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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>TheTetrarchy>LiciniusI PAGE 1/212»»»

Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

Licinius I was a comrade of emperor Galerius in the Tetrarchic period. Following the abdication of Diocletian and Maximianus, Licinius was raised to the rank of Augustus despite never having held the position of Caesar. After Maximinus II invaded his territories, Licinius marched against him and defeated him soundly. Over the next few years, relations between Licinius and Constantine I deteriorated. Armed conflict broke out several times and Licinius was defeated. Only through the intervention of Licinius' wife, Constantine's sister, was his life spared. However, shortly after he was executed for additional political machinations against Constantine.


Click for a larger photo In 318, Constantine the Great was given the title Brittanicus Maximus, for successful engagements in Britain. The details of the battles are unknown.
RL67754. Silvered AE 3, RIC VII 33, Choice gVF, most silvering remaining, weight 3.173 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 318 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOT XX / MVLT / XXX / •TS•A•, within wreath; scarce; $180.00 (€135.00)

Click for a larger photo In 320 A.D., Licinius reneged on the religious freedom promised by the Edict of Milan, and began a new persecution of Christians in the Eastern Roman Empire. He destroyed churches, imprisoned Christians and confiscated their property.
RS65436. Silvered follis, RIC VII 9, Cohen 14, Choice EF, weight 3.435 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 135o, 7th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 317 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICI-NVS P F AVG, laureate consular bust left, mappa in right, globe and scepter in left; reverse IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, nude but for chlamys over left shoulder, crowned by Victory on globe in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, wreath left, Z right, SMK in ex; $150.00 (€112.50)

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RL50439. Silvered AE 3, RIC VII 18, gVF, grainy areas, weight 3.870 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Alexandria mint, 316 - 317 A.D.; obverse IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, Victory on globe in right, long scepter vertical in left, eagle at feet, K left, wreath / X / A right, ALE in ex; much silvering remaining; $60.00 (€45.00)

Click for a larger photo In 316 A.D., Constantine defeated Licinius at the Battle of Campus Ardiensis.
RB51648. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII 121, EF, ragged flan, weight 2.685 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 0o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 316 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GENIO POP ROM, Genio standing left, patera in right, cornucopia in left, T left, F right, BTR in ex; wonderful reverse detail; $55.00 (€41.25)

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RL57878. Silvered AE 3, RIC VII 240, gVF, weight 3.341 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 180o, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 321 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse D N LICINI AVGVSTI, VOT / XX within wreath, S star in crescent A in ex; some inscription unstruck on reverse; $50.00 (€37.50)

Click for a larger photo In 316 A.D., Constantine defeated Licinius at the Battle of Campus Ardiensis.
RB51649. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII 121, EF, weight 3.829 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 0o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 316 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GENIO POP ROM, Genio standing left, patera in right, cornucopia in left, T left, F right, BTR in ex; $49.00 (€36.75)

Click for a larger photo Nicomedia was the Roman metropolis of Bithynia. Diocletian made it the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire in 286 when he introduced the Tetrarchy system. Nicomedia remained as the eastern (and most senior) capital of the Roman Empire until co-emperor Licinius was defeated by Constantine the Great at the Battle of Chrysopolis in 324. Constantine resided mainly in Nicomedia as his interim capital for the next six years, until in 330 when he declared the nearby Byzantium (renamed Constantinople) the new capital. Constantine died in his royal villa in the vicinity of Nicomedia in 337. Due to its position at the convergence of the Asiatic roads leading to the new capital, Nicomedia retained its importance even after the foundation of Constantinople.
RB48430. Bronze follis, RIC VII 13 var (not listed in RIC with star left), aVF, weight 5.232 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 30o, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 313 - 317 A.D.; obverse IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, Victory on globe in right, long scepter vertical in left, star left, Γ right, SMN in ex; rare; $36.00 (€27.00)

Click for a larger photo In Roman religion every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Army, of the Senate, of the Roman People, etc. The legend GENIO AVGVSTI dedicates this coin to the Genius of the emperors, the Augusti. Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a cornucopia in one hand, and a simpulum or a patera in the other.
RB57882. Bronze follis, RIC VI 164a, F, weight 4.836 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Antiochia (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, 312 A.D.; obverse IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius standing left, head of Sol in right, cornucopia in left, star left, S right, ANT in ex; $36.00 (€27.00)

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RL51774. Bronze follis, RIC VI 61, VF, weight 1.668 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 319 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVGG NN, Victory advancing left, wreath in right, palm frond in left, •TS•A• in ex; well centered on a ragged and tight flan, nice green patina; rare (RIC R2); $32.00 (€24.00)

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BB59788. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII 28, VF, desert patina, weight 2.657 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 321 - 324 A.D.; obverse IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONS-ERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, Victory on globe presenting wreath in right, long eagle topped scepter vertical behind in left, at feet captive right and eagle with wreath in beak left, X / IIΓ right, SMALB in ex; well centered; $23.00 (€17.25)



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Obverse legends:

IMPCLICLICINNIVSPFAVG
IMPCVALLICLICINIVSPFAVG
IMPCVALLICINLICINIVSPFAVG
IMPLICINIVSAVG
IMPLICINIVSPFAVG
IMPLICINIVSPIVSFELIXAVG
IMPLICLICINIVSPFAVG
LICINIVSAVGVSTVS
LICINIVSPFAVG
VALLICINNIANVSLICINNIVSPFAVG




Catalog current as of Thursday, April 17, 2014.
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Roman Coins of Licinius I