, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D.
R. F. in "The on coins of from Britain" (NC 148, 1988) writes that the , which was applied only to of , can be expanded to PROBatum, meaning "approved." The Claudian bearing this are found almost exclusively in Britain and Italy. His study did not find shared punches between any coins with known provenances from Britain and Italy, suggesting that the Claudian circulating in Britain were countermarked there. The countermarks were carefully applied, always in the right and never overlapping the imperial portrait. Coins were countermarked before they had seen much, if any, circulation.
SH85461. , 99; 124; 1853; 85; c/m: 1 - 7 (same coin , same placement), 23 ( ), 40, VF, c/m: EF; , bumps and scratches, light corrosion, double struck, 25.951 g, maximum 36.4 mm, 180o, mint, 42 A.D.; TI CLAVDIVS AVG IMP, laureate right, : in a rectangular punch; , walking left, flower in right hand, raising skirt with left hand, S C ( ) in ; ; $900.00 (€801.00)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., VAR Quinctillus Varus
The of and the Sanctuary of the Three Gauls was dedicated by on 1 August 10 B.C., the very same day Drusus' son, the future emperor , was born in . All the notable men of Gaul were invited. Julius Vercondaridubnus, a member of the Aedui tribe, was the first priest of the new imperial cult. The , which was with the names of 60 Gallic tribes, was featured prominently on coins from the mint for many years.CM84471. Copper as, 1485 (with c/m), 230, 549, 1690, 240; : 52e (Publius Quinctilius Varus), aF, rough, edge crack, c/m: aF, 8.852 g, maximum 27.0 mm, 180o, ( , France) mint, c. 10 - 6 B.C.; , laureate right; : VAR (Varus) in a rectangular punch; (in ), the of , the front decorated with the corona civica between laurels and figures; flanked on each side by a on a column standing facing center, raising a and holding a frond; $810.00 (€720.90)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., , in with
This coin commemorates the ( ) between and . Cities in and sometimes formed alliances with other cities. The competition for prestige and rivalry between cities in the East was intense. Alliances could enhance a city’s status by aligning either with many cities or with particularly important ones. was of civic "foreign policy" and might have involved the exchange of delegates and joint celebrations and sacrifices. At least 87 cities issued coins celebrating their alliances. RP77248. Bronze AE 28, , VI, 857 (Vs.C/Rs.18); cf. 3668; 4054; 596, VF, , obscure on , 9.924 g, maximum 28.1 mm, 180o, (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, Oct 253 - c. Jun 260 A.D.; AY• K• - ΠOY• ΛIK• OYAΛEPAN/OC, , draped, and right, from the front, round on ; ΠOΛE/ITΩN - KE - CAP∆IANΩN, on left, standing right, in right hand, in left hand; cult statue of Kore facing, wearing and veil, NEOKOPΩN downward in right , OMONOYA in ; very ; $300.00 (€267.00)
Elaios, Thracian Chersonesos, c. 350 - 281 B.C.
The city of Elaios in Thracian Chersonesos occupied a strategic position on what is now called the Gallipoli peninsula. In the ancient world, it was know for its sanctuary of the Trojan hero Protesilaos. Philostratos, of this sanctuary in the early third century A.D., speaks of a temple statue of Protesilaos standing on a base which was shaped like the prow of a boat. Of all the references listed in this coin's , is the only to list any coins of this city.GB85370. Bronze AE 13, 898 (also same ); -, Corpus Nummorum Thracorum -, -, -, -, -, VF, , highlighting earthen deposits, some marks, some corrosion, slightly flattened by counter marking, 2.392 g, maximum 13.3 mm, 0o, Elaios mint, c. 350 - 281 B.C.; veiled female (Demeter?) right (wreathed in grain?); : forepart right in an round punch; bee upward, seen from above, EΛAIOY/ΣIΩN flanking in two upward lines first on left, ΠA below; extremely ; $250.00 (€222.50)
Antioch, Roman Provincial , Autumn 48 - Autumn 47 B.C.,
From , The Coins of Roman Antioch, p. 74, note 25: "The coins of this year (Pompeian Era 19 = 48/7 BC) and of Year 3 of the Caesarean Era are frequently seen with a on the , which was previously described as "head of r." in an oval. As discussed in the text, it now seems likely that the portrays , and was used to mark coins circulating in the Syro-Phoenician territories, which were given to her by ."RP84649. Bronze , 43; 4216; p. 155, 35; 384; 1366; -; : p. 74, note 25, F, : aVF, 11.895 g, maximum 22.7 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, Autumn 48 - Autumn 47 B.C.; laureate of Zeus right; : of right in an oval; ANTIOXEΩN THΣ MHTPOΠOΛΩΣ, Zeus Nicephorus enthroned left, chest bare, around hips and legs, offering in his extended right hand, long vertical in left hand, (thunderbolt) above, (control symbol) inner left, IΘ (Pompeian Era year 19) below, all within laurel ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Persian Empire, , , Ba'Alshillem II, c. 401 - 366 B.C.
