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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Medieval & Modern Coins ▸ SpainView Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of Spain

Kingdom of Naples, Charles V (HRE), 1516 - 1554

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Though always at war, Charles was a lover of peace. "Not greedy of territory," wrote Marcantonio Contarini in 1536, "but most greedy of peace and quiet." Charles pushed for the convocation of the Council of Trent, which began the Counter-Reformation. It was during Charles reign that Spain conquered the Aztecs of Mexico and Incas of Peru, and then extended its control across much of South and Central America. Charles provided five ships to Ferdinand Magellan whose voyage was the first circumnavigation of the Earth. He retired in 1556. The Habsburg Monarchy passed to his younger brother Ferdinand, and the Spanish Empire was inherited by his son Philip II. The two empires would remain allies until the 18th century. Charles was only 54 when he retired, but after 34 years of energetic rule he was physically exhausted and sought the peace of a monastery where he died aged 58. Charles' motto, Plus Ultra ('Further Beyond'), became the national motto of Spain.
SH66322. Bronze cavallo, MIR Napoli 156, VF, weight 1.215 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 90o, Naples mint, obverse PLVS : VLTRA, the Pillars of Hercules, banner over trefoil in center, crown above; reverse REX : IVSTVS, cross potent; $125.00 (€106.25)
 


Kingdom of Naples, Charles V (HRE), 1516 - 1554

Click for a larger photo
Though always at war, Charles was a lover of peace. "Not greedy of territory," wrote Marcantonio Contarini in 1536, "but most greedy of peace and quiet." Charles pushed for the convocation of the Council of Trent, which began the Counter-Reformation. It was during Charles reign that Spain conquered the Aztecs of Mexico and Incas of Peru, and then extended its control across much of South and Central America. Charles provided five ships to Ferdinand Magellan whose voyage was the first circumnavigation of the Earth. He retired in 1556. The Habsburg Monarchy passed to his younger brother Ferdinand, and the Spanish Empire was inherited by his son Philip II. The two empires would remain allies until the 18th century. Charles was only 54 when he retired, but after 34 years of energetic rule he was physically exhausted and sought the peace of a monastery where he died aged 58. Charles' motto, Plus Ultra ('Further Beyond'), became the national motto of Spain.
ME66321. Bronze cavallo, MIR Napoli 156, F, weight 1.827 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 315o, Naples mint, obverse PLVS : VLTRA, the Pillars of Hercules, banner over trefoil in center, crown above; reverse REX : IVSTVS, cross potent; $55.00 (€46.75)
 


Castile and Leon, Spain, Alfonso XI the Avenger, 1312 - 1350 A.D.

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Alfonso's leadership skills included the unhesitating execution of possible opponents without any form of trial. He extended his kingdom to the Strait of Gibraltar after the important victory at the Battle of Río Salado against the Marinid Dynasty in 1340 and the conquest of the Kingdom of Algeciras in 1344. He then redirected all his Reconquista efforts to fighting the Moorish king of Granada. He openly neglected his wife, Maria of Portugal, and indulged a scandalous passion for Eleanor of Guzman, who bore him ten children. It may be that his early death, during the Great Plague of 1350, at the Fifth Siege of Gibraltar, only averted a desperate struggle with his son Peter. After Alfonso's death, his widow Maria had Eleanor arrested and later killed.
ME47148. Billon noven, Burgos Medieval 315, aVF, toned, weight 0.754 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 315o, Seville mint, 1312 - 1350 A.D.; obverse +A+L REX CASTELL+E, three-towered castle, S below, within square frame; reverse .+. E+T LE+GIO+NIS++, lion passant left within square frame; SOLD







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REFERENCES

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Alvarez-Burgos, F. La Moneda Hispanica desde sus origines hasta el Siglo V. (Madrid, 2008).
Burgos F., et al. Catalogo General de la Moneda Medieval Hispano-Cristiana. (Madrid, 1980).
Calico, F., X. Calico & J. Trigo. Numismatica Española Catalogo des las Acuna. (Barcelona, 2001).
Cayon, J.R. & C. Castan. Las monedas Españolas desde Don Pelayo a Juan Carlos. I anos 718 A 1979. (Madrid, 1998).
Crusafont i Sabater, M. Numismatica Catalano-Aragonesa (Madrid, 1982).
Fabrizi, D. Monete Italiane Regionali: Napoli. (Pavie, 2010).
Friedberg, A. & I. Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present. (Clifton, NJ, 2009).
Heiss, A. Description générale des monnaies antiques de l'Espagne. (Paris, 1870).
Heiss, A. Monedas Hispano-Cristianas. (Madrid, 1865).
Krause, C. & C. Mishler. Standard Catalog of World Coins. (Iola, WI, 2010 - ).
Krause, C., C. Mishler, & C. Bruce. Standard Catalog of World Coins: Spain, Portugal, and the New World. (Iola, WI, 2002).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins and Their Values Volume One: The World of Islam. (London, 1977).
Valdés, A. Emisiones monetarias Leonesas y castellanas de la Edad Media: Organizacion, economia tipos y fuentes. (Madrid, 2010).
Valdés, A. & J. Pastor. El Vellón Castellano del siglo XV (Segovia, 2010).

Catalog current as of Saturday, November 18, 2017.
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Spanish Coins