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Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Tyre, Phoenicia
Dido, the founder and first queen of Carthage, is primarily known from Virgil's Aeneid. Upon succeeding their father as king of Tyre, Dido's brother Pygmalion had her husband Sichaeus killed in a plot to seize his immense wealth. Dido, with a large group of friends and followers, escaped Tyre, carrying with them all of Sichaeus' treasure. As depicted on the reverse of this coin, Dido made a sacrifice at the temple of Melqart-Hercules before leaving. The reverse on some other Valerian types, we know of one example struck with this same obverse die, depict Dido in Carthage beginning construction.RP75357. Bronze dichalkon, Unpublished in the many references examined by Forum, cf. SNG Righetti 2354 (radiate and cuirassedbust), Rouvier 2503 (same), VF, well centered, porous, flan adjustment marks, weight 11.064 g, maximum diameter 28.9 mm, die axis 180o, Tyre mint, Oct 253 - Jun 260 A.D.; obverse IMP CP LIC VALERIANVS AVG, laureate and cuirassedbust right; reverse COL TVRO MET, Dido standing right, kalathos on head, extending both hands toward a distyle temple of Melqart-Hercules in perspective to upper right, club within the temple, flaming column altar at her feet, murex shell on right below temple; from the J. BerlinCaesarea Collection; the best of the few examples of the type known to Forum; extremely rare; $990.00 SALE PRICE $891.00
Mark Antony, Triumvir and Imperator, 42 - 31 B.C., Akko-Ptolemais, Phoenicia
In 38 B.C. (or 37 B.C.), Mark Antony, Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus and MarcusLepidus signed the Treaty of Tarentum, extending the Second Triumvirate until 33 B.C.RP72123. Bronze AE 26, RPC I 4740; Seyrig Monnayage 19; Sofaer pl. 7, 118; Kadman 73; Rouvier 993; Rosenberger -, aF, rough, earthen encrustations, weight 10.071 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 0o, Akko-Ptolemais, Phoenicia mint, 39 - 38 B.C.; obversebare head of Antony right, within laurel wreath; reverseTyche standing left on prow of galley, head right, apluster and rudder in right hand, cornucopia and palm in left, L IA / KAI AΣY (year 11 of Caesarian Era) upper left, ΠTOΛE/MAEΩN / IEPAΣ in three horizontal lines on right; rare; $450.00 SALE PRICE $405.00
Orthosia, Phoenicia, c. 30 - 28 B.C.
A similar type was struck at Orthosia for Cleopatra with her bust on the obverse. After Antony and Cleopatra were defeated, under the rule of Augustus, her bust was replaced by Tyche. RPC lists this type dated with years 36, 40 and 41. No date is visible on this coin. The date may simply be worn or perhaps it is an early issue struck with an undated die. The reversestyle is so close to that of the coins struck under Cleopatra that the die may have been recycled from her last issue with her regnal year erased.SH73047. Bronze AE 20, cf. SNG Cop 175 (also no date visible), RPC I 4504 (year 36 = 29 - 28 B.C.), Rouvier 869 (same), F, weight 8.937 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Orthosia mint, rule of Augustus, c. 30 - 28 B.C.; obverse turreted head of Tyche right; reverseBaal of Orthosia in chariot pulled by to griffins to right, crescent above his head, OPΘΩCIEΩN in exergue, undated(?); extremely rare; $135.00 SALE PRICE $122.00
Orthosia, Phoenicia, 41 - 40 B.C.
Orthosia (near modern Arida, Lebanon) was located south of the Eleutheros River (the modern Kabir) in the far north of Phoenicia. It was a refounded by one of the Diadochi but which one is uncertain because the city changed hands frequently. The name Orthosia was derived from an epithet of Artemis and she was the principal divinity of the town.GB73950. Bronze AE 24, HGC 10 209 (S, this date noted); RPC I - (this date noted p. 644); BMC Phoenicia p. 126, 1 (date obscure); SNG Cop 175 (no visible date); Rouvier -, VF, green patina, light encrustations and marks, edge chip, weight 6.820 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 0o, Orthoseia mint, 41 - 40 B.C.; obverse turreted head of Tyche right; reverseBaal of Orthosia standing on two winged lion-griffins, L∆K (year 24 of the Pompeian Era) horizontal on left, OPΘΩΣIEΩN in exergue; while others with this date are known to exist, we could not find another example; this date very rare; $135.00 SALE PRICE $122.00
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV, 221 - 204 B.C.
