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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>ConstantinianEra>ConstantiusII PAGE 1/4123»»»

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

The longest lived of Constantine the Great's sons and successors, he ruled until 361 A.D. Upon Constantine's death, Constantius received the entire eastern empire as his inheritance. Soon after he added Thrace to his empire and as his brothers were killed, he annexed their territories. When he defeated the Western usurper Magnentius he was master of the entire empire. Although he started campaigning along the Danube, war with Persia forced his return to the East. Shortly after, he received news that Julian II had been proclaimed Augustus against him. Constantius died on his way to fight this new usurper and Julian II became ruler of the Roman Empire.


Click for a larger photo In 312 A.D., Constantine dreamed he saw a Christogram in the sky and heard the words IN HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, meaning in Latin "In this sign you will be the victor." He ordered the sign of Christ on his legions standards and shields. He won a great victory and later became the first Christian Roman Emperor.
SH90100. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 286, gVF, a few green deposits, weight 5.632 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 45o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 19 Jan - 25 Dec 350; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind, star before; reverse HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, Constantius standing facing, head left, labarum (Chi Rho Christogram standard) in right, transverse spear in left, Victory right standing left crowning him and holding palm, A left, •ΓSIS• in ex; ex CNG auction 233 (26 May 2010), lot 460; $225.00 (€168.75)

Click for a larger photo The final A in the mintmark appears as H, but it must be a carelessly engraved A because IA is the officina (workshop) mark and there were only eleven officina in operation. IA is the Greek numeral eleven. IH is the Greek numeral eighteen. Open topped A's are not unusual in this period.
RL68726. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Constantinople 82, Choice gVF, weight 5.995 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 330o, 11th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 348 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP - REPARATIO, soldier standing left, shield on left arm, spear in right hand, spearing bearded fallen horseman wearing, shield on ground right, Γ upper left, CONSIA* in ex; $140.00 (€105.00)

Click for a larger photo On 28 September 351, at Battle of Mursa Major, Constantius II defeated the usurper Magnentius. The battle was one of the bloodiest in Roman military history.
BB66469. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Cyzicus 96, VF, set in golden (probably not gold) bezel, weight 7.060 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 351 - 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, Γ left, •SMK[E?]; large bronze for the period; $125.00 (€93.75)

Click for a larger photo On 28 September 351, at Battle of Mursa Major, Constantius II defeated the usurper Magnentius. The battle was one of the bloodiest in Roman military history.
BB68066. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Cyzicus 95, Choice VF, weight 5.512 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 351 - 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, Γ left, •SMK∆; large bronze for the period; $120.00 (€90.00)

Click for a larger photo This peculiar issue combines an obverse of Constantius II and a reverse type of the usurpers Magnentius and Decentius. These coins may have been struck by Poemenius (an enemy of the usurpers) before Constantius II regained control of Treveri, or they may have been struck after Constantius II had retaken the city.
RL90658. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Trier 332, LRBC 67, F, porous, weight 4.668 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 0o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 352 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS AVG NOSTRI, large chi-rho (Christ monogram), A - W (alpha to omega) across field, TRS* in ex; rare; $120.00 (€90.00)

City of Constantinople Commemorative, 347 - 348 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Of the hundreds of Constantinople commemoratives we have handled in the past 17 years, this is only the second example Forum has handled with this reverse type. Although RIC lists it as only as scarce, it is certainly rare.
RL70544. Bronze AE 4, RIC VIII Heraclea 50 (S), LRBC 961, Voetter -, VF, weight 1.533 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 315o, 3rd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-TINOPOLI, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing imperial cloak, scepter over left shoulder; reverse VOT XX MVLT XXX in wreath, SMHΓ in exergue; rare; $120.00 (€90.00)

Click for a larger photo Constantius II, unlike his father, allowed Christians to persecute pagans and Jews. Christian clergy inspired angry crowds, which attacked and destroyed synagogues and temples. On 7 May 351, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. The rebels destroyed the Roman garrison in a surprise night attack and acquired the garrison's weapons. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias and killed the people of different ethnicities, including Greeks and Samaritans. In 352, Constantius Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. Diocesarea, the epicenter of the revolt, was razed to the ground. Ursicinus ordered the execution of thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
RL90083. Bronze centenionalis, Failmezger pl. 41, 462cCS (this coin); RIC VII Constantinople 112; LRBC 2033; Voetter 31, gF, weight 4.858 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 15 Mar 351 - 6 Nov 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, ∆ behind; reverse FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, soldier standing left, shield on left arm, spear in right hand, spearing bearded fallen horseman clutching horse, shield on ground right, B and pellet upper left divided by spear, CONS[A?] in ex; from the Susan Bradford Collection, ex Ancient Imports, ex Failmezger Collection (plate coin, 2002), ex Dr. D. Zauge Collection (2001); $65.00 (€48.75)

Click for a larger photo In spite of the some of the edicts issued by Constantius banning sacrifices and closing some temples, he was not fanatically anti-pagan - he never made any attempt to disband the various Roman priestly colleges or the Vestal Virgins, he never acted against the various pagan schools, and, at times, he actually made some effort to protect paganism. He remained pontifex maximus and was deified by the Roman Senate after his death. His relative moderation toward paganism is reflected by the fact that it was over twenty years after his death, during the reign of Gratian, before any pagan senator protested his treatment of their religion.
RL60007. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 293/355/386 (all identical), VF, weight 2.521 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 210o, 4th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 350 - 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor standing facing, head left, labarum (Chi-Rho standard) in right, spear in left, ∆SIS in ex; very scarce; $60.00 (€45.00)

Click for a larger photo RIC lists this type as common (C2) but this the first example we have ever handled and it is undoubtedly scarce or rare. The green encrustations are NOT active corrosion.
RL70682. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII Alexandria 14, LRBC 1456, Voetter 8, VF, small green encrustations, weight 1.623 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Alexandria mint, 9 Sep 337 - May 340 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTI-VS MAX AVG, laureate and draped bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers standing facing, flanking a standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMALΓ in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $55.00 (€41.25)

Click for a larger photo Issued by Vetranio in the name of Constantius II. Vetranio was declared emperor by his troops in 350 A.D. He immediately expressed his support for Constantius II. Vetranio was instrumental in controlling the rebellion of Magnentius. After Constantius finally arrived to take control of the situation, Vetranio formally abdicated, and lived the remainder of his life in comfort.
BB66193. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 295, aVF, rough, weight 2.331 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 1 Mar - 25 Dec 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVGVSTORVM, Emperor standing right, transverse spear in right hand, raising globe in extended left; captive seated right at feet on right, head left, wearing pointed cap; ESIS in exergue; unusual reverse type; very scarce; $40.00 (€30.00)



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OBVERSE LEGENDS

CONSTANTIVSAVG
CONSTANTIVSAVGVSTVS
CONSTANTIVSMAXAVG
CONSTANTIVSNOBC
CONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
CONSTANTIVSPFAVG
DNCONSTANTIAVGVSTI
DNCONSTANTIVSAVG
DNCONSTANTIVSMAXAVG DNCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSPERPAVG
DNCONSTANTIVSPFAVG
FLACONSTANTIVSNOBC
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSAVG
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSNOBC
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSPERPAVG
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSPFAVG
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSPIVSFELIXAVG



Catalog current as of Wednesday, October 22, 2014.
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Roman Coins of Constantius II