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Joint rule with Justin I (his uncle), 4 April - 1 August 527 A.D. Justinian I served his uncle, Emperor Justin I, throughout his reign formulating most imperial policy. Recognizing his brilliance, he was rapidly promoted and in the final months of Justin's reign, he was made co-emperor. Justinian's sole rule began on 1 August 527 and lasted almost four decades during which he re-conquered much of the empire lost during the preceding century, including North Africa, Italy, and parts of Spain. He is well known for his codification of the legal system. His grand scale building program included St Sophia, which still stands as the centerpiece of modern Istanbul. Unfortunately, his ambitious efforts strained the empire's resources and depleted the treasure built by Anastasius. Most of the territory he gained was lost shortly after his death.
Byzantine Empire, Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.
The Plague of Justinian in 541-542 A.D. (with recurrences until 750) was a pandemic that afflicted the Byzantine Empire and especially its capital, Constantinople, as well as the Sasanian Empire and port cities around the entire Mediterranean Sea, as merchant ships harbored rats that carried fleas infected with plague. Some historians believe the plague of Justinian was one of the deadliest pandemics in history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated 25-100 million people during two centuries of recurrence, a death toll equivalent to as much as half of Europe's population at the time of the first outbreak. In 2013, researchers confirmed the cause of the Plague of Justinian was Yersinia pestis, the same bacterium responsible for the Black Death in 1347-1351. MA95675. Bronze half follis, DOC I 65d (not in the collection, refs. Tolstoi), Tolstoi 325 SBCV 165, Hahn MIBE 96, Sommer 4.25, Morrison BnF -, Wroth -, Ratto -, VF, centered on a broad flan, some light corrosion, small edge splits, weight 10.818 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 541 - 542 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG (AN ligate), helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, helmet with plume, globus cruciger in right hand, shield ornamented with horseman on left arm, cross right; reverse large K (20 nummi), cross above, ANNO left, XV (year 15 right), E (5th officina) below; $26.00 (€23.92)
They look similar, but there is a significant physical difference between angels and Victory. Angels are all male. Victory (Nike) is female. On Byzantine coinage, the male angel replaced the female Victory after the reunion with Rome was concluded on 28 March 519 A.D.SH10977. Gold solidus, DOC I 7 (Constantinople), Hahn MIB 22, SBCV 138 (note), EF, mint luster, weight 3.999 g, maximum diameter 20.25 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, helmeted, diademed and cuirassed bust facing, globus in right, shield on left arm decorated with horseman; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG (victory of the three emperors) (no officina letter), angel standing facing in tunic and pallium, long cross in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, star right, CONOB in exergue; ex Tom Cederlind; very rare; SOLD
On 27 December 537, construction of the Hagia Sophia in Constantinople was completed.SH54775. Gold solidus, DOC I 3e, Hahn MIBE 5, SBCV 137, gVF, slightly wavy, weight 4.491 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 527 - 538 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, spear in right over shoulder, shield in left; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG E (victory of the three emperors, 5th officina), angel standing facing, long cross in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, star right, CONOB in exergue; SOLD
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