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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Judean & Biblical Coins ▸ Biblical CoinsView Options:  |  |  |   

Coins from the Bible

Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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In 662, Constans II invaded south Italy.
SH76119. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 30a; Morrisson BnF 13/Cp/AV/55; Wroth BMC 53; Tolstoi 285; Hahn MIB 31A; Sommer 12.23; SBCV 964, Ratto -, EF, weight 4.432 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1sst officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 661 - 663 A.D.; obverse [legend fragmentary], facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV, Constans wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with cross, small cross between heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGU A, cross potent on three steps between Heraclius (left) and Tiberius standing facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right, CONOB in exergue; scarce; $750.00 (667.50)


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

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This is the first example of this type handled by Forum.
SH76244. Gold light weight solidus, 22 siliquae; DOC I 151, Adelson 94, Morrisson BnF - (p. 194), Hahn MIB 13a (Constantinople), Tolstoi 35, SBCV 529, Wroth BMC -, Ratto -, Sommer -, aEF, luster, light marks, some die wear, small ding on reverse, weight 4.012 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 195o, 6th officina, Theoupolis-Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 583 - 22 Nov 602 A.D.; obverse D N MAVRIC - TIb P P AVG, helmeted, draped, and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, fold of paludamentum over left shoulder, helmet with arc ornament in front and plume; reverse VICTORI-A AVCC Θς, angel standing facing, staff topped with staurogram (rho-cross) in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, OB+* in exergue; very rare; $630.00 (560.70)


Tyre, Phoenicia, 108 - 107 B.C., The Temple Tax Coin

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Half Shekel - the currency of the Jerusalem Temple.
At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied on Jews was 1/2 shekel per male. The 1/2 shekel and shekel were not always used in everyday commerce, but were the only coins accepted by the temple. Many taxpayers required a currency exchange, so money changers set up in the Temple court. Jesus found this business and their shouting (advertising rates) offensive, so he threw over their tables.
JD79297. Silver shekel, Cohen DCA 921 (unreported date - no known specimens); HGC 10 358; Hendin 1619; BMC Phoenicia -; Baramki AUB -, F, toned, light corrosion, weight 6.011 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, 108 - 107 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOYIEPAΣ KAIAΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, date ΘI (year 19) over club and palm frond left, ZB (control) right, Phoenician letter beth (control) between legs; extremely rare date; $600.00 (534.00)


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

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In 583, Maurice decided to end the annual tribute to the Avars, a mounted people who swept across Russia and threatened the Balkan Peninsula. The result was sixteen years of Avar attacks, raids, sackings, and devastation. In 599, after Maurice refused to pay ransom, the Avars slaughtered 12,000 captured Byzantine soldiers. That summer, the Byzantines defeated the Avars in open battle, pursued the fleeing tribes, and then invaded and devastated the Avar homeland. In 602, after a few more defeats, the Avars agreed to accept Byzantine rule. However, the high cost of the war in blood and treasure had cost Maurice his popularity. He was forced to witness the slaughter of his supporters and his five sons, and then beheaded.
SH76123. Gold solidus, DOC I 5b, Wroth BMC 3, Morrisson BnF 7/Cp/AV/3, Tolstoi 10, Ratto 998, Hahn MIB 6, Sommer 7.5, SBCV 478,, VF, well centered, bumps and marks, die wear, reverse right a little weakly struck, weight 4.478 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 583 - 602 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRC - TIb P P AVC, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, fold of paludamentum over left shoulder, helmet with plum, circlet in front and pendilia; reverse VICTORI-A AVCC B, angel standing facing, staff topped with staurogram (rho-cross) in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, CONOB in exergue; $550.00 (489.50)


The Temple Tax Coin, KP Tyrian Type Half Shekel, Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, 44 - 45 A.D.

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At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied was 1/2 shekel per male. The 1/2 shekel and shekel were the only coins accepted by the temple. Some experts believe that after the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The "Jerusalem" shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.


