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Pamphylia, was a small region on the southern coast of Anatolia, extending about 120 km (75 miles) between Lycia and Cilicia, and north from the Mediterranean only about 50 km (30 miles) to mountainous Pisidia. The Pamphylians were a mixture of aboriginal inhabitants, immigrant Cilicians and Greeks who migrated there from Arcadia and Peloponnese in the 12th century B.C. The region first enters history in a treaty between the Hittite Great King Tudhaliya IV and his vassal, where the city "Parha" (Perge) is mentioned. Pamphylia was subdued by the Mermnad kings of Lydia; and afterwards passed in succession under the dominion of Persian and Hellenistic monarchs. After the defeat of Antiochus III in 190 B.C. they were annexed by the Romans to the dominions of Eumenes of Pergamum; but somewhat later they joined with the Pisidians and Cilicians in piracy, and Side became the chief center and slave mart of these freebooters. Pamphylia was for a short time included in the dominions of Amyntas, king of Galatia, but after his death were absorbed into a Roman province. The Pamphylians became largely Hellenized in Roman times, and have left magnificent memorials of their civilization at Perga, Aspendos and Side.
Sillyon, Pamphylia, 3rd Century B.C.
Sillyon was a relatively unimportant city but a significant fortress. According to one legend, it was founded as a colony from Argos; another holds that it was founded, along with Side and Aspendos, by the seers Mopsos, Calchas and Amphilochus after the Trojan War. Sillyon is first mentioned in c. 500 BC by Pseudo-Scylax. From 469 B.C., it became part of the Athenian-led Delian League. It is mentioned in the Athenian tribute lists from c. 450 B.C. and again in 425 B.C., and then disappears again from the historical record until 333 B.C., when Alexander the Great unsuccessfully besieged it. It was well-fortified and had a strong garrison of mercenaries and "native barbarians," so Alexander, pressed for time, abandoned the siege after the first attempt at storming it failed. The city was extensively rebuilt under the Seleucids, especially its theater. Later, when most of western Asia Minor was subject to the Kingdom of Pergamon, Sillyon remained a free city by a decision of the Roman Senate.GB73951. Bronze AE 16, BMC Lycia p. 165, 1; Lindgren-Kovacs 1178; SNG BnF 952; SNGvA 4567 var. (star over thunderbolt left), SNG Cop -, VF, weight 2.745 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 0o, Sillyon mint, 3rd century B.C.; obverse bearded head of Ares right, wearing crested helmet; reverse ΣEΛYNIYΣ, Apollo(?) standing left, nude, right hand extended, rolled chlamys in left, thunderbolt in left field; rare; $145.00 SALE PRICE $131.00
Aspendos, Pamphylia, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
After Alexander took Perga peacefully, Aspendos sent envoys to offer surrender if he would not take the taxes and horses formerly paid as tribute to the Persian king. Agreeing, Alexander went on to Side, leaving a garrison behind. When he learned they had failed to ratify the agreement their own envoys had proposed, Alexander marched to the city. The Aspendians retreated to their acropolis and again sent envoys to sue for peace. This time, however, they had to agree to harsh terms - they would host a Macedonian garrison and pay 100 gold talents and 4,000 horses annually.GB79600. Bronze AE 19, SNG Cop 264 var. (star and crescent), SNGvA 4583 var. (crescent vice star); SNG BnF 148 var. (no star), BMC Lycia p. 103, 74 (same), aVF, green patina, weight 3.565 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, Aspendos mint, 2nd - 1st Cent B.C.; obverse free horse galloping right, star above; reverse slinger standing right, throwing bullet, A − Σ flanking across center; ex Gerhard Rohde Ancient Coins; very rare; $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00
Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Perga, Pamphylia
Perga was the capital of Pamphylia. Today it is a large site of ancient ruins, 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) east of Antalya on the southwestern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. During the Hellenistic period, Perga was one of the richest and most beautiful cities in the ancient world, famous for its temple of Artemis. It also is notable as the home of the renowned mathematician Apollonius of Perga.RP83671. Bronze AE 24, BMC Lycia p. 127, 41; SNG BnF 462 (plate numbered 642 in error); SNGvA 4685; SNG Cop -, VF, tight flan cutting off parts of legends, green patina with highlighting buff earthen deposits, weight 9.73 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 0o, Perga mint, 218-222 A.D.; obverse AVT K M AV ANTWNINOC CEB, radiate, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reverse ΠEPΓ-AIΩN, a simulacrum of Artemis Pergaia, crescent above left, star above right, phoenix on cippus flanking on each side, all within distyle temple, eagle in pediment; $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00
Side, Pamphylia, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, Aeolis, most likely in the 7th century B.C. The settlers started using the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, still undeciphered, dating from as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side is from this indigenous Anatolian language and means pomegranate.GB90296. Bronze AE 18, BMC Lycaonia p. 151, 70 (with same Helioscountermark); SNG Cop 411 (same); SNG BnF 750 ff.; SNG PfPs 501; Lindgren -, VF, unusually broad flan with full legends, nice green patina, reverse flattened by countermarking, weight 2.667 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 0o, Side mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obversehead of Athena right, in crested Corinthian helmet; countermarks: facing head of Helios, helmeted head of Athena right, ΣI∆HTΩN horizontal above; reverseNike advancing left, holding wreath; wearing long chiton, peplos around waist and left arm, pomegranate in left field, ΣI∆H−TΩN horizontal above divided by Nike's head; ex Frascatius Ancient Coins; $105.00 SALE PRICE $95.00
Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Perge, Pamphylia
The monumental fountain or nymphaeum of Perga consists of a wide pool, and behind it a two-storeyed richly worked facade. From its inscription, it is apparent that the structure was dedicated to Artemis Pergaia, Septimius Severus, his wife Julia Domna, and their sons. An inscription belonging to the facade, various facade fragments, and marble statues of Septimius Severus and his wife, all found in excavations of the nymphaeum, are now in the Antalya Museum.
