Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, better known as Caracalla, was the son of Septimius Severus and Julia Domna, born in 188 A.D. He was named Caesar in 196 and Augustus in 198. Shortly before his death, Severus advised his sons, "Agree with each other, give money to the soldiers and scorn all other men." But the brothers hated each other and soon Caracalla had Geta murdered and massacred thousands suspected of supporting him. Although a capable military commander, the actual running of the government was left to his mother. He gradually slipped more and more into paranoia and delusions of grandeur before being murdered on his way to an Eastern campaign aimed at fulfilling his belief that he was the reincarnation of Alexander the Great.
The reverselegend abbreviates, "Consul ludos saeculares fecit" (Consul, he made the secular games), commemorating the Ludi Saeculares (Secular Games) of 204. Liber and Hercules were the favored deities at Severus' birthplace, Lepcis Magna.
RS73196. Silver denarius, RSC III 50, RIC IV 74(a) (R2), BMCRE V 275A, SRCV II 6796, VF, nice boy portrait, centered, two small lamination defects on the reverse, weight 3.238 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 204 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate and draped young bust right; reverse COS LVDOS SAECVL FEC, Bacchus (or Liber) and Hercules standing confronted, Bacchus feeding panther from cup in right and holding thyrsus in left, Hercules resting right hand on grounded club, lion skin on left arm; scarce; $500.00 (€435.00)
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Augusta Traiana, Thrace
Augusta Traiana (Stara Zagora, Bulgaria today) was founded by Trajan, c. 106 A.D. During 2nd - 3rd century A.D., it was the second largest city in Roman Thrace, after Philippopolis, and was fortified by strong walls. The city struck bronze coins from time of Marcus Aurelius to Gallienus.
SH68297. Bronze AE 28, Varbanov 1095 (R4)=Schönert-Geiss Augusta Traiana 300, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, Nice F, weight 15.539 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 0o, Augusta Traiana (Stara Zagora, Bulgaria) mint, obverse AYT K M AYP CEYH ANTΩONINOC, laureate and cuirassedbust right, from b; reverse AYΓOYCTHC TPAIANHC, city-gate flanked by two crenellated towers, a third crenellated tower in the center behind the gate; $225.00 (€195.75)
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Tyre, Phoenicia
The murex shell was the source of a dye which became known at Tyrian purple.
RP73068. Silver tetradrachm, Prieur 1547, Bellinger 303, SNG Cop -, BMC Phoenicia -, gVF, weight 13.362 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, Cos. 4, 215 - 217 A.D.; obverse AVT KAI AN-TWNINOC CE, laureate head right; reverse •∆HMAPX •EΞ •YΠATOCTO•∆•, eagle standing facing on club, wings spread, tail and head left, wreath in beak, murex shell between legs; $200.00 (€174.00)
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Odessos, Moesia Inferior
According to the Bulgarian Orthodox Church, Ampliatus, a follower of Saint Andrew preached in Odessos in 56 A.D. Ten early basilicas and a monophysite monastery indicate that Odessos was an early Christian center. The supreme god of Odessos was, however, the Thracian god Darzalas.
RP64031. Bronze AE 26, Varbanov I 4376; BMC Thrace p. 138, 14; AMNG I/II 2283 var (rev legend break),, gVF, nice green patina, weight 8.849 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 180o, Odessos (Varna, Bulgaria) mint, obverse AYT K M AYP CEYH−POC ANTΩNIN−OC, laureate head right; reverse O∆HCCEITΩN, the Great God of Odessos standing left, wearing kalathos, patera in right over flaming altar at feet, cornucopia in left; ex Helios Numismatik auction 7 (12 Dec 2011), lot 470; $180.00 (€156.60)
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Anchialus, Thrace
When the Odrysian kingdom was abolished in 45 A.D., Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria today) became part of the Roman province of Thrace. It was formally proclaimed a city under Trajan. Anchialos thrived in the 2nd and 3rd centuries serving as the most important import and export station of Thrace and acquired the appearance of a Roman city under the Severan Dynasty.
RP63758. Bronze AE 28, AMNG II 526, Varbanov II 414 var (obv legend), Choice VF, nice green patina, excellent portrait, weight 13.881 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 225o, Anchialus (Pomorie, Bulgaria) mint, obverse AY K M AYP ANTΩNEINO, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverse OYΛΠIANΩN AΓXIAΛEΩN (N in exergue), Tyche standing left, rudder in right hand, right foot and rudder on a small prow left, cornucopia in left; scarce; $160.00 (€139.20)
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Akko - Ptolemais, Phoenicia
In 215, Caracalla's troops massacred the population of Alexandria, Egypt, beginning with the leading citizens. The emperor was angry about a satire, produced in Alexandria, mocking his claim that he killed Geta in self-defense.