JD79299. Silver half shekel, RPC I Supp. 4701A (1 spec.), Cohen DCA 921 (S), Hendin 1619, HGC 10 358, BMC Phoenicia -, Prieur -, RPC I -, Baramki AUB -, F, centered on a tight flan, toned, weight 6.358 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem or Tyre mint, 44 - 45 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, PO (year 170) over club left, KP over monogram (control) right, Phoenician letter beth (control) between legs; $550.00 (489.50)


Tyre, Phoenicia, 54 - 55 B.C., The Temple Tax Coin

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Half Shekel - the currency of the Jerusalem Temple
At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied on Jews was 1/2 shekel per male. The 1/2 shekel and shekel were not always used in everyday commerce, but were the only coins accepted by the temple. Many taxpayers required a currency exchange, so money changers set up in the Temple court. Jesus found this business and their shouting (advertising rates) offensive, so he threw over their tables.
JD79300. Silver half shekel, Cohen DCA 921 (unreported date - no known specimens), HGC 10 358, Hendin 1619, RPC I -, Baramki AUB -, F, toned, slightly off center, shallow pitting, weight 6.719 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre, Phoenicia mint, 54 - 55 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, PΠ (year 180) over club left, AN (?, control) right, Phoenician letter beth (control) between legs; extremely rare date; $550.00 (489.50)


The Temple Tax Coin, KP Tyrian Type Half Shekel, Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, 18 B.C. - 69 A.D.

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The barbaric style with blundered legends and date are typical of the later coins attributed by some experts to Jerusalem.

After the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, some experts believe Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The Jerusalem shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.
JD79301. Silver half shekel, HGC 10 358; Cohen DCA 922; Hendin 1621; BMC Phoenicia p. 252, 235 ff.; RPC I 4681 ff.; Prieur 1455 ff., F, toned, bumps and marks, light corrosion, weight 6.336 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem or Tyre mint, 18 B.C. - 69 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY, eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, uncertain date & club left, KP and monogram right, Aramaic letter between legs; $550.00 (489.50)


Byzantine Empire, Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.

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The Column of Phocas at Rome was erected before the Rostra and dedicated to the Emperor on 1 August 608. It was the last addition made to the Forum Romanum. The Corinthian column has a height of 13.6 m (44 ft). Both the column and the marble socle were recycled from earlier use. The gilded statue that was once on the column was probably a gift of gratitude from Smaragdus, who was indebted to the Phocas for ending his long exile and restoring his position of power at Ravenna. The column still stands in its original location, but the gold statue was probably taken down immediatly after Phocus' death.Column of Phocas
SH70062. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 10f; Tolstoi 11; Ratto 1183; Hahn MIB 9; Sommer 9.8; SBCV 620; Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BnF -, aEF, slightly off center on a broad flan, weight 4.467 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 607 - 609 A.D.; obverse d N FOCAS PERP AVC, draped and cuirassed bust facing, wearing crown without pendilia and holding cross in raised right; reverse VICTORIA AVGU S, angel standing facing, long staurogram staff in right, globus cruciger in left, CONOB in exergue; $520.00 (462.80)


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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Grierson notes, in the Dumbarton Oaks catalog, "the inscriptions [on this type] are very variable, since it was difficult to get so much on the coin."
SH70060. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 25h; Wroth BMC 49; Morrisson BnF 49; Tolstoi 249; Ratto 1590; Sommer 12.18; Hahn MIB 26; SBCV 959, EF, graffiti: tiny reversed Z obverse center and Σ obverse right, ΓKZ reverse right, weight 4.376 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 654 - 659 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINVS C CONSTAN, facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV (beardless) each wearing crown and chlamys, cross between their heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGy H, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; $480.00 (427.20)


Pergamene Kingdom, Attalos I Soter 241 - 197 B.C., In the Name of Philetairos

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Attalus, a capable general, champion of the Greeks, and loyal ally of Rome, made Pergamon a powerful kingdom. He earned the name "Soter" (savior) by defeating the Galatians, who had plundered and exacted tribute for more than a generation. In the Macedonian Wars he allied with Rome against Philip V of Macedon.
SH70868. Silver tetradrachm, Westermark Group VIB; SNG BnF BnF 1626; BMC Mysia p. 117, 45; McClean 7685, VF/F, excellent portrait, uneven toning, weight 16.753 g, maximum diameter 30.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon mint, 235 - 210 B.C.; obverse Philetairos (founder of the Attalid dynasty) diademed head right; reverse Athena enthroned left, crowning dynastic name ΦIΛETAIPOY to left, holding spear and resting left arm on shield, XAP monogram inner left, bow on right; very rare with this monogram; $480.00 (427.20)




  







Catalog current as of Friday, July 01, 2016.
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Biblical Coins