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Honorius was the son of Theodosius I and upon the latter's death was given the Western provinces to rule as emperor, while his brother Arcadius was given the East. Honorius was a weak incompetent ruler dominated at first by the famed general Stilicho, then by various court favorites. In August 410 A.D. he sat helpless at Ravenna while Rome was sacked by the Goths. He was succeeded by Valentinian III.
Thessalonica was founded around 315 B.C. by Cassander, King of Macedonia, on or near the site of the ancient town of Therma. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a daughter of Philip II and a half-sister of Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C. it became the capital of the Macedonia Secunda and in 146 B.C. it was made the capital of the whole Roman province of Macedonia. Due to its port and location at the intersection of two major Roman roads, Thessalonica grew to become the most important city in Macedonia. Thessalonica was important in the spread of Christianity; the First Epistle to the Thessalonians written by Paul the Apostle is the first written book of the New Testament.SH53618. Gold solidus, RIC XArcadius 38 (R2); Depeyrot p. 225, 44/2; DOCLR 756; SRCV V 20900, gVF, weight 4.379 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 397 - 402 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, helmeted bust facing, diademed, cuirassed, cross on breast plate, spear in right over right shoulder behind head, shield decorated with horseman on left arm; reverseCONCORDIA AVGG (harmony between the two emperors), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, holding long scepter and Victory on globe, foot on prow, COMOB in exergue; very rare; SOLD
In 402, The Visigoths advanced on Milan and laid siege to Asti in Liguria. King Alaric I sent envoys to negotiate, but the Romans refused. Stilicho recalled troops from Britain and the Rhine frontier to defend Italy. On 6 April, Easter Sunday, Stilicho attacked the Goths in the Battle of Pollentia and captured Alaric's wife and children. In 403, The Visigoths invaded Italy again. Stilicho, with an army of 30,000 men, defeated the Goths in June at the Battle of Verona. Alaric made a truce and withdrew eastward to Illyricum. Honorius and Stilicho were honored with a triumphal march - the last triumph ever celebrated by the Empire in Rome.SH26061. Gold solidus, RIC IX Mediolanum 35(c) (S); RIC XHonorius 1206; Depeyrot p. 171, 16/2; Ulrich-Bansa Moneta 61; DOCLR 712; SRCV V 20916; Cohen VIII 44, Choice EF, mint luster, perfect centering, light graffiti on reverse, weight 4.429 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 180o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, 395 - 402 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reverseVICTORIA AVGGG (victory of the three emperors), Honorius standing half right, treading on captive with left foot, standard in right hand, Victory on globe offering wreath in his left hand, M-D across field, COMOB in exergue; SOLD
In 418, the Romans collected all the treasures which were in Britain, and hid some of them in the earth so that no one afterward could find them, and took some with them into Gaul.SH28929. Gold solidus, Ranieri 13; RIC XHonorius 1321 (S); Depeyrot p. 188, 7/1; DOCLR 736; SRCV V 20920; Cohen VIII 44, Choice EF, weight 4.351 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 180o, Ravenna mint, 412 - 422 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed large bust right; reverseVICTORIA AVGGG (victory of the three emperors), Honorius standing half right in a relaxed pose, treading with his left foot on captive with bent knees, standard in his right hand, Victory on globe offering wreath in his left hand, R-V across fields, COMOB in exergue; ex Numismatica Ars Classica, Zurich; SOLD
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