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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>Geographic-AllPeriods>Phoenicia PAGE 1/3123»»»

Phoenicia


Levant, Egypt or Arabia, Imitative Athenian Transitional Style Tetradrachm, c. 350 - 330 B.C.
Click for a larger photo This coin is from the hoard containing at least 76 Athenian-type owls, both Athenian issues and Egyptian and Levantine imitations, and two silver "dumps" cataloged and discussed by Peter G. van Alfen, in "A New Athenian "Owl" and Bullion Hoard from the Near East" in AJN 16-17 (2004-05), pp. 47-61, and pl. 6-13. The hoard is rumored to have come from the western coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
SH66406. Silver tetradrachm, Van Alfen New p. 58 and pl. 12, 67 (this coin), VF, test cut on reverse, weight 16.983 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 270o, Athens mint, c. 353 - 294 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and floral scroll; reverse owl standing right, head facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent; Van Alfen plate coin; very rare; $800.00 SALE PRICE $720.00

Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Acre, one of the oldest continuously inhabited sites in the world, is at the northern extremity of Haifa Bay in northern Israel. The city occupies an important location on the coast of the Mediterranean, linking to waterways and the commercial activity of the Levant.
SH69932. Silver tetradrachm, Price 3283, Newell Dated 35, Müller Alexander -, aVF, sculptural high relief, die break at eye, graffiti upper left on reverse, weight 17.019 g, maximum diameter 26.5 mm, die axis 0o, Ake mint, posthumous, c. 315 - 314 B.C.; obverse Herakles' head right, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, eagle in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, Phoenician numeral date (year 32) left below arm; $400.00 SALE PRICE $360.00

Mark Antony, Triumvir and Imperator, 44 - 30 B.C., Arados, Phoenica
Click for a larger photo In June 36 B.C., Mark Antony launched a major offensive against the Parthians with about 100,000 Roman and allied troops, including 10 legions and 10,000 cavalry. The campaign was a disaster. He was defeated, abandoned by his allies, and lost more than a quarter of his men, many to disease and starvation during his winter retreat to Egypt. Meanwhile, Octavian had forced Lepidus resign and had swayed the traditional Republican aristocracy against Antony. Antony was condemned as a man of low morals who had ?gone native? and abandoned his faithful wife and children in Rome to be with the promiscuous queen of Egypt. Several times Antony was summoned to Rome, but he remained in Alexandria with Cleopatra. The Triumvirate was no more. In Rome, Octavian ruled alone.
RP71397. Bronze AE 23, RPC I 4467; Baramki AUB 192, pl. XV, 10, F, green patina, weight 7.498 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 0o, Aradus mint, 36 - 35 B.C.; obverse bare head right; reverse bull leaping left, CK∆ (year 224 of Arados) above, MH (48 nummi?) below; extremely rare; $400.00 SALE PRICE $360.00

Seleukid Kingdom, Demetrius II Nikator, 146 - 136 and 129 - 125 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Demetrius II ruled for two periods, separated by years of captivity in Parthia. He gained the throne with the help of Egypt, but general Diodotus rebelled, took Antioch and made Antiochus VI Dionysus his puppet king. Demetrius then ruled part of the kingdom from Seleucia. His first reign ended when he was defeated and captured by Parthia. The Parthians released him when his brother, Antiochus Sidetes, marched against Parthia. They hoped the brothers would fight a civil war but the Parthians soon defeated Sidetes, and Demetrius returned to rule Syria. His second reign ended when he was defeated and killed by yet another usurper set up by Egypt, Alexander II Zabinas.
GS90322. Silver shekel, Houghton-Lorber II 2195(2)b, Newell Tyre 159, gVF, nice portrait, weight 13.883 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, 129 - 128 B.C.; obverse diademed beardless head right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ∆HMHTPIOY, eagle standing left on ship's ram, palm frond under right wing, APE monogram and Tyre monogram over club left, AYΣ monogram above ∆ΠP (SE 171) right, ΓΠP monogram between eagles legs; $350.00 SALE PRICE $315.00

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy V Epiphanes, 204 - 180 B.C.
Click for a larger photo For an attribution of this type to Ptolemy IX, see T. Faucher and M. Shahin, "Le Tresor de Gezeir (lac Mariout, Alexandrie)" in Revue Numismatique 2006, pp. 135-157.
GP68423. Bronze diobol, Svoronos 1190 (Ptolemy IV, Cyprus, 219 B.C.); SNG Cop 533, Cohen Dated 35, SNG Milan -, Weiser -, Noeske -, Hosking -, VF, well centered, nice dark green patina, weight 14.964 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 315o, uncertain Phoenician mint, 203 - 202 B.C.; obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia, PK monogram behind; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEOΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head left, Ω over Σ left, LΓ (regnal year 3) right; rare; $180.00 SALE PRICE $162.00

Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Berytos, Phoenicia
Click for a larger photo Named for the daughter of Augustus, Colonia Iulia Augusta Felix Berytus was founded in 14 B.C. with veterans of the 5th and 8th legions. Herod the Great, Herod Agrippa I, and Herod Agrippa II built sumptuous monuments and sponsored gladiatorial combats at Berytos. After the siege of Jerusalem, Titus gave gladiatorial games at Berytos, in which the combatants were Jews.
RP55005. Bronze AE 25, RPC II 2045, Rouvier 513, F, weight 13.564 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 180o, Berytos mint, obverse IMP T CAESAR AVG F, bare head left; reverse COL IVL / [AVG], priest with yoke of two oxen right, plowing the pomerium (sacred boundary), founding the new colony; $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00

Zemar (Simyra), Phoenicia, c. 2nd Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Zemar (Simyra) was a Phoenician city and a major trade center in Syria.
GB57308. Bronze AE 18, Lindgren III 1633 (unattributed, perhaps otherwise unpublished), cf. Lindgren I A2138A (Damascus), VF, weight 5.281 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse diademed head of Zeus right; reverse turreted bust of Tyche right, Z behind, all within wreath; very rare; $135.00 SALE PRICE $122.00

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy V Epiphanes, 204 - 180 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The name of Ptolemy V Epiphanes appears on the Rosetta stone. He married Cleopatra I, the daughter of the Seleukid king Antiochos III, and was the father of Ptolemy VI, VII, and Cleopatra II. Ptolemy V lost Judea, Philistia, and Phoenicia to Antiochos III after the battle of Panium in 198 B.C. (Dan 11:13-16).
GP60679. Bronze AE 29, Svoronos 1193 (Ptolemy IV, Cyprus); BMC Ptolemies p. 62, 7 (same); SNG Milan 281 (same); SNG Cop 536; Cohen DCA 35; Noeske -; Weiser -; Hosking -, F, weight 16.980 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenician mint, 202 - 201 B.C.; obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia, PK monogram behind; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEOΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head left, ΩΣ left, L∆ (year 4) right; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Berenice II and Ptolemy III, 244 - 221 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In "The Ptolemaic mint of Ras Ibn Hani," INR 2, pp. 63 - 75, Catherine Lorber identifies the mint as Ras Ibn Hani "a Ptolemaic stronghold on the Syrian coast near Lattaqiyah (ancient Laodicea ad Mare)."
GP67916. Bronze dichalkon, Svoronos 1056 (Gaza or Joppa), Noeke 131 (Gaza), Cox Curium 83 (Uncertain mint), SNG Milan -, Weiser -, Hosking -, SNG Cop -, F, nice green patina, weight 4.748 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Phoenician mint, 244 - 221 B.C.; obverse BASILISSWS BEPENIKHΣ, diademed and draped bust of Berenice II right, hair in melon coiffure; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, head left, EY left; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00

Zemar (Simyra), Phoenicia, c. 2nd Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Zemar (Simyra) was a Phoenician city and a major trade center in Syria. The obverse bust was identified as Homer in a recent auction listing for the type.
GB69596. Bronze AE 20, Lindgren III 1633 (unattributed); cf. Lindgren I A2138A (Damascus); BMC Phoenicia -; SNG Cop -, F, weight 6.478 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Zemar (Simyra) mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse diademed head of Zeus right, within wreath; reverse turreted bust of Tyche right, Z behind, all within wreath; very rare; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00



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REFERENCES

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Betlyon, J.W. The Coinage and Mints of Phoenicia. The Pre-Alexandrine Period. Harvard Semitic Monographs, Vol. 26. (Chico, CA, 1982).
Baramki, D.C. The Coin Collection of the American University of Beirut Museum. (Beirut, 1974).
Burnett, A. & M. Amandry. Roman Provincial Coinage II: From Vespasian to Domitian (AD 69-96). (London, 1999).
Cohen, E. Dated Coins of Antiquity: A comprehensive catalogue of the coins and how their numbers came about. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Duyrat, F. Arados Hellénistique: Étude historique et monétaire. (Beirut, 2005).
Duyrat, F. “Les ateliers monétaires de Phénicie du Nord à l’ époque hellénistique” in Les Monnayages Syriens.
Elayi, J. & A.G. Elayi. Le monnayage de la cité phénicienne de Sidon à l’époque perse (Ve-IVe s. av. J.-C.). (Paris, 2004).
Elayi, J. & A.G. Elayi. The Coinage of the Phoenician City of Tyre in the Persian Period (5th-4th cent. BCE). (Leuven-Paris-Walpole, MA, 2009).
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Hoover, Oliver D. Handbook of Coins of the Southern Levant: Phoenicia, Southern Koile Syria (Including Judaea), and Arabia, Fifth to First Centuries BC. HGC 10. (Lancaster, PA, 2010).
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Catalog current as of Tuesday, September 23, 2014.
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Ancient Coins of Phoenicia