France, Charles V the , 1364 - 1380
As a young prince, Charles V the received the province of Dauphiné to rule; thereafter, all heirs apparent of France bore the title of Dauphin until coronation. Charles became regent of France when his father John II was captured by the English at the Battle of Poitiers. The rebelled after he raised taxes to pay the ransom. Charles overcame the rebellions, but to liberate his father, he had to conclude the Treaty of Brétigny in 1360, in which he abandoned large portions of south-western France to England and promised a huge ransom. After Charles became , his skillful management allowed him to replenish the treasury and restore the prestige of the House of Valois. He established the first permanent army paid with regular wages, which liberated the French populace from the companies of routiers who plundered the country when not employed. The French Army turned the tide of the Hundred Years' War, reconquering almost all the territories ceded to the English in 1360. He was succeeded by his son Charles VI the Mad, whose disastrous reign allowed the English to regain control of large parts of France.
On April 20, 1365, it was decreed in the name of the Charles V the manufacture of the new gold francs known as francs à pied (franc on foot) with the value of twenty sols tournois (one livre tournois). This coin, lighter than the franc à cheval (franc on horseback), weighed 3.824 grams and was struck to the of 64 pieces to the gold mark.
SH84617. Gold franc à pied, 360, 457, 371, 284, aEF, excellent centering, die wear, bumps and scratches, 3.823 g, maximum 28.9 mm, 270o, no date, after 20 April 1365; + KAROLVS x DI x GR - FRAnCORV x REX (Charles, by the grace of God, of the Franks), crowned standing facing under dais, wearing a coat of arms fleur-de-lis over coat of mail, sword in right hand, hand of justice in left hand, pattern of small fleurs-de-lis in fields; + XPC * VInCIT * XPC * REGnAT * XPC * IMPERAT (Christ conquers, Christ reigns, Christ commands), fleurée quatrilobe at center, fleur-de-lis in 1st and 4th quarters, crown in 2nd and 3rd quarters, all within quadrilobe, fleurs-de-lis in spandrels; $1400.00 (€1246.00)
France, Louis XVI, 10 May 1774 - 4 September 1791 A.D.
Louis XVI, born Louis-Auguste, was the last of France and Navarre before the French Revolution; during which he was also known as Louis Capet. In 1765, at the death of his father, Louis, Dauphin of France, son and heir apparent of Louis XV of France, Louis-Auguste became the new Dauphin. Upon his grandfather's death on 10 May 1774, he became of France and Navarre, which he remained until 4 September 1791, when he received the title of of the French until his suspension on 10 August 1792. Louis XVI was guillotined on 21 January 1793.
The Louis d'or (20 francs) under Louis XVI was minted between 1785 and 1792 and had a dimension of 23 mm, and a of 7.6490 g, a of 0.917, and gold content of 0.2255 troy oz.
SH84615. Gold louis d'or, 1707, 2183, 361, KM 591.5, 475, EF, mint luster, light marks, 7.663 g, maximum 24.3 mm, 180o, mint, 1786, 1st issue; LUD. XVI. D. G. FR. - ET NAV. REX (LVDOVICVS XIII DEI GRATIA FRANCIAE ET NAVARRAE REX "Louis XIII by the grace of God of France and of Navarre"), of Louis XVI left, DUVIV (engraver B. Duvivier) on truncation, bee (sign of the mintmaster Jean-Claude Gabet) below; CHRS. . VINC. IMPER 1786 (CHRISTVS REGNAT VINCIT IMPERAT "Christ reigns, conquers and commands"), crowned arms of France and Navarre, D ( ) below, left (symbol of engraver Jean Humbert Bernavon) before date; $1000.00 (€890.00)
France, III, 1574 - 1589
Three months after Henri was made the elected of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, his brother, Charles IX of France, died and Henri returned to France to assume the French throne. Henri brought several Polish inventions back to France, including septic facilities which deposited excrement outside the castle walls, a bath with regulated hot and cold water, and the fork. Henri gave protestant Huguenots the right of public worship, except in and at Court. In response, I, Duke of Guise, formed the Catholic League. Henri III was eventually forced to flee . After he had the duke assassinated, Henri III prepared to return to but was murdered before he could return. During the French Revolution, Henri III was disinterred from his tomb, his body was desecrated and thrown into a common grave.
