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Roman Provincial Coins from the Decapolis, Syria and Arabia
The Decapolis means "the ten cities" in Greek, yet we don't really know how many cities there were, or where they were. In 106 A.D., under the Roman emperor Trajan, the Nabataean Kingdom and the cities of the Decapolis were incorporated into the newly established Provinces of Syria and Arabia.
|is believed to be the Biblical city Shepham (Num. xxxiv. 11). received with the in 133 B.C., but sold it to Mithridates V of , who held it till 120 BC. After the Mithridatic Wars it became a great center for trade, largely carried on by resident Italians and Jews. Pompey razed the fortress and annexed the city to in 64 B.C. is mentioned in the Talmud (Ber. 62a, Niddah, 30b and Yeb. 115b). By order of Flaccus, nearly 45 kilograms of gold, intended by Jews for the Temple in Jerusalem was confiscated in in 62 B.C. In the revolt of under Q. Caecilius Bassus, it held out against for three years until the arrival of Cassius in 46 B.C.|