, of , 359 - 336 B.C.
expanded the size and influence of the but is perhaps best known as the father of Alexander the Great. He personally selected the design of his coins.
SH85135. Gold , pl. 75, 63 (D31/R52), 251 (also same dies), 523, aEF, , sculptural high relief die, some mint luster, very light marks, 8.572 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 315o, Amphipolis mint, 340/336 - 328 B.C.; laureate of right; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, charioteer driving a racing right, wearing a , in right hand, reins in his left hand, ivy leaf right below horses; $4500.00 (€4005.00)
, , Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C., Portrait of Queen Philistis
Hieron II placed his wife and son on coins during his long reign. Those of Queen Philistis are eagerly sought after by collectors.SH84601. Silver 5 litrae, 221 (D2/R2), 893, 1546, 827, 959, 2918, 1708, 1557 (R2) (all from the same dies), aEF/gVF, , light marks, 4.441 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 180o, mint, c. 218 - 215 B.C.; veiled and diademed of Queen Philistis left, frond behind; galloping left, holding reins with both , E• in front of horses' legs, BAΣIΛIΣΣAΣ above, ΦIΛIΣTI∆OΣ ; from the Woolslayer Collection; Numismatica Ars Classica auction 27 (12 May 2004), lot 129; ex A.D.M. Collection; ex Collection, 1929 sale, lot 213; ; $3000.00 (€2670.00)
Kyzikos, , c. 500 - 450 B.C.
Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. It was said to have been founded by Pelasgians from , according to tradition at the coming of the Argonauts; later, allegedly in 756 B.C., it received many from Miletus. Owing to its advantageous position it speedily acquired commercial importance, and the gold staters of Cyzicus were a staple currency in the ancient world till they were superseded by those of Philip of Macedon. The site of Cyzicus, located on the Erdek and Bandirma roads, is protected by Turkey's Ministry of Culture.
SH84459. hekte, 241; 1180; p. 32, 98; 102; 482; pl. XCII 2460; -, gVF, and struck on a , 2.628 g, maximum 10.8 mm, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 500 - 450 B.C.; forepart of a winged deer left, tunny fish diagonal with down behind; quadripartite square; ; $2500.00 (€2225.00)
Aspendos, , c. 380 - 325 B.C.
Aspendos is about 40 km east of Antalya, Turkey about 16 km inland on the Eurymedon River. In 546 B.C. it fell to . After a Persian defeat in 467, the city joined the Attic-Delos League. took it again in 411 B.C., Alexander in 333 B.C., and in 190 B.C. Although often subject to powerful empires, the city usually retained substantial autonomy.
GS85145. Silver , Series 4, 105, 227, 4565, EF, and struck, beautiful , 10.958 g, maximum 23.8 mm, 0o, Aspendos mint, c. 380 - 325 B.C.; two wrestlers, nude, the left one holds the wrist of his opponent with his right hand and right forearm with his left hand, LΦ between their legs; EΣTΦE∆IIYΣ on left, slinger discharging to right, wearing short , triskeles on right with feet clockwise, no trace of an square; the nicest Aspendos ever handled by !; $2000.00 (€1780.00)
, I Monophthalmus or II Gonatus, 306 - 270 B.C.
Unpublished in the references and not yet fully attributed, this is only the second specimen of this extremely and important known to . Both specimens were struck with the same die. & Mosch wrote of their specimen: "Troxell recorded a very issue of Alexandrine tetradrachms in the name of Gonatas (The Peloponnesian Alexanders, 17, 1971, 75-6, note 68), which through hoard evidence was conclusively proven to be struck at circa 272 (see R. W. , Gonatas and the Silver Coinages of Macedon circa 280-270 BC, 26, 1981, pp. 79-123, esp. p. 104). However, this unique has no controls that would explicitly tie it to the mint tetradrachms, and even more perplexing is the of the engraving, which is clearly dissimilar to the tetradrachms as well. One might suppose that it is in fact not a coin of Gonatas at all, but rather a hitherto unknown of his grandfather, Antigonos I Monophthalmos. However, this also does not sit well, again for reasons of , which is inconsistent with the period of Monophthalmos' reign. For the time being, therefore, this coin must remain a numismatic enigma until further evidence can shed additional light on it."
