Coins and Antiquities Consignment Shop
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register. Welcome to our shop. All items are guaranteed authentic for eternity! All blue text is linked. Click for a definition or other information. Welcome Guest. Please login or register. Please call us if you have questions 252-646-1958. All items are guaranteed authentic for eternity! Thanks for your business!

Catalog Main Menu
Fine Coins Showcase

Antiquities Showcase
Recent Additions
Recent Price Reductions

Show empty categories
Shop Search
Shopping Cart
Contact Us
About Forum
Shopping at Forum
Our Guarantee
Payment Options
Shipping Options & Fees
Privacy & Security
Forum Staff
Selling Your Coins
Identifying Your Coin
FAQs
Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Tetrarchy ▸ Licinius IView Options:  |  |  |    ▷▷

Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

Licinius I was a comrade of emperor Galerius in the Tetrarchic period. Following the abdication of Diocletian and Maximianus, Licinius was raised to the rank of Augustus despite never having held the position of Caesar. After Maximinus II invaded his territories, Licinius marched against him and defeated him soundly. Over the next few years, relations between Licinius and Constantine I deteriorated. Armed conflict broke out several times and Licinius was defeated. Only through the intervention of Licinius' wife, Constantine's sister, was his life spared. However, shortly after he was executed for additional political machinations against Constantine.


Click for a larger photo
In 318, Constantine the Great was given the title Brittanicus Maximus, for successful engagements in Britain. The details of the battles are unknown.
RL67754. Silvered centenionalis, RIC VII Thessalonica 33, SRCV IV 15382, Cohen VII 212, Choice gVF, most silvering remaining, weight 3.173 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 318 - 319 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOT XX / MVLT / XXX / •TS•A•, within wreath; scarce; $145.00 (€126.15)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
On 8 October 314, at the Battle of Cibalae, Constantine defeated Licinius near Colonia Aurelia Cibalae (modern Vinkovci, Croatia). Licinius was forced to flee to Sirmium, and lost all of the Balkans except for Thrace. The two Augusti initiated peace negotiations, but they failed and they would not make peace until 1 March 317.
RB71428. Billon follis, RIC VII Antioch 8 (R4), SRCV IV I5244, Cohen VII 108, gVF, nice portrait, well centered on a crowded flan, weight 4.105 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 313 - 314 A.D.; obverse IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, nude but for cloak over shoulders, Victory on globe in right offering wreath, long scepter vertical behind in left, eagle at feet with wreath in beak, wreath over H over III in right field, ANT in exergue; $120.00 (€104.40)


Click for a larger photo
On 3 July 324, at Adrianople, Constantine defeated Licinius forcing him to retreat to Byzantium. Crispus destroyed Licinius' fleet at the Battle of Hellespont in the Dardanelles, allowing his father to cross over the Bosporus and besiege Licinius. On 18 September, Constantine I decisively defeated Licinius at the Battle of Chrysopolis and became sole emperor.
RL71430. Billon follis, RIC VII Alexandria 28 (R1), SRCV IV 15226, Cohen VII 74, gVF, bold, green patina, centered on a tight flan, cleaning scratches, weight 3.378 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Alexandria mint, 321 - 18 Sep 324 A.D.; obverse IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the Protector), Jupiter standing left, Victory on globe presenting wreath in right, long eagle topped scepter vertical behind in left, at feet captive right and eagle with wreath in beak left, X / IIΓ right, SMALB in exergue; $100.00 (€87.00)


Click for a larger photo
In early in December 316, to ensure his loyalty, Licinius elevated Aurelius Valerius Valens, the dux limitis (duke of the frontier) in Dacia, to the rank of Augustus. According to Petrus Patricius, when Constantine learned of this "The emperor made clear the extent of his rage by his facial expression and by the contortion of his body. Almost unable to speak, he said, 'We have not come to this present state of affairs, nor have we fought and triumphed from the ocean till where we have now arrived, just so that we should refuse to have our own brother-in-law as joint ruler because of his abominable behavior, and so that we should deny his close kinship, but accept that vile slave [Valens] with him into imperial college.'" The treaty between Constantine and Licinius was concluded at Serdica on 1 March, 317. Whether it was part of that agreement is unknown, but Licinius had Valens executed.
RL71429. Billon follis, RIC VII Alexandria 18, SRCV IV 15248, Cohen VII 108, VF, weight 3.965 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 225o, 2nd officina, Alexandria mint, 316 - 317 A.D.; obverse IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSER-VATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, nude but for chlamys over left shoulder, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, long scepter vertical in left, eagle with wreath in beak at feet left, K left, wreath / X / B right, ALE in exergue; scarce (R1); $90.00 (€78.30)


Click for a larger photo
On 1 March 317, Constantine the Great and co-emperor Licinius elevated their sons Crispus, Constantine II (still an baby) and Licinius II to Caesars.
RL71433. Billon follis, RIC VII Cyzicus 9, SRCV IV 15237, Cohen VII 114, Choice VF, well centered, nice green patina, reverse a bit flat, weight 2.910 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 317 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate consular bust left, mappa in right, globe and scepter in left; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing half left, nude but for chlamys over left shoulder, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, long vertical scepter in left, wreath lower left, A on right, SMK in exergue; $80.00 (€69.60)


