Eryx, , c. 344 - 339 B.C.
Eryx was founded by Elymians on the summit of a mountain in northwest , about 10 km from Drepana (modern Trapani), and 3 km from the sea-coast, at the site of modern Erice. The Elymians maintained friendly relations and alliances with and came into frequent conflict with the Greeks. In 397 B.C., however, Eryx joined Dionysius I of . It was speedily recovered by Himilco the following year. It again fell into the of Dionysius shortly before his death in 367 B.C., but was soon recovered by the Carthaginians, and probably was subject to their rule until the expedition of Pyrrhus in 278 B.C.GS84640. Silver , 47; I pl. 24, 24; 1348; 1894; 630; 324 (????) (male head/man-faced bull); -, VF, , , slightly off center, 0.567 g, maximum 10.1 mm, 270o, Eryx (Erice, ) mint, Punic rule, c. 344 - 339 B.C.; of nymph left, hair in a bun at the crown, wearing triple-pendant earring and necklace; bull standing left, Punic "RK" above; from the Nicholas Molinari Collection; very ; $765.00 (€680.85)
Rhodes, Carian Islands, c. Mid 4th Century B.C.
This may be a fraction of the Pseudo-Rhodian "solar disk drachm" that suggests may be from Lampsakos under Memnon of Rhodes. Bronzes of a similar are now known.
GS84169. Silver tetartemorion, Other than the two previous auction listings for this coin, apparently unpublished, VF, edge chip, 0.128 g, maximum 6.1 mm, 0o, Rhodos (Rhodes, ) mint, c. mid 4th century B.C.; facing of , delicate linear ring around; rose bloom; ex CNG e-auction 377 (29 Jun 2016), lot 130; ex Numismatik Naumann Auction 39 (3 Jan 2016), lot 386; unique(?); $280.00 (€249.20)
Maroneia, , c. 398 - 385 B.C.
Maroneia was on the Aegean coast about midway between the mouths of the Hebrus and the Nestus rivers. The city was named after Maron, sometimes identified as a son of Dionysos, who in the Odyssey gives Odysseus the wine with which he intoxicates Polyphemos. Maroneia was famous for its wine, which was esteemed everywhere and was said to possess the odor of nectar.
GS85194. Silver , p. 127, 37; -; -; -; -; -; -; -, aVF, centered, edge cracks, 2.672 g, maximum 14.9 mm, 270o, Maroneia (Maroneia-Sapes, ) mint, c. 398 - 385 B.C.; forepart of bridled horse prancing left, dotted body truncation, H-P flanking at neck; bunch of grapes on a vine, MAP-ΩNI flanking low across the , all in a dotted linear square within a square ; extremely variety; $250.00 (€222.50)
Aspendos, , c. 490 - 450 B.C.
Aspendos is about 40 km east of Antalya, Turkey about 16 km inland on the Eurymedon River. In 546 B.C. it fell to . After a Persian defeat in 467, the city joined the Attic-Delos League. took it again in 411 B.C., Alexander in 333 B.C., and in 190 B.C. Although often subject to powerful empires, the city usually retained substantial autonomy.
GA84056. Silver , 392, -, -, -, -, -, -, -, VF, , etched surfaces, die crack, 0.626 g, maximum 8.3 mm, Aspendos mint, c. 490 - 450 B.C.; triskeles right, three pellets, one between each leg, quadripartite ; extremely ; $240.00 (€213.60)
, , , c. 440 - 375 B.C.
The name is in origin a Pelasgian (pre-Greek) word for "fortress." There were many ancient Greek cities with this name. The name of Thessalian is first recorded in connection with the aristocratic Aleuadai family. is thought to be where the famous Greek physician Hippocrates and the famous philosopher Gorgias of Leontini died.GS77554. Silver , 1120, Trait 690 and pl. CCXCVII 23, -, -, aVF, 0.893 g, maximum 12.3 mm, mint, c. 440 - 375 B.C.; a bull's hoof with bone, laying on a small round or with a dotted edge, all within an outer dotted boarder; diademed of Asklepios right, with long beard, drapery on his left shoulder, erect curving snake with right before him, ΛAPI upward behind; very ; $230.00 (€204.70)
Phaselis, , 500 - 466 B.C.
