, , Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C., Portrait of Queen Philistis
Hieron II placed his wife and son on coins during his long reign. Those of Queen Philistis are eagerly sought after by collectors.SH84601. Silver 5 litrae, 221 (D2/R2), 893, 1546, 827, 959, 2918, 1708, 1557 (R2) (all from the same dies), aEF/gVF, , light marks, 4.441 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 180o, mint, c. 218 - 215 B.C.; veiled and diademed of Queen Philistis left, frond behind; galloping left, holding reins with both , E• in front of horses' legs, BAΣIΛIΣΣAΣ above, ΦIΛIΣTI∆OΣ ; from the Woolslayer Collection; Numismatica Ars Classica auction 27 (12 May 2004), lot 129; ex A.D.M. Collection; ex Collection, 1929 sale, lot 213; ; $3000.00 (€2670.00)
Romano-British Empire, , Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her could not be stained with blood. began the construction of a magnificent temple to her , which finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the , the olive branch, the , and often the . Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
RA77916. , 128; , 2, 101; 36; 13639A; 193;, F, , corrosion, encrustation, 3.719 g, maximum 25.2 mm, Londinium ( , England) mint, c. 289 - 290 A.D.; IMP CARAVSIVS , , draped, and right, from the front; (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing slightly left, left, raising olive branch in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, F - O flanking at sides, ML in ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex , ex sale XLV (19 Mar 1997), lot 650, ex K.F. Jacob Collection; ; $125.00 (€111.25)
, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., ,
Kayseri, Turkey was originally named Mazaca. It was renamed Eusebia by Ariarathes V Eusebes, of , 163 - 130 B.C. The last of , Archelaus, renamed it "Caesarea in Cappadocia" to upon his death in 14 A.D. Muslim Arabs slightly modified the name into Kaisariyah, which became Kayseri when the Seljuk Turks took control, c. 1080 A.D.RS84088. Silver , Conspectus 86b; 256; p. 62, 142; 6412; 223 var. (no , drapery far shoulder), VF, on a , old-collection , 1.660 g, maximum 13.8 mm, 0o, , mint, 120 - 121 A.D.; AYTO KAIC TPAI A∆PIANOC CEBACT, laureate right, slight drapery on far shoulder; advancing right, in extended right, frond over shoulder in left, ET ∆ (year 4) in right ; ex Dr. J. , München, with his old dealer ticket, c. 1910(?); $90.00 (€80.10)
Thebes, Boiotia, c. 315 - 288 B.C.
The largest city in , Thebes was leader of the Boeotian confederacy. A rival of Athens, Thebes sided with during Xerxes' invasion in 480 B.C. Thebes ended Sparta's power of at the Battle of Leuctra in 371. The Sacred Band of Thebes famously fell to at Chaeronea in 338. Thebes was the dominant city-state in prior to its destruction by Alexander in 335 B.C.GB76311. Bronze AE 13, 582; p. 81, pl. V, 15; p. 87, 203, pl XVI, 1; 373, -; -, aVF, 1.580 g, maximum 12.7 mm, Thebes mint, Macedonian hegemony, c. 315 - 288 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; filleted left above, ΘHBAIΩN across center, club left below; ex with his round tag noting, "Bought at Baldwin's, Dec. 1970, for £1.-"; $50.00 (€44.50)
Thespiai, Boiotia, , 146 - 27 B.C.
Thespiae stood on level ground commanded by the low range of hills which run eastward from the foot of Mount Helicon to Thebes, near modern Thespies. During the Hellenistic Period, Thespiae sought the friendship of the Roman Republic in the war against . It is subsequently mentioned by Strabo as a place of some size, and by Pliny as a free city within the Roman Empire, a reward for its support against Mithridates. Thespiae hosted an important group of Roman negotiatores until the refoundation of Corinth in 44 B.C.GB76256. Bronze AE 15, 611; p. 94, pl. VI, 13; p. 92, 14, pl. XVI, 12; 406 - 407; 1408 (S), F, corrosion, 3.951 g, maximum 15.0 mm, 0o, Thespiai mint, 146 - 27 B.C.; female (Arsinoe III) right, wearing and veil; , ΘEΣΠI/EΩN in two downward lines, starting on right, ending on left, all in laurel ; ex BCD with his tag noting, "Ex Leu (ex old collection) Oct. 96, SFr. 5."; ex Bruder Egger, (with his tag); ; $45.00 (€40.05)
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