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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>ConstantinianEra>ConstantiusII PAGE 1/4123»»»

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

The longest lived of Constantine the Great's sons and successors, he ruled until 361 A.D. Upon Constantine's death, Constantius received the entire eastern empire as his inheritance. Soon after he added Thrace to his empire and as his brothers were killed, he annexed their territories. When he defeated the Western usurper Magnentius he was master of the entire empire. Although he started campaigning along the Danube, war with Persia forced his return to the East. Shortly after, he received news that Julian II had been proclaimed Augustus against him. Constantius died on his way to fight this new usurper and Julian II became ruler of the Roman Empire.


Click for a larger photo On 28 September 351, at Battle of Mursa Major, Constantius II defeated the usurper Magnentius. The battle was one of the bloodiest in Roman military history.
BB66469. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII 96, VF, set in golden (probably not gold) bezel, weight 7.060 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, Cyzicus mint, 351 - 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, Γ left, •SMK[E?]; large bronze for the period; $160.00 (€120.00)

Click for a larger photo The final A in the mintmark appears as H, but it must be a carelessly engraved A because IA is the officina (workshop) mark and there were only eleven officina in operation. IA is the Greek numeral eleven. IH is the Greek numeral eighteen. Open topped A's are not unusual in this period.
RL68726. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII 82, Choice gVF, weight 5.995 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 330o, 11th officina, Constantinople mint, 348 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP - REPARATIO, soldier standing left, shield on left arm, spear in right, spearing bearded fallen horseman wearing, shield on ground right, Γ upper left, CONSIA* in ex; $140.00 (€105.00)

Click for a larger photo On 28 September 351, at Battle of Mursa Major, Constantius II defeated the usurper Magnentius. The battle was one of the bloodiest in Roman military history.
BB68066. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII 95, Choice VF, weight 5.512 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 180o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 351 - 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, Γ left, •SMK∆; large bronze for the period; $120.00 (€90.00)

Click for a larger photo
RL60007. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 293/355/386 (all identical), VF, weight 2.521 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 210o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 350 - 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor standing facing, head left, labarum (Chi-Rho standard) in right, spear in left, ∆SIS in ex; very scarce; $60.00 (€45.00)

Click for a larger photo Issued by Vetranio in the name of Constantius II. Vetranio was declared emperor by his troops in 350 A.D. He immediately expressed his support for Constantius II. Vetranio was instrumental in controlling the rebellion of Magnentius. After Constantius finally arrived to take control of the situation, Vetranio formally abdicated, and lived the remainder of his life in comfort.
BB66193. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 295, aVF, rough, weight 2.331 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 1 Mar - 25 Dec 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVGVSTORVM, Emperor standing right, transverse spear in right, raising globe in extended left; captive seated right at feet on right, head left, wearing pointed cap; ESIS in exergue; unusual reverse type; very scarce; $45.00 (€33.75)

Click for a larger photo RIC lists this type as common. We believe, however, that this type with the X- • control marks is quite rare. This is the first example of the type with these control marks handled by FORVM.
RL51243. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 123, LRBC 2046, VF, weight 2.783 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 351 - 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, X - • flanking spear, CONS[?] in ex; nice green patina, well centered on a tight and ragged flan; rare; $36.00 (€27.00)

Click for a larger photo The cross was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because it symbolized a purposely painful and gruesome method of public execution that most early Christians would have personally witnessed. In 315, Constantine abolished crucifixion as punishment in the Roman Empire. The Ichthys, or fish symbol, was used by early Christians. Constantine adopted the Chi-Rho Christ monogram (Christogram) as his banner (labarum). The use of a cross as the most prevalent symbol of Christianity probably gained momentum after Saint Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, traveled to the Holy Land, c. 326 - 328, and recovered the True Cross.
RL62854. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII 84, F, weight 3.292 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, emperor standing left, vexillum with cross on flag in right, resting left on grounded shield behind, two kneeling bound captives at feet before him, star left, SMKA in ex; $35.00 (€26.25)

Click for a larger photo In 328 Arelatum was renamed Constantina in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelate, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantina by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century.
RL69973. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 56, VF, dark green patina, scrape on cheek, weight 1.653 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 0o, Arelatum (Arles) mint, April 340 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTI-VS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers standing facing, heads confronted, flanking a standard in center with G banner, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, PARL in ex; $29.00 (€21.75)

Click for a larger photo At Mediolanum (Milan) on 6 November 355, Constantius II elevated his cousin Julian the Apostate to the rank of Caesar. Julian was given command of the western provinces and married Constantius' sister, Helena.
BB67945. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 117, VF, weight 1.994 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus mint, 6 Nov 355 - 3 Nov 361; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES REIPVBLICE, emperor standing facing, head left, helmeted, wearing military dress, globe in right, spear in left, SMKB in ex; $25.00 (€18.75)

Click for a larger photo The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army."
BB69972. Bronze AE 3/4, RIC VIII 56, VF, weight 1.287 g, maximum diameter 15.36 mm, die axis 0o, 8th officina, Antiochia (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, 9 Sep 337 - late 347 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTIVS AVG, pearl-diademed head right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers standing facing, flanking a standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMANH in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce type, unlisted officina; $25.00 (€18.75)



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Obverse legends:

CONSTANTIVSAVG
CONSTANTIVSAVGVSTVS
CONSTANTIVSNOBC
CONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
CONSTANTIVSPFAVG
DNCONSTANTIAVGVSTI
DNCONSTANTIVSAVG
DNCONSTANTIVSMAXAVG
DNCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSPERPAVG
DNCONSTANTIVSPFAVG
FLACONSTANTIVSNOBC
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSAVG
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSNOBC
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSPERPAVG
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSPFAVG
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSPIVSFELIXAVG





Catalog current as of Friday, April 18, 2014.
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Roman Coins of Constantius II