Levant, Egypt or Arabia, Imitative Athenian Transitional StyleTetradrachm, c. 350 - 330 B.C.
This coin is from the hoard containing at least 76 Athenian-type owls, both Athenian issues and Egyptian and Levantine imitations, and two silver "dumps" cataloged and discussed by Peter G. van Alfen, in "A New Athenian "Owl" and Bullion Hoard from the Near East" in AJN 16-17 (2004-05), pp. 47-61, and pl. 6-13. The hoard is rumored to have come from the western coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
SH66406. Silver tetradrachm, Van Alfen New p. 58 and pl. 12, 67 (this coin), VF, test cut on reverse, weight 16.983 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 270o, Athens mint, c. 353 - 294 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; reverse owl standing right, head facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent; Van Alfen plate coin; very rare; $900.00 (€675.00)
Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Acre, one of the oldest continuously inhabited sites in the world, is at the northern extremity of Haifa Bay in northern Israel. The city occupies an important location on the coast of the Mediterranean, linking to waterways and the commercial activity of the Levant.
SH69932. Silver tetradrachm, Price 3283, Newell Dated 35, Müller Alexander -, aVF, sculptural high relief, die break at eye, graffiti upper left on reverse, weight 17.019 g, maximum diameter 26.5 mm, die axis 0o, Ake mint, posthumous, c. 315 - 314 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, eagle in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, Phoenician numeral date (year 32) left below arm; $400.00 (€300.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy V Epiphanes, 204 - 180 B.C.
For an attribution of this type to Ptolemy IX, see T. Faucher and M. Shahin, "Le Tresor de Gezeir (lac Mariout, Alexandrie)" in Revue Numismatique 2006, pp. 135-157.
GP68423. Bronze diobol, Svoronos 1190 (Ptolemy IV, Cyprus, 219 B.C.); SNG Cop 533, Cohen Dated 35, SNG Milan -, Weiser -, Noeske -, Hosking -, VF, well centered, nice dark green patina, weight 14.964 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 315o, uncertain Phoenician mint, 203 - 202 B.C.; obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia, PK monogram behind; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEOΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head left, Ω over Σ left, LΓ (regnal year 3) right; rare; $180.00 (€135.00)
Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Berytos, Phoenicia
Named for the daughter of Augustus, Colonia Iulia Augusta Felix Berytus was founded in 14 B.C. with veterans of the 5th and 8th legions. Herod the Great, Herod Agrippa I, and Herod Agrippa II built sumptuous monuments and sponsored gladiatorial combats at Berytos. After the siege of Jerusalem, Titus gave gladiatorial games at Berytos, in which the combatants were Jews.
RP55005. Bronze AE 25, RPC II 2045, Rouvier 513, F, weight 13.564 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 180o, Berytos mint, obverse IMP T CAESARAVG F, bare head left; reverse COL IVL / [AVG], priest with yoke of two oxen right, plowing the pomerium (sacred boundary), founding the new colony; $160.00 (€120.00)
Zemar (Simyra), Phoenicia, c. 2nd Century B.C.
Zemar (Simyra) was a Phoenician city and a major trade center in Syria.
GB57308. Bronze AE 18, Lindgren III 1633 (unattributed, perhaps otherwise unpublished), cf. Lindgren I A2138A (Damascus), VF, weight 5.281 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse diademed head of Zeus right; reverse turreted bust of Tyche right, Z behind, all within wreath; very rare; $135.00 (€101.25)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy V Epiphanes, 204 - 180 B.C.
The name of Ptolemy V Epiphanes appears on the Rosetta stone. He married Cleopatra I, the daughter of the Seleukid king Antiochos III, and was the father of Ptolemy VI, VII, and Cleopatra II. Ptolemy V lost Judea, Philistia, and Phoenicia to Antiochos III after the battle of Panium in 198 B.C. (Dan 11:13-16).
GP60679. Bronze AE 29, Svoronos 1193 (Ptolemy IV, Cyprus); BMC Ptolemies p. 62, 7 (same); SNG Milan 281 (same); SNG Cop 536; Cohen DCA 35; Noeske -; Weiser -; Hosking -, F, weight 16.980 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenician mint, 202 - 201 B.C.; obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia, PK monogram behind; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEOΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head left, ΩΣ left, L∆ (year 4) right; $110.00 (€82.50)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Berenice II and Ptolemy III, 244 - 221 B.C.
In "The Ptolemaic mint of Ras Ibn Hani," INR 2, pp. 63 - 75, Catherine Lorber identifies the mint as Ras Ibn Hani "a Ptolemaic stronghold on the Syrian coast near Lattaqiyah (ancient Laodicea ad Mare)."
GP67916. Bronze dichalkon, Svoronos 1056 (Gaza or Joppa), Noeke 131 (Gaza), Cox Curium 83 (Uncertain mint), SNG Milan -, Weiser -, Hosking -, SNG Cop -, F, nice green patina, weight 4.748 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Phoenician mint, 244 - 221 B.C.; obverse BASILISSWS BEPENIKHΣ, diademed and draped bust of Berenice II right, hair in melon coiffure; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, head left, EY left; $110.00 (€82.50)
Zemar (Simyra), Phoenicia, c. 2nd Century B.C.
Zemar (Simyra) was a Phoenician city and a major trade center in Syria. The obversebust was identified as Homer in a recent auction listing for the type.
GB69596. Bronze AE 20, Lindgren III 1633 (unattributed); cf. Lindgren I A2138A (Damascus); BMC Phoenicia -; SNG Cop -, F, weight 6.478 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Zemar (Simyra) mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse diademed head of Zeus right, within wreath; reverse turreted bust of Tyche right, Z behind, all within wreath; very rare; $100.00 (€75.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246 - 222 B.C.
Ptolemy III Euergetes was the third ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt. He promoted the translation of Jewish scriptures into Greek as the Septuagint. Due to a falling out at the Seleucid court, his eldest sister Berenice Phernophorus was murdered along with her infant son. In response he invaded Syria, occupied Antioch and even reached Babylon. This war, the Third Syrian War, is cryptically alluded to in Daniel XI 7-9.
GP67334. Bronze hemiobol, Svoronos 709, SNG Cop 496, BMC Ptolemies p. 53, 70, Weiser 57, Hosking 27; SNG Milan 138; Noeske 96 (all refs Ptolemy II, except BMC), VF, small edge crack, minor encrustations, weight 4.608 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Tyre mint, c. 230 - 222 B.C.; obverse diademed and horned head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, club left, no control letters; $75.00 (€56.25)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C.
Ptolemy IV's surname, Philopator, means father lover, ironic since according to some authorities he poisoned his father. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria. He was a cruel and evil monarch.
GP55334. Bronze hemiobol, Svoronos 1153; BMC Ptolemies -; Weiser -; SNG Cop -, aVF, weight 5.561 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, Phoenicia, Tyre mint, obverse diademed head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, club left, ΣE monogram between legs; scarce; $50.00 (€37.50)
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