, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Traianopolis,
Hebros is the Romanized version of the original Thracian Ebros. Today it is the Maritsa river or, in , the Evros. The river enters the Aegean Sea near Enez. The lower course of the Maritsa/Evros forms of the Bulgarian-Greek and most of the Greek-Turkish . The upper Maritsa valley runs east-west in Bulgaria. The unnavigable river is used for power production and irrigation.
The Three , named Euphrosyne, Aglaia and Thalia, were the attendants of (Aphrodite).SH74540. Brass AE 31, 27 (V13/R24), 2739, -, -, F, , cleaning scratches, , 11.934 g, maximum 31.2 mm, 15o, Traianopolis mint, hegemon Statilus Barbarus; AYK Λ CEΠ - CEYHPOC Π, laureate right; HΓ CTATI BAPBAPOY TPAIANOΠO−ΛITΩN, River-god Hebrus reclining left on upturned urn; the Charites (the Three ) behind his legs standing facing; left and middle Charites with heads right, left Charis holding rod(?), middle Charis holding ; big 31 mm bronze!; very ; $580.00 (€516.20)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Hadrianopolis,
refounded a Thracian tribal capital, changed its name to Hadrianopolis, developed it, adorned it with monuments, and made it the capital of the Roman province. The city is Edirne, Turkey today. From ancient times, the around Edirne has been the site of no fewer than 16 major battles or sieges. Military historian John Keegan identifies it as "the most contested spot on the globe" and attributes this to its geographical location. Licinius was defeated there by in 323, and was killed by the Goths during the Battle of Adrianople in 378.SH65237. Bronze AE 25, p. 157 & pl. XXII, 244 (V137/R244); , Suppl. II, 658; -, -, -, VF, green , 7.837 g, maximum 24.7 mm, 180o, Hadrianopolis (Edirne, Turkey) mint, IOYΛIA ∆O CEBACTH, draped right; A∆PIANOΠOΛEITΩN, galley left with four oarsmen and steersman in stern; very ; $460.00 (€409.40)
, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.; Perinthus, ;
All the Latin coins of Perinthus are . BMC does not list Perinthus mint, but identifies this as "barbarous." RIC notes the existence of Balkan , , and but does not catalog them.
RPC attributes the to Nicaea, .RS77050. Bronze as, pl. VII, 1762, 391 var. (barbarous); c/m: 92, p. 345 (Nicaea, , Apr 68 - Jan 69), VF, c/m: VF, dark blue-green , 9.665 g, maximum 28.1 mm, 180o, Perinthos (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, mid 66 - 9 Jun 68 A.D.; CLAVDIVS AVG IMP, laureate right, : ΓAΛBA in a rectangular punch; standing facing on ovoid globe, wings open, right, divided across above center; ; $300.00 (€267.00)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Inferior
The first of Herakles' twelve labors, set by Eurystheus (his cousin), was to slay the and bring back its skin. It could not be killed with mortal weapons because its golden fur was impervious to attack. Its claws were sharper than swords and could cut through any armor. Herakles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the bit off one of his fingers. After slaying the , he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. Wise , noticing the hero's plight, told him to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.RP77125. Bronze assarion, 18.104.22.168 (R4), I/I 1308, 1009, -, -, VF, nice , some marks and corrosion, 12.9 g, maximum 28.5 mm, 225o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Gallus, 201 - 203 A.D.; AV K Λ CE CEVHPOC Π, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; VΠ AVP ΓAΛΛOV NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC I (OV ), Herakles standing slightly right, nude, leaning on grounded club in right hand, in left hand, draped over left arm; $225.00 (€200.25)
, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Anchialus,
When the was abolished in 45 A.D., Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria today) became of the Roman province of . It was formally proclaimed a city under . Anchialos thrived in the 2nd and 3rd centuries serving as the most important import and export station of and acquired the appearance of a Roman city under the Dynasty.RP68711. Bronze 4 assaria, 464 (R5), 555, -, -, -, aVF, glossy green , 14.534 g, maximum 30.7 mm, 45o, Anchialus (Pomorie, Bulgaria) mint, 209 - 212 A.D.; AY K Π CEΠ ΓETAC, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; OYΛΠIANΩN AΓ−X−IAΛEΩN, Demeter standing left, reaching with right toward coiled around large torch before her, small torch cradled in her left, two small pellets over ∆ in center ; ; $215.00 (€191.35)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., ,
