Roman Republic, Lead Glandes Sling-Bullet, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
According to the report of Vegatius, Republican slingers had an accurate range of up to six hundred feet. The best ammunition was cast from lead. For a given mass, lead, being very dense, offered the minimum size and therefore minimum air resistance. Also, lead sling-bullets were small and difficult to see in flight. In some cases, the lead would be cast in a simple open mold made by pushing a finger, thumb, or sharpened stick into sand and pouring molten metal into the hole. The flat top end could later be carved to a matching shape. More frequently, they were cast in two-part molds. Sling-bullets were made in a variety of shapes including an ellipsoidal form closely resembling an acorn; possibly the origin of the Latin word for lead sling-bullet: glandes plumbeae (literally leaden acorns) or simply glandes (meaning acorns, singular glans). The most common shape by far was biconical, resembling the shape of an almond or an American football. Why the almond shape was favored is unknown. Possibly there was some aerodynamic advantage, but it seems equally likely that there was a more prosaic reason, such as the shape being easy to extract from a mold, or that it will rest in a cradle with little danger of rolling out. Almond-shaped lead sling-bullets were typically about 35 millimeters (1.4 in) long and about 20 millimeters (0.8 in) wide. Sometimes or writings were molded on the side. A thunderbolt, a snake, a scorpion, or others indicating how it might strike without warning were popular. might include the name of the military unit or commander, or was sometimes more imaginative, such as, "Take this," "Ouch," "Catch," or even "For Pompey's backside."AW66458. Lead glandes sling-bullet; cf. Petrie XLIV 15-23; roughly biconical, c. 40 - 90 grams, c. 3 - 5 cm long, one sling-bullet randomly selected from the same group as those in the photo, ONE BULLET, BARGAIN PRICED!;
Greek, Bronze (?) , Ornamented With of Dionysos, c. 400 - 200 B.C.
This was probably once attached to a , a punch-bowl vessel used for diluting and serving wine. The earliest kraters were bronze and almost exclusively the volute-type. Very few bronze kraters have survived. Most often only the handles remain.AG40492. Greek bronze
Hellenistic Greek, Bronze Relief Ring Fragment, Anatolia, 3rd - 2nd Century B.C.
4" Egyptian Bronze Figure of , 26th - 30th Dynasty, 664 - 342 B.C.
AB30992. Egyptian bronze figure of the god
Roman Bronze Vessel , Ornamented With and a , c. 1st Century A.D.
The was the companion of . The grapevine and its wild barren alter-ego, the toxic ivy , were both sacred to him. This was once attached to vessel used for serving or drinking wine.AI30971. height 8.0 cm (3"), excellent condition with a nice green
Roman, Bronze Repousse Plaque with Holding a Bow, Sqaumata Armor Plate(?), c. 1st - 3rd Century B.C.
Likely used in some legionary application; perhaps as a legionary armor plate segment. AA59779. Roman, bronze repousse, 1.75 x 1.75 inches, c. 1st - 3rd century A.D.; sheet bronze hammered from behind in repousse technique to raise the figure of a
Roman, Bronze , c. 1st - 3rd Century A.D.
A was a plate used by Roman priests to make sacrificial offerings to the Gods. Paterae were thin and most often have been lost to corrosion leaving only the remaining.AL59776. Roman, bronze
Hellenistic Greek, Bronze Relief Ring Fragment, Eastern Mediterranean, 3rd - 1st Century B.C.
This bronze ring fragment is very similar to the referenced ring fragment in the British Museum (click here to see it online).AS84167. cf. BM Collection 1917.0501.1267 (very similar ring fragment), bezel
Italy, Bronze Axe , Aes Formatum, c. 5th - 4th Century B.C.
Bronze axe heads were used for exchange across Europe even before 1000 B.C. This bronze axe dates much later, c. 5 - 4th Century B.C. It was never used to cut , but was cast to serve as currency.AS11911. Bronze Aes Formatum, Aes formatum bronze axe, 160.8g, 8.6cm, rough green
Lot of 25 Roman Republic, Lead Glandes Sling-Bullets, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
LT85391. Lot of 25 Roman Republic, lead glandes sling-bullets, 2nd - 1st century B.C., no tags or flips, actual coins in the photographs,
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