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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Judean & Biblical Coins ▸ Herodian Dynasty ▸ Herod ArchelausView Options:  |  |  | 

Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

Son of Herod the Great, he inherited the southern part of his father's kingdom Ė Judaea, Samaria and Idumaea. Jerusalem was his capital. Augustus denied him the title king and gave him the title ethnarch, with a promise to name him king if he governed well. He was so unpopular with his subjects that Augustus deposed him, banished him to Gaul and annexed his territory.

Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

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Based on the fabric and style, we know that Herod used the same mint in Jerusalem as his father, Herod the Great.
JD43519. Bronze 2 prutot, Hendin 1194, Meshorer TJC 70, RPC I 4914, F, weight 2.834 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 45o, Jerusalem mint, obverse HPω∆ (of Herod) HC, double cornucopia; reverse EΘN/XPA/CH (Ethnarch), galley left; ex Amphora Coins (David Hendin); scarce; SOLD

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JD36479. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1196, Meshorer TJC 73, SGICV 5539, RPC I 4917, VF, weight 2.530 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 270o, Jerusalem mint, obverse HPω∆OY (of Herod), bunch of grapes, leaf on left; reverse EΘNOPXOY (Ethnarch), tall helmet with crest and neck straps viewed from the front, small caduceus in lower left field; attractive example, ex Amphora Coins (David Hendin); SOLD

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JD34886. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1193; Meshorer TJC 69b; BMC p. 235, 39; Meshorer AJC II p. 239, 2b, VF, weight 1.099 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 4 - 6 B.C.; obverse HPω∆OY (of Herod), anchor with long slender arms; reverse EΘ/AN (Ethnarch), surrounded by wreath; ex Carl Greenbaum Collection, ex Amphora Coins; scarce; SOLD



Grapes and Grape Vine: Grapes, the vine and wine were an important part of the ancient economy and ritual. Grapes were brought to the Temple as offerings of the first-fruits and wine was offered upon the altar. The vine and grapes decorated the sacred vessels in the sanctuary and a golden vine with clusters of grapes stood at its entrance.

Caduceus: The caduceus is the wing-topped staff, with two snakes winding about it, carried by Hermes. According to one myth it was given to him by Apollo. The caduceus was carried by Greek heralds and ambassadors and became a Roman symbol for truce, neutrality, and noncombatant status. Herod was a friend to Rome and the caduceus was an appropriate symbol in that regard.

Galley: The galley refers to Archelaus voyage to Rome at the beginning of his reign. His father had modified his will, naming Archelaus younger brother, Antipas, king. Archelaus sailed to Rome to appeal and was awarded a large share of the kingdom and the title ethnarch. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome.

Catalog current as of Wednesday, November 14, 2018.
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Herod Archeleus