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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Thrace & Moesia ▸ AnchialusView Options:  |  |  | 

Anchialus, Thrace

Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria today) was possibly founded in the 5th or 4th century B.C. as a colony of Apollonia. It is mentioned in Strabo's Geographica as a small town. It was briefly captured by Messembria in the 2nd century B.C., but retaken by Apollonia and its fortified walls destroyed. The western Black Sea coast was conquered by the Romans under Marcus Licinius Crassus in 29 - 28 B.C. after continuous campaigns in the area since 72 - 71. The city became part of the Roman province of Thrace and was formally proclaimed a city under Trajan. Anchialos prospered as the most important import and export location in Thrace during the 2nd and 3rd centuries and acquired the appearance of a Roman city during the Severan Dynasty.


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Anchialus, Thrace

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When the Odrysian kingdom was abolished in 45 A.D., Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria today) became part of the Roman province of Thrace. It was formally proclaimed a city under Trajan. Anchialos thrived in the 2nd and 3rd centuries serving as the most important import and export station of Thrace and acquired the appearance of a Roman city under the Severan Dynasty.
RP68711. Bronze 4 assaria, Varbanov 464 (R5), AMNG II 555, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, Lindgren -, aVF, glossy green patina, weight 14.534 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 45o, Anchialus (Pomorie, Bulgaria) mint, 209 - 212 A.D.; obverse AY K Π CEΠ ΓETAC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse OYΛΠIANΩN AΓ−X−IAΛEΩN, Demeter standing left, reaching with right toward serpent coiled around large torch before her, small torch cradled in her left, two small pellets over ∆ in center field; rare; $240.00 (213.60)


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Anchialus, Thrace

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Agonistic "urns" or "crowns" were awarded to winners at ancient Greek games, similar to modern trophies. They are called "crowns" because they may have been placed on the head of the victor. The crown on this coin may have commemorated the victory of an athlete from Anchialus at the Olympic Games.
RB73835. Orichalcum AE 26, Varbanov II 277 (R4), SNG Cop 435, cf. AMNG II 493 (inscription arrangements), BMC Thrace p. 84, 10 (no fronds flanking, urn contains frond), VF, well struck with most legend on flan, mostly toned bare metal, some green encrustation, weight 10.644 g, maximum diameter 26.4 mm, die axis 45o, Anchialus (Pomorie, Bulgaria) mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; obverse AV K Λ CEΠ - CEVHPOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse OVΛΠIAN-ΩN - AΓXIAΛE,ΩN (last two letters in exergue), prize urn, flanked on each side by a palm frond, set upon agonistic table with decorated legs, CEBH/PIA / NUMΦIA below the table top between the legs; rare; $125.00 (111.25)


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Anchialus, Thrace

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Agonistic "urns" or "crowns" were awarded to winners at ancient Greek games, similar to modern trophies. They are called "crowns" because they may have been placed on the head of the victor. The crown on this coin may have commemorated the victory of an athlete from Anchialus at the Olympic Games.
RB75149. Bronze pentassarion, cf. Varbanov II 665 (R5, identified as otherwise unpublished, also say shoe under table), AMNG II 640, BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, Nice VF, well executed perspective on reverse (rare on ancient coins), well centered, nice sea green patina, a little weak in centers, some light corrosion and marks, centration dimples, weight 11.607 g, maximum diameter 27.7 mm, die axis 180o, Anchialus (Pomorie, Bulgaria) mint, 29 Jul 238 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; obverse AVT K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse OVΛΠIAN-WN AΓXΛ,ΛEWN (ending in exergue), agonistic table seen with perspective from slightly above and left, purse(?) and palm in agonistic prize urn on top, E (mark of value) to left of vase under tabletop; very rare variant; $110.00 (97.90)







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REFERENCES

Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Mnzer, F. & M. L. Strack. Die antiken Mnzen von Thrakien, Die antiken Mnzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. II. (Berlin, 1912).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Volume II: Thrace (from Abdera to Pautalia), (English Edition). (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).

Catalog current as of Thursday, January 19, 2017.
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Anchialus, Thrace