There are two auction records for the & Mosch specimen: Numismatics auction 7 (22 Mar 2014), lot 454, sold for £ 4,800 plus fees; and & Mosch auction 203 (5 Mar 2012), lot 150, sold for € 3,200 plus fees. Our coin sold at Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, (4 May 2014), lot 152, apparently slipping through unnoticed by all but our astute consignor for € 575 plus fees.SH71048. Silver , unpublished in refs; cf. Numismatics auction 7, lot 454 (same rev die) = & Mosch auction 203, lot 150, VF, struck a bit flat, 3.845 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, uncertain or mint, 306 - 270 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIΓONOY, Zeus Aetophoros enthroned left, throne with high back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back; ex Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, lot 152; extremely , only two know specimens; $1950.00 (€1735.50)
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
As reported by B.V. in Chapter 5 of Excavations at : The Archaic Artemisia, a coin of this was one of five coins found in excavations underneath the foundations of the southern wall of the B cella of the Artemisia at . The other four coins were and paw types. wrote these coins must have been deposited during construction of the First Temple (A). 145 is the coin found at the Artemisia (= 79), now at the Arkeoloji Müzesi, Istanbul. The coins appear to be struck with the same die.SH84450. 1/24 , Milesian ; 145 - 146; p. 86 and pl. 2, 79; cf. 1781 (different ); 287 (same); 717 (same), gVF, centered, edge cracks, some die rust (also found on other examples of this ), 0.579 g, maximum 6.2 mm, uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; bridled and neck of Pegasos left, with top edge of wing visible; four raised squares in a pattern within square punch; very ; $1620.00 (€1441.80)
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
In Greek mythology, the Sirens were dangerous creatures, who lured nearby sailors with their enchanting music and voices to shipwreck on the rocky coast of their island. In early Greek art, Sirens were represented as birds with large women's heads, bird feathers, and scaly feet. Later, they were represented as female figures with the legs of birds, with or without wings, playing a variety of musical instruments, especially harps. Later Sirens were sometimes depicted as beautiful women, whose bodies, not only their voices, were seductive.
SH84464. hemihekte, Unpublished in major references; Naville auction VII (1924), Collection, lot 1435; CNG, XI (8 Jan 2008), lot 253, aEF, , earthen deposits, 1.367 g, maximum 8.8 mm, , uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; siren standing left; square punch; ex Numismatica Ars Classica, auction 92, 2 (24 May 2016), lot 1476; this is not published in the major references but many examples are known from auctions; ; $1440.00 (€1281.60)
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
The referenced XIV coin is similar, but from different dies, and the only other coin of this known to .SH84465. 1/24 , Unpublished in references; Classical Numismatic Group, XIV (4 Jan 2011), lot 309 ($1800 plus fees), VF, on a , edge cracks, 0.630 g, maximum 7.1 mm, , uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; cock standing left; quadripartite square punch; extremely ; $1350.00 (€1201.50)
Persian Empire, , Anatolia, Darios I - Xerxes II, c. 485 - 420 B.C.
SH84767. Gold daric, IIIb A/B, 275, 4679, F, bumps and marks, die wear, 8.295 g, maximum 15.7 mm, c. 485 - 420 B.C.; kneeling-running figure of the Great right, bearded, wearing crown and , a quiver at his shoulder, transverse spear downward in right hand, bow in extended left hand; irregular approximately rectangular punch; $1350.00 (€1201.50)
the Younger, , 94 - 95 A.D., Smyrna,
In 94 A.D., because he had no heir, adopted his two young great-nephews. He renamed them and . The next year he executed the boys' father, his cousin, Flavius Clemens, and exiled the boys' mother, his niece, . They were charged with Atheism, a charge sometimes applied to condemn converts to Judaism or Christianity. The boys then disappeared from history and their fate is unknown.
Smyrna was the only city to strike coins in the name of the Younger. No coins were struck for his brother.
Some scholars connect with a Roman Matron in the Talmud (Avodah Zarah 10b) and the Deuteronomy Rabbah 2.25. When the emperor had decreed that in 30 days, the Senate would confirm an edict to kill all Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire, the Roman matron convinced her husband to stand up for the Jews. If that identification is correct, her husband Flavius Clemens converted to Judaism, after having contact with the great sage Rabbi Akiva. is a saint in both the Greek Orthodox and the Roman Catholic .SH83453. Bronze AE 16, p. 244, 3, pl. 31 (V1/R1); 1028; 1360; 2208; p. 276, 320, gF/F, 2.790 g, maximum 16.3 mm, 0o, Smyrna mint, as , 94 - 95 A.D.; OYOCΠACIANOC NEΩTEPOC, right; ZMYPNAIΩN, standing right, in extended right hand, frond over left shoulder in left hand; ex Numismatik, auction 7, lot 200; ; $1300.00 (€1157.00)
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