mint, 39 - 38 B.C.; of Antony right, within laurel wreath; standing left on prow of galley, head right, and rudder in right hand, and in left, L IA / KAI AΣY (year 11 of Caesarian Era) upper left, ΠTOΛE/MAEΩN / IEPAΣ in three horizontal lines on right; ; $500.00 (€435.00)
, The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Acre, one of the oldest continuously inhabited sites in the world, is at the northern extremity of Haifa Bay in northern Israel. The city occupies an important location on the coast of the Mediterranean, linking to waterways and the commercial activity of the Levant.SH69932. Silver , 3283, 35, -, aVF, sculptural high relief, die break at eye, upper left on , 17.019 g, maximum 26.5 mm, 0o, Ake mint, , c. 315 - 314 B.C.; Herakles' head right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, in right, long vertical behind in left, Phoenician numeral date (year 32) left below arm; $360.00 (€313.20)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV, 221 - 204 B.C.
This is also found on 117, 118 and 114; all bronzes from Tyre. Perhaps the was applied under Seleukid hegemony, when Ptolemy V lost Judea, Philistia, and to Antiochos III after the battle of Panium in 198 B.C.GP72051. Bronze , 1130; 95 (Ptolemy II, 260-246 B.C.); BMC p. 53, 65 (Pt. III); 56; 156; 48 (Pt. II, 253-249 B.C.); -, F, some corrosion on the , 29.982 g, maximum 33.2 mm, 0o, , Tyre mint, horned head of Zeus right, wearing ; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, club before, ∆I between legs; : ivy leaf in irregular shaped punch; ; $165.00 (€143.55)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy V , 204 - 180 B.C.
The name of Ptolemy V appears on the Rosetta stone. He married I, the daughter of the Seleukid Antiochos III, and was the father of Ptolemy VI, VII, and II. Ptolemy V lost Judea, Philistia, and to Antiochos III after the battle of Panium in 198 B.C. (Dan 11:13-16). GP72050. Bronze , 1251; 73, 56; 120; 190; -; -; -; -, VF, green with red areas on the , 33.803 g, maximum 34.7 mm, 45o, , Tyre mint, head of Zeus right, wearing ; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head left , club left, with on left shoulder, AP between legs; ; $155.00 (€134.85)
Orthosia, , c. 30 - 28 B.C.
A similar was struck at Orthosia for with her on the . After Antony and were defeated, under the rule of , her was replaced by . RPC lists this dated with years 36, 40 and 41. No date is visible on this coin. The date may simply be worn or perhaps it is an early issue struck with an undated die. The is so close to that of the coins struck under that the die may have been recycled from her last issue with her regnal year erased.SH73047. Bronze AE 20, cf. 175 (also no date visible), 4504 (year 36 = 29 - 28 B.C.), 869 (same), F, 8.937 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 0o, , Orthosia mint, rule of , c. 30 - 28 B.C.; turreted head of right; of Orthosia in chariot pulled by to griffins to right, crescent above his head, OPΘΩCIEΩN in , undated(?); extremely ; $150.00 (€130.50)
, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Berytos,
Named for the daughter of , Iulia Augusta was founded in 14 B.C. with veterans of the 5th and 8th legions. Herod the Great, Herod I, and Herod II built sumptuous monuments and sponsored gladiatorial combats at Berytos. After the siege of Jerusalem, gave gladiatorial games at Berytos, in which the combatants were Jews.RP55005. Bronze AE 25, 2045, 513, F, 13.564 g, maximum 25.4 mm, 180o, Berytos mint, IMP T , left; COL IVL / [AVG], priest with yoke of two oxen right, plowing the pomerium (sacred boundary), founding the new colony; $140.00 (€121.80)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Akko - Ptolemais,
In 215, Caracalla's troops massacred the population of , , beginning with the leading citizens. The emperor was angry about a satire, produced in , mocking his claim that he killed in self-defense.GS73034. Silver , 1222, -, VF, grainy, 13.335 g, maximum 26.8 mm, 0o, Akko - Ptolemais mint, 215 - 217 A.D.; AYT K M ANTΩNEINOC CEB, laureate head right; ∆HMAP EΞ YΠATOC TO ∆, standing facing, wings spread, tail and head left, wreath in beak, topped by stars between legs; $135.00 (€117.45)
, the Great, c. 323 - 136 B.C.
It appears there may be a date below the head of - ΣOP (year 176). If it actually is a date and if it is a Seleukid era date, it equates to 137 - 136 B.C. This would be an unlikely spot for a date. Most likely, the "date" is just fur.GS71548. Silver , cf. 4007 - 4011, 6735 - 6737, VF, 0.510 g, maximum 10.0 mm, 135o, uncertain Eastern mint, , c. 323 - 136 B.C.; Herakles' head right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, no symbol; $125.00 (€108.75)
Persian Empire, , , Abdashtart I, c. 365 - 352 B.C.
Cyrus the Great conquered in 539 BC. The Persians divided into four vassal kingdoms: , Tyre, Arwad, and Byblos. It is likely that much of the Phoenician population migrated to and other colonies following the Persian conquest. In 350 or 345 B.C. a rebellion in led by Tennes was crushed by Artaxerxes III.GB73089. Bronze AE 17, 29; 203; p. 147, 46 - 51; 2320; 248 (S), F, 1/4 off center, die break at 6:00, 5.917 g, maximum 17.3 mm, 315o, mint, c. 365 - 352 B.C.; pentekonter (fifty-oared war galley) left, two zigzag rows of waves below, linear , no date; Persian and driver in slow left; ; $125.00 (€108.75)
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