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Greek Coins from Other Moesia, Thrace, and Black Sea Cities
Orthagoreia, Thrace, c. 350 - 330 B.C.
All the references given, except SNG Cop, include Orthagoreia in Macedonia. See Psoma Maroneia, pp. 193–204, for the redesignation of Orthagoreia from Macedon to Thrace. SH86789. Silver hemidrachm, SNG ANS 7.1 564 (same dies); SNG Cop 690; SNG Ashmolean V.2 2356; AMNG III-2, 3; BMC Macedonia p. 88, 5; HGC 3.1 600 (R1), Choice aEF, attractive style, well centered, nice toning, slight porosity, weight 2.571 g, maximum diameter 14.4 mm, die axis 15o, Orthagoreia mint, c. 350 - 330 B.C.; obverse facing head of Artemis, facing slightly left,, wearing triple-drop earring and pearl necklace, quiver on left shoulder; reverse OΠΘAΓO−ΠEΩN, facing ornate Macedonian helmet with cheek pieces, and star ornament crest; scarce; $700.00 (€595.00)
Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Traianopolis, Thrace
Hebros is the Romanized version of the original Thracian Ebros. Today it is the Maritsa river or, in Greece, the Evros. The river enters the Aegean Sea near Enez. The lower course of the Maritsa/Evros forms part of the Bulgarian-Greek border and most of the Greek-Turkish border. The upper Maritsa valley runs east-west in Bulgaria. The unnavigable river is used for power production and irrigation.
The Three Graces, named Euphrosyne, Aglaia and Thalia, were the attendants of Venus (Aphrodite).SH74540. Brass AE 31, Schönert-GeissAugusta Traiana 27 (V13/R24), Varbanov III 2739, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, F, well centered, cleaning scratches, smoothing, weight 11.934 g, maximum diameter 31.2 mm, die axis 15o, Thrace, Traianopolis mint, hegemon Statilus Barbarus; obverse AYK Λ CEΠ - CEYHPOC Π, laureate head right; reverse HΓ CTATI BAPBAPOY TPAIANOΠO−ΛITΩN, River-god Hebrus reclining left on upturned urn; the Charites (the Three Graces) behind his legs standing facing; left and middle Charites with heads right, left Charis holding rod(?), middle Charis holding apple; big 31 mm bronze!; very rare; $460.00 (€391.00)
Thracians, Odrysian Kingdom, Kotys I 384 - 359 B.C.
Soon after he became king, Kotys allied with Athens and married his daughter to the Athenian general Iphicrates, who became his second in command. With the help of Iphicrates, Kotys expanded his kingdom, but his success led to increasing tensions with Athens. The Second Athenian Confederacy was founded as a safeguard against Kotys. In 365 B.C., Kotys went to war with the Athenians for the Thracian Chersonese. Around this time, Kotys' treasurer Miltokythes rebelled. Iphicrates and Kotys' mercenary commander Charidemus bribed the Athenian commanders to help suppress the rebellion. In 361 B.C., Charidemus returned to Athens with a treaty from Kotys, proclaiming him an ally. By 360 B.C., Kotys controlled the whole Chersonese peninsula. Late Sep. 360 B.C., Kotys was murdered by two of Plato’s students, Python and Heraclides. Advisers to the King, they murdered him under the pretext that he had wronged their father. In Athens, they were proclaimed honorary citizens and rewarded with gold wreaths.
Kypsela, Thrace, was located in the region between the river Nestos to the river Hebros. GS86792. Silver diobol, Winzer 31.3; SNG Ashmolean 3719; Topalov 96; Peter p. 114 var. (KO/T-Y and no ivy leaf), gVF, toned, light marks, slightly grainy/porous, weight .0793 g, maximum diameter 11.3 mm, die axis 0o, Kypsela mint, 384 - 359 B.C.; obversebare head left, with beard and moustache; reverse two-handled vessel (Odrysian dynastic symbol?), KO above, ivy leaf right; very rare; $300.00 (€255.00)
Ainos, Thrace, c. 117 - 138 A.D.
This extremely raretype is unpublished in references and missing from major collections. The only other example we know is the referenced example sold in Nomos obolos 7. Nomos dated the type c. 280 - 200 B.C. AMNG and RPC Online IV list a similar type with both Hermes and the goat right. RPC dates that type to the 2nd Century A.D. We believe the Hermes portrait is Augusticized and has some resemblance to Hadrian. We tentatively date the type to Hadrian's reign, c. 117 - 138 A.D.GB86124. Bronze AE 18, Nomos obolos 7 (9 Jul 2017), lot 28 (same dies); cf. AMNG 403, pl. V.26 (rev.) (Hermes and goat right, etc.); RPC Online IV temp. 4495 (=AMNG 403), F/aF, well centered, bumps and marks, corrosion, porosity, centration dimple on reverse, weight 4.132 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Ainos (Enez, Turkey) mint, c. 117 - 138 A.D.; obversehead of Hermes left, caduceus before, no centration dimple; reverse AI-NIΩN, goat standing left, centration dimple; unpublished in references, missing from major collections, extremely rare - 2nd known specimen; $200.00 (€170.00)
Samothrace, Islands off Thrace, c. 280 - 200 B.C.
Samothrace was subjugated by Philip II, and was under Macedonian suzerainty when this coin was struck. In 168 B.C., after the battle of Pydna, Samothrace became independent. Vespasian absorbed the island into the Roman Empire in 70 A.D. The Book of Acts in the Christian Bible records that the Apostle Paul, on his second missionary journey outside of Palestine, sailed from Troas to Samothrace and spent one night.
This is the first coin of Samothrace ever handled by Forum. GB86531. Bronze AE 16, CNT_ 7355, SNG Cop 1000, BMC Thrace p. 215, 2 - 10 var. (different magistrates); HGC 6 321, gVF, tight flan, edge cracks, weight 4.538 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 0o, Samothrace mint, magistrate Teisikas, c. 280 - 200 B.C.; obversehead of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; reverseCybele seated left on throne without back, kalathos on head, phiale in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, ΣA-MO downward on left, TEIΣIK (magistrate) downward on right; from the David Cannon Collection, ex Beast Coins; $160.00 (€136.00)
Handbook of Coins of Macedon and Its Neighbors, Volume 3, Part II
Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.. Part II Thrace, Skythia, and Taurike, sixth to first centuries BC. With a series preface by D. Scott Van Horn and Bradley R. Nelson. BK17140. Handbook of Coins of Macedon and Its Neighbors, Volume 3, Part II, by Oliver D. Hoover, hardcover, new in wrapper, lxxii and 338 pages, 2 maps, international shipping at the actual cost of postage; $65.00 (€55.25)
Kings of Thrace, Kavaros, 230 - 218 B.C.
Kavaros was a Gallic King of Thrace, the last Gaul to rule Thrace and the only Gallic king in Thrace to strike coins. GB65171. Bronze AE 22, cf. SNG BM 194; SNG Stancomb 304; SNG Cop 1175; BMC Thrace p. 207, 1; Lindgren 10; SGCV I 1727, weight 6.136 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, Kabyle (Kabile, Bulgaria) mint, 225 - 218 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ KAYAPOY, Nike standing left, wreath in right crowning the king's name, palm frond in left, monogram inner left; $40.00 (€34.00)
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