Hebros is the Romanized version of the original Thracian Ebros. Today it is the Maritsa river or, in , the Evros. The river enters the Aegean Sea near Enez. The lower course of the Maritsa/Evros forms of the Bulgarian-Greek and most of the Greek-Turkish . The upper Maritsa valley runs east-west in Bulgaria. The unnavigable river is used for power production and irrigation.
The Three , named Euphrosyne, Aglaia and Thalia, were the attendants of (Aphrodite).
SH74540. Brass AE 31, 27 (V13/R24), 2739, -, -, F, , cleaning scratches, , 11.934 g, maximum 31.2 mm, 15o, , Traianopolis mint, hegemon Statilus Barbarus; AYK Λ CEΠ - CEYHPOC Π, laureate right; HΓ CTATI BAPBAPOY TPAIANOΠO−ΛITΩN, River-god Hebrus reclining left on upturned urn; the Charites (the Three ) behind his legs standing facing; left and middle Charites with heads right, left Charis holding rod(?), middle Charis holding ; big 31 mm bronze!; very ; $520.00 (€462.80)
Issued to commemorate in Britain. Between 208 and 210 A.D., and his son campaigned into Scotland (then Caledonia) and also Hadrian's Wall. The victories in the pacified the island for the remainder of the century, but the aged Septimius died at Eburacum (York) in 211 A.D.SH83529. Silver , 332 (S); 727; p. 366, 51; 108; 6382, gVF, some luster, perfect centering, nice portrait, light , small edge cracks, 3.369 g, maximum 19.3 mm, 180o, mint, 210 - 211 A.D.; SEVERVS AVG , laureate right; (victories over the British), advancing right, raising in extended right hand, frond in left hand over left shoulder; ; $450.00 (€400.50)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., ,
(Stara Zagora, Bulgaria today) was founded by , c. 106 A.D. During 2nd - 3rd century A.D., it was the second largest city in Roman , after , and was fortified by strong walls. The city struck bronze coins from the time of to .RP83509. Brass AE 31, 163, 1009 (R7), -, -, F, , , 15.997 g, maximum 30.8 mm, 0o, (Stara Zagora, Bulgaria) mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; AV K Λ CEΠTI - CEVHPOC Π, laureate right; AVΓOVCT-HC TRAIAN-HC, on raised platform, flanked on each side by a tree and a stag leaping outward, standing right within the temple, holding bow in left hand and drawing arrow from quiver on shoulder with right hand; big 31 mm bronze!; very ; $270.00 (€240.30)
Adventus types commemorate the emperor's arrival at , either at the commencement of his reign or on his return from a distance. In 202, returned to after a five year absence. Festivals were held to celebrate his six year reign. Severus made changes in the imperial government, giving the Roman army a dominant role, raising pay in the legions, and permitting legionaries to marry in order to secure their loyalty.
RS76380. Silver , 248 (S); 1; p. 213, 304; 79; 6255, VF, , broad with a few small edge cracks, 3.454 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 180o, mint, 202 A.D.; SEVERVS AVG, laureate right; ADVENT , Severus on horseback left, bare-headed, in military garb, raising right hand, spear in left hand; in front of him a soldier walking left, holding and leading the horse by its bridle; ex CNG auction 148 (20 Sep 2006), lot 357; ex Kutcher Collection; ; $225.00 (€200.25)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Inferior
The first of Herakles' twelve labors, set by his cousin Eurystheus, was to slay the and bring back its skin. It could not be killed with mortal weapons because its golden fur was impervious to attack. Its claws were sharper than swords and could cut through any armor. Herakles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight, the bit off one of his fingers. After slaying the , he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt but failed. , noticing the hero's plight, told him to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.
RP77125. Bronze assarion, 188.8.131.52 (R4), I/I 1308, 1009, -, -, VF, nice , some marks and corrosion, 12.9 g, maximum 28.5 mm, 225o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Gallus, 201 - 203 A.D.; AV K Λ CE CEVHPOC Π, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; VΠ AVP ΓAΛΛOV NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC I (OV ), Herakles standing slightly right, nude, leaning on grounded club in right hand, in left hand, draped over left arm; $200.00 (€178.00)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., ,
The site of (modern Kyustendil, Bulgaria) was settled in the Iron Age by the Thracian Dentheletes tribe. It was located near thermal springs and remains of the ancient city include a temple of Asklepios and Roman . In the 1990s, excavation of nearby 2nd century A.D. tumuli unearthed bronze surgical instruments and a small bronze case containing a variety of medicines.
RP63965. Bronze AE 30, 264 (same die), 4653, -, -, aF, , 26.306 g, maximum 30.3 mm, 180o, (Kyustendil, Bulgaria) mint, AYT K Λ CEΠTI CEYHPOC ΠEP CEB, laureate right.; HΓE K AIΛIOY ONEPATOY OYΛΠIAC ΠAYTAΛIAC, seen in three-quarters perspective, no steps, Apollo-Bonus Eventus standing within, flanked by a tree left and another right; thick sestertius-like ; ; $180.00 (€160.20)
was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from ) and its distribution to the people.RS84946. Silver , 501, 39, 652, 6262, EF, light on luster, die wear, 3.667 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 180o, ad Mare (Latakia, ) mint, 198 A.D.; L SEPT SEV XI , laureate right; ANNONAE , standing half left, right foot on prow, stalks of grain in right hand, in left; $160.00 (€142.40)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Petra,
UNESCO describes Petra as "one of the most precious cultural properties of man's cultural heritage." The BBC selected Petra as one of "the 40 places you have to see before you die."RP84854. Bronze AE 25, 32, 19, 2281, -, VF, attractive earthen fill, 10.019 g, maximum 24.9 mm, 0o, Petra mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; AV K Λ CEΠT CEOYHPOC IN ΠEP CEB (or similar), laureate right; METPOΠOΛIC A∆PIAN ΠETRA, seated left on rock, turreted and veiled, right hand extended and open, over shoulder in left; $150.00 (€133.50)
Severus was born in (Khoms, ) in the Roman province of . This was struck to commemorate the emperor's visit to his native in 207. See on .
RS79618. Silver , 207 (S); 493; p. 263, 531; 6341, aEF, slightly off-center, 3.395 g, maximum 19.4 mm, mint, 207 A.D.; SEVERVS AVG, laureate right; XV P P, standing half right, wearing skin headdress, with right holding out drapery with fruits in the fold, at her feet right; ; $140.00 (€124.60)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Amphipolis,
Excavations of Roman Amphipolis have revealed traces of all the impressive one would expect from a thriving Roman city. A bridge, gymnasium, public and private monuments, sanctuaries, and cemeteries all attest to the city's prosperity. From the early Christian period (after 500 CE) there are traces of four basilicas, a large rectangular building which may have been a bishop's residence, and a . -- Ancient History EncyclopediaRP84023. Bronze AE 23, p. 58, 126 (same die); 3268 (R4) var. ( ); 6106; -, aVF, attractive portrait, dark , porous, , 8.283 g, maximum 23.1 mm, 0o, Amphipolis mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; Λ CEΠT CE-OYHPOC ΠEP A-YΓ (YHP ), laureate and draped right; AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, of Amphipolis seated left on a throne, wearing , veil, long and mantle, in extended right hand, below seat; $135.00 (€120.15)
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