Coins and Antiquities Consignment Shop
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register. All items are guaranteed authentic for eternity! Please call us if you have questions 252-646-1958. Thanks for your business! Welcome Guest. Please login or register. Internet challenged? We are happy to take your order over the phone. Please call if you have questions 252-646-1958. Thanks for your business!

Catalog Main Menu
Fine Coins Showcase

Antiquities Showcase
Recent Additions
Recent Price Reductions

Show empty categories
Shop Search
Shopping Cart
Contact Us
About Forum
Shopping at Forum
Our Guarantee
Payment Options
Shipping Options & Fees
Privacy & Security
Forum Staff
Selling Your Coins
Identifying Your Coin
FAQs
   View Categories
Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ North Africa ▸ KyrenaicaView Options:  |  |  |   

Kyrenaica

Kyrenaica, the eastern coastal region of Libya, was colonized by Greeks beginning in the 7th century B.C. Western Kyrenaicia was known as Pentapolis for its five cities: Cyrene (near modern Shahat) with its port of Apollonia (Marsa Susa), Arsinoe or Taucheira (Tocra), Euesperides or Berenice (near modern Benghazi), Balagrae (Bayda) and Barce (Marj). Cyrenaica produced barley, wheat, olive oil, wine, figs, apples, wool, sheep, cattle, and silphium, an herb that grew only in Kyrenaica and was regarded as a medicinal cure and aphrodisiac. Kyrene was one of the greatest intellectual and artistic centers of the Greek world, famous for its medical school, academies, and fine Hellenistic architecture. In 525 B.C. Persia took the Pentapolis. Alexander the Great received tribute from these cities after he took Egypt. The Pentapolis was annexed by Ptolemy I Soter. It briefly gained independence under Magas of Cyrene, stepson of Ptolemy I, but was reabsorbed into the Ptolemaic empire after his death. It was separated from the main kingdom by Ptolemy VIII and given to his son Ptolemy Apion, who, dying without heirs in 96 B.C., bequeathed it to the Roman Republic.


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Cyrene, Cyrenaica

Click for a larger photo
In 74 B.C., Cyrene was made a Roman province. Previously under the Ptolemies the Jewish inhabitants had enjoyed equal rights. Under, Rome they were increasingly oppressed by the now autonomous and much larger Greek population. Tensions came to a head in the insurrection of the Jews of Cyrene under Vespasian in 73 A.D. and especially during Kitos War, under Trajan, in 117. The later revolt was quelled by Marcius Turbo, but not before huge numbers of civilians had been brutally massacred by the Jewish rebels. According to Eusebius of Caesarea, the Jewish rebellion left Libya so depopulated that a few years later Hadrian had to establish new colonies there just to maintain the viability of the settlement.
RP86686. Silver hemidrachm, RPC III 3 (76 spec.); SNG Cop 203 (Caesarea); Sydenham Caesarea 178 (Caesarea), BMC Galatia p. 53, 56 (Caesarea), gVF, attractive style, toned, minor porosity, light bumps and marks, light encrustations, weight 1.618 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 195o, Kyrene (near Shahhat, Libya) mint, 100 A.D.; obverse AYT KAIς NEP TPAIAN ΣEB ΓEPM, laureate head right; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞ YΠAT Γ (Consul for the 3rd time), head of Zeus-Ammon right, bearded and horned; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Classical Numismatic Group, auction 73 (13 Sep 2006), lot 762; very rare; $320.00 (€272.00)
 