Partial . The was re-struck off-center over a of the , leaving two clear impressions.GA83588. Silver tetrobol, 4396, 1200 var. (ΦA above galley, Σ below), -, -, VF, , , die wear, die cracks, partial , 3.507 g, maximum 15.0 mm, 90o, Phaselis mint, 500 - 440 B.C.; prow of war galley right in the form of a boar's forepart, partial with letters ΦA visible on ; stern right, ΦAΣ above, all in square; ex Numismatics, e-sale 21 (31 Oct 2015), 368; $230.00 (€204.70)
, , , c. 267 - 168 B.C.
, named after its nymph, commanded a strategic position overlooking the narrows leading to the Euboian Gulf. In the Iliad, Homer describes the surrounding plain as "rich in vines." It was pro-Macedonian during the 3rd century, for which it was attacked in 208 and captured in 199 by a Roman-Pergamene force. The Roman garrison was removed in 194. It appears continued to prosper but little is known of its later history. Finds at the site indicate it continued to be inhabited in Roman, , and later times.GS85144. Silver tetrobol, 412 - 413; 1524; p. 134, 123 var. (trident below galley); 530 var. (same), gVF, and struck, attractive , die wear, light marks, edge bump, 2.160 g, maximum 14.5 mm, 180o, (near Oreoi, ) mint, c. 267 - 168 B.C.; of nymph right, wearing earring and necklace, hair rolled and wreathed in vine; IΣTI−AIEΩN (starting below, ending downward upper left), nymph seated right on stern of a galley holding naval , ornate , ornament on hull; ex Art of Money (Portland, OR); $225.00 (€200.25)
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C., , In the Name of Alexander the Great
Seleukos was never one of Alexander the Great's principal generals but he commanded the royal bodyguard during the Indian campaign. In the division of the empire after Alexander's death, Seleukos did not receive a satrapy. Instead, he served under the regent Perdikkas until the latter's murder in 321 or 320. Seleukos was then appointed of . Five years later Monophthalmus (the One-eyed) forced him to flee, but he soon returned with support from Ptolemy. From 312 B.C., Seleucus ruthlessly expanded his dominions and eventually conquered the Persian and Median lands. Seleucus ruled not only , but the entire enormous eastern of Alexander's empire. He declared himself in 306 B.C., founding the Seleukid Empire and the dynasty which ruled until Pompey made it a Roman province in 63 B.C.
GS84888. Silver , I 85, 3706, -, -, -, -, VF, a little rough, off center, 0.534 g, maximum 7.7 mm, 270o, Babylon Imperial Workshop mint, as of Babylon or as , 311 - 300 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress; MYP in on left, club, bow and quiver, H right (off ); very ; $220.00 (€195.80)
Olynthos, Chalkidian League, , 420 - 348 B.C.
In 432 B.C. Olynthos broke away from Athens and, with several other cities, formed the Chalkidian league. In 393, Amyntas III of temporally transferred territory to Olynthos when he was driven out of by Illyrians. When he was and the league did not return his lands, he appealed to Sparta. Akanthos and Apollonia, also appealed to Sparta, claiming league membership was not voluntary but enforced at the point of a sword. After a long war, in 379 these cities were made "autonomous" subject allies of Sparta. Weakened by the division, the league was destroyed by of Macedon in 348 B.C.SH64053. Silver tetrobol, group D, 38 (same dies); pl. 313, 10; -; -; -, VF, 2.043 g, maximum 14.8 mm, 0o, Olynthos mint, c. 420 - 348 B.C.; OΛYNΘ (counter-clockwise), laureate of left; XAΛKI∆EΩN, with eight strings, squared around, all within a shallow square; ; $215.00 (€191.35)
Persian Empire, Tarkumuwa (Datames), of & , c. 384 - 362 B.C., Tarsus,
Datames' enemies in Artaxerxes' court accused him, perhaps falsely, of intending to revolt against the Great . Secretly warned, he then did, in fact, revolt, c. 370 B.C. The revolt appeared to be leading to a breakup of the entire western half of the empire into autonomous states. His own son's desertion to Artaxerxes was, however, the beginning of the end, which came when Datames was assassinated, c. 362 B.C.GS84906. Silver , 25; 278; 81; series 1, pl. 3, 22, aEF, , tiny edge splits, 0.611 g, maximum 10.1 mm, 45o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, 378 - 372 B.C.; female right (Aphrodite?), wearing earring, necklace, and diadem; Aramaic right, helmeted male (Ares?) right; ex Numismatics e-sale 28 (2 Jul 2016), lot 231; $210.00 (€186.90)
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