, Justinian II, 10 July 685 - Late 695 and Summer 705 - 4 November 711 A.D., Portrait of Christ
The portrait on this coin was based on an icon believed by the people of the time to bear a miraculous resemblance to Christ’s actual appearance.SH73339. Gold , , 2, 2nd reign, 2b; 1; 12; 2; 1705; 2b; 17.3; 1415, EF, lustrous, nearly as struck, 4.365 g, maximum 20.418 mm, 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2nd reign, 705 - 711 A.D.; O N REX - REGNANTIYM, of Christ facing, curly hair, short beard, wearing and , Gospels in left, behind ; IYSTINIANYS ET TIbERIYS PP A, Justinian (on left) and , half-length facing, each wears crown, and , holding on three steps in center; for this extraordinary , since 2000 only 16 auction sales are recorded on Coin Archives Pro; ; $4680.00 (€4118.40)
, , 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.
Most references attribute this to Antioch. Although this is not listed in , attributes all solidi with this wide-faced portrait to Antioch. attributes the to Constantinople.SH90884. Gold light , 20 siliquae; 531, 14, 7.61, 88 - 89 . ( ), -, -, -, -, -, gVF, uneven strike, , 3.390 g, maximum 20.7 mm, 180o, 10th , or Antioch mint, 583 - 602 A.D.; D N MAVRIC - TIb P P AVG, helmeted, draped, and facing, in right hand, in left, helmet with arc ornament in front and plume; VICTORI-A AVCC I, angel standing facing, long in right, in left, OBXX in ; knows of only seven other examples of this extremely ; extremely ; $2300.00 (€2024.00)
, John VI Cantacuzenus and John V Palaeologus, 13 May 1347 - April 1353 A.D.
When Andronicus III died, his chief administrator, John Kantakouzenos asserted a claim to regency of the young emperor John V. The emperor's mother, Anna of Savoy, was appointed regent and she had John Kantakouzenos declared an enemy of the state. John Kantakouzenos defeated Anna with Ottoman , and he was made Emperor John VI. John V was married to his daughter, Kantakouzene, and the boy was allowed to reign as the junior emperor. John VI Kantakouzenos spent much of his own private wealth unsuccessfully trying to strengthen the Empire but was unpopular because of his ties to the Ottomans. His attempt to curb Genoese power ended with the total destruction of the fleet in 1349. John VI ignored his young colleague and in time even replaced him with his own son Matthew. John V Palaeologus obtained Genoese , overthrew his rivals, and banished John Kantakouzenos to a monastery, where he lived 30 years as the monk Joasaph and wrote his famous history.SH70968. Gold hyperpyron, 849; , p. 297, C; 2526; 84.1; 1296; -, VF, 3.402 g, maximum 25.3 mm, 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2 Feb 1325 - 1328 or possibly to 1330 A.D.; half-length facing figure of the within city walls, four castles forming walls, on each side of the uppermost castle, B lower left, A lower right; John VI on left and Andronicus V on right, kneeling facing, Christ stands behind with over their heads in ; IUINK (or similar) downward on left and IUINKY (or similar) downward on right, N's reversed; very ; $1800.00 (€1584.00)
Argyrus, 12 November 1028 - 11 April 1034
was fanatically devoted to the Virgin. His adoration found expression in the building and restoration of churches dedicated to St. Mary and also explains the Virgin's prominence on his coinage. MΘ is a Greek abbreviation for Mητερα Tου Θεου - Mother of God. ΘCE abbreviates Θεοτοκε - God-bearer, also referring to the Virgin. On one of his types, a silver miliaresion, the reads: Παρθενε σοι πολυαινε ος ηλιτικη παντα κατοπθοι, which means, "He who places his hopes on thee, O Virgin all-glorious, will prosper in all he does."SH73344. Gold histamenon , , 2, 1d; 43/Cp/AV/01; 1972; 43.2.2; ; 2, aEF, 4.379 g, maximum 24.8 mm, 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 12 Nov 1028 - 11 Apr 1034; + REX REGNANTInm (Jesus Christ of Kings), Christ enthroned, wears , , & , raises hand, holds Gospels; ΘCE bOHΘ RWMANW (god-bearer the Romans), MΘ (mother of God) above center, Virgin (on right) wears and , with right hand she crowns Romanus, who is bearded and wears a crown, and , in his right, four pellets in end below ; ; $760.00 (€668.80)
, Alexius I Comnenus, 4 April 1081 - 15 August 1118 A.D.
Plovdiv was originally a Thracian city before later becoming a Greek city, and then a major Roman city. In the Middle Ages, it retained its strategic regional importance, changing between the and Bulgarian Empires. Around 1000 A.D., became the administrative seat of a newly created théma with the same name. In 1180, Aime de Varennes encountered the singing of songs in the city that recounted the deeds of Alexander the Great and Philip of , over 1300 years before. In 1364, the Ottoman Turks under Lala Shakhin Pasha seized Plovdiv. The Turks called the city Filibe, derived from "Philip."SH73347. Gold hyperpyron, , 1, 20o.1; 3; pl. 5, 11; 59.29; 1935; -; -; -, gVF, bold , flattened, in margin, 4.370 g, maximum 32.3 mm, 180o, (Plovdiv, Bulgaria) mint, 1092 - 1118 A.D.; KE RO-HΘEI (Lord, [Alexius]), (Jesus Christ), Christ enthroned facing, wearing , and , raising right in , gospels in left, double ; A/ΛC/ZI/W / ∆CC/ ΠO/T - TW / KO/MNH/N (Z reversed, MNH ), Alexius standing facing, wearing , four jewels on collar, no jewels along the bottom edge of the , with no dot on shaft in right, in left, (hand of God) above right; this is the first ever coin from the mint handled by !; extremely ; $720.00 (€633.60)
, Andronicus I, September 1183 - 12 September 1185 A.D.