RP69817. Bronze AE 18, SNG Cop 323 var. (CEB), Lindgren A1108A var. (same), SNG PfPS 317 var. (same), SNG BnF -, BMC Lycia -, SGICV -, Nice aVF, weight 4.618 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Perga mint, obverse IOYΛIA ∆OMNA CE, draped bust right; reverse ΠEPΓAMΩN, Artemis standing right, wearing long chiton, hair in bun, arrow downward at side in right, bow in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; very rare; $85.00 SALE PRICE $76.50
Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Pamphylia, Side
In 25 B.C., Augustus placed Pamphylia and Side in the Roman province of Galatia. Side began another prosperous period as a commercial center through its trade in olive oil and slaves, and some piracy. Its population grew to 60,000 inhabitants. Wealthy merchants paid for public works, monuments, competitions, games, and gladiator fights. Most of the extant ruins at Side date from this period of prosperity which lasted well into the 3rd century A.D.RP69824. Bronze AE 24, SNG PfPS 800, SNG BnF -, SNGvA -, SNG Cop -, BMC Lycia -, F, weight 9.178 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 195o, Side mint, 253 - 260 A.D.; obverse AV KA ΠO ΛI EΓ ΓAΛΛΛIHNOC CE, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust, from behind; reverse ΣI∆HTΩN, Apollo Sidetes standing facing, head left, wearing short chiton, chlamys, and boots, phiale in right hand, laurel tipped staff vertical behind in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; very rare; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00
Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Perga, Pamphylia
Perga was the capital of Pamphylia. Today it is a large site of ancient ruins, 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) east of Antalya on the southwestern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. During the Hellenistic period, Perga was one of the richest and most beautiful cities in the ancient world, famous for its temple of Artemis. It also is notable as the home of the renowned mathematician Apollonius of Perga.RP72630. Bronze AE 23, cf. SNG BnF 522; SNG Cop 349; SNGvA 4707; BMC Lydia p. 133, 65; SNG PfPS 397 (slight legend variations), F, weight 6.122 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, Perga mint, as caesar, Feb 244 - Jul/Aug 247 A.D.; obverse AY K M IOY CEOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC C[E?], laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind, globe below bust; reverse ΠEPΓAIΩN, Tyche standing left, wearing kalathos, chiton and peplos, rudder in right hand, cornucopia in left; scarce; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00
Perge, Pamphylia, 2nd Century B.C.
Perga was the capital of Pamphylia. Today it is a large site of ancient ruins, 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) east of Antalya on the southwestern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. During the Hellenistic period, Perga was one of the richest and most beautiful cities in the ancient world, famous for its temple of Artemis. It also is notable as the home of the renowned mathematician Apollonius of Perga.
GB78006. Bronze AE 18, SNG BnF 373 ff.; SNG Cop 308; BMC Lycia p. 121, 12, aVF, centered, light corrosion, tiny edge cracks, weight 3.141 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, Perge mint, 2nd Century B.C.; obversesimulacrum of Pergaean Artemis within distyle temple, eagle with spread wings on pediment; reverse APTEMI∆OΣ ΠEPΓAIAΣ, quiver with bow tied behind; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $45.00 SALE PRICE $40.50
Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Perga, Pamphylia
Perga was the capital of Pamphylia. Today it is a large site of ancient ruins, 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) east of Antalya on the southwestern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. During the Hellenistic period, Perga was one of the richest and most beautiful cities in the ancient world, famous for its temple of Artemis. It also is notable as the home of the renowned mathematician Apollonius of Perga.RP78007. Bronze AE 24, SNG BnF 511; SNG Cop 350; SNGvA 4708; BMC Lycia p. 132, 60, F, well centered, green patina, corrosion, weight 7.027 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 0o, Perga mint, as caesar, Feb 244 - Jul/Aug 247 A.D.; obverse AY K M IOY CEOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC CE, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind, globe below bust; reverse ΠEPΓAIΩN, three prize purses, set on three-legged chest with folding doors ornamented with dots (nail heads?); scarce; $40.00 SALE PRICE $36.00
Side, Pamphylia, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, Aeolis, most likely in the 7th century B.C. The settlers started using the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, still undeciphered, dating from as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side is from this indigenous Anatolian language and means pomegranate.GB59669. Bronze AE 17, SNG BnF 759 ff.; BMC Lycia p. 172, 51; SNG Cop 381 ff., VF, weight 3.543 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 270o, Side mint, 2nd - 1st Cent B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse pomegranate; $32.00 SALE PRICE $28.80
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