Kyrene, Kyrenaica, North Africa, Ptolemaic Rule, c. 300 - 275 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Magas was the stepson of Ptolemy I, the son of Berenice I, and half-brother to Ptolemy II. In 276 B.C., he crowned himself King in Kyrene, married the daughter of Antiochos I and invaded Egypt with his Seleukid allies. The Seleukid army was defeated by Ptolemy II and Magas faced an internal revolt of Libyan nomads. Still, Kyrene remained independent as long as he lived.
GS75115. Silver hemiobol, BMC Cyrenaica pl. XXV, 8 (plates only, missing from text); Müller Afrique -; SNG Cop -; SNG Milan -, gVF, toned, scratches, weight 0.419 g, maximum diameter 9.3 mm, Kyrene (near Shahhat, Libya) mint, Magas, as Ptolemaic governor, c. 300 - 275 B.C.; obverse diademed male head right; reverse star of eight narrow rays around central pellet; ex Roma Numismatics E-sale 17 (April 2015), lot 375; extremely rare; $220.00 (€187.00)
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom, Magas in Kyrene, c. 277 - 249 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Magas was the stepson of Ptolemy I, the son of Berenice I, and half-brother to Ptolemy II. In 276 B.C., he crowned himself King in Kyrene, married the daughter of Antiochos I and invaded Egypt with his Seleukid allies. The Seleukid army was defeated by Ptolemy II and Magas faced an internal revolt of Libyan nomads. Still, Kyrene remained independent as long as he lived.
GB65215. Bronze obol, Svoronos 324; Noeske 112; SNG Cop 431; SNG Milan 443; Malter 54; BMC Ptolemies p. 76, 14; Weiser -, VF, weight 7.158 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 0o, Kyrene (near Shahhat, Libya) mint, c. 277 - 261 B.C.; obverse diademed bust of Ptolemy right; reverse ΠTOΛEM BAΣIΛ MAΓ, horizontal winged thunderbolt, monogram above; rare; $160.00 (€136.00)
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Kyrenaica, Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros), 116 - 110 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
After Ptolemy VIII died in 116 B.C., Cleopatra III ruled with her mother Cleopatra II and son Ptolemy IX. In 110 B.C., she replaced Ptolemy IX as co-regent with her second son Ptolemy X. Ptolemy IX regained the throne in 109 but was again replaced in 107 B.C. In 101 B.C., Ptolemy X had his mother Cleopatra III murdered and then ruled alone or with his niece and wife, Berenice III. In Kyrene, Ptolemy VIII willed the Kingdom to Ptolemy Apion. The direct mention of Ptolemy Soter shows that the mint recognized Ptolemy IX, at least at first.
GP67134. Bronze hemiobol, Svoronos 1718; Buttrey Cyrene 361 ff., SNG Cop 678; Weiser 169 (Alexandria); BMC Ptolemies p. 107, 42 ff.; SNG Milan 527 (Cyprus); Noeske -, VF, desert patina, weight 4.964 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, Kyrene (near Shahhat, Libya) mint, 116 - 110 B.C.; obverse horned head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, filleted double cornucopia with two stars above, Σ − Ω / Θ − E in field; $55.00 (€46.75)
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Kyrenaica, Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros), 116 - 110 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
After Ptolemy VIII died in 116 B.C., Cleopatra III ruled with her mother Cleopatra II and son Ptolemy IX. In 110 B.C., she replaced Ptolemy IX as co-regent with her second son Ptolemy X. Ptolemy IX regained the throne in 109 but was again replaced in 107 B.C. In 101 B.C., Ptolemy X had his mother Cleopatra III murdered and then ruled alone or with his niece and wife, Berenice III. In Kyrene, Ptolemy VIII willed the Kingdom to Ptolemy Apion. The direct mention of Ptolemy Soter shows that the mint recognized Ptolemy IX, at least at first.
GP74354. Bronze hemiobol, Svoronos 1718; Buttrey Cyrene 361 ff., SNG Cop 678; Weiser 169 (Alexandria); BMC Ptolemies p. 107, 42 ff.; SNG Milan 527 (Cyprus); Noeske -, VF, weight 4.34 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Kyrene (near Shahhat, Libya) mint, 116 - 110 B.C.; obverse horned head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, filleted double cornucopia with two stars above, Σ − Ω / Θ − E in field; $50.00 (€42.50)
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Kyrenaica, Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros), 116 - 110 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
After Ptolemy VIII died in 116 B.C., Cleopatra III ruled with her mother Cleopatra II and son Ptolemy IX. In 110 B.C., she replaced Ptolemy IX as co-regent with her second son Ptolemy X. Ptolemy IX regained the throne in 109 but was again replaced in 107 B.C. In 101 B.C., Ptolemy X had his mother Cleopatra III murdered and then ruled alone or with his niece and wife, Berenice III.
GP59568. Bronze hemiobol, Svoronos 1718; Buttrey Cyrene 361 ff., SNG Cop 678; Weiser 169 (Alexandria); BMC Ptolemies p. 107, 42 ff.; SNG Milan 527 (Cyprus); Noeske -, VF, weight 4.057 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, Kyrene (near Shahhat, Libya) mint, 116 - 110 B.C.; obverse horned head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, filleted double cornucopia with two stars above, Σ − Ω / Θ − E in field; $45.00 (€38.25)
 


Kyrene, Kyrenaica, North Africa 300 - 277 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
The silphium plant, which appears frequently on the coins of Kyrene, was used to cure just about anything and the stalk was eaten as a vegetable. The fruits were considered both an aphrodisiac and a contraceptive. It apparently went extinct c. 1st century A.D. The story is that Nero ate the last one.
GB69665. Bronze quarti, Asolati 51Gi, BMC Cyrenaica p. 62, 316; SNG Cop 1264, F, rough, weight 5.069 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, Kyrene (near Shahhat, Libya) mint, 300 - 277 B.C.; obverse head of Zeus-Ammon with short beard right; reverse K−Y/PA−I, palm tree with fruit, silphium plant on right, legend across fields; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $45.00 (€38.25)
 