In 1185, Henry II of England knighted his heir John and sent him to Ireland to enforce English control. It was a disaster which united the scorned Irish chieftains against a common enemy. By the end of the year, John returned to England in defeat. Nonetheless, Henry had him named of Ireland by Pope Urban III and procured a golden crown with feathers.BZ73348. Gold hyperpyron, , 1, 1; pl. 18, 9; 1, 62/Cp/AV/1; 355; 62.1, 1983; -, VF, double struck, creases in margins, perhaps once flattened then to syphate, 4.437 g, maximum 30.8 mm, 180o, Constantinople mint, Sep 1183 - 12 Sep 1185 A.D.; the seated facing on square-backed throne, , wearing and ; she holds before her the of the infant Christ, MP - ΘV (Mother of God) flanking her ; double ; AN∆PONIKOC ∆εCΠOTHC, Andronicus (on left) and Christ standing facing, Andronicus, with forked beard, wears crown and , in right, in left, Christ crowning him, wears and , holds Gospels, (Jesus Christ) flanking His ; very ; $600.00 (€528.00)
, , 23 November 602 - 5 October 610 A.D.
SH70062. Gold , 1, 10f; 11; 1183; 9; 9.8; 620; -; -, aEF, slightly off center on a broad , 4.467 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 180o, 6th , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 607 - 609 A.D.; d N AVC, draped and facing, wearing crown without and holding in raised right; AVGU S, angel standing facing, long staff in right, in left, in ; $580.00 (€510.40)
, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Charachmoba,
Coins of Charachmoba (Kerak, Jordan today) were struck only for and are very . Kerak has been inhabited since at least the Iron Age. It was an important city for the Moabites. In the Bible it is called Qer Harreseth or Kir of Moab and was subject to the Assyrian empire; in the Books of Kings (16:9) and Book of Amos (1:5, 9:7), it is mentioned as the place where the Syrians went before they settled in the regions of , and to which Tiglath-Pileser III sent the prisoners after the conquest of . It became important in the late Hellenistic Period, and eventually fell under Nabataean rule. Rome took it in 105 A.D., with support from the Arab Ghassanid tribe (who live in there). Today Karak is best known for the crusader's Kerak Castle.RP72143. Bronze AE 23, 1; 1; p. 27, 1; p. 157 and pl. 134, 1; 276 var (retrograde rev leg); -, VF, nice green , a few pits, 7.750 g, maximum 22.9 mm, 135o, Charachmoba (Kerak, Jordan) mint, 16 May 218 - 11 Mar 222 A.D.; AV K M AV ANTWNINO, laureate, draped and right, from behind, flower ( ?) in right ; XAPAX MWBA, standing facing, left, wearing , , and mantle, holding rudder by tiller in right, in left; none of the references mention the flower (or ) on the , but it may have originally been present on most specimens; very ; $550.00 (€484.00)
, , 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.
In 583, Maurice decided to end the annual tribute to the Avars, a mounted people who swept across Russia and threatened the Balkan Peninsula. The result was sixteen years of Avar attacks, raids, sackings, and devastation. In 599, after Maurice refused to pay ransom, the Avars slaughtered 12,000 captured soldiers. That summer, the Byzantines defeated the Avars in open battle, pursued the fleeing tribes, and then invaded and devastated the Avar homeland. In 602, after a few more defeats, the Avars agreed to accept rule. However, the high cost of the war in blood and treasure had cost Maurice his popularity. He was forced to witness the slaughter of his supporters and his five sons, and then beheaded.
SH75232. Gold , 5d, 149d, 15, 1006, 6, 75, 82, 478, - (p. 128, note 4), -, 4.501 g, maximum 22.0 mm, 180o, 4th , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 583 - 602 A.D.; D N mAVRc - TIb P P AVC, helmeted and facing, in right, in left; VICTORI-A AVCC ∆, angel standing facing, staff topped with ( ) in right, in left, in ; $550.00 (€484.00)
, II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
During Constans' reign the Islamic State expanded very quickly, in no small because Christians and Jews often aided the Islamic take over of their lands. The and both had imposed heavy taxes to finance the Byzantine-Sassanid Wars. In new territories, the Islamic State maintained the existing or Persian tax collection systems, but the taxes were lowered and free trade encouraged commerce. Jews and the Christians were also allowed to use their own laws and have their own judges.SH70038. Gold , 51 - 52, 2, 25j (not in the collection, refs BMC); 253; 26; 12.18; 959, EF, 4.389 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 180o, 10th , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 654 - 659 A.D.; d N CONSTANTINuS C CONSTAN, facing busts of & Constantine IV (beardless) each wearing crown and , between their heads; AVGy I, on three steps, in ; $540.00 (€475.20)
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