Julius Caesar, Imperator and Dictator, assassinated 15 March 44 B.C.
Gaius Julius Caesar is one of the most famous men in history. At the end of his brilliant military and political career he had gained control of the Roman state. His puppet senate heaped more and more honors upon him. In February 44 B.C. the senate named him dictator for life. Many senators, however, feared that he wished to become king, ending the Republic. On the 15th of March 44 B.C., 63 senators attacked him with knives they had hidden in the folds of their togas. This most famous of assassinations plunged the Roman Republic into 17 years of civil war, after which it would re-emerge as the Roman Empire.
Roman Republic, Julius Caesar, Posthumous, 42 B.C., Moneyer L. Livineius Regulus
L. Livineius Regulus had served with Caesar in NorthAfrica.
SH66832. Silver denarius, SRCV I 1425, Crawford 494/24, Sear Imperators 115, Sydenham 1106, RSC I 27, BMCRR Rome 4