On May 31, 1575, III created a new 14.188 grams, .833 silver coin with the value of 20 sols tournois. The gold écu was set at 60 sols. The gold franc equaled 1/3 écu or 20 sols. This coin, corresponding to the value of the medieval gold franc, naturally took the name franc d'argent (silver franc). Our coin is a franc avec fraise, distinguished from the franc au col plat by the addition of a lace ruff to the king's collar. It was unique to the Toulouse mint. Due to constant clipping, the coinage of francs was suspended for on October 13, 1586. After the death of the , however, mints held by the Catholic League struck francs in his name.
SH84614. Silver franc, 1130A, 1434, 3612, 970, aVF, , 13.995 g, maximum 35.2 mm, 180o, Toulouse (M) mint, 1586; •HENRICVS•III D•G FRANC ET•POL•REX• ( III, by the grace of god, of France and Poland), laureate and of III, ruffled collar, M (Toulouse workshop letter) below , 1586 at bottom between end and beginning of ; * SIT•NOMEN•DOMINI•BENEDICTVM S (Blessed be the name of the Lord), fleurée, H surrounded by dots in the center; $750.00 (€667.50)
, Edward the Black Prince, Prince of Aquitaine, 1362 - 1372
Edward of Woodstock (15 June 1330 - 8 June 1376), called the Black Prince, was the eldest son of Edward III and Philippa of Hainault, and the father of Richard II of England. He was the first Duke of Cornwall (from 1337), the Prince of Wales (from 1343) and the Prince of Aquitaine (1362-72). He was an exceptional military leader, and his victories over the French at the Battles of Crécy and Poitiers made him very popular in England during his lifetime. Edward died one year before his father, becoming the first English Prince of Wales not to become of England. The throne passed instead to his son Richard II, a minor, upon the death of Edward III.
SH84611. Silver esterlin (sterling), 194c, 8133, 1125A, 511, d'Avant –, VF, , usual , clashed die, slightly off center, 0.996 g, maximum 18.9 mm, Poitiers mint, second issue; + : ED' PO·GIT·REG·AnGL P (Edwardus Primo Genetis Regis Anglie Princeps, double annulet before , rosette stops), half-length figure of Edward right, wearing floral . sword in right hand over right shoulder, raising left hand in ; : PRI-CPS - AQV-TAE (Prince of Aquitaine, double annulet before ), long , trefoil of three pellets in each quarter; ; $330.00 (€293.70)
France, Louis XIV the Sun , 1643 - 1715
This coin is on an older coin, of a "reformation" process involving financial manipulations and impacting all French silver and from 1690 to 1709. The is a Louis XIV, demi-écu aux huit L, , workshop A, 1690 - 1693, 1515; : LVD•XIIII•D•G (sun) FR•ET•NAV•REX, draped and of Louis XIV right, wearing large wig, obscure date below; : (Mg) CHRS - - VINC - IMP ( ), formed of four groups of two L's, each arm under a crown cutting the , A ( mint workshop letter) in a at the center, lis in each quarter.
