, a multi-headed (usually three-headed) hound, guards the gates of Hades to prevent those who have crossed the river Styx from ever escaping. Capturing alive was the twelfth and final labor Eurystheus assigned to . In the underworld, met Hades and asked his permission to bring to the surface. Hades agreed to if could overpower the beast without using weapons. was able to overpower , sling the beast over his back, and drag it out of Hades through a cavern entrance in the . Eurystheus was so frightened by the beast that, in return for releasing him from his labors, he asked to return it to the underworld.
RS79607. Silver , 261a (S); 299; p. 455, 125; 6838; -, EF, mint luster, on a broad , excellent portrait, unusual , 2.825 g, maximum 20.0 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 215 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG , laureate right; XVIII P P, Pluto seated left on high backed throne, on , extending right hand toward at his feet on left, long in left hand; ; $350.00 (€311.50)
"Mars the Pacifier" with his olive branch may be seen as ironic today, but the Romans knew that in war (hopefully including the total destruction of your enemy) is an effective way to achieve peace.
SH79608. Silver , 420a; 80b; p. 251, 478; 26; 6858, EF, fantastic on both and , laurel at highest point of a little weak, 3.614 g, maximum 18.2 mm, 270o, Rome mint, 205 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG, youths laureate and draped right, from behind; TR P , standing left, wearing crested helmet, nude but for cloak draped over left arm, right foot on helmet, olive-branch in extended right hand, reversed spear in left hand; $350.00 (€311.50)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Maritima,
, about 30 miles of Joppa and about 70 miles northwest of Jerusalem, was founded by Herod the Great and named for . It was the seat of the Roman procurators and the Roman military headquarters in . The Pilate Stone, discovered here in 1961, is only archaeological find that names , by whose order Jesus was crucified. After the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D., was the provincial capital of the Province. Well into times, remained the capital. In the 630s, Arab Muslim armies took the region, but kept as its administrative center until early 8th century. Caesarea's ruins are a national park on the Mediterranean coast of Israel, about halfway between Tel Aviv and Haifa.JD77431. Bronze AE 22, 54, 68 var. (legends), 794 var. (same), -, -, -, aVF, very high relief, as-found dark green , 10.965 g, maximum 21.8 mm, 0o, Maritima mint, 28 Jan 198 - 8 Apr 217 A.D.; IMP CAE ANTONINVS AVG, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; COL PR FL C , of right, on ; from the J. Collection; extremely ; $240.00 (€213.60)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., ,
(Stara Zagora, Bulgaria today) was founded by , c. 106 A.D. During 2nd - 3rd century A.D., it was the second largest city in Roman , after , and was fortified by strong walls. The city struck bronze coins from time of to .SH68297. Bronze AE 28, 1095 (R4)=Schönert-Geiss 300, -, -, Nice F, 15.539 g, maximum 27.6 mm, 0o, (Stara Zagora, Bulgaria) mint, AYT K M AYP CEYH ANTΩONINOC, laureate and right, from b; AYΓOYCTHC TPAIANHC, city-gate flanked by two crenellated towers, a third crenellated tower in the center behind the gate; $200.00 (€178.00)
(Latin for Liberty) was the Roman goddess and embodiment of liberty. The liberatis was a soft felt cap worn by liberated slaves of Troy and . In late Republican Rome, the was symbolically given to slaves upon manumission, granting them not only their personal liberty, but also freedom as citizens with the right to vote (if male). Following the assassination of in 44 B.C., and his co-conspirators used the to signify the end of Caesar's dictatorship and a return to a Republican system of government. The was adopted as a popular symbol of freedom during the French Revolution and was also depicted on some early U.S. coins.
RS77584. Silver , 161, 143, 511, 6817, -, gVF, mint luster, excellent portrait, , struck with a worn die, many small edge cracks, 3.682 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 208 - 210 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG, laureate right, long curly sideburn; , standing left, in right hand, long rod vertical in left hand; $150.00 (€133.50)
Most references describe the two figures on the right as captives, but on some examples the outer right figure is also clearly a river god and the inner right figure is clearly a female wearing a . We believe this interesting commemorates the wars in northern Britain. The two outer figures probably being the rivers Tyne and Eden, while the third, central female figure is probably .RS74408. Silver , 96 (S); 441; p. 267, 555; 6865, VF/F, portrait, , interesting , die wear, 3.223 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 207 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG, older youth's laureate right; TR P X , in military dress, standing half-left, turned right, spear in right hand, in left, at feet seated female (Tyche-Britannia?) and two reclining river-gods (Tyne and Eden?) each holding a frond or reeds and leaning upon overturned urn from which water flows; very ; $145.00 (€129.05)
Most references describe the two figures on the right as captives, but on some examples the outer right figure is also clearly a river god and the inner right figure is clearly a female wearing a . We believe this interesting commemorates the wars in northern Britain. The two outer figures probably being the rivers Tyne and Eden, while the third, central female figure is probably .RS77028. Silver , 96 (S); 441; p. 267, 555; 6865, VF, nice portrait, , some light marks, die wear, small edge crack, 3.138 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 207 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG, older youth's laureate right; TR P X , in military dress, standing half-left, turned right, spear in right hand, in left, at feet seated female (Tyche-Britannia?) and two reclining river-gods (Tyne and Eden?) each holding a frond or reeds and leaning upon overturned urn from which water flows; very ; $145.00 (€129.05)
In 213, left Rome, expelled some German marauders from Gaul, defended the northern Rhine frontier against the and the Chatti, and was victorious over German tribes on the banks of the River Main. For his success, he gave himself the title "Germanicus." It was probably while campaigning in that he took a liking to the , a or German tunic from which he acquired his nickname.RR75305. Silver , 206a; 220; p 438, 48; 7, 1357, EF, luster, attractive , 3.567 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 213 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG , laureate right, bearded; XVI P P, standing slightly left, left, nude, branch upright in right hand, club and Nemean lion's skin cradled in left hand and arm; $140.00 (€124.60)
The motto ‘ Generis Humani,’ meaning safety of the human race and the health of humanity, is on a pin presented to graduates at Columbia University who have successfully completed the master’s degree in nursing.RS73529. Silver , 350, 6883, 701, 558a, VF, cuts off of the , 2.914 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, ad Mare (Latakia, ) mint, 200 A.D.; ANTONINVS , laureate, draped and right, from behind; ( Generis Humani), standing left, extending right hand to kneeling woman, long vertical snake-wreathed in left; $135.00 (€120.15)
In 201, Osroene, a semi-autonomous vassal kingdom located in , became the first state to adopt Christianity as its official religion. The independence of the state ended in 244 when it was incorporated in the Roman Empire.RS77027. Silver , 54b, 175 , 6853, VF, nice portrait, , small , 3.413 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 201 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG, laureate and draped right, from behind; TR P IIII, of captured arms, flanked by two captives seated facing outward and wearing pointed caps; $125.00 (€111.25)
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