, named for the "first-born" of Canaan, the grandson of Noah (Genesis 10:15, 19), is frequently referred to by the prophets (Isaiah 23:2, 4, 12; Jeremiah 25:22; 27:3; 47:4; Ezekiel 27:8; 28:21, 22; 32:30; Joel 3:4). The Sidonians long oppressed Israel (Judges 10:12) but Solomon entered into a matrimonial with them, and thus their form of idolatrous worship found a place in the land of Israel (1 Kings 11:1, 33). Jesus visited the "coasts" of Tyre and (Matthew 15:21; Mark 7:24) where many came to hear him preach (Mark 3:8; Luke 6:17). After leaving Caesarea, Paul's ship put in at , before finally sailing for (Acts 27:3, 4).GS70326. Silver 1/16 , 851 ff.; 240; 27 (Abd'astart, Straton I); p 146, 36 (same); 197 ff. (same), VF, , tiny edge cuts, banker's mark, , bumps and marks, 0.648 g, maximum 9.5 mm, 90o, (Saida, Lebanon) mint, c. 371 - 370 B.C.; war galley left, Phoenician letter beth above, banker's mark or above galley; of (to left) standing right, slaying erect to right, Phoenician letter ayin between them; $140.00 (€124.60)
Kyzikos, , 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
In Megalopolis, Arkadia, there was a sanctuary of Kore the Maid. "The image is of stone, about eight feet high; ribbons cover the pedestal all over. Women may enter this sanctuary at all times, but men enter it only once every year." -- Pausanias, Description of 8.31.8GB85164. Bronze AE 19, cf. 452 ff.; 68 ff.; 1235 f.; 2256 ff.; p. 39, 147; 220 (none with this or ), aVF, c/m: VF; on a broad , flattened on opposite , 5.749 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; of Kore Soteira (the savior maiden) right, wreathed with grain; : right in oval punch; KY/ZI in two lines, divided by ΠAT at center, all inside oak , within a shallow round ; apparently unpublished and both the and are extremely - we were unable to find specimens with either this or this in our many references or online; $140.00 (€124.60)
, , 405 - 392 B.C.
This countermarked issue was struck in the troubled period that followed the city's destruction by .CM77135. Bronze hemilitron, I p. 197, 92; 88; 1065; 121; 1026; 529; -, ; : , 12.452 g, maximum 27.1 mm, (Agrigento, ) mint, 405 - 392 B.C.; with the of young Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion's skin headdress, worn crab ; worn with hare in talons ; $135.00 (€120.15)
, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Ilium, ,
Ilium was previously named Troy. The , presumably the on the breastplate of Illias, is known on coins from , and , , Gaius, and also on civic issues.CM85344. Bronze AE 25, 2313 (10 spec., this noted); p. 62, 38; 153; 121; -; c/m: 193, aF, VF, nice green , some , 8.458 g, maximum 25.0 mm, 180o, Ilium mint, 25 Jan 41 - 13 Oct 54 A.D.; TI KΛAY∆IOC , of right; ΘEOC AYTOKPATΩP, of right, IΛI lower right horizontal before neck, statue of Illias standing on base to right; : in 7mm round punch; very ; $135.00 (€120.15)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Uncertain ( ?),
notes the capricorn was a for . The capricorn was a symbol of and was probably adopted as a symbol of the city after a Augustan refoundation of the . notes that the capricorn countermarks on the colonist plowing types may have indicated a devaluation of the coins.RP85357. Bronze AE 19, 1656.43 (same ); 282; 3770 (R4); 7660 ( ); 1439 ( , ); c/m: 302 ( ), gF, c/m: VF; scratches, corrosion, earthen deposits, flattened by counter-marking, 3.861 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, Uncertain ( ?) mint, 16 Jan 27 B.C. - 19 Aug 14 A.D.; AVG, right; c/m Capricorn right in rectangular punch; two priests with yoke of two oxen right, plowing the pomerium (sacred boundary), founding the new colony; with ; $125.00 (€111.25)
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