, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Tyre,
Dido, the founder and first queen of , is primarily known from Virgil's Aeneid. Upon succeeding their father as of Tyre, Dido's brother Pygmalion had her husband Sichaeus killed in a plot to seize his immense wealth. Dido, with a large group of friends and followers, escaped Tyre, carrying with them all of Sichaeus? treasure. As depicted on the of this coin, Dido made a sacrifice at the temple of Melqart-Hercules before leaving. The on some other Valerian types, we know of one example struck with this same die, depict Dido in beginning construction.
RP75357. Bronze , Unpublished in the many references examined by , cf. 2354 ( and ), 2503 (same), VF, , porous, adjustment marks, 11.064 g, maximum 28.9 mm, 180o, Tyre mint, Oct 253 - Jun 260 A.D.; IMP CP LIC VALERIANVS AVG, laureate and right; COL TVRO MET, Dido standing right, on , extending both toward a temple of Melqart-Hercules in perspective to upper right, club within the temple, flaming column at her feet, shell on right below temple; from the J. Collection; the best of the few examples of the known to ; extremely ; $1100.00 (€957.00)
, Triumvir and , 42 - 31 B.C., Akko-Ptolemais,
In 38 B.C. (or 37 B.C.), , Gaius Octavianus and signed the Treaty of Tarentum, extending the Second Triumvirate until 33 B.C.RP72123. Bronze AE 26, 4740; Monnayage 19; pl. 7, 118; 73; 993; -, aF, rough, earthen encrustations, 10.071 g, maximum 25.6 mm, 0o, Akko-Ptolemais, mint, 39 - 38 B.C.; of Antony right, within laurel wreath; standing left on prow of galley, right, and rudder in right hand, and in left, L IA / KAI AΣY (year 11 of Caesarian Era) upper left, ΠTOΛE/MAEΩN / IEPAΣ in three horizontal lines on right; ; $500.00 (€435.00)
Orthosia, , c. 30 - 28 B.C.
A similar was struck at Orthosia for with her on the . After Antony and were defeated, under the rule of , her was replaced by . RPC lists this dated with years 36, 40 and 41. No date is visible on this coin. The date may simply be worn or perhaps it is an early issue struck with an undated die. The is so close to that of the coins struck under that the die may have been recycled from her last issue with her regnal year erased.SH73047. Bronze AE 20, cf. 175 (also no date visible), 4504 (year 36 = 29 - 28 B.C.), 869 (same), F, 8.937 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 0o, , Orthosia mint, rule of , c. 30 - 28 B.C.; turreted of right; of Orthosia in chariot pulled by to griffins to right, crescent above his , OPΘΩCIEΩN in , undated(?); extremely ; $150.00 (€130.50)
Orthosia, , 41 - 40 B.C.
Orthosia (near modern Arida, Lebanon) was located south of the Eleutheros River (the modern Kabir) in the far of . It was a refounded by one of the but which one is uncertain because the city changed frequently. The name Orthosia was derived from an epithet of and she was the principal divinity of the town.GB73950. Bronze AE 24, 209 (S, this date noted); - (this date noted p. 644); p. 126, 1 (date obscure); 175 (no visible date); -, VF, green , light encrustations and marks, edge chip, 6.820 g, maximum 23.6 mm, 0o, Orthoseia mint, 41 - 40 B.C.; turreted of right; of Orthosia standing on two winged lion-griffins, L∆K (year 24 of the Pompeian Era) horizontal on left, OPΘΩΣIEΩN in ; while others with this date are known to exist, we could not find another example; this date very ; $150.00 (€130.50)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV, 221 - 204 B.C.
This is also found on 117, 118 and 114; all bronzes from Tyre. Perhaps the was applied under Seleukid hegemony, when Ptolemy V lost Judea, Philistia, and to Antiochos III after the battle of Panium in 198 B.C.
GP72051. Bronze , 1130; 95 (Ptolemy II, 260-246 B.C.); BMC p. 53, 65 (Pt. III); 56; 156; 48 (Pt. II, 253-249 B.C.); -, F, some corrosion on the , 29.982 g, maximum 33.2 mm, 0o, , Tyre mint, horned of Zeus right, wearing ; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, left, wings closed, club before, ∆I between legs; : ivy leaf in irregular shaped punch; ; $145.00 (€126.15)
, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Berytos,
Named for the daughter of , Iulia Augusta was founded in 14 B.C. with veterans of the 5th and 8th legions. Herod the Great, Herod I, and Herod II built sumptuous monuments and sponsored gladiatorial combats at Berytos. After the siege of Jerusalem, gave gladiatorial games at Berytos, in which the combatants were Jews.RP55005. Bronze AE 25, 2045, 513, F, 13.564 g, maximum 25.4 mm, 180o, Berytos mint, IMP T , left; COL IVL / [AVG], priest with yoke of two oxen right, plowing the pomerium (sacred boundary), founding the new colony; $140.00 (€121.80)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Akko - Ptolemais,
In 215, Caracalla's troops massacred the population of , , beginning with the leading citizens. The emperor was angry about a satire, produced in , mocking his claim that he killed in self-defense.GS73034. Silver , 1222, -, VF, grainy, 13.335 g, maximum 26.8 mm, 0o, Akko - Ptolemais mint, 215 - 217 A.D.; AYT K M ANTΩNEINOC CEB, laureate right; ∆HMAP EΞ YΠATOC TO ∆, standing facing, wings spread, tail and left, wreath in beak, topped by stars between legs; $135.00 (€117.45)
Persian Empire, , , Abdashtart I, c. 365 - 352 B.C.
Cyrus the Great conquered in 539 BC. The Persians divided into four vassal kingdoms: , Tyre, Arwad, and Byblos. It is likely that much of the Phoenician population migrated to and other colonies following the Persian conquest. In 350 or 345 B.C. a rebellion in led by Tennes was crushed by Artaxerxes III.GB73089. Bronze AE 17, 29; 203; p. 147, 46 - 51; 2320; 248 (S), F, 1/4 off center, die break at 6:00, 5.917 g, maximum 17.3 mm, 315o, mint, c. 365 - 352 B.C.; pentekonter (fifty-oared war galley) left, two zigzag rows of waves below, linear , no date; Persian and driver in slow left; ; $125.00 (€108.75)
, the Great, c. 323 - 136 B.C.
It appears there may be a date below the of - ΣOP (year 176). If it actually is a date and if it is a Seleukid era date, it equates to 137 - 136 B.C. This would be an unlikely spot for a date. Most likely, the "date" is just fur.GS71548. Silver , cf. 4007 - 4011, 6735 - 6737, VF, 0.510 g, maximum 10.0 mm, 135o, uncertain Eastern mint, , c. 323 - 136 B.C.; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, no symbol; $110.00 (€95.70)
Zemar (Simyra), , c. 2nd Century B.C.
Zemar (Simyra) was a Phoenician city and a major trade center in .GB71910. Bronze AE 18, 1633 (unattributed, perhaps otherwise unpublished), cf. A2138A ( ), VF, 5.670 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 0o, mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; diademed of Zeus right; turreted of right, Z behind, all within wreath; very ; $110.00 (€95.70)
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