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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Anatolia ▸ AeolisView Options:  |  |  |   

Aeolis

Aeolis was not originally a geographic term but a collective name for the cities in the region on the west coast of Asia Minor founded by the Aeolians, a branch of the Hellenic peoples. The twelve southern cities were grouped in the Aeolian League; these were Temnos, Smyrna, Pitane, Neonteichos, Aegirusa, Notium, Cilla or Killa, Cyme, Gryneum, Larissa, Myrina, and Aegae.


Gaius Asinius Gallus, Roman Proconsul of Asia, 6 - 5 B.C., Temnos, Aeolis

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The larger denomination of the same series honored Augustus. On this coin Gallus gives himself the epithet Aγνος, meaning pure or holy! Later he was an ambitious and powerful senator. A foe of Tiberius, in 11 B.C. he married Tiberius' ex-wife, Vipsania. He was suspected of and never denied fathering Tiberius' son, Drusus the Younger. After Vipsania died, he courted the widow of Germanicus, Agrippina. In 30 A.D., Tiberius had him imprisoned and for three years kept him in solitary confinement and on the very edge of starvation until he died. To add further insult he was discredited by damnatio memoriae.
RP85941. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2447 (23 spec.); SNG Cop 276; SNG München 627; BMC Troas p. 146, 24; CRE Ashmolean 1261; Waddington 1350; SNGvA -, VF, dark green patina, centered on a tight flan cutting off much of legends, bumps and marks, earthen encrustations, weight 4.284 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 0o, Temnos (Menemen?, Izmir, Turkey) mint, 5 B.C.; obverse ACINIOC ΓAΛΛOC AΓNOC, bare head of Asinius Gallus right; reverse APOΛΛAC ΦAINIOY TAMNITAN, head of Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy; scarce; $240.00 SALE PRICE $216.00
 


Kyme, Aiolis, c. 400 - 250 B.C.

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Cyme, one of the oldest Aeolian cities, was probably a colony of Cyme in Euboea, though according to tradition it was founded by the Amazon Kyme. Its large capable port was a valuable maritime asset to the Persian Empire, contributing ships to Dareios in 512 B.C. and to Xerxes in 480 B.C. After the Battle of Salamis, the remnants of Xerxes' fleet wintered at Cyme. After Persia, Aeolis was held successively by the Macedonians, Seleucids, Pergamenes, Romans, Byzantine, and Ottomans.
GS86724. Silver hemidrachm, cf. SNG Cop 35, SNG Ashmolean 1262, SNGvA -, SNG München -, BMC Troas -, VF, scratches, deposits, corrosion, weight 1.503 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme (near Nemrut Limani, Turkey) mint, c. 400 - 250 B.C.; obverse KY, eagle standing right, wings closed, head left; reverse forepart of horse right, possibly a magistrates name below; from a New England dealer; rare; $130.00 SALE PRICE $117.00
 


Aigai, Aiolis, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

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Aigai, or Aigaiai, is mentioned by both Herodotus and Strabo as being a member of the Aeolian dodecapolis. It was also an important sanctuary of Apollo. Initially the city was a possession of the Lydian Empire and later the Achaemenid Empire. Aigai had its brightest period under the Attalid dynasty, which ruled from nearby Pergamon in the 3rd and 2nd century B.C. It changed hands from Pergamon to the Seleucid Empire, but was recaptured by Attalus I of Pergamon in 218 B.C. In the war between Bithynia and Pergamon, it was destroyed by Prusias II of Bithynia in 156 B.C. After a peace was brokered by the Romans, the city was compensated with hundred talents. In 129 B.C. the Kingdom of Pergamon became part of the Roman Empire. The city was destroyed by an earthquake in 17 A.D. and received aid for reconstruction from emperor Tiberius. The remains of the city are located near the modern village of Yuntdagi Koseler in Manisa Province, Turkey.
GB90401. Bronze AE 17, SNG Cop 12 var. (different monograms); SNGvA 1598 var. (same); SNG Munchen 368 var. (same); BMC Troas p. 96, 14 (no monograms); SGCV II 4169, gVF, weight 4.601 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, Aiolis, Aigai (near Yuntdagi Koseler, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st Centuries B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse AIΓAEΩN, Nike standing left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, monogram left, monogram right; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00
 


Tisna, Aeolis, c. 350 - 300 B.C.

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GB68074. Bronze AE 10, Traité II 2074, pl. CLVII, 22; Klein 345 var. (head right); SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, SNG Munchen -, BMC Troas -, Lindgren -, VF, weight 1.214 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 225o, Tisna mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse youthful head of river-god Tisnaios left; reverse sword in scabbard with strap, TIΣNA/ON (in two lines, one above, one below); very rare; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00
 


Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Aigai, Aiolis

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RPC II p. 161 observes, "The only problem that remains is the identity of the single left-facing head (967). At the moment the obverse inscription cannot be read in full; the portrait looks youngish and rather more like that of Titus than that of Vespasian or Domitian. The discovery of further specimens may resolve this question." Since publication, other examples, including this one, have confirmed the legend identifies the head as Vespasian.
RP85866. Bronze AE 19, RPC II 967, SNG München 376, SNG Cop 24 var. (head right), aVF, partial green patina on brown tone, legends more legible than most examples of the type, weight 5.464 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Aiolis, Aigai (near Yuntdagi Koseler, Turkey) mint, 1 Jul 69 - 24 Jun 79 A.D.; obverse OYHECΠACIANOC KAICAP (Vespasian, caesar), laureate head left; reverse EΠI AΠOΛΛΩNIOY NEMEONIKOY (magistrate Apollonios, son of Nemeonikos), Apollo standing right, taenia in right hand, laurel branch in left hand, AΓAEΩN downward behind; rare; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00
 


Grynion, Aeolis, c. 350 - 306 B.C.

