Mérida, Spain was founded by P. Carisius in 25 B.C., as Augusta, the name referring to the discharged soldiers who populated the city, by order of to protect a pass and a bridge over the Guadiana river. The city became an important city in the Roman Empire and the capital of province. Mérida preserves more important ancient Roman monuments than any other city in Spain (including a triumphal arch of the age of ).
SH84707. Silver , 9b, 398, 291, Spain 128, 1039, 124, 1627 var. ( right), gVF, full centering on a broad , mint luster, areas, die wear, small edge cracks, 3.775 g, maximum 21.8 mm, 90o, Augusta (Merida, Spain) mint, P. Carisius, c. 25 - 23 B.C.; IMP , left; P CARISIVS (P. Carisius Legatus [ ] pro Praetore), bird's-eye view of town with walls around, inscribed above gateway in front with three battlements over two arched entrances; from the Marcelo Leal Collection; $1350.00 (€1201.50)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., VAR Quinctillus Varus
The of and the Sanctuary of the Three Gauls was dedicated by on 1 August 10 B.C., the very same day Drusus' son, the future emperor , was born in . All the notable men of Gaul were invited. Julius Vercondaridubnus, a member of the Aedui tribe, was the first priest of the new imperial cult. The , which was with the names of 60 Gallic tribes, was featured prominently on coins from the mint for many years.CM84471. Copper as, 1485 (with c/m), 230, 549, 1690, 240; : 52e (Publius Quinctilius Varus), aF, rough, edge crack, c/m: aF, 8.852 g, maximum 27.0 mm, 180o, ( , France) mint, c. 10 - 6 B.C.; , laureate right; : VAR (Varus) in a rectangular punch; (in ), the of , the front decorated with the corona civica between laurels and figures; flanked on each side by a on a column standing facing center, raising a and holding a frond; $810.00 (€720.90)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Uncertain Mint, Anatolia or
The mint, the who struck this , and even the identity of the person in the portrait remain uncertain. The has previously been attributed to and the portrait identified as (Friedlander) or (Grant). David notes the has never been found in . Finds point to or Anatolia. It is possible that the was issued, with his own portrait, by Sosius, a general under Marc Antony who was in 39 B.C. Much more likely, however, the portrait is of .RB71004. Bronze AE 27, 5409; 957 ( ); 29 ( ), F, green , 17.823 g, maximum 26.6 mm, 180o, uncertain Anatolian or Syrian mint, right; (spear), sella quaestoria (quaestor's seat of office), and fiscus (imperial treasury), Q (for ) below; previously a but recent finds have made it somewhat easier to acquire; $300.00 (€267.00)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Kyzikos,
The Julio-Claudian princes depicted on this are uncertain. References most often identify them as and caesars, but and have also been suggested, and there are other possibilities. The features of both on this coin resemble , which doesn't .RP77421. Bronze AE 15, 2246 (7 spec.), 1188, -, -, -, gF, nice green , old scratches, light corrosion, 2.040 g, maximum 14.7 mm, 0o, Kyzikos (Erdek, Turkey) mint, c. 4 B.C. - 2 A.D.; bare headed male right; KYZI, bare headed male right; very ; $155.00 (€137.95)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Kos, Carian Islands
"In the suburb [of the town of Kos] is the Asklepieion (Temple of Asklepios), a temple exceedingly famous and full of numerous votive offerings." -- Strabo, 14. 2. 19
