The longest lived of Constantine the Great's sons and successors, he ruled until 361 A.D. Upon Constantine's death, Constantius received the entire eastern empire as his inheritance. Soon after he added Thrace to his empire and as his brothers were killed, he annexed their territories. When he defeated the Western usurper Magnentius he was master of the entire empire. Although he started campaigning along the Danube, war with Persia forced his return to the East. Shortly after, he received news that Julian II had been proclaimed Augustus against him. Constantius died on his way to fight this new usurper and Julian II became ruler of the Roman Empire.
This peculiar issue combines an obverse of Constantius II and a reversetype of the usurpers Magnentius and Decentius. These coins may have been struck by Poemenius (an enemy of the usurpers) before Constantius II regained control of the city, or they may have been struck after Constantius II had retaken the city.
SH58650. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII 332, LRBC 67, VF, areas of pitting, weight 4.715 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 225o, Treveri mint, 352 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverseSALVS AVG NOSTRI, large Chi-Rho, A - W across field, [TRS*] in ex; rare; $250.00 (187.50)
RL60007. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 293/355/386 (all identical), VF, weight 2.521 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 210o, Siscia mint, 350 - 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverseGLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor standing facing, head left, labarum (Chi-Rho standard) in right, spear in left, ∆SIS in ex; very scarce; $70.00 (52.50)
The reverselegend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army."
RL62628. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII 528, VF, weight 2.669 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 180o, Treveri (Trier) mint, 330 - 331 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTINVS NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers standing facing, flanking two standards in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, TRS in ex; full-circles centering; $60.00 (45.00)
Issued by Vetranio in the name of Constantius II. Vetranio was declared emperor by his troops in 350 A.D. He immediately expressed his support for Constantius II. Vetranio was instrumental in controlling the rebellion of Magnentius. After Constantius finally arrived to take control of the situation, Vetranio formally abdicated, and lived the remainder of his life in comfort.
BB66193. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 295, aVF, rough, weight 2.331 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Siscia mint, 1 Mar - 25 Dec 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverseVIRTVS AVGVSTORVM, Emperor standing right, transverse spear in right, raising globe in extended left; captive seated right at feet on right, head left, wearing pointed cap; ESIS in exergue; unusual reversetype; very scarce; $45.00 (33.75)
RIC lists this type as common. We believe, however, that this type with the X- control marks is quite rare. This is the first example of the type with these control marks handled by FORVM.
RL51243. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 123, LRBC 2046, VF, weight 2.783 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople mint, 351 - 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, X - flanking spear, CONS[?] in ex; nice green patina, well centered on a tight and ragged flan; rare; $40.00 (30.00)
The cross was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because it symbolized a purposely painful and gruesome method of public execution that most early Christians would have personally witnessed. In 315, Constantine abolished crucifixion as punishment in the Roman Empire. The Ichthys, or fish symbol, was used by early Christians. Constantine adopted the Chi-Rho Christ monogram (Christogram) as his banner (labarum). The use of a cross as the most prevalent symbol of Christianity probably gained momentum after Saint Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, traveled to the Holy Land, c. 326 - 328, and recovered the True Cross.
RL62854. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII 84, F, weight 3.292 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Cyzicus mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassedbust left, holding globe; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, emperor standing left, vexillum with cross on flag in right, resting left on grounded shield behind, two kneeling bound captives at feet before him, star left, SMKA in ex; $35.00 (26.25)
BB52807. Bronze AE 3, SRCV 4011, VF, weight 2.206 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 180o, 6 Nov 355 - 3 Nov 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverseSPES REIPVBLICE, emperor helmeted in military dress standing left, globe in right and spear in left, mint mark in ex; scarcetype; $27.00 (20.25)
Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. According to tradition, it was founded by Pelasgians from Thessaly and later received many colonies from Miletus. Like the other Greek cities in Asia, it fell under the rule of the Persia Empire until Alexander the Great captured it in 334 B.C. In 74 B.C. the city, allied with Rome, withstood a siege by 300,000 men led by KingMithridates VI of Pontus. Rome rewarded this loyalty with territory and with municipal independence which lasted until the reign of Tiberius. When it was incorporated into the Empire, Cyzicus was made the capital of Mysia, and afterwards of Hellespontus. Dates of operation: The Cyzicus mint was opened by Gallienus (253 - 268 A.D.) and continued to strike coins well into the Byzantine era. mint marks: K, KVZ, SMK.
BB62100. Silvered AE 3, RIC VII 38, VF, weight 2.864 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, Cyzicus mint, as caesar, 325 - 326 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust left; reversePROVIDENTIAE CAESS, campgate with two turrets, star above, SMKB in ex; $26.00 (19.50)
BB62204. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 80, aVF, weight 2.107 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, Sirmium mint, 6 Nov 355 - Summer 361; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverseSPES REIPVBLICE, emperor helmeted in military dress standing left, globe in right and spear in left, BSIRM in ex; $26.00 (19.50)
On 28 September 351, at Battle of Mursa Major, Constantius II defeated the usurper Magnentius. The battle was one of the bloodiest in Roman military history.
BB47068. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII 95, VF, weight 5.259 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 45o, Cyzicus mint, 351 - 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, Γ left, SMKB; large bronze for the period; $24.00 (18.00)