Andromeda was the daughter of Cepheus, an Aethiopian , and Cassiopeia. When Cassiopeia's boasted that Andromeda was more beautiful than the Nereids, Poseidon sent a sea monster (Cetus Aethiopicus) to ravage as divine punishment. Andromeda was chained to a rock as a sacrifice to sate the monster, but she was saved by Perseus. Later Andromeda and Perseus were married.SH63219. Brass AE 22, 1241a (O109/R592); 2758 (R6); -; -, aF, 6.276 g, maximum 22.5 mm, 180o, (Debelt, Bulgaria) mint, 29 Jul 238 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; IMP GORDIANVS AG, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; COL FL PAC DEVLT, Perseus (on right) standing left, helping Andromeda (on left) come down from a rock after saving her, Medusa's and in his left hand, his right foot on the sea monster, Cetus Aethiopicus, turned to stone; very ; $200.00 (€178.00)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., ,
The site of (modern Kyustendil, Bulgaria) was settled in the Iron Age by the Thracian Dentheletes tribe. It was located near thermal springs and remains of the ancient city include a temple of Asklepios and Roman . In the 1990s, excavation of nearby 2nd century A.D. tumuli unearthed bronze surgical instruments and a small bronze case containing a variety of medicines.RP63965. Bronze AE 30, 264 (same die), 4653, -, -, aF, , 26.306 g, maximum 30.3 mm, 180o, (Kyustendil, Bulgaria) mint, AYT K Λ CEΠTI CEYHPOC ΠEP CEB, laureate right.; HΓE K AIΛIOY ONEPATOY OYΛΠIAC ΠAYTAΛIAC, seen in three-quarters perspective, no steps, Apollo-Bonus Eventus standing within, flanked by a tree left and another right; thick sestertius-like ; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Kingdom of , Rhoemetalkes I, c. 11 B.C. - 12 A.D.
When the Cotys VII, of , died about 48 B.C. Rhoemetalces I became the guardian of his nephew Rhescuporis I, his brother's young son and heir. In 13 B.C., Rhescuporis I was defeated and slain in battle by Vologases, chief of the Thracian Bessi, who was leading a revolt against Rome. As Rhescuporis I had left no heir, Rhoemetalces became . An ally of , the Roman Historian described Rhoemetalces as attractive and civilized. After his death, divided his realm, half for his son Cotys and the other half for Rhoemetalces' brother Rhescuporis II. states that Cotys received the cultivated parts, most towns and most Greek cities of , while Rhescuporis received the wild and savage portion with enemies on its frontier.RP72883. Bronze AE 15, 159, 1707, -, -, -, VF, 1.999 g, maximum 14.6 mm, 225o, c. 11 B.C. - 12 A.D.; K ΣEBAΣTOY, capricorn right, globe upper right between legs; POIMH, advancing right, raising in extended right, grounded frond before her in left; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., , Thracian Chersonesos
in Chersonesos Thraciae (on the Gallipoli peninsula) issued gold and silver coins under Alexander the Great and from the early 2nd century A.D. struck Roman provincial and colonial coins.RP84057. Bronze AE 17, 872 (same dies), 2888 (R6) var. (legends, grain above prow), -, -, -, -, -, VF, nice green , cutting off much of the legends, marks, 4.166 g, maximum 17.2 mm, 135o, mint, Aug 138 - 7 Mar 161 A.D.; - ANTONINVS (or similar), laureate right; AEL MVNI COELANI (or similar), war galley prow left; very ; $200.00 (€178.00)
, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., ,
today is Plovdiv, Bulgaria.RP63960. Bronze AE 28, p. 167, 44; 1712; 5404; -, F, nice green , 13.097 g, maximum 27.5 mm, 225o, (Plovdiv, Bulgaria) mint, AYT K M AYPHΛ MA ANTΩNEINOC CEB, laureate of emperor right; MHTPOΠOΛEΩC ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛE/ΩC NEΩKO/POY, two wrestlers grappling; USA import restricted , ex Mark Collection; ; $180.00 (€160.20)
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