In May 540, the general Belisarius conquered Mediolanum and the capital Ravenna. The and his wife Matasuntha were taken as captives to Constantinople. later died there, without any children. After his death, Matasuntha married the Germanus Justinus, a nephew of Justinian I by his sister Vigilantia.SH71737. Bronze , 40b, 4/Cp/AE/60, 58, 107, 507, 95a, 163, 4.20, gVF, full circles strike on a huge , nice green , 23.632 g, maximum 39.4 mm, 180o, 2nd , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 541 - 542 A.D.; D N IVSTINIANVS PP AVI, helmeted and facing, in right, on left ornamented with horseman, right; large M (40 nummi), above, ANNO left, XY (regnal year 15) right, B ( 2) below, CON (Constantinople) in ; $190.00 (€169.10)
Cassander of founded in 315 B.C. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a half-sister of Alexander the Great. became the capital of in 168 B.C. and was later the administrative center for all of . Its location at the nexus of both the East-West and North-South trade routes was ideal. In 1423, Andronicus ceded the city to Venice to protect it from the besieging Ottomans. The Venetians held Thessaloniki until it was taken by the Murad II on 29 March 1430.BZ77229. Bronze 16 nummi, 98d, 171, 4/Th/AE/9, 485, 169c, 178, 4.41, VF, nice , , light marks and bumps, light corrosion, 7.077 g, maximum 23.0 mm, 180o, (Salonika, ) mint, 542 - 547 A.D.; D N IVSTINI-ANVS P P AVG, diademed, draped and right; large I and smaller S (16 nummi), Chi-Rho above, flanked by smaller A left and P right, TES in ; $95.00 (€84.55)
Justinian's sole rule lasted almost four decades. He re-conquered , Italy, and parts of Spain, codified the legal system and built St. Sophia. Unfortunately most of his territory gains were lost shortly after his death.
BZ77952. Bronze , 38a, 47, 4/Cp/AE/36, 97, 498, 4.20.4, 95a, 163, F, rough, pit on , 19.560 g, maximum 41.0 mm, 180o, 1st , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 539 - 540 A.D.; D N IVSTINIANVS PP AVG, helmeted and facing, in right, on left, right; large M (40 nummi), above, ANNO left, regnal year X/III (regnal year 13) right, A (1st ) below, CON (Constantinople) in ; $90.00 (€80.10)
Antioch was renamed Theoupolis after it was nearly destroyed by an earthquake on 29 November 528.BZ72605. Bronze half-follis, 672, 211a (not in the collection, references ), 134, 226, 4.95, -, -, -, VF, nice green patine with red earthen highlighting, , of unstruck, 6.797 g, maximum 26.8 mm, 315o, 1st , Theoupolis-Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 533 - 537 A.D.; D N IVSTINI-ANVS PP AVG, Justinian enthroned facing holding long in right, in left; large K (20 nummi), T-H/E-u/O/P (Theoupolis) on left divided by large , A (1st ) right; very from 1st ; $85.00 (€75.65)
In 549, the last chariot race held in the . After Belisarius returned to Constantinople, the Ostrogoths under Totila besieged Rome for the third time. Totila offered peace, but Justinian I refused. Totila ordered the captured Herculanus to be completely flayed. The Ostrogoth soldier ask to perform this gruesome execution showed pity and decapitated him before the skin on every of his body was removed.
BZ77953. Bronze , 47d, 4/Cp/AE/73, 85, 138, 95, 163, 4.20, -, F, double strike on , corrosion on , 19.005 g, maximum 34.2 mm, 5th , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 548 - 549 A.D.; D N IVSTINIANVS PP AVG, helmeted and facing, in right, decorated with a horseman brandishing a spear, right; large M (40 nummi), above, ANNO downward on left, X/X/II (year 22) in three lines on right, E (5th ) below, CON (Constantinople) in ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; big 34mm bronze!; $70.00 (€62.30)
In 562, Belisarius stood trial for corruption in Constantinople, possibly with acting as urbi. He was found guilty and sent to prison.BZ67007. Bronze , 353 (Ravenna), 407 (Ravenna), 326 (Ravenna), 29a (Rome), 4.155 (Rome), -, F, nice green , 2.846 g, maximum 15.7 mm, 180o, Ravenna or Rome mint, 562 - 563 A.D.; D N IVSTINIANVS PP AVG, helmeted and facing, holding in right, in left; large I (10 nummi), ANNO left, XX/XVI (regnal year 36) right, all within wreath, no ; $65.00 (€57.85)
BZ75996. Bronze , imitative; for prototype, see 158 ( official, Nikomedia mint, 561 - 562 A.D.), F, green , 1.813 g, maximum 14.7 mm, 180o, unofficial mint, c. 562 - 580 A.D.; D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, diademed, draped and right; large I surmounted by a between ANNO and X/XX/U (or similar), NIK in ; $50.00 (€44.50)
In autumn 551, the fleet (50 warships) destroyed the naval force under Indulf near Sena Gallica (Senigallia), some 17 miles (27 km) of Ancona. The battle marked the end of the supremacy in the Mediterranean Sea.
BZ77955. Bronze half , 318, 241 (not in the collection refs. ), 154a, 230, 4.99, - (p. 97, refs. ), F, a little rough, slightly ragged , 8.654 g, maximum 27.9 mm, 0o, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 550 - 551 A.D.; D N IVSTINIANVS PP AVG, helmeted and facing, in right, in left, right; large K (20 nummi), above, ANNO left, XXIIII (year 24) right, o over Π/ below; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; ; $40.00 (€35.60)
In spring 593, Priscus, commander-in-chief in , defeated the Slavic tribes and Gepids on territory south of the Danube. He crossed the river to fight in the uncharted swamps and forests of modern-day Wallachia. In autumn, Maurice ordered Priscus to spend the winter with his troops on the northern Danube bank, but he disobeyed the emperor's order and retreated to the city of Odessus (Varna) on the Black Sea Coast.
BZ77956. Bronze , 266, 338, 442, 7.107, 160a, 239, - (p. 99, refs. ), -, F, uneven strike, off center, corrosion, 2.727 g, maximum 19.3 mm, 135o, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 563 - 564 A.D.; [...] - ΛOSLE (blundered nonsense), helmeted and facing, helmet with plum, diadem and trefoil ornament, in right hand, with horseman on left shoulder, in right ; large I (10 nummi), between A/N/N/O and X/X/X/UII (year 37), above, THEUP (Theoupolis) in ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; $38.00 (€33.82)
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