GS73034. Silver tetradrachm, Prieur 1222, SNG Cop -, VF, grainy, weight 13.335 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 0o, Akko - Ptolemais mint, 215 - 217 A.D.; obverse AYT K M ANTΩNEINOC CEB, laureate head right; reverse ∆HMAP EΞ YΠATOC TO ∆, eagle standing facing, wings spread, tail and head left, wreath in beak, pilei topped by stars between legs; $150.00 (€130.50)
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Tarsus, Cilicia
Our search of numerous references and auction results found numerous coins with various reverse types struck with the same obverse die. We also found numerous examples with a similar reverse but with a different obverselegend and the reverselegend with A∆P MHT. We did not find another example of this variant.
RP57158. Bronze tetrassarion, apparently unpublished; SNG BnF -, Lindgren -, BMC Lycaonia -, SNGvA -; cf. SNG Levante 1058 (legends) & 1067 (same obv die, different rev type), aF, weight 18.919 g, maximum diameter 35.1 mm, die axis 0o, Cilicia, Tarsus mint, c. 209 - 217 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI M AYP CEYEPOC ANTΩNEINOC, bust right, in robes of demiourgos, Π − Π; reverse ANTΩNEINIANH CEYHP A∆PIA, emperor standing left, sacrificing over altar, wearing toga, TAPCOY/Λ N in ex, A / M / K left, Γ / B right; 35 mm medallic coin!; extremely rare variant; $145.00 (€126.15)
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior
Renamed by Trajan after his sister, UlpiaMarciana, Marcianopolis was an important strategic center for centuries. The city was repeatedly destroyed by barbarian raids (Goths, Huns, Avars and others) but also was repeatedly rebuilt and prospered. During Valens' conflict with the Goths, Marcianopolis was a temporary capital of the empire and the largest city in Thrace. An Avar raid destroyed the city in 614 or 615.
RP67780. Bronze AE 23, H-J Marcianopolis 18.104.22.168, Varbanov I 905 (R3), AMNG I/I 631, SNG Cop -, VF, broad flan for the type, nice dark green patina, weight 6.801 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 45o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, 119 - 217 A.D.; obverse AY K M AYP ANT−ΩNINOC Π AY−Γ (final Γ below the bust), laureate head right; reverse MAPKIANOΠΛITΩN (AP ligate), Homonoia standing slightly facing, head left, kalathos on head, sacrificing from patera in right over flaming altar at feet on left, cornucopia in right; $145.00 (€126.15)
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Pautalia, Thrace
Strymon, son of Oceanus and Tethys, was a river god and king of Thrace. By the muses Euterpe or Calliope, he became the father of Rhesus, Brangas, and Olynthus, and by Neaera of Evadne.
RP63246. Bronze AE 29, Apparently unpublished variety; cf. Ruzicka 632 (obv legend, armed bust left, etc.), Varbanov II 5186 (obv leg, laureate head), SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace, F, weight 16.33 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 45o, Pautalia (Kyustendil, Bulgaria) mint, obverse AYT K M AY − ANTΩNEINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverse OYΛΠIAC (above), ΠAYTAΛIAC (in exergue), river-god Strymon reclining left, head right, left arm resting on jug on its side from which water flows; rare; $135.00 (€117.45)
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior
Nicopolis ad Istrum was founded by Trajan around 101 - 106, at the junction of the Iatrus (Yantra) and the Rositsa rivers, in memory of his victory over the Dacians. Its ruins are located at the village of Nikyup, 20 km north of Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria. The town reached its peak during the reigns of Trajan, Hadrian, the Antonines and the Severan dynasty. Minted under the consular legate (governor) Aurelius Gallus.
RP64058. Bronze AE 22, H-H-J Nikopolis 22.214.171.124 (R4, same dies), Varbanov I 3056 (R4, same dies), AMNG I/I -, BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, aVF, well centered, attractive, open flan crack, weight 10.551 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 45o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Aurelius Gallus, 201 - 203 A.D.; obverse AY K M AY ANTΩNINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverse YΠA AYP ΓAΛΛOY NIKOΠOΛITΩ, ΠPOC ICTP, river god Istros reclining left, nude to the waist, right hand rests on galley at his side in background, right arm rests on overturned urn from which water flows, reeds in right hand; $135.00 (€117.45)