, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.
in her aspect as the divine ancestress of the Roman people was known as . According to , and as recorded in Virgil's Aeneid, Aeneis was the son of who fled Troy after its destruction and founded the city of Rome. , being of the , claimed direct descent from and . built a Temple of in his new . Most depictions of on Roman coinage are of the statue in the , and do not directly refer to pregnancy or fertility.RS79617. Silver , C388c, 212, 13, C25, 7106, EF, fantastic portrait, mint luster, tiny green spots of encrustation, 3.246 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 225o, Rome mint, reign of , 216 A.D.; IVLIA AVG, draped right; (Mother ), enthroned left, extending right hand, long vertical in left hand; $250.00 (€222.50)
This indicates Severus granted a special favor to . The water may indicate that he improved the water supply, possibly construction of an aqueduct.RS79924. Silver , 130a; 97; p. 208, 280; 38; 6806, VF, nice youth portrait, excellent centering, edge cracks, 3.228 g, maximum 19.6 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 201 - 206 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG, laureate and draped right, from behind; INDVLGENTIA IN CARTH, Dea Caelestis riding right over water gushing from rock, thunderbolt in right hand, in left hand; $250.00 (€222.50)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., ,
(Stara Zagora, Bulgaria today) was founded by , c. 106 A.D. During 2nd - 3rd century A.D., it was the second largest city in Roman , after , and was fortified by strong walls. The city struck bronze coins from time of to .SH68297. Bronze AE 28, 1095 (R4)=Schönert-Geiss 300, -, -, Nice F, 15.539 g, maximum 27.6 mm, 0o, (Stara Zagora, Bulgaria) mint, AYT K M AYP CEYH ANTΩONINOC, laureate and right, from b; AYΓOYCTHC TPAIANHC, city-gate flanked by two crenellated towers, a third crenellated tower in the center behind the gate; $200.00 (€178.00)
In 215, introduced the , or . The of the new was less than that of two . The and copper coinage disappeared gradually, and by the middle of the third century, with Rome's economy in crisis, the was the only official currency.RS79781. Silver , 258c (S), 279b, 114, 6836, VF, small edge cracks, 3.297 g, maximum 20.3 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 215 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG , laureate right; XVIII P P, standing right, nude but for cloak over left shoulder, thunderbolt in right hand, long in left hand; ; $160.00 (€142.40)
(Latin for Liberty) was the Roman goddess and embodiment of liberty. The liberatis was a soft felt cap worn by liberated slaves of Troy and . In late Republican Rome, the was symbolically given to slaves upon manumission, granting them not only their personal liberty, but also freedom as citizens with the right to vote (if male). Following the assassination of in 44 B.C., and his co-conspirators used the to signify the end of Caesar's dictatorship and a return to a Republican system of government. The was adopted as a popular symbol of freedom during the French Revolution and was also depicted on some early U.S. coins.RS77584. Silver , 161, 143, 511, 6817, -, gVF, mint luster, excellent portrait, , struck with a worn die, many small edge cracks, 3.682 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 208 - 210 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG, laureate right, long curly sideburn; , standing left, in right hand, long rod vertical in left hand; $150.00 (€133.50)
Most references describe the two figures on the right as captives, but on some examples the outer right figure is also clearly a river god and the inner right figure is clearly a female wearing a . We believe this interesting commemorates the wars in northern Britain. The two outer figures probably being the rivers Tyne and Eden, while the third, central female figure is probably .RS74408. Silver , 96 (S); 441; p. 267, 555; 6865, VF/F, portrait, , interesting , die wear, 3.223 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 207 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG, older youth's laureate right; TR P X , in military dress, standing half-left, turned right, spear in right hand, in left, at feet seated female (Tyche-Britannia?) and two reclining river-gods (Tyne and Eden?) each holding a frond or reeds and leaning upon overturned urn from which water flows; very ; $145.00 (€129.05)
Most references describe the two figures on the right as captives, but on some examples the outer right figure is also clearly a river god and the inner right figure is clearly a female wearing a . We believe this interesting commemorates the wars in northern Britain. The two outer figures probably being the rivers Tyne and Eden, while the third, central female figure is probably .RS77028. Silver , 96 (S); 441; p. 267, 555; 6865, VF, nice portrait, , some light marks, die wear, small edge crack, 3.138 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 207 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG, older youth's laureate right; TR P X , in military dress, standing half-left, turned right, spear in right hand, in left, at feet seated female (Tyche-Britannia?) and two reclining river-gods (Tyne and Eden?) each holding a frond or reeds and leaning upon overturned urn from which water flows; very ; $145.00 (€129.05)
The motto ‘ Generis Humani,’ meaning safety of the human race and the health of humanity, is on a pin presented to graduates at Columbia University who have successfully completed the master’s degree in nursing.RS73529. Silver , 350, 6883, 701, 558a, VF, cuts off of the , 2.914 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, ad Mare (Latakia, ) mint, 200 A.D.; ANTONINVS , laureate, draped and right, from behind; ( Generis Humani), standing left, extending right hand to kneeling woman, long vertical snake-wreathed in left; $135.00 (€120.15)
In 201, Osroene, a semi-autonomous vassal kingdom located in , became the first state to adopt Christianity as its official religion. The independence of the state ended in 244 when it was incorporated in the Roman Empire.RS77027. Silver , 54b, 175 , 6853, VF, nice portrait, , small , 3.413 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 201 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG, laureate and draped right, from behind; TR P IIII, of captured arms, flanked by two captives seated facing outward and wearing pointed caps; $125.00 (€111.25)
The ancients did not all agree on the attributes of . A passage in affirms that many recognized in this god, , imputing healing to his intervention; some thought him identical with , the oldest deity of the Egyptians; others regarded him as , possessing universal power; but by most he was believed to be the same as Pluto, the "gloomy" Dis of the infernal regions. The general impression of the ancients seems to have been that by , was to be understood the beginning and foundation of things. consulted the oracle of for the purpose of learning whether Pluto and were different gods; and he received for an answer that Jupiter-Serapis and Pluto were one and the same divinity.
RS71515. Silver , 263f, 296, 133, VF, full circles centering, , a little weak, small encrustations, 3.102 g, maximum 19.9 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 215 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG , laureate right; XVIII P P, standing facing, left, draped, raising right hand, in left; ; $120.00 (€106.80)
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