Herakles was traveling by sea when , who hated him, sent a storm, sinking his boats. and only a few friends survived, swimming to Kos. Once ashore they asked a shepherd for food and shelter. The shepherd refused and insulted and they fought. People from nearby Antimachia joined the fight against . and his friends slipped into a house, disguised as women, and escaped. Another town welcomed and declared war on Antimachia. killed the of Antimachia and married the newly elected king's sister, Halkiopi. Their son, Thessalos, would later be the of Kos and Nisyros.RP84595. Bronze AE 17, 2739 (27 spec.); p. 217, 226; 699; 548; 3539; 684; III 6670, aVF, brassy surfaces, , a little off center, some corrosion, 3.087 g, maximum 16.8 mm, 0o, Kos, Carian Islands mint, 16 Jan 27 B.C. - 19 Aug 14 A.D.; ΣEBAΣTOΣ, right; KΩIΩN downward between snake coiled staff of Asklepios on left and club of Herakles on right, ΣOΦOKΛHΣ (magistrate Sophokles) curving downward on right; very ; $150.00 (€133.50)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Uncertain Mint, Anatolia or
The mint, the who struck this , and even the identity of the person in the portrait remain uncertain. The has previously been attributed to and the portrait identified as (Friedlander) or (Grant). David notes the has never been found in . Finds point to or Anatolia. It is possible that the was issued, with his own portrait, by Sosius, a general under Marc Antony who was in 39 B.C. Much more likely, however, the portrait is of .RP77502. Bronze AE 28, 5409; 957 ( ); 29 ( ), F, porous, scratches, 19.349 g, maximum 28.4 mm, 0o, uncertain Anatolian or Syrian mint, right; (spear), sella quaestoria (quaestor's seat of office), and fiscus (imperial treasury), Q (for ) below; ex H.D. e-auction 15 (16 Jun 2014), lot 145; $140.00 (€124.60)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., , , Gaius
Strabo wrote, was a place of great trade in the Roman province of , next in importance to . Its commerce was owing to its position on the great road to , and it was also the center of other roads.
RP77314. Bronze AE 21, 3129, 3484, p. 93, 139, 7033, -, aVF, green , earthen encrustation, 5.986 g, maximum 21.0 mm, 0o, , mint, ΣEBAΣTOΣ, laureate of right; ΓAIOΣ KAIΣAP ΓAIOΣ MAΣΩNIOΣ POYΦOΣ AΠAMEΩN, Gaius in facing ; $120.00 (€106.80)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Iberian(?) Barbaric Imitative
RB70583. Copper as, cf. 1685, 431, 226, 515, 687 (official, mint, 7 B.C.), F, interesting crude , nice green , edge cracks, scratches, pits on reverses, 10.390 g, maximum 25.7 mm, 225o, Iberian(?) unofficial mint, right; large S C; $100.00 (€89.00)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Amphipolis,
Tauropolos is an epithet for the goddess , variously interpreted as worshiped at Tauris, or pulled by a yoke of bulls, or hunting bull goddess. A statue of "Tauropolos" by Iphigenia in her temple at Brauron in was supposed to have been brought from the Taurians. Tauropolia was a festival of held at Athens. -
RP77235. Bronze AE 22, 1630; 162; 92; 71; p. 52, 76; 3117 (R5), aVF, nice green , 8.974 g, maximum 21.5 mm, 0o, Amphipolis mint, 16 Jan 27 B.C. - 19 Aug 14 A.D.; KAIΣAP ΣEBAΣTOΣ, right; ∆HMOY AMΦIΠOΛITΩN, seated facing riding on bull galloping right, holding billowing veil with both ; $95.00 (€84.55)
Orthosia, , c. 30 - 28 B.C.
A similar was struck at Orthosia for with her on the . After Antony and were defeated, under the rule of , her was replaced by . RPC lists this dated with years 36, 40 and 41. No date is visible on this coin. The date may simply be worn or perhaps it is an early issue struck with an undated die. The is so close to that of the coins struck under that the die may have been recycled from her last issue with her regnal year erased.SH73047. Bronze AE 20, cf. 175 (also no date visible), 4504 (year 36 = 29 - 28 B.C.), 869 (same), F, corrosion, 8.937 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 0o, , Orthosia mint, rule of , c. 30 - 28 B.C.; turreted of right; of Orthosia in chariot pulled by to griffins to right, crescent above his , OPΘΩCIEΩN in , undated(?); extremely ; $90.00 (€80.10)
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