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Greek Coins from Other Moesia, Thrace, and Black Sea Cities
Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Traianopolis, Thrace
Hebros is the Romanized version of the original Thracian Ebros. Today it is the Maritsa river or, in Greece, the Evros. The river enters the Aegean Sea near Enez. The lower course of the Maritsa/Evros forms part of the Bulgarian-Greek border and most of the Greek-Turkish border. The upper Maritsa valley runs east-west in Bulgaria. The unnavigable river is used for power production and irrigation.
The Three Graces, named Euphrosyne, Aglaia and Thalia, were the attendants of Venus (Aphrodite).SH74540. Brass AE 31, Schönert-GeissAugusta Traiana 27 (V13/R24), Varbanov III 2739, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, F, well centered, cleaning scratches, smoothing, weight 11.934 g, maximum diameter 31.2 mm, die axis 15o, Thrace, Traianopolis mint, hegemon Statilus Barbarus; obverse AYK Λ CEΠ - CEYHPOC Π, laureate head right; reverse HΓ CTATI BAPBAPOY TPAIANOΠO−ΛITΩN, River-god Hebrus reclining left on upturned urn; the Charites (the Three Graces) behind his legs standing facing; left and middle Charites with heads right, left Charis holding rod(?), middle Charis holding apple; big 31 mm bronze!; very rare; $520.00 (€442.00)
Ainos, Thrace, c. 427 - 424 B.C.
Aenus, Enez, Turkey today, was on the southeastern coast of Thrace, near the mouth of the Hebrus River, not far from the Melas Gulf (modern Gulf of Saros), which is formed by the Thracian Chersonesus to the east. The city was said to be founded (or at least settled) by Aeolian migrants from Lesbos. Its mythical and eponymous founder was said to be Aeneus, a son of the god Apollo and father of Cyzicus. Another mythical ruler, named Poltys, son of Poseidon, entertained Heracles when he came to Aenus. In the Iliad, Homer mentions that the leaders of Troy's Thracian allies, Acamas and Peiros, came from Aenus.GS68735. Silver diobol, May Ainos 176 - 204, AMNG II 303, SNG Cop 405, SNG Lockett 1164, Pozzi 1033, McClean 3892, F, grainy, weight 1.167 g, maximum diameter 10.5 mm, die axis 45o, Ainos (Enez, Turkey) mint, c. 427 - 424 B.C.; obversehead of Hermes right, wearing petasos; reverse AIN, goat standing to right, coiled snake (control symbol) lower right; $110.00 (€93.50)
Dioscourias, Colchis, c. 105 - 90 B.C.
The Milesian Greek colony of Dioscurias was named for the Dioscuri, the twins of myth, Castor and Pollux. Commerce between Greece and the indigenous tribes was bustling in the city, wares were imported from many parts of Greece, and local salt and Caucasian timber, linen, and hemp were exported. It was also a center of slave trade. The multitude of languages spoken in its bazaars was remarkable. Under Augustus, the city assumed the name of Sebastopolis, but its prosperity was in the past. The Black Sea had continuously encroached upon the city and in the 1st century Pliny the Elder described it as nearly deserted. The towers and walls of Sebastopolis are still underwater today. In 542, the Romans evacuated the remaining residents and demolished its citadel to prevent it from being captured by the Sassanids. In 565, Justinian I restored the fort and Sebastopolis remained a Byzantine stronghold until it was sacked by the Arab conqueror Marwan II in 736.GB85237. Bronze AE 16, SNG BM Black Sea 1021, SNG Cop 102, SNG Stancomb 638, Lindgren II 5 SGCV 3629, HGC 7 205, VF, cleaning scratches, reverse off center, weight 5.367 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 0o, Dioscourias (Sokhumi, Abkhazia, Georgia) mint, c. 105 - 90 B.C.; obverse two piloi (caps of the Dioscuri), surmounted by stars; reverse ∆IOΣ/KOY-PIA/∆OΣ in three lines divided by thyrsos in center; ex Roma e-sale 28 (2 Jul 2016), lot 123; $80.00 (€68.00)
Kings of Thrace, Kavaros, 230 - 218 B.C.
Kavaros was a Gallic King of Thrace, the last Gaul to rule Thrace and the only Gallic king in Thrace to strike coins.GB65171. Bronze AE 22, cf. SNG BM 194; SNG Stancomb 304; SNG Cop 1175; BMC Thrace p. 207, 1; Lindgren 10; SGCV I 1727, weight 6.136 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, Kabyle (Kabile, Bulgaria) mint, 225 - 218 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ KAYAPOY, Nike standing left, wreath in right crowning the king's name, palm frond in left, monogram inner left; $50.00 (€42.50)
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