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Byzantine Empire, Nicephorus Basilacius, Usurper, Summer 1078 A.D. (Anonymous Class N Follis)
Until 1976 this type was regarded as anonymous (Class N) because neither of the two known specimens had a visible legend. In 1976, Grierson published a new specimen with a legend naming the ruler, Nicephorus (Grierson, P. "Nicephorus Bryennius or Nicephorus Basilacius?" in NumCirc LXXXIV.1 (January 1976), type a). There were two candidates, Nicephorus Bryennius and Nicephorus Basilacius, both usurpers, Bryennius in 1077 - 1078, and Basilacius in Thessalonica for a few months during 1078. In 1992, Roger Bland published an example with the legend on the obverse right side reading POCBAC, which has been accepted as proving this type was struck by Basilacius (Bland, R. "A Follis of Nicephorus Basilacius?" NC 1992, p. 175 ff. and pl. 36, B). Our coin has a nearly completeinscription, among the best of all the specimens known to Forum.SH87639. Bronze follis, DOC IIIpart 2, p. 706, N.1 (anonymous class N follis); Grierson 1976, type a; Bland Basilacius pl. 36, B; SBCV 1903A; Sommer 58.1, VF, near completeinscription with at least part of each letter visible, crude, overstruck with severe undertype effects, bumps, scratches, corrosion, weight 5.607 g, maximum diameter 29.6 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, summer 1078 A.D.; obverse +NIKHΦO-POC BACΛE, facing bust of Christ, nimbuscross with plain arms, wearing tunic and himation, right hand raised in blessing, Gospels in left, IC-XC flanking across field; reversepatriarchal cross on base; barred IC - XC / NI-KA (Jesus Christ conquers) in the quarters; among the best examples known to Forum of this extremely rare and always crude overstrucktype!; extremely rare; $1500.00 (€1275.00)
ByzantineAnonymous Follis of Christ, Class I, Nicephorus III, 7 January 1078 - 1 April 1081
BZ86180. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, class I; SBCV 1889, gVF, excellent bust of Christ, weight 3.510 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 7 Jan 1078 - 1 Apr 1081; obverse Christ bust facing, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right in benediction, gospels in left, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Iisoús Xristós - Jesus Christ) across field; reverse Latin cross with X at center, globule and two pellets at each extremity, floral ornaments in lower fields, crescents in upper fields; $215.00 (€182.75)
ByzantineAnonymous Follis of Christ, Class G, Romanus IV, 1 January 1068 - 19 August 1071 A.D.
On "Anonymous Folles" the emperor's name and portrait are not part of the design, hence they are anonymous. Instead of the earthly king, these coins depict Jesus Christ, King of Kings.BZ86179. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, class G; SBCV 1867, gVF, well centered, attractive style, overstruck, undertype effects on reverse, weight 9.940 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1 Jan 1068 - 19 Aug 1071 A.D.; obversebust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right in benediction, scroll in left hand, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Jesus Christ) across field, border of large pellets; reverse facing bust of the Virgin Orans, nimbate and wearing pallium and maphorium, MP - ΘV (Greek abbreviation: Mother of God) across field, border of large pellets; scarce; $200.00 (€170.00)
Byzantine Empire, Michael VII Ducas, 24 October 1071 - 24 March 1078 A.D.
Sear notes the type is frequently overstruck on folles of Romanus IV, SBCV 1866.BZ88934. Bronze follis, DOC III - 2 14b; Wroth BMC 26; Ratto 2042; Morrisson BnF 55/Cp/AE/9; Berk 958; Sommer 55.8; SBCV 1878, EF, dark patina, overstruck, part of edge ragged, weight 6.561 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obversebust of Christ facing, cross behind head, wearing pallium and colobium, raising right in benediction, Gospels in left ornamented with nine pellets, large star right and left, IC - XC above arms of cross; reverse + MIXAHΛ RACIΛ O ∆, bearded bust facing, wearing crown and loros, holding labarum and globus cruciger; $170.00 (€144.50)
Byzantine Empire, Alexius I, 4 April 1081 - 15 August 1118 A.D.
On 8 April 1093, construction of Winchester Cathedral in England was completed by Bishop Walkelin.BZ82688. Bronze tetarteron, DOC IV-1 34; Morrison BnF 59/Cp/AE/04; SBCV 1921; Sommer 59.20; Wroth BMC 33; Ratto 2079; Hendy pl. 8, 1-2, VF, very nice for the type, green patina with buff earthen highlighting, typical tight irregular flan, weight 3.958 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople mint, 1092 - 1093 A.D.; obversebust of Christ facing, cross behind head, wearing pallium and kolobion, holding book of Gospels in left hand, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Iisoús Xristós - Jesus Christ) flanking across field; reverse + AΛZI ∆ECΠ (or similar), Alexius bust facing, wearing crown and loros, jeweled (5 globules) scepter in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand; the first example of this type handled by Forum, only two on Coin Archives; very rare; $160.00 (€136.00)
Crusaders(?), Imitative of Zangids of Syria, c. 1146 - 1200 A.D.,
This coin is a crude imitative of an Islamic fals of the Zangids of Syria, Nur al-Din Mahmud, struck at Halab (Aleppo, Syria), 1146 - 1173 (Spengler-Sayles 73, Album 1850). That type was itself also imitative, copying a Byzantinefollis of Constantine X, struck at Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey), 1059 - 1067 (DOC III 8, SBCV 1853). The quality of the Zangids fals vary greatly and it can be difficult to distinguish between Halab mint issues and imitatives. This example is very crude and if any can be attributed to the crusaders, this is one. BZ77974. Bronze follis, Malloy Crusaders -; cf. Spengler-Sayles 73 (notes "barbaric" imitations), Album 1850 (notes imitations are perhaps struck by the Crusaders), F, desert patina, tight flan, weight 2.798 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain mint, c. 1150 - 1200 A.D.; obverse two Byzantinestyle imperial figures (Constantine X and Eudocia) standing facing, supporting between them labarum resting on three steps, EX downward on left, imitation of Kuficlegend inner left; reverse Christ standing facing, nimbate, book of Gospels in left hand, right hand on hip, IC - XC flanking head, blundered imitation of legend around; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $60.00 (€51.00)
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