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Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of , Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.
Based on the and , we know that Herod used the same mint in Jerusalem as his father, Herod the Great.JD43519. Bronze 2 prutot,
1194, 70, 4914, F, 2.834 g, maximum 18.6 mm, 45o, Jerusalem mint, HPω∆ (of Herod) HC, double ; EΘN/XPA/CH (Ethnarch), galley left; ex Coins (David ); ; SOLD
, 1196, 73, 5539, 4917, VF, 2.530 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 270o, Jerusalem mint, HPω∆OY (of Herod), bunch of grapes, leaf on left; EΘNOPXOY (Ethnarch), tall helmet with crest and neck straps viewed from the front, small in lower left ; attractive example, ex Coins (David ); SOLD
, 1193; 69b; BMC p. 235, 39; II p. 239, 2b, VF, 1.099 g, maximum 13.8 mm, 0o, Jerusalem mint, 4 - 6 B.C.; HPω∆OY (of Herod), with long slender arms; EΘ/AN (Ethnarch), surrounded by ; ex Carl Greenbaum Collection, ex Coins; ; SOLD
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SYMBOLS HEROD ARCHELEUS' COINS
Grapes and Grape Vine: Grapes, the vine and wine were an important part of the ancient economy and ritual. Grapes were brought to the Temple as offerings of the first-fruits and wine was offered upon the altar. The vine and grapes decorated the sacred vessels in the sanctuary and a golden vine with clusters of grapes stood at its entrance.
Caduceus: The caduceus is the wing-topped staff, with two snakes winding about it, carried by Hermes. According to one myth it was given to him by Apollo. The caduceus was carried by Greek heralds and ambassadors and became a Roman symbol for truce, neutrality, and noncombatant status. Herod was a friend to Rome and the caduceus was an appropriate symbol in that regard.
Galley: The galley refers to Archelaus voyage to Rome at the beginning of his reign. His father had modified his will, naming Archelaus younger brother, Antipas, king. Archelaus sailed to Rome to appeal and was awarded a large share of the kingdom and the title ethnarch. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome.
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