This rarecountermark is also found on Weiser 117, 118 and 114; all bronzes from Tyre. Perhaps the countermark was applied under Seleukid hegemony, when Ptolemy V lost Judea, Philistia, and Phoenicia to Antiochos III after the battle of Panium in 198 B.C.GP72051. Bronze hemidrachm, Svoronos 1130; Noeske 95 (Ptolemy II); BMC Ptolemies p. 53, 65 (Ptolemy III); Hosking 56; Malter 156; Weiser 48 (Ptolemy II); SNG Cop -, F, some corrosion on the reverse, weight 29.982 g, maximum diameter 33.2 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Tyre mint, obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, club before, ∆I between legs; countermark: ivy leaf in irregular shaped punch; rarecountermark; $130.00 SALE PRICE $117.00
Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Berytos, Phoenicia
Named for the daughter of Augustus, Colonia Iulia Augusta FelixBerytus was founded in 14 B.C. with veterans of the 5th and 8th legions. Herod the Great, Herod Agrippa I, and Herod Agrippa II built sumptuous monuments and sponsored gladiatorial combats at Berytos. After the siege of Jerusalem, Titus gave gladiatorial games at Berytos, in which the combatants were Jews.RP55005. Bronze AE 25, RPC II 2045, Rouvier 513, F, weight 13.564 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 180o, Berytos mint, obverse IMP T CAESARAVG F, bare head left; reverse COL IVL / [AVG], priest with yoke of two oxen right, plowing the pomerium (sacred boundary), founding the new colony; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00
Zemar (Simyra), Phoenicia, c. 2nd Century B.C.
Zemar (Simyra) was a Phoenician city and a major trade center in Syria.GB57308. Bronze AE 18, Lindgren III 1633 (unattributed, perhaps otherwise unpublished), cf. Lindgren I A2138A (Damascus), VF, weight 5.281 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse diademed head of Zeus right; reverse turreted bust of Tyche right, Z behind, all within wreath; very rare; $95.00 SALE PRICE $85.50
Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander III the Great, c. 323 - 136 B.C.
It appears there may be a date below the head of Herakles - ΣOP (year 176). If it actually is a date and if it is a Seleukid era date, it equates to 137 - 136 B.C. This would be an unlikely spot for a date. Most likely, the "date" is just lion fur.GS71548. Silver obol, cf. Price 4007 - 4011, SGCV II 6735 - 6737, VF, weight 0.510 g, maximum diameter 10.0 mm, die axis 135o, uncertain Eastern mint, posthumous, c. 323 - 136 B.C.; obversehead of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, no symbol; $95.00 SALE PRICE $85.50
Zemar (Simyra), Phoenicia, c. 2nd Century B.C.
Zemar (Simyra) was a Phoenician city and a major trade center in Syria.GB71910. Bronze AE 18, Lindgren III 1633 (unattributed, perhaps otherwise unpublished), cf. Lindgren I A2138A (Damascus), VF, weight 5.670 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse diademed head of Zeus right; reverse turreted bust of Tyche right, Z behind, all within wreath; very rare; $95.00 SALE PRICE $85.50
Tyre, Phoenicia, 2nd Century A.D.
In 113, Osroes I of Parthia violated the treaty with Rome by installing a puppet ruler in Armenia. Trajan declared Armenia to be a Roman province and sailed from Rome for war. In Athens Parthian envoys greet him with olive branches but Trajan rejected diplomacy. In 114, Trajan overran Armenia and northern Mesopotamia. In 115, he captured the Parthian capital Ctesiphon.GB72557. Bronze AE 22, BMC Phoenicia p. 263, 318; Rouvier, JAIN 6, p. 320, 2192; SNG Cop -; Laffaille -; Lindgren -, Choice aVF, well centered and struck, attractive dark patina with buff earthen highlighting, weight 7.566 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, 112 - 113 A.D.; obverse veiled and turreted head of Tyche right, palm frond behind, murex shell before; reverse galley left, above HΛC (year 238) / TYP monogram (Tyre) IEPAΣ / MHTPOΠO / ΛEWΣ above; $85.00 SALE PRICE $76.50
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