Lot of 2 Folles with Nice Patinas - and Justinian I
I, 11 April 491 - 1 July 518 A.D., , 15.949g, 35.3mm, 1st , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey), struck 498 - 518 A.D., 23a, 27, 19.
Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D., , 16.510g, 29.7mm, 5th , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey), struck 527 - 538 A.D., 29, 87, 159.LT84638. Bronze , , dark patinas with earthen highlighting, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, diademed, draped, and right; large M (40 nummi), above, or left and right, below, CON (Constantinople) in ; $180.00 (€160.20)
In May 540, the general Belisarius conquered Mediolanum and the capital Ravenna. The and his wife Matasuntha were taken as captives to Constantinople. later died there, without any children. After his death, Matasuntha married the Germanus Justinus, a nephew of Justinian I by his sister Vigilantia.SH71737. Bronze , 40b, 4/Cp/AE/60, 58, 107, 507, 95a, 163, 4.20, gVF, full circles strike on a huge , nice green , 23.632 g, maximum 39.4 mm, 180o, 2nd , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 541 - 542 A.D.; D N IVSTINIANVS PP AVI, helmeted and facing, in right, on left ornamented with horseman, right; large M (40 nummi), above, ANNO left, XY (regnal year 15) right, B ( 2) below, CON (Constantinople) in ; $170.00 (€151.30)
, Justin I and Justinian I, 4 April - 1 August 527 A.D.
During Justin's reign (518–527), Justinian was the emperor's close confidant and was probably acting as a regent long before Justin made him co-emperor on 1 April 527. Justinian was appointed consul in 521 and later commander of the army of the east. As Justin became senile near the end of his reign, Justinian became the de facto ruler. Upon Justin's death on 1 August 527, Justinian became the sole sovereign.BZ83458. Bronze , 10b, 3/Cp/AE/1, 112, 125, 4, 3.5, 7 var. (P vice PP), 144 var. (same), -, F, , large crack/flaw, 14.590 g, maximum 34.4 mm, 180o, 2nd , Constantinople mint, 4 Apr - 1 Aug 527 A.D.; D N IVSTIN ET IVSTINIAN P P AVΓ, diademed, draped and of Justin right; large M (40 nummi), above, six-pointed left, right, B (2nd ) below, CON (Constantinope) in ; ; $140.00 (€124.60)
Justinian's sole rule lasted almost four decades. He re-conquered , Italy, and parts of Spain, codified the legal system and built St. Sophia. Unfortunately most of his territory gains were lost shortly after his death.BZ77952. Bronze , 38a, 47, 4/Cp/AE/36, 97, 498, 4.20.4, 95a, 163, F, rough, pit on , 19.560 g, maximum 41.0 mm, 180o, 1st , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 539 - 540 A.D.; D N IVSTINIANVS PP AVG, helmeted and facing, in right, on left, right; large M (40 nummi), above, ANNO left, regnal year X/III (regnal year 13) right, A (1st ) below, CON (Constantinople) in ; $90.00 (€80.10)
Antioch was renamed Theoupolis after it was nearly destroyed by an earthquake on 29 November 528.BZ72605. Bronze half-follis, 672, 211a (not in the collection, references ), 134, 226, 4.95, -, -, -, VF, nice green patine with red earthen highlighting, , of unstruck, 6.797 g, maximum 26.8 mm, 315o, 1st , Theoupolis-Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 533 - 537 A.D.; D N IVSTINI-ANVS PP AVG, Justinian enthroned facing holding long in right, in left; large K (20 nummi), T-H/E-u/O/P (Theoupolis) on left divided by large , A (1st ) right; very from 1st ; $85.00 (€75.65)
In 562, Belisarius stood trial for corruption in Constantinople, possibly with acting as urbi. He was found guilty and sent to prison.BZ67007. Bronze , 353 (Ravenna), 407 (Ravenna), 326 (Ravenna), 29a (Rome), 4.155 (Rome), -, F, nice green , 2.846 g, maximum 15.7 mm, 180o, Ravenna or Rome mint, 562 - 563 A.D.; D N IVSTINIANVS PP AVG, helmeted and facing, holding in right, in left; large I (10 nummi), ANNO left, XX/XVI (regnal year 36) right, all within , no ; $65.00 (€57.85)
BZ75996. Bronze , imitative; for prototype, see 158 ( official, Nikomedia mint, 561 - 562 A.D.), F, green , 1.813 g, maximum 14.7 mm, 180o, unofficial mint, c. 562 - 580 A.D.; D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, diademed, draped, and right; large I surmounted by a between ANNO and X/XX/U (or similar), NIK in ; $50.00 (€44.50)
In spring 593, Priscus, commander-in-chief in , defeated the Slavic tribes and Gepids on territory south of the Danube. He crossed the river to fight in the uncharted swamps and forests of modern-day Wallachia. In autumn, Maurice ordered Priscus to spend the winter with his troops on the northern Danube bank, but he disobeyed the emperor's order and retreated to the city of Odessus (Varna) on the Black Sea Coast.BZ77956. Bronze , 266, 338, 442, 7.107, 160a, 239, - (p. 99, refs. ), -, F, , off-center, corrosion, 2.727 g, maximum 19.3 mm, 135o, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 563 - 564 A.D.; [...] - ΛOSLE (blundered nonsense), helmeted and facing, helmet with plum, diadem and trefoil ornament, in right hand, with horseman on left shoulder, in right ; large I (10 nummi), between A/N/N/O and X/X/X/UII (year 37), above, THEUP (Theoupolis) in ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; $38.00 (€33.82)
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