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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Twelve Caesars ▸ Agrippina Sr.View Options:  |  |  | 

Agrippina Senior, Wife of Germanicus, Mother of Caligula and Agrippa Jr.

Wife of Germanicus, mother of Caligula and Agrippina Jr., mother-in-law and sister-in-law of Claudius, and grandmother of Nero. She was born in 14 B.C, daughter of Julia and Agrippa. She married Germanicus and accompanied her husband on all his military campaigns. She was banished by Tiberius in 29 A.D. and died of starvation on 18 October 33 A.D.


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SH26922. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC I Claudius 102, BMCRE I Claudius p. 194, 219; BnF II Claudius 236; Cohen I 3; von Kaenel Type 78, aVF, weight 29.203 g, maximum diameter 36.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, issued by Claudius, 42 A.D.; obverse AGRIPPINA M F GERMANICI CAESARIS, draped bust right; reverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, legend around large S C; a little grainy; SOLD


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SH04782. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC I Claudius 102, BMCRE I Claudius p. 194, 219; BnF II Claudius 236; Cohen I 3; von Kaenel Type 78, VF, weight 27.92 g, maximum diameter 34.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 42 A.D.; obverse AGRIPPINA M F GERMANICI CAESARIS, draped bust right; reverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, legend around large S C; green patina; SOLD


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Most references identify the portrait as Livia, but as David Vagi notes, "the bust of Justitia represents (but seemingly does not portray) Antonia and/or Agrippa Senior. It no doubt reflects the justice they received from the trial of Piso for the murder of Germanicus.." He explains that the portrait does not appear to be of either of them, perhaps because it was intended to represent them both simultaneously.

Since Agrippina knew, but had no evidence, that Piso murdered Germanicus on orders from Tiberius, she was not satisfied with this "justice" and continued to be an outspoken critic of Tiberius and his prefect, Sejanus. Sejanus had her accused of adultery. She was flogged so severely that she lost an eye, and was banished to the island of Pandateria where she starved to death four years later. Her sons Nero Caesar and Drusus Caesar also died imprisoned. When her son Caligula became emperor, the first act of his reign was to return the ashes of his mother and brothers to Rome.
RB58415. Orichalcum dupondius, Vagi Antonia 498, RIC I Livia 46, Cohen Livia 4, VF, weight 13.937 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 22 - 23 A.D.; obverse IVSTITIA, diademed and draped bust of Justitia right; reverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVG P M TR POT XXIII, large S C; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

AGRIPPINAMFGERMANICICAESARIS
AGRIPPINAMFMATCCAESARISAVGVSTI
IVSTITIA


REFERENCES

American Numismatic Society (ANS) Collections Database Online - http://numismatics.org/search/search
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P.P. Ripollès. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 and supplement).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. One: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. One: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayón, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. I: De Pompeyo Magno a Matidia (Del 81 a.C. al 117 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 1: Pompey to Domitian. (Paris, 1880).
Giard, J-B. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon, des origines au règne de Caligula (43 avant J.-C. - 41 après J.-C.). (Wetteren, 1983).
Giard, J-B. Monnaies de L'Empire Romain II: De Tebère à Néron. Catalogue Bibliothèque nationale de France. (Paris, 1988).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol 1: Augustus to Vitellius. (London, 1923).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. I. Augustus to Nerva. (Oxford, 1962).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sutherland, C.H.V. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. I, From 39 BC to AD 69. (London, 1984).
Toynbee, J.M.C. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Thursday, November 23, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Agrippina Sr.