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Joint rule with Heraclonas (his uncle), September - October 641 A.D. Joint rule with Constantine IV (his son), 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D. Joint rule with Constantine IV, Heraclius and Tiberius (his sons), 2 June 659 - 15 July 668 A.D. The son of Heraclius Constantine, Constans II was made co-emperor by his uncle, Heraclonas. Shortly after Constans elevation, the unpopular Heraclonas was deposed, mutilated and banished. During the reign of Constans II, Egypt was lost and would never again be part of the empire. Towards the end of his reign, he moved his capital to Syracuse, Sicily. Due to this unpopular move and his tyrannical behavior, he was assassinated in 668 and the capital was returned to Constantinople. He was succeeded by his sons, with Constantine IV assuming the role as senior emperor.
Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
This coin is unusual and possibly unique because it was struck with small dies on a larger older coin, resulting in an appearance similar to countermarking. Other coins were struck in Sicily for Heraclius with countermark-like dies, but not with these types. This coin may have been struck under Constans II vice Heraclius.SH68126. Bronze half follis, for Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine: cf. DOC II, part 1, 124; for Constans II and Constantine IV: cf. DOC II, part 2, 94, F, overstruck, obverse off-center, weight 3.329 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Syracuse (or Constantinopolis?) mint, obverse Heraclius (or Constans II?), on left, wearing military dress, long cross in right and akakia in left; Heraclius Constantine (or Constantine IV), on right (mostly off flan), wearing chlamys, globus cruciger in right; reverse large K (20 nummi), ANNO left, X[?] right, A below; unique(?); $200.00 (€170.00)
BZ76312. Bronze half follis, DOC IIpart 2, 183; SBCV 1113; Spahr 120; Hahn MIB 212; Anastasi 118, VF, well centered on a ragged flan, nice green patina, scratches, weight 4.620 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, c. 650 - 651 A.D.; obverse facing bust with long beard, wearing chlamys, globus cruciger in right hand, cross surmounted by palm on right; reverse large Constansmonogram , between A/N left and I (regnal year 1) right; very scarce; $120.00 (€102.00)
Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
In 665 the Arabs began a new invasion of NorthAfrica. Resupplied by sea, the Byzantine were able to hold the coast and well-fortified Carthage for decades. In the spring of 698, however, the Arabs launched an assault by sea and land, forcing the Byzantines and their allies to evacuate Carthage. The Arabs burned the city to the ground, leaving the area desolate for the next two centuries. The Arab conquest of NorthAfrica was then nearly complete.BZ76424. Bronze follis, DOC IIpart 2, 147; Sommer 12.74; Wroth BMC 302; Tolstoi 372; Ratto 1632; Morrisson BnF 53; SBCV 1055, nice F, overstruck, slightly ragged flan, weight 6.849 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 45o, Carthage mint, 662 - 667 A.D.; obverseConstans (left) with long cross in right, and Constantine (right), both crowned and stand facing, cross between, trace of legend from undertype; reverse large M flanked by Heraclius (left) and Tiberius, both stand facing in crown and chlamys, monogram above, KTς below; scarce; $120.00 (€102.00)
In 647, the first Muslim invasion of the Exarchate of Carthage was led by Abdallah ibn Sa'ad of the Rashidun Caliphate. Muslims defeated and killed the local Byzantine governor Gregory the Patrician at the Battle of Sufetula. The city, however, remained secure - for a while.BZ77968. Bronze half follis, DOC IIpart 2, 144; Wroth BMC 321; Tolstoi 211; Ratto 1573; Morrisson BnF 29; Hahn MIB III 198a; SBCV 1059; Sommer 12.79 (none with leg. error), gF, reverse double struck, weight 5.509 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 225o, Carthage (near Tunis, Tunisia) mint, 647 - 659 A.D.; obverse D N CONS-TATNS (sic), bust of Constans II facing, with short beard, wearing consular robes and crown with trefoil ornament, mappa in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand; reverse large cross, star flanked by a pellet on each side above, C-T (Carthage) over X-X (20 nummi) in two lines divided across field; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $80.00 (€68.00)
In 647, the first Muslim invasion of the Exarchate of Carthage was led by Abdallah ibn Sa'ad of the Rashidun Caliphate. Muslims defeated and killed the local Byzantine governor Gregory the Patrician at the Battle of Sufetula. The city, however, remained secure.BZ69718. Bronze half follis, DOC IIpart 2, 138.5; Wroth BMC 312; Tolstoi 205; Ratto 1568; Morrisson BnF 16; Hahn MIB 196a; SBCV 1057, aVF, weight 3.684 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 225o, Carthage (near Tunis, Tunisia) mint, 643 - 647 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS PP AV (AV ligate), beardless bust of Constans II facing, wearing chlamys and crown with cross on circlet, globus cruciger in right; reverse mark of value X X with large cross between, CRTG in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $70.00 (€59.50)
Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
In 654, Constans II appointed his two-year old son Constantine IV as co-emperor (Augustus). In 659. Constans II also elevated Constantine IV's younger brothers, Heraclius and Tiberius, as co-emperors.SH69722. Bronze follis, Anastasi 157; DOC II, part 2, 180; Wroth BMC 358; Morrisson BnF 6; Tolstoi 278; Ratto 1604; Hahn MIB 209; Berk 696; Sommer 12.91; SBCV 1109, F+, overstruck, ragged flan, weight 5.629 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 135o, Syracuse mint, 654 - 659; obverseConstans (left) in military attire with long staff in right, and Constantine in chlamys with globus cruciger in right, both crowned and stand facing; reverse large M (40 nummi), monogram above, SCL (Sicily) in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $60.00 (€51.00)
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