, 550 - 440 B.C.
magic is a ritual observance that is intended to turn away evil. Curiously, eyes were often used to off the "evil eye".GA71546.
, c. 550 - 440 B.C.
In 570 B.C., took in the founding of Naucrate, the Greek Colony in . This coin, depicting an African, and others with Egyptian related types, likely boast of Lesbos' role at Naucrate.GA84173.
Methymna, , c. 500 - 460 B.C.
Methymna, the prosperous second city of , was, According to myth, named after a daughter of , the god of the island, and Macar, the island's first . Methymna had a long-standing rivalry with Mytilene and sided with Athens during the Mytilenaean revolt in 428 B.C. All the other cities of sided with Mytilene. After Athenians put down the revolt, only Methymna was spared from being made a cleruchy. After 427, Methymna and were the only members of the Delian League to remain self-governing and exempt from tribute, indicating a privileged position within the Athenian Empire. Methymna was briefly captured by the Spartans in summer 412, but quickly retaken by the Athenians. When the Spartan Kallikratidas besieged Methymna in 406, the city stayed loyal to its Athenian garrison and held out until it was betrayed by several traitors.GA84909. Silver
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