Kyrene, Ptolemaic Kingdom, 221 - 140 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
The date of this type is uncertain and varies greatly in the references. We believe it was most likely struck during the reign of Ptolemy V Epiphanes, c. 204 - 180 B.C.
GP57271. Bronze hemiobol, Svoronos 867 (271 - 246 B.C.), Noeske 235, Weiser 104 (204 B.C.), SNG Cop 445, SNG Milan 471 (221 - 96 B.C), Hosking 67, BMC Cyrenaica p. 85, 62, VF, weight 3.031 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 0o, Kyrene (near Shahhat, Libya) mint, obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, draped bust of Libya right, cornucopia below chin; $40.00 (€34.00)
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy VIII Euergetes, 150 - 116 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Alexander the Great received tribute from the cities of Kyrenaica after he took Egypt. Kyrenaica was annexed by Ptolemy I Soter. It briefly gained independence under Magas of Cyrene, stepson of Ptolemy I, but was reabsorbed into the Ptolemaic empire after his death. It was separated from the main kingdom by Ptolemy VIII and given to his son Ptolemy Apion, who, dying without heirs in 96 B.C., bequeathed it to the Roman Republic.
GP66500. Bronze AE 14, Svoronos 1655, Noeske 291, SNG Cop 658, SNG Milan 402, Malter 247, Weiser -, VF, weight 2.121 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 0o, Kyrene (near Shahhat, Libya) mint, 150 - 116 B.C.; obverse diademed and horned head of Zeus Ammon right; reverse EYEPΓETOY ΠTOΛEMAIOY (or similar), eagle standing left, wings open, grasping fulmen in talons; $36.00 (€30.60)
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy VIII Euergetes, 150 - 116 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
The Extramural Sanctuary of Demeter and Persephone at Cyrene, Libya: pt. 1 by T. V. Buttrey, Ian McPhee, University of Pennsylvania, 1998, University Museum lists this type as struck under Ptolemy VIII as King in Egypt, 145 - 116 B.C. Kreuzer suggests it was struck earlier, 150 - 145 B.C., when Ptolemy VIII was King of Kyrene.
GP66498. Bronze AE 14, Svoronos 1655, Noeske 291, SNG Cop 658, SNG Milan 402, Malter 247, Weiser -, VF, weight 1.724 g, maximum diameter 13.7 mm, die axis 0o, Kyrene (near Shahhat, Libya) mint, 145 - 116 B.C.; obverse diademed and horned head of Zeus Ammon right; reverse EYEPΓETOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (or similar), eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings open; $32.00 (€27.20)
 




  



CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE FROM THIS CATEGORY - FORVM's PRIOR SALES


REFERENCES

Alexandropoulos, J. Les monnaies de l'Afrique antique: 400 av. J.-C. - 40 ap. J.-C. (Toulouse, 2000).
Babelon, E. Traité des Monnaies Grecques et Romaines. Vols I. (Paris, 1901).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Buttrey, T. "Coins and Coinage at Euesperides" in Libyan Studies XXV. (1994).
Buttrey, T. "Part I: The Coins from the Sanctuary of Demeter and Persephone" in Buttrey-McPhee. (Philadelphia, 1997).
Babelon, J. Catalogue de la collection de Luynes: monnaies greques. (Paris, 1924-1936).
Strauss, P. Collection Maurice Laffaille - monnaies grecques en bronze. (Bàle, 1990).
Müller, L. et. al. Numismatique de l?ancienne Afrique. (Copenhagen, 1860-1862).
Noeske, H. Die Münzen der Ptolemäer. (Frankfurt, 2000).
Pitchfork, C. The Jon Hosking Collection of Ptolemaic Coins. Nicholson Museum, University of Sydney. (Sydney, 2000).
Polk, R. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, the Ptolemies, Kings of Egypt. (London, 1882).
Robinson, E. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, The Greek Coins of Cyrenaica. (London, 1927).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Svoronos, J. Ta Nomismata tou Kratous ton Ptolemaion. (Athens, 1904-1908).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 8: Egypt, North Africa, Spain - Gaul. (1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Italy, Milano, Civiche Raccolte Numismatiche, XIV. Cyrenaica-Mauretania. (Milan, 1989).
Weiser, W. Katalog Ptolemäischer Bronzemünzen der Sammlung des Instituts für Altertumskunde, Universität Köln. (Opladen, 1995).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, April 24, 2018.
Page created in 1.425 seconds.
Kyrenaica