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Grynion was a small city mentioned from the 5th century B.C. onwards as a vassal of the Persians and as a member of the 1st Athenian League. The oracle of Apollo Gryneios at Gryneum was the religious and political center of the Aeolis. It belonged to the territory of Myrina in Hellenistic times.
GB86893. Bronze AE 18, SNGvA 7689; SNG Cop 202; BMC Troas p. 133, 1, VF, well centered, encrustations, cleaning scratches, weight 3.665 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 180o, Grynion mint, c. 350 - 306 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo facing, slightly left; reverse mussel shell, ΓYPNHΩN in one horizontal line above; rare; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00
 


Aigai, Aiolis, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

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Aegae (or Aigai) means place of goats and was the name of many cities of antiquity. Aigai, Aiolis was also an important sanctuary of Apollo. It was within the Lydian Empire, then the Achaemenid Persian Empire, but had its brightest period under the Attalid dynasty, which ruled from nearby Pergamon in the 3rd and 2nd centuries B.C. It changed hands from Pergamon to the Seleucid Empire, but was recaptured by Attalus I of Pergamon in 218 B.C. In the war between Bithynia and Pergamon, it was destroyed by Prusias II of Bithynia in 156 B.C. After a peace was brokered by the Romans, the city was compensated with 100 talents. In 129 B.C., the Kingdom of Pergamon became part of the Roman Empire. Aigai was destroyed by an earthquake in 17 A.D. and received aid for reconstruction from Tiberius. The ruins are near the village of Yuntdagi Koseler in Manisa Province, Turkey.
GB85812. Bronze AE 16, Gorny & Mosch auction 160, lot 1477 (otherwise apparently unpublished); SNG Cop 14 var. (monograms); SNGvA -; SNG München -, BMC Troas -; Lindgren -, aVF, marks and scratches, encrustations, light corrosion, edge crack, weight 2.205 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 315o, Aiolis, Aigai (near Yuntdagi Koseler, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; obverse draped bust of Hermes right, wearing petasos; reverse AIΓAEΩN, forepart of goat standing right, monograms (controls) above and right; ex Moneta Numismatic Services; extremely rare; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00
 


Elaea, Aeolis, 138 - 192 A.D.

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The head on this type has traditionally been identified as Lucius Verus; however, Lucius Verus was 30 years old when he was made caesar and he was made augustus simultaneously. The legend and young portrait suggest it might be someone else. RPC identifies the identity of the head as uncertain and lists Lucius Verus, Lucius Aelius and Commodus as possibilities.
GB86137. Orichalcum AE 15, RPC IV temp 216; SNG Cop 197; SNGvA 1612; SNG Mun 427; SNG Delepierre 9; SNG Leypold I 513; BMC Troas p. 130, 46; Lindgren III 330; McClean III 7943, VF, centered on a tight flan, porous, weight 2.708 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 0o, Aeolis, Elaea mint, 138 - 192 A.D.; obverse Λ OVKIOC - KAICAP, head of youthful Caesar (Lucius Verus, Annius Verus or Commodus) right; reverse EΛAI-TΩN, kalathos containing poppy in center and four stalks of grain; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00
 


Kyme, Aeolis, c. 165 - 30 B.C.

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Kyme was conquered by Croesus, king of Lydia, and ruled successively by the Persians, Macedonians, Seleucids, and Pergamenes. Attalus III, the last king of Pergamum, bequeathed Aeolis to Rome in 133 B.C. Shortly afterward, it was made part of the Roman province of Asia. Aeolis was under Byzantine rule until the early 15th century, when the Ottoman Turks occupied the area.
GB90513. Bronze AE 13, SNG Cop 109; BMC Troas p. 112, 86; SNG Munchen 511; SNGvA 1643, Choice gVF, weight 1.677 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme (near Nemrut Limani, Turkey) mint, magistrate Zoilos, c. 165 - 30 B.C.; obverse KY, bridled horse forepart right; reverse ZΩI/ΛOΣ, bow and quiver tied together; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00
 


Myrina, Aeolis, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

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Myrina was a thriving town popular with tourists and known for its terracotta, glassware, and oysters.
GB90738. Bronze AE 18, SNG Cop 225; SNGvA 1666; SNG Munchen 571 - 573; BMC Troas p. 137, 27 ff., aVF, nice style, nice green patina, weight 3.728 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Aiolis, Myrina (near Aliaga, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse amphora, lyre right, MY-PI flanking across lower field; $40.00 SALE PRICE $36.00
 




  



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REFERENCES

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Catalog current as of Saturday, June 23, 2018.
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Aeolis Coins