, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Tyre,
Dido, the founder and first queen of , is primarily known from Virgil's Aeneid. Upon succeeding their father as of Tyre, Dido's brother Pygmalion had her husband Sichaeus killed in a plot to seize his immense wealth. Dido, with a large group of friends and followers, escaped Tyre, carrying with them all of Sichaeus' treasure. As depicted on the of this coin, Dido made a sacrifice at the temple of Melqart-Hercules before leaving. The on some other Valerian types, we know of one example struck with this same die, depict Dido in beginning construction.RP75357. Bronze , Unpublished in the many references examined by , cf. 2354 ( and ), 2503 (same), VF, , porous, adjustment marks, 11.064 g, maximum 28.9 mm, 180o, Tyre mint, Oct 253 - Jun 260 A.D.; IMP CP LIC VALERIANVS AVG, laureate and right; COL TVRO MET, Dido standing right, on , extending both toward a temple of Melqart-Hercules in perspective to upper right, club within the temple, flaming column at her feet, shell on right below temple; from the J. Collection; the best of the few examples of the known to ; extremely ; $640.00 (€569.60)
, August 253 - September 268 A.D.
is the personification of valor and courage. Valor was, of course, essential for the success of a Roman emperor and was one of the embodiments of virtues that were of the Imperial cult. During his joint reign with his father, proved his courage in battle; but his failure to liberate his father from Persian captivity was perceived as cowardice and a disgrace to the Emperor and Empire. It was not, however, actually fear that prevented a rescue. While others mourned Valerian's fate, rejoiced in his new sovereignty.RB76153. , 38dd, 248, 1293, 33, 10495, Nice gVF, excellent portrait, green , cutting off much , 10.962 g, maximum 25.3 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 253 - 255 A.D.; IMP C GALLIENVS AVG, laureate and right; (valor of the two emperors), standing left, wearing crested helmet and military garb, right resting hand on grounded , inverted spear vertical behind in left, flanking across ; $630.00 (€560.70)
, June or July 251 - April or August 253 A.D.
This commemorates Trebonianus Gallus' decennalian vows, prayers and sacrifices he made to the gods that they might him successfully achieve his tenth of rule. In a religious context, , plural , is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action, a vow, or promise. It may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion and sacrifice, a bargaining expressed by "do ut des" (I give that you might give).RB76162. , RIC 127a (R), 137 (10 fr.), 29, 38, 9683, VF, nice portrait, nice , on a , 17.910 g, maximum 28.0 mm, 180o, Rome mint, special emission, August - October 251 A.D.; C VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVG, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; / DECENNA / LIBVS / S C in four lines within laurel tied at the bottom and closed with a jewel at the top; rarities; $600.00 (€534.00)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Soli-Pompeiopolis,
Aratos was a native of . His chief pursuits were medicine, grammar, and philosophy. He studied with Menecrates in , Philitas in Cos and Praxiphanes in Athens. About 276 he was invited to the court of the II Gonatas, whose over the Gauls in 277 BC Aratus set to verse. There he wrote his most famous poem, Phaenomena ("Appearances"). He then spent some time at the court of Antiochus I but returned to where he died sometime before 240 B.C.SH58900. Bronze hexassarion,
BIG 32mm bronze; extremely ; $360.00 (€320.40) 1605 (same dies); , p. 247, 20; -; -; -; -; -; -, gF, 12.323 g, maximum 32.4 mm, 180o, Soli-Pompeiopolis mint, 245 - 246 A.D.; AYT K IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC EY CEB, , draped, and right, Π − Π across ; ΠOMΠHIOΠOΛ IAT (year 311) ς (6 assaria), bare-headed, draped of Aratos right; ex Ancient Numismatic Enterprise, with an old round coin ticket probably from 1960's or 1970's,
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., ,
Located near Lampsacus, belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period, it was in the domain of and then the Attalid dynasty. refounded it as a within the province of . After was divided in the 4th century, it was in the province of Hellespontus.RP70938. Bronze AE 21, 304; 1343; p. 108, 116, VF, perfect centering, struck with a damaged die, 4.774 g, maximum 20.7 mm, 180o, (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, IMP VALERIANVS , ,draped and right; Capricorn swimming right, holding celestial globe between legs, on back, C G I H P ( Gemella Iulia Hadriana Pariana) below; ex Russian Coins; $360.00 (€320.40)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
was the goddess or personification of luck and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.RS75697. Silver , 75A (R); 130, 8945, -, EF, strike with dies, nice metal, 4.966 g, maximum 22.4 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 247 - 248 A.D.; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, , draped, and right, from behind; IIII COS P P, standing left, long in right hand, in left hand; $360.00 (€320.40)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria,
In 248, overwhelmed by the number of invasions and usurpers, Philip offered to resign. The Senate decided to support the Emperor, with Gaius Messius Quintus most vocal of all the senators. Philip was so impressed that he dispatched with a special command of the Pannonian and Moesian provinces. His loyal supporter, , was, however, proclaimed Emperor by the Danubian armies in the spring of 249 and defeated and killed Philip in September.SH60141. Silver , 907a, 357, 2027, -, EF, 10.949 g, maximum 26.4 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 247 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, and left, Gorgon's on ; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠATO Γ (tribune of the people, consul for the 3rd time), standing right, right, wings open, in beak, ANTIOXIA over S C ( ) in ; $250.00 (€222.50)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
stands for . According to H. R. this initial issue of coins was minted in Rome. Indeed the portrait is unmistakably that of the mint of Rome, and even if the coins were actually minted in Antioch, the dies were surely by the Rome mint.SH60149. , 899, 304, 507, EF, 13.825 g, maximum 27.6 mm, 0o, Rome or Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 244 or 246 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOY CEB, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC (tribune of the people), standing facing on ground line, wings open, and tail left, in beak, ( ) below wings, in ; double strike evident in , minor , small encrustations, very , handsome portrait and ; $250.00 (€222.50)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
In April 248, Philip combined celebration of Rome's 1000th with the . Festivities included spectacular games and theatrical presentations. In the Colosseum, more than 1,000 gladiators were killed along with hundreds of exotic including hippos, leopards, lions, giraffes, and one rhinoceros. At the same time, Philip elevated his son to the rank of co-Augustus. Undoubtedly the festivities included elephants, as advertised by this coin.RS77602. Silver , 5, 246A(a) (S) ( right), 5, -, -, VF, , porous, light scratches, 2.066 g, maximum 22.0 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 248 A.D.; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, , draped, and right, from front; , walking left, ridden by mahout guiding it with rod and goad; ; $250.00 (€222.50)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., ,
Pacensis (or Pacifica) was founded by . The colony assumed his family name, , and on account of Vespasian's devotion to the goddess of Peace (to whom he built a temple at Rome); it was called Pacensis (or Pacifica).RP77123. Bronze AE 22, 1746-1749 (same dies); 454, 3023(?); -, gVF, nice , nice , die wear and crack, 6.695 g, maximum 22.4 mm, (Debelt, Bulgaria) mint, Feb 244 - End Sep 249 A.D.; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, and right, from behind, centration dimple; CO-L FL PAC DEV,LT (LT in ), prow of galley left on waves, ram's on point of ram, octopus and swimming left beside hull above waves; Pecunem Gitbud & Naumann auction 31 (3 May 2015), lot 313; ; $240.00 (€213.60)
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