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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |France||View Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of France

During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 B.C., holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The Treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, Middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European power in the Middle Ages under King Philip Augustus. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe's dominant cultural, political, and military power in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French Revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of modern history's earliest republics and drafting the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. In the 19th century, Napoleon took power and established the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (1803?15) shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World War I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World War II, but came under occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and later dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s, with most retaining close economic and military connections with France.

France, Feudal, County of Penthièvre, Etienne I, 1093 - 1138

|France|, |France,| |Feudal,| |County| |of| |Penthièvre,| |Etienne| |I,| |1093| |-| |1138|, |denier|
Etienne or Stephen of Penthièvre, Count of Tréguier, 3rd Lord of Richmond was a Breton noble and a younger son of Odo, Count of Penthièvre and Agnes of Cornouaille, sister of Hoël II, Duke of Brittany. In 1093, he succeeded to the title of Count of Tréguier; in 1098, he succeeded his brother Alain as Lord of Richmond in Yorkshire, England. Penthievre is a county in northern Brittany, a cultural region in the west of France, covering the western part of what was known as Armorica during the period of Roman occupation. It became an independent kingdom and then a duchy before being united with the Kingdom of France in 1532.
ME92073. Billon denier, Duplessy Féodales 364; Poey d'Avant pl. XXVII, 5; Roberts 4953, VF, toned, small deposits, weight 0.825 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 120o, Penthievre mint, 1093 - 1138; obverse + STEPhAN COO), cross pattée cantoned with two stars; reverse + GVING AMP:, head right (deformed); $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00
 


Vienne Archbishopric, Viennois, France, 12th Century A.D.

|France|, |Vienne| |Archbishopric,| |Viennois,| |France,| |12th| |Century| |A.D.|, |dinar|
In 1023 the Archbishops of Vienne became secular lords paramount. They had the title of Count, making them prince-archbishops, and when in 1033 the Kingdom of Arles was reunited to the Holy Roman Empire, they retained their independence and obtained from the empire the title of Archchancellors of the Kingdom of Arles.
ME91872. Silver dinar, Duplessy Féodales 2381, Poey d'Avant 4826, Boudeau 1045, Roberts -, F, dark toning, weight 0.875 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, Vienne mint, 12th Century A.D.; obverse +•S•M•VIENNA•, bearded head of Saint Maurice of Vienne left; reverse MAXIMA•GALL (barred LL's), cross, pellet in each quarter; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00
 


France, County of Champagne, Comte de Provins, Thibaut III, 1197 - 1201

|France|, |France,| |County| |of| |Champagne,| |Comte| |de| |Provins,| |Thibaut| |III,| |1197| |-| |1201|, |denier|
Theobald III of Champagne was Count of Champagne from 1197 to his death. He was the younger son of Henry I, Count of Champagne and Marie, a daughter of Louis VII of France and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He succeeded as Count of Champagne in 1197 upon the death of his older brother Henry II.
ME92752. Silver denier, Poey d'Avant 5970, Boudeau 1764, Roberts -, aVF, dark toning, weight 0.955 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, obverse TEBALT COMES, cross pattée within inner circle, double pointed arrow through center with A (alpha) at one end in the third quarter, and W (omega) at the other end in the second quarter, pellets in the 1st and fourth quarters; reverse CASTRI PRVVINS, Comb, V between annulets above; $65.00 SALE |PRICE| $58.50
 







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REFERENCES|

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Dumas, F. "Les Monnaies normandes (Xe-XIIe siècles) avec un répertoire des trouvailles" in RN 1979, pp. 84-140, pl. XV - XXI.
Duplessy, J. Les monnaies françaises féodales. (Paris, 2004-2010).
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Elias, E. The Anglo-Gallic Coins. (Paris/London, 1984).
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Poey-d'Avant, F. Monnaies Féodales de France. (1858).
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Sombart, S. Catalogue des monnaies royales françaises de François Ier à Henri IV. (Paris, 1997).
Spink. The Important Collection of Anglo-Gallic and related French and English Coins - Formed by the late Edward Elias, auction, 21 Jun 1990, London.
van Hengel, C. "A Classification for the Gros Tournois" in Mayhew, N., ed. The Gros Tournois. (Oxford, 1997).
Woodhead, P. The Herbert Schneider Collection, Volume Three, Anglo-Gallic, Flemish and Brabantine Gold Coins, 1330 - 1794. (London, 2011).

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