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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Crisis and Decline ▸ Trebonianus GallusView Options:  |  |  | 

Trebonianus Gallus, June or July 251 - July or August 253 A.D.

Trebonianus Gallus was proclaimed emperor by the Roman army after the defeat and death of Trajan Decius. Gallus signed a humiliating treaty with the Goths, before spending the next couple of years repelling barbarian incursions in both the North and East of the empire. Gallus was murdered, along with his son, by his own forces after the usurper Aemilian defeated them in battle.


Trebonianus Gallus, June or July 251 - July or August 253 A.D.

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The reverse legend is an error and should read ADVENTVS AVG, announcing the arrival of the emperor.
RA85651. Silver antoninianus, cf. RSC IV 2, RIC IV 79, SRCV III 9622 (all with normal ADVENTVS AVG reverse legend), Choice VF, weight 4.568 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 30o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 251 - 252 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VIB TREB GALLVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind, nothing below; reverse ADVNTVS AVG (sic!), Emperor on horseback left, raising right in salute, transverse scepter in left hand, nothing in exergue; scarce; $180.00 (153.00)


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Juno was the patron deity of Trebonianus Gallus. The epithet Martialis literally means "of or belonging to Mars" or "warlike," but the depictions of Juno Martialis on the coins are not warlike. The epithet may refer to Juno as the mother of Mars. Or perhaps she is Juno of March - her festival was on 7 March. Perhaps the title refers to her temple in the Campus Martius, the old "Field of Mars" down by the Tiber. She is sometimes equated with Juno Perusina, as Perugia was where Trebonianus Gallus came from, and as such is sometimes called Juno Martialis Perusina by modern scholars.
SH66386. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 110a corr. (peacock), Banti 14 corr. (same), Cohen V 50, SRCV III 9670, Hunter - (p. cv), VF, nice patina, attractive style, weight 13.008 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 251 - 253 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES C VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse IVNONI MARTIALIS, Shrine of Juno Martialis: domed, distyle rotunda with Corinthian columns, garlands hanging below dome; statue of Juno seated facing within holding two stalks of grain in extended right; ex Triskeles Auction, lot 164, auction 2 (25 Apr 2013); $120.00 (102.00)


Trebonianus Gallus, June or July 251 - July or August 253 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria

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Richard McAlee notes that ∆ E probably abbreviates ∆ EΠAPXEIΩN, meaning "of the four eparchies.
RY55569. Bronze 8 assaria, McAlee 1181, SNG Cop 292, BMC Galatia p. 229, 654, SGICV 4350, VF, weight 15.223 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse AYTOK K Γ OYIB TPEB ΓAΛΛOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ANTIOXEΩN MHTPO KOΛΩN, ∆-E above, SC below, tetrastyle temple; inside Tyche seated left with river god Orontes at her feet swimming left; ram above temple leaping right looking back; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

GALLVSPIVSAVG
IMPCAESCVIBIVSTREBONIANVSGALLVSAVG
IMPCAECVIBTREBGALLVSAVG
IMPCCVIBTREBGALLVSAVG
IMPCCVIBTREBGALLVSPFAVG
IMPCGALLVSAVG


REFERENCES

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Friday, November 17, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Trebonianus Gallus