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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ AlexandriaView Options:  |  |  | 

Alexandria, Egypt

Alexandria struck coins for provincal Egypt before becoming a regular imperial mint. Alexandria was reopened by the Byzantines 525 - 646 A.D. Dates of Operation: 294 - 421 and 457 - 474 A.D. Mintmarks: AL, ALE, ALEX, SMAL.


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

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This coin is universally described with Maximian raising his empty right hand but on all of the five examples known to Forum, including this coin, he holds an olive branch in his right hand and a mappa in his left hand.
RT85653. Billon half follis, RIC VI Alexandria 91b (S) corr. (no olive branch or mappa), SRCV IV 13419, Hunter V -, Cohen VI -, Choice aEF, well centered and struck, edge cracks, weight 3.001 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Alexandria mint, c. early - mid 308 A.D.; obverse D N MAXIMIANO FELICISS, laureate bust right, wearing imperial mantle, olive branch in right hand, mappa in left hand; reverse PROVIDENTIA DEORVM (foresight of the Gods), Providentia, draped, standing right, extending right hand to Quies; Quies, draped, standing left, holding branch in right hand and leaning on scepter with left hand, ∆ lower center, ALE in exergue; rare; $150.00 (127.50)


Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.

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Hercules' 11th labor was to steal three of Hera's immortality-giving golden apples from the Garden of the Hesperides, guarded by Ladon, a never-sleeping, hundred-headed dragon. Hercules asked Atlas to steal the apples, agreeing to hold up the world so Atlas could complete the task. Atlas returned but refused to take back his burden. Hercules, pretending to enjoy the task, convinced Atlas to hold the world while he made a pad of the lion skin. Hercules then ran away and never took back the task.
RB69194. Silvered follis, RIC VI Alexandria 40, SRCV IV 14078, Cohen VII 150, VF, weight 7.382 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Alexandria mint, c. 304 - May 305 A.D.; obverse FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse HERCVLI VICTORI, Hercules standing facing, looking left, leaning on club with right, holding apples of Hesperides in left, Nemean lion skin hanging from left elbow, S - P (sacra pecunia?) above arm and B below arm on right, ALE in exergue; $135.00 (114.75)


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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The reverse may advertise the resettlement and protection of Christian Goths in 348. Persecuted by the Gothic chieftain Athanaric, Wulfila obtained permission from Constantius II to migrate with his flock of converts to Moesia. They settled near Nicopolis ad Istrum.
RL76990. Billon light maiorina, RIC VIII Alexandria 60, LRBC I 2820, Voetter 12, SRCV V 18701, Cohen VII 18, Hunter V -, aEF, well centered on a tight flan, weight 4.832 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Alexandria mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust left, celestial globe in right hand; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Soldier advancing right, looking back, leading barbarian from hut under tree with right hand, spear in left, ALEA in exergue; $135.00 (114.75)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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On 3 July 324, at Adrianople, Constantine defeated Licinius forcing him to retreat to Byzantium. Crispus destroyed Licinius' fleet at the Battle of Hellespont in the Dardanelles, allowing his father to cross over the Bosporus and besiege Licinius. On 18 September, Constantine I decisively defeated Licinius at the Battle of Chrysopolis and became sole emperor.
RL71430. Billon follis, RIC VII Alexandria 28 (R1), SRCV IV 15226, Cohen VII 74, gVF, bold, green patina, centered on a tight flan, cleaning scratches, weight 3.378 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Alexandria mint, 321 - 18 Sep 324 A.D.; obverse IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing left, Victory on globe presenting wreath in right hand, long eagle-topped scepter vertical behind in left, at feet captive right and eagle with wreath in beak left, X/IIΓ right, SMALB in exergue; $70.00 (59.50)


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

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RIC IX Alexandria 3(a) and 5(a) are indistinguishable. RIC IX Alexandria 3(a) is dated 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367. RIC IX Alexandria 5(a) is dated 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375. It is possible that the type was not continued into the later emission. All examples may actually be RIC IX Alexandria 3(a).
RL76371. Billon centenionalis, RIC IX Alexandria 3(a) and 5a, LRBC II 2860 and 2862, Cohen VIII 37, SRCV V 19527, Hunter -, Choice VF, well centered, nice patina, weight 1.870 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Alexandria mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 (or until 17 Nov 375); obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE (security of the Republic), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, ALE∆ in exergue; $40.00 (34.00)


Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.

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Virtus was a specific virtue in ancient Rome. It carried connotations of valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). Virtus applied exclusively to a man's behavior in the public sphere, that is to the application of duty to the res publica in the cursus honorum. Private business was no place to earn virtus, even when it involved courage or feats of arms or other good qualities. There could be no virtue in exploiting one's manliness in the pursuit of personal wealth, for example. It was thus a frequently stated virtue of Roman emperors and was personified as the deity Virtus.
RT77920. Billon follis, RIC VI Alexandria 75, Hunter V 73, SRCV IV 14567 Cohen VII 224, F, green patina, well centered, some light pitting, red earthen deposits, weight 5.284 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Alexandria mint, 308 A.D.; obverse IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse VIRTVS EXERCITVS (the courage of army), Virtus advancing right, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over left shoulder in left hand, shield on left arm, cloak around right arm and flying behind, Γ right, P - R flanking low across field, ALE in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $36.00 (30.60)







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Alexandria