SH84613. Silver demi-écu aux palmes, 1521A, 1895, 185, KM 295.1, VF, extraordinarily strong remnants, of on , of on , 13.297 g, maximum 34.5 mm, 180o, mint, 1694 (A, reformation); LVD•XIIII•D•G (sun) FR•ET•NAV•REX (Louis XIV, by the grace of God, of France and Navarre), right, wearing large wig, ornamented with facing of on chest; BENEDICTVM (arrow point) 1964 (crescent horns up - indicates reformation) SIT•NOMEN•DOMINI (Blessed be the name of the Lord), crown above three lis in a (round arms of France), between two palms tied at the bottom, •A• ( mint workshop letter) below; edge inscribed: (lis) (sun) (lis) (flower) DOMINE (flower) (lis) (flower) SALVVM (lis) (flower) FAC (flower) (lis) (flower) REGEM; $250.00 (€222.50)
, VI de Lancastre, of France and England, 1422 - 1453
In 1422, the year old of England inherited the French throne through his mad grandfather Charles VI of France; the iconography of this represents the unification of the two nations. Ten years later Joan of Arc would make an appearance which would eventually loosen the English grip on France until by 1436 only Normandy and of Maine remained in Henry's control.
SH84618. Silver grand blanc aux écus, 288, 602, 445, 449, gVF, edge split or chip, light marks, 3.088 g, maximum 30.1 mm, 270o, St Lô (lis ) mint, 23 Nov 1422 - 1449; (lis) FRANCORVm: ET: ANGLIE: REX ( of France and England), shields of England and France, hERICVS above; (lis) SIT: nOmEN: DnI: BENEDICV (Blessed be the name of the Lord), dividing, fleur-de-lis to left, leopard left on right, hERICVS below; ; $250.00 (€222.50)
France, Strasbourg, Louis XIV, 1684
The Free City of Strasbourg remained neutral during the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) and retained its status as a Free Imperial City. However, the city was later annexed by Louis XIV of France to extend the borders of his kingdom. Louis' advisors believed that, as long as Strasbourg remained independent, it would endanger the King's newly annexed territories in Alsace, and, that to defend these large rural lands effectively, a garrison had to be placed in towns such as Strasbourg. Indeed, the bridge over the Rhine at Strasbourg had been used repeatedly by Imperial (Holy Roman Empire) forces, and three times during the Franco-Dutch War Strasbourg had served as a gateway for Imperial invasions into Alsace. In September 1681 Louis' forces, though lacking a clear casus belli, surrounded the city with overwhelming force. After some negotiation, Louis marched into the city unopposed on 30 September 1681 and proclaimed its annexation.
SH84610. Silver Sol, 2054, 87, 1599, KM 245, VF, , light deposits, 0.936 g, maximum 17.2 mm, 180o, Strasbourg mint, 1684; MON• NOV• ARGENTINENSIS (new currency of Strasbourg), fleur-de-lis; * • IN• EXCELSIS• DEO• (glory to God in heaven), •I• / •SOL• / 1684 in three lines; ex Gordon Andreas Singer; $220.00 (€195.80)
France, Louis XIV the Sun , 1643 - 1715
Under Louis XIV, the Sun , France reached the apogee of its power. His reign began at age four and lasted seventy-two years, three months, and eighteen days; one of the longest of any European monarch. He fought three major wars: the Franco-Dutch War, the War of the League of Augsburg, and the War of the Spanish Succession. Louis converted a hunting lodge into the spectacular Palace of Versailles, and by compelling the noble elite to inhabit his lavish palace, he pacified the aristocracy and eliminated the remnants of feudalism. He consolidated a system of absolute monarchical rule in France that endured until the French Revolution.
SH84612. Silver 4 sols 2 deniers (1/5 écu), ON RESERVE
KM 281.4, 1959, 1519, 106, VF, , , small areas of , scratches, light corrosion, 1.523 g, maximum 19.6 mm, 180o, mint, 1691; LVL XIIII D G * 1691 FRA ET NAV REX (Louis XIV, by the grace of God, of France and Navarre), of Louis XIV right, draped, wearing large wig; DOMINE SALVVM FAC REGEM (May God protect our ), two L's and intertwined, three lis across , crown above ornamented with lis, D ( ) below; ex Gordon Andreas Singer; $80.00 (€71.20)
CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE FROM THIS CATEGORY - FORVM's PRIOR SALES
Page created in 1.342 seconds