Click for a larger photo
In 320 A.D., Licinius reneged on the religious freedom promised by the Edict of Milan, and began a new persecution of Christians in the Eastern Roman Empire. He destroyed churches, imprisoned Christians and confiscated their property.
RL71435. Billon follis, RIC VII Cyzicus 9, SRCV IV 15237, Cohen VII 114, Choice VF, perfect centering, nice dark sea-green patina, shallow old scratch reverse left field, weight 3.629 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 317 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate consular bust left, mappa in right, globe and scepter in left; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing half left, nude but for chlamys over left shoulder, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, long vertical scepter in left, wreath lower left, A on right, SMK in exergue; $80.00 (€69.60)


Click for a larger photo
On 1 March 317, Constantine the Great and co-emperor Licinius elevated their sons Crispus, Constantine II (still an baby) and Licinius II to Caesars.
RL71432. Billon follis, RIC VII Cyzicus 9, SRCV IV 15237, Cohen VII 114, Choice VF, well centered and struck, green patina with some exposed copper on high-points, weight 3.298 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 317 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate consular bust left, mappa in right, globe and scepter in left; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing half left, nude but for chlamys over left shoulder, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, long vertical scepter in left, wreath lower left, A on right, SMK in exergue; $75.00 (€65.25)


Click for a larger photo
This billon centenionalis is c. 2 - 3% silver. The argenteus struck six years earlier with this reverse type was about 25% silver.
RS71444. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 196, SRCV IV 15347, Cohen VII 101, F, weight 2.996 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 319 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG, Licinius borne aloft by eagle right, wings spread, emperor holds a thunderbolt in right hand and scepter in left, TARL in exergue; $75.00 (€65.25)


Click for a larger photo
In 316, Constantine sent his half-brother Julius Constantius to Licinius at Sirmium, with the proposal to accept Bassianus as Caesar and to allow him to rule in Italy. Licinius refused, accused Bassianus of conspiracy and had him executed. Once again the rival emperors were at war. In early in December 316, Licinius elevated his own man, Aurelius Valerius Valens, the dux limitis (duke of the frontier) in Dacia, to the rank of Augustus. A treaty between Constantine and Licinius was concluded at Serdica on 1 March, 317. Whether it was part of that agreement is unknown, but Licinius had Valens executed.
RB72433. Billon follis, RIC VII Siscia 17, SRCV IV 15940, Choice VF, nice surfaces and green patina, perfect centering, some letters unstruck (filled die?), weight 3.297 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 315 - 316 A.D.; obverse IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, nude but for cloak over shoulder, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, long scepter vertical in left, eagle left with wreath in beak at feet on left, B right, •SIS• in exergue; scarce (RIC R2); $60.00 (€52.20)


Click for a larger photo
Open civil war between Constantine and Licinius broke in 316 when Constantine invaded Licinius' Balkan provinces. Licinius fled to Adrianople where he collected a second army, under the command of Valerius Valens whom he raised to the rank of Augustus. Constantine defeated Licinius at the Battle of Campus Ardiensis, but the victory was indecisive. A treaty between Constantine and Licinius was concluded at Serdica on 1 March, 317. The peace lasted for about seven years.
RB51649. Billon follis, RIC VII Trier 121, SRCV IV 15194, Cohen VII 49, EF, weight 3.829 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 316 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GENIO POP ROM, Genio standing left, patera in right, cornucopia in left, T left, F right, BTR in exergue; $45.00 (€39.15)




   ▷▷



CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE FROM THIS CATEGORY - FORVM's PRIOR SALES


OBVERSE LEGENDS

IMPCLICLICINNIVSPFAVG
IMPCVALLICLICINIVSPFAVG
IMPCVALLICINLICINIVSPFAVG
IMPLICINIVSAVG
IMPLICINIVSPFAVG
IMPLICINIVSPIVSFELIXAVG
IMPLICLICINIVSPFAVG
LICINIVSAVGVSTVS
LICINIVSPFAVG
VALLICINNIANVSLICINNIVSPFAVG



REFERENCES

Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la réouverture de l'atelier en 318 à la mort de Constantin (318-337). Numismatique Romaine XIII. (Wetteren, 1982).
Bastien, P. Le Monnayage de l'Atelier de Lyon, De la Réforme Monétaire de Dioclétien à la fermeture temporaire de l'Atelier en 316 (294 - 316). Numismatique Romaine XI. (Wetteren, 1980).
Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la réouverture de l'atelier en 318 à la mort de Constantin (318 - 337). Numismatique Romaine XIII. (Wetteren, 1982).
Bruun, P.M. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VII, Constantine and Licinius A.D. 313 - 337. (London, 1966).
Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Dioclétien a Constantin I (284 - 337). (Wetteren, 1995).
Failmezger, V. Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294 - 364 A.D. (Washington D.C., 2002).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine: The Collapse of Paganism and the Triumph of Christianity, Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Voetter, O. Die Miinzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Sunday, July 05, 2015.
Page created in 1.575 seconds
Roman Coins of Licinius I