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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Judean & Biblical Coins ▸ Biblical CoinsView Options:  |  |  |   

Coins from the Bible

Byzantine Empire, John VI Cantacuzenus and John V Palaeologus, 13 May 1347 - April 1353 A.D.

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When Andronicus III died, his chief administrator, John Kantakouzenos asserted a claim to regency of the young emperor John V. The emperor's mother, Anna of Savoy, was appointed regent and she had John Kantakouzenos declared an enemy of the state. John Kantakouzenos defeated Anna with Ottoman help, and he was made Emperor John VI. John V was married to his daughter, Helena Kantakouzene, and the boy was allowed to reign as the junior emperor. John VI Kantakouzenos spent much of his own private wealth unsuccessfully trying to strengthen the Empire but was still unpopular because of his ties to the Ottomans. His attempt to curb Genoese power ended with the total destruction of the Byzantine fleet in 1349. John VI ignored his young colleague and in time even replaced him with his own son Matthew. John V Palaeologus obtained Genoese help, overthrew his rivals, and banished John Kantakouzenos to a monastery, where he lived 30 years as the monk Joasaph and wrote his famous history.
SH70968. Gold hyperpyron, Lianta 849; Bendall 2004b, p. 297, C; SBCV 2526; Sommer 84.1; Grierson 1296; DOC V -, VF, weight 3.402 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2 Feb 1325 - 1328 or possibly to 1330 A.D.; obverse Nimbate half-length facing figure of the Virgin Mary orans within city walls, four castles forming walls, star on each side of the uppermost castle, B lower left, A lower right; reverse John VI on left and Andronicus V on right, kneeling facing, Christ stands behind with hands over their heads in benediction; IUINK (or similar) downward on left and IUINKY (or similar) downward on right, N's reversed; very rare; $1440.00 (1267.20)


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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In 662, Constans II invaded south Italy.
SH76119. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 30a; Morrisson BnF 13/Cp/AV/55; Wroth BMC 53; Tolstoi 285; Hahn MIB 31A; Sommer 12.23; SBCV 964, Ratto -, EF, weight 4.432 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1sst officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 661 - 663 A.D.; obverse [legend fragmentary], facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV, Constans wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with cross, small cross between heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGU A, cross potent on three steps between Heraclius (left) and Tiberius standing facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right, CONOB in exergue; scarce; $750.00 (660.00)


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

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This is the first example of this type handled by Forum.
SH76244. Gold light weight solidus, 22 siliquae; DOC I 151, Adelson 94, Morrisson BnF - (p. 194), Hahn MIB 13a (Constantinople), Tolstoi 35, SBCV 529, Wroth BMC -, Ratto -, Sommer -, aEF, luster, light marks, some die wear, small ding on reverse, weight 4.012 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 195o, 6th officina, Theoupolis-Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 583 - 22 Nov 602 A.D.; obverse D N MAVRIC - TIb P P AVG, helmeted, draped, and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, fold of paludamentum over left shoulder, helmet with arc ornament in front and plume; reverse VICTORI-A AVCC Θς, angel standing facing, staff topped with staurogram (rho-cross) in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, OB+* in exergue; very rare; $700.00 (616.00)


Byzantine Empire, Nicephorus Basilacius, Usurper, Summer 1078 A.D. (Anonymous Class N Follis)

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Until 1976 this type was regarded as anonymous (Class N) because neither of the two known specimens had a visible legend. In 1976, Grierson published a new specimen with a legend naming the ruler, Nicephorus (Grierson, P. "Nicephorus Bryennius or Nicephorus Basilacius?" in NumCirc LXXXIV.1 (January 1976), type a). There were two candidates, Nicephorus Bryennius and Nicephorus Basilacius, both usurpers, Bryennius in 1077 - 1078, and Basilacius in Thessalonica for a few months during 1078. In 1992, Roger Bland published an example with the legend on the obverse right side reading POCBAC, which has been accepted as proving this type was struck by Basilacius (Bland, R. "A Follis of Nicephorus Basilacius?" NC 1992, p. 175 ff. and pl. 36, B). Our coin has a different more complete but blundered and obscure inscription on the obverse right side.
SH76553. Bronze follis, DOC III, part 2, p. 706, N.1 (anonymous class N follis); Grierson 1976, type a; Bland Basilacius pl. 36, B; SBCV 1903A; Sommer 58.1, VF, uneven strike as always for the type, overstruck (some of the type are overstruck on class D and E anonymous folles), weight 5.047 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, summer 1078 A.D.; obverse [+NIKHFW-PO]C BACI(LK?)E (a new legend variation!), facing bust of Christ, nimbus cross with plain arms, wearing tunic and himation, right hand raised in blessing, Gospels in left, barred IC - XC (Jesus Christ) flanking across field; reverse patriarchal cross on base; barred IC - XC / NI-KA (Jesus Christ conquers) in the quarters; extremely rare; $600.00 (528.00)


Byzantine Empire, Focas, 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.

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The Column of Phocas at Rome was erected before the Rostra and dedicated to the Emperor on 1 August 608. It was the last addition made to the Forum Romanum. The Corinthian column has a height of 13.6 m (44 ft). Both the column and the marble socle were recycled from earlier use. The gilded statue that was once on the column was probably a gift of gratitude from Smaragdus, who was indebted to the Phocas for ending his long exile and restoring his position of power at Ravenna. The column still stands in its original location, but the gold statue was probably taken down immediatly after Phocus' death.Column of Phocas
SH70062. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 10f; Tolstoi 11; Ratto 1183; Hahn MIB 9; Sommer 9.8; SBCV 620; Wroth BMC -; Morrisson BnF -, aEF, slightly off center on a broad flan, weight 4.467 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 607 - 609 A.D.; obverse d N FOCAS PERP AVC, draped and cuirassed bust facing, wearing crown without pendilia and holding cross in raised right; reverse VICTORIA AVGU S, angel standing facing, long staurogram staff in right, globus cruciger in left, CONOB in exergue; $580.00 (510.40)


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

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In 583, Maurice decided to end the annual tribute to the Avars, a mounted people who swept across Russia and threatened the Balkan Peninsula. The result was sixteen years of Avar attacks, raids, sackings, and devastation. In 599, after Maurice refused to pay ransom, the Avars slaughtered 12,000 captured Byzantine soldiers. That summer, the Byzantines defeated the Avars in open battle, pursued the fleeing tribes, and then invaded and devastated the Avar homeland. In 602, after a few more defeats, the Avars agreed to accept Byzantine rule. However, the high cost of the war in blood and treasure had cost Maurice his popularity. He was forced to witness the slaughter of his supporters and his five sons, and then beheaded.
SH76123. Gold solidus, DOC I 5b, Wroth BMC 3, Morrisson BnF 7/Cp/AV/3, Tolstoi 10, Ratto 998, Hahn MIB 6, Sommer 7.5, SBCV 478,, VF, well centered, bumps and marks, die wear, reverse right a little weakly struck, weight 4.478 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 583 - 602 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRC - TIb P P AVC, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, fold of paludamentum over left shoulder, helmet with plum, circlet in front and pendilia; reverse VICTORI-A AVCC B, angel standing facing, staff topped with staurogram (rho-cross) in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, CONOB in exergue; $550.00 (484.00)


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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Grierson notes, in the Dumbarton Oaks catalog, "the inscriptions [on this type] are very variable, since it was difficult to get so much on the coin."
SH70060. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 25h; Wroth BMC 49; Morrisson BnF 49; Tolstoi 249; Ratto 1590; Sommer 12.18; Hahn MIB 26; SBCV 959, EF, graffiti: tiny reversed Z obverse center and Σ obverse right, ΓKZ reverse right, weight 4.376 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 654 - 659 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINVS C CONSTAN, facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV (beardless) each wearing crown and chlamys, cross between their heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGy H, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; $540.00 (475.20)


Byzantine Empire, Andronicus I, September 1183 - 12 September 1185 A.D.

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In 1185, Henry II of England knighted his heir John and sent him to Ireland to enforce English control. It was a disaster which united the scorned Irish chieftains against a common enemy. By the end of the year, John returned to England in defeat. Nonetheless, Henry had him named King of Ireland by Pope Urban III and procured a golden crown with peacock feathers.
SH73348. Gold hyperpyron, DOC IV, part 1, 1; Hendy pl. 18, 9; Wroth BMC 1, Morrisson BnF 62/Cp/AV/1; Berk 355; Sommer 62.1, SBCV 1983; Ratto -, VF, double struck, creases in margins, perhaps once flattened then restored to syphate, weight 4.437 g, maximum diameter 30.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople mint, Sep 1183 - 12 Sep 1185 A.D.; obverse the Virgin Mary seated facing on square-backed throne, nimbate, wearing pallium and maphorium; she holds before her the nimbate head of the infant Christ, MP - ΘV (Mother of God) flanking her head; double border; reverse AN∆PONIKOC ∆εCΠOTHC, Andronicus (on left) and Christ standing facing, Andronicus, with forked beard, wears crown and loros, labarum in right, globus cruciger in left, Christ crowning him, wears nimbus and colobium, holds Gospels, IC - XC (Jesus Christ) flanking His head; very scarce; $540.00 (475.20)


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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Grierson notes, in the Dumbarton Oaks catalog, "the inscriptions [on this type] are very variable, since it was difficult to get so much on the coin."
SH70043. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 45; DOC II part 2, 25e (not in the collection, refs BMC); Tolstoi 244; Sommer 12.18; Hahn MIB 26; SBCV 959; Ratto -; Morrisson BnF -, aEF, weight 4.393 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 654 - 659 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINVS C CONSTA, facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV (beardless) each wearing crown and chlamys, cross between their heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGY E, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; $530.00 (466.40)


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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Grierson notes, in the Dumbarton Oaks catalog, "the inscriptions [on this type] are very variable, since it was difficult to get so much on the coin."
SH69982. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 25h; Wroth BMC 49; Morrisson BnF 49; Tolstoi 249; Ratto 1590; Sommer 12.18; Hahn MIB 26; SBCV 959, aEF, light graffiti + on reverse right, weight 4.361 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 654 - 659 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINVS C CONSTANINV (or similar), facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV (beardless) each wearing crown and chlamys, cross between their heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGy H, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; $520.00 (457.60)




  







Catalog current as of Sunday, May 01, 2016.
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Biblical Coins