, , 191 - 190 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
After Alexander took Perga peacefully, Aspendos sent envoys to offer surrender if he would not take the taxes and horses formerly paid as tribute to the Persian . Agreeing, Alexander went on to Side, leaving a garrison behind. When he learned they had failed to ratify the agreement their own envoys had proposed, Alexander marched to the city. The Aspendians retreated to their acropolis and again sent envoys to sue for peace. This time, however, they had to agree to harsh terms - they would host a Macedonian garrison and pay 100 gold talents and 4,000 horses annually.
In 190 B.C., Aspendos, which had been under Seleukid rule, surrendered to the Romans.SH59444. Silver , 2901, 1214, 312, VF, 16.227 g, maximum 31.6 mm, 0o, Aspendos mint, 191 - 190 B.C.; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; Seleukid : in a rectangular punch; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, right leg drawn back, extended in right, long vertical behind in left, wreath above AΣ / KB left (year 22 Era of Aspendos); $240.00 (€211.20)
Sillyon, , 3rd Century B.C.
Sillyon was a relatively unimportant city but a significant fortress. According to one , it was founded as a colony from Argos; another holds that it was founded, along with Side and Aspendos, by the seers Mopsos, Calchas and Amphilochus after the Trojan War. Sillyon is first mentioned in c. 500 BC by Pseudo-Scylax. From 469 B.C., it became of the Athenian-led Delian League. It is mentioned in the Athenian tribute lists from c. 450 B.C. and again in 425 B.C., and then disappears again from the historical record until 333 B.C., when Alexander the Great unsuccessfully besieged it. It was well-fortified and had a strong garrison of mercenaries and "native barbarians," so Alexander, pressed for time, abandoned the siege after the first attempt at storming it failed. The city was extensively rebuilt under the Seleucids, especially its theater. Later, when most of western was subject to the Kingdom of , Sillyon remained a free city by a decision of the Roman Senate.GB73951. Bronze AE 16, p. 165, 1; 1178; 952; 4567 var ( over thunderbolt left), -, VF, 2.745 g, maximum 15.7 mm, 0o, Sillyon mint, 3rd century B.C.; bearded of Ares right, wearing crested helmet; ΣEΛYNIYΣ, (?) standing left, nude, right hand extended, rolled in left, thunderbolt in left ; ; $165.00 (€145.20)
Side, , 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, , most likely in the 7th century B.C. The settlers started using the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, undeciphered, dating from as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side is from this indigenous Anatolian language and means pomegranate.GB90296. Bronze AE 18, p. 151, 70 (with same ); 411 (same); 750 ff.; 501; -, VF, unusually broad with full legends, nice green , flattened by countermarking, 2.667 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 0o, Side mint, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; of right, in crested Corinthian helmet; countermarks: facing of , helmeted of right, ΣI∆HTΩN horizontal above; advancing left, holding wreath; wearing long , around waist and left arm, pomegranate in left , ΣI∆H−TΩN horizontal above divided by Nike's ; ex Frascatius ; $120.00 (€105.60)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Perge,
RP69817. Bronze AE 18, 323 var (CEB), A1108A var (same), 317 var (same), -, -, -, Nice aVF, 4.618 g, maximum 18.2 mm, 180o, Perga mint, IOYΛIA ∆OMNA CE, draped right; ΠEPΓAMΩN, standing right, wearing long , hair in bun, arrow downward at side in right, bow in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; very ; $95.00 (€83.60)
, August 253 - September 268 A.D., , Side
In 25 B.C., placed and Side in the Roman province of . Side began another prosperous period as a commercial center through its trade in olive oil and slaves, and some piracy. Its population grew to 60,000 inhabitants. Wealthy merchants paid for public works, monuments, competitions, games, and gladiator fights. Most of the extant ruins at Side date from this period of prosperity which lasted well into the 3rd century A.D.RP69824. Bronze AE 24, 800, -, -, -, -, F, 9.178 g, maximum 24.4 mm, 195o, Side mint, 253 - 260 A.D.; AV KA ΠO ΛI EΓ ΓAΛΛΛIHNOC CE, laureate, draped and , from behind; ΣI∆HTΩN, Sidetes standing facing, left, wearing short , , and boots, in right hand, laurel tipped staff vertical behind in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; very ; $80.00 (€70.40)
, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Perga,
Perga was the capital of . Today it is a large site of ancient ruins, 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) east of Antalya on the southwestern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. During the Hellenistic period, Perga was one of the richest and most beautiful cities in the ancient world, famous for its temple of . It also is notable as the home of the renowned mathematician Apollonius of Perga.RP72630. Bronze AE 23, cf. 522; 349; 4707; p. 133, 65; 397 (slight variations), F, 6.122 g, maximum 22.5 mm, 0o, Perga mint, as , Feb 244 - Jul/Aug 247 A.D.; AY K M IOY CEOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC C[E?], laureate, draped and right, from behind, globe below ; ΠEPΓAIΩN, standing left, wearing , and , rudder in right hand, in left; ; $50.00 (€44.00)
Side, , 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, , most likely in the 7th century B.C. The settlers started using the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, undeciphered, dating from as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side is from this indigenous Anatolian language and means pomegranate.GB59669. Bronze AE 17, 759 ff.; p. 172, 51; 381 ff., VF, 3.543 g, maximum 18.2 mm, 270o, Side mint, 2nd - 1st Cent B.C.; helmeted of right; pomegranate; $36.00 (€31.68)
Perga, , c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
GB67176. Bronze AE 18, 355 - 361, 619, 310 (2nd - 1st c. B,C), 4649, 15, aF, corrosion, 3.920 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 180o, Perga mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; seated right, curved wings, on ; Pamphylian : NANAΨAΣ / ΠPEIIAΣ, standing left, wearing short and hunting boots, wreath in right, vertical behind in left; $.99 (€.87)
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