, Philip III Arrhidaeus, 323 - 317 B.C.
Philip III Arrhidaeus, the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of , was Alexander the Great's half-brother. Alexander's mother, , allegedly poisoned him as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Incapable of actual rule, he was made upon Alexander's death only to serve as a pawn for those who wished to grab power for themselves. had him imprisoned and then ordered his execution in 317 B.C.SH72613. Gold , P90, 228 - 230, -, -, EF, lovely Hellenistic , mint luster, 8.579 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; of right in crested Corinthian helmet ornamented with a coiled snake, wearing necklace and long drop earring; ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ, standing left, wreath in extended right hand, grounded in left at her side, TI left, rose left under wing; ex Numismatics auction 8, lot 470; $5220.00 (€4541.40)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IV , 221 - 204 B.C.
, Sister of , Mytilene,
was the the youngest child of and the Elder and the youngest sister of . She was born on , where this coin was struck, in early 18 A.D. Early in Caligula's reign, , and her elder sisters the Younger and Drusilla, received considerable honors and privileges, such as the rights of the Virgins (with the freedom to view public games from the upper seats in the stadium), inclusion in the oath of loyalty, and depiction on coins. Suetonius and Cassius Dio accuse the insane of incestuous relationships with his sisters, including , and say he prostituted them to other men. and were banished in 39 A.D. after unsuccessfully conspiring to overthrow and replace him with their shared lover (Drusilla's widower). After becoming emperor, recalled the sisters from exile. He soon married Jr., but exiled and then executed , apparently by starvation, without a defense and on unsupported charges.SH74029. Brass AE 18, 2348; 4387; pl. 14, 1; 1; 576; -, F, , on left weak, porous and grainy, 6.244 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 0o, Mytilene mint, struck under , 18 Mar 37 - 39 A.D.; IOYΛIAN NEAN ΓEPMANIKOY, draped left, M-Y/T-I in two divided lines low in ; Γ KAICAPA CEBACTON, standing left, with drawn up over (capite velato), extended in right, M-Y/T-I in two divided lines low in ; the only coin featuring Livilla's portrait alone; extremely , only about a dozen known, with the majority in museums; $2700.00 (€2349.00)
, I Monophthalmus or II Gonatus, 306 - 270 B.C.
Unpublished in the references and not yet fully attributed, this is only the second specimen of this extremely and important known to . Both specimens were struck with the same die. Gorny & Mosch wrote of their specimen: "Troxell recorded a very issue of Alexandrine tetradrachms in the name of Gonatas (The Peloponnesian Alexanders, 17, 1971, 75-6, note 68), which through hoard evidence was conclusively proven to be struck at circa 272 (see R. W. , Gonatas and the Silver Coinages of Macedon circa 280-270 BC, 26, 1981, pp. 79-123, esp. p. 104). However, this unique has no controls that would explicitly tie it to the mint tetradrachms, and even more perplexing is the of the engraving, which is clearly dissimilar to the tetradrachms as well. One might suppose that it is in fact not a coin of Gonatas at all, but rather a hitherto unknown of his grandfather, Antigonos I Monophthalmos. However, this also does not sit well, again for reasons of , which is inconsistent with the period of Monophthalmos' reign. For the time being, therefore, this coin must remain a numismatic enigma until further evidence can shed additional light on it."
There are two auction records for the Gorny & Mosch specimen: Numismatics auction 7 (22 Mar 2014), lot 454, sold for £ 4,800 plus fees; and Gorny & Mosch auction 203 (5 Mar 2012), lot 150, sold for ? 3,200 plus fees. Our coin sold at Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, (4 May 2014), lot 152, apparently slipping through unnoticed by all but our astute consignor for ? 575 plus fees.SH71048. Silver , unpublished in refs; cf. Numismatics auction 7, lot 454 (same rev die) = Gorny & Mosch auction 203, lot 150, VF, struck a bit flat, 3.845 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, uncertain or mint, 306 - 270 B.C.; Herakles' right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIΓONOY, Zeus Aetophoros enthroned left, throne with high back, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back; ex Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, lot 152; extremely , only two know specimens; $2500.00 (€2175.00)
Athens, , , , c. 86 - 84 B.C., Issued by
After 1 March 86 B.C., was the master of Athens. He recovered from the Pontic Mithradates, who had taken it by force. This issue was struck for , either at Athens or outside Athens during the siege, to pay his legions and expenses during the war against Mithradates. The silver was collected from Greeks who supported the Romans against Mithradates and requisitioned from the sacred temple treasuries at Epidaurus, Olympia and . The ancients admired these Roman-Athenian coins and called them "flats of Lucullan." The MARKOY may refer to the brother of the Roman general and politician Lucullus.SH70948. Silver , cf. 1293; pl. 78, 11; 1653; V, pp. 28-31 and pl. 9, 10; pl. 120, 366, gVF, attractive , well struck, nicely , centered on a crowded slightly irregular shape , 16.581 g, maximum 29.5 mm, 0o, Athens mint, c. 86 - 84 B.C.; helmeted of Parthenos right, triple-crested helmet decorated with a right above the raised earpiece, and protomes of horses above visor; owl standing right on on its side right, facing, MARKOY left, TAMIOY right, A on , all within olive wreath; ex John Jencek; ; $2500.00 (€2175.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX Lathyros, Reign as of , 101 - 88 B.C.
Ptolemy IX Lathyros ("grass pea") was of three times, 116 B.C. to 110 B.C., 109 B.C. to 107 B.C. and 88 B.C. to 81 B.C., with intervening periods ruled by his brother, Ptolemy X Alexander. When this coin was struck Ptolemy IX ruled in and Ptolemy X in .
Serifs are unique to just a few Ptolemaic coins from this time period. Perhaps all are the of a single engraver. Serifs also appear on a very Kition of this ruler. They appear on the K behind the of on the latest of the octadrachms. The heavy-set portrait compares well to MFA 59.51, and not so well to images of Ptolemy I. SH72904. Silver , apparently unpublished and unique!, VF, 13.234 g, maximum 27.0 mm, 0o, Paphos mint, as of , year 27, 91 - 90 B.C.; diademed of Ptolemy IX right, wearing ; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on a thunderbolt, left, wings closed, date LKZ (year 27) before, ΠA mint mark behind, all letters with serifs; $2250.00 (€1957.50)
, , Second Democracy, 466 - 405 B.C.
Following Heron's death, democracy was in 466 B.C. Similar to at Athens, the polis was governed by a council and popular assembly with an executive consisting of elected generals or strategoi. fought against Athens 427 - 424 B.C. and again 415 - 413 B.C.; ultimately was victorious. With further reforms by Diocles, the democratic nature of Syracuse's political structure was further strengthened. SH70877. Silver , 509 (V268/R362), 162 (same dies), VF, attractive Arethusa, die worn, edge flaw, 16.852 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 270o, mint, c. 460 - 450 B.C.; charioteer driving slow right, reins in both , flying right above crowning horses, ketos swimming right in ; ΣYPAKOΣON, diademed of Arethusa right, hair rolled and tucked under diadem, wearing earring and necklace, four dolphins swimming around clockwise; $1800.00 (€1566.00)
Roman Civil Wars, Revolt of , Governor of Spain, April - June 68 A.D.
lived in for eight years. This coin was issued by as governor of Spain in revolt against . The is copied from Republican struck in 62 B.C. by the moneyer L. Scribonius Libo.SH63560. Silver , 9, 396, 9, 2072, F, , 3.515 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 225o, (?) mint, Apr - Jun 68 A.D.; , young female ( ) right, around forehead; ROM RENASC, standing right in military garb, on globe in right hand, eagle-tipped over left shoulder in left; bargain priced for this interesting rarity implying the restoration of the Republic!; very (R4); $1300.00 (€1131.00)
Mytilene, , c. 377 - 326 B.C.
Mytilene was famous in ancient times for its great output of coins struck from the late 6th through mid - 4th centuries B.C. The usual was the hekte (1/6th ). Warwick noted in the British Museum Catalog, "The Sixths of [this series] form one of the most beautiful coin-series of the ancient world. This will be evident from a glance."SH73442. hekte, Em. 99; 321; 1729; 1025; 1735; 5631, gVF, , minor die wear, 2.564 g, maximum 10.5 mm, 0o, Mytilene mint, c. 377 - 326 B.C.; of right, wearing wreath and , two stars flanking cap; of right in linear square; ex XVII (6 - 7 Jan 2015), lot 599; ex CNG auction 72 (14 Jun 2006), lot 714; $1300.00 (€1131.00)
Byzantion, , c. 210 - 195 B.C., Restoration of Lysimachos'
In the years following his death Alexander the Great came to be the subject of cult worship throughout the Mediterranean basin. His corpse was appropriated by Ptolemy I who transported it to , initially interring it at Memphis, then to a mausoleum and center of worship in . It survived until the 4th century AD when banned paganism, only to disappear without trace.SH71721. Silver , 411 (same dies), 142 - 146 var ( ), -, -, -, -, -, -, aEF, a few weak areas, 16.731 g, maximum 30.2 mm, 0o, Byzantion (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 210 - 195 B.C.; diademed of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, enthroned left, left arm on decorated with , transverse spear against right side, crowning name in right, left, BY on throne; ; $1200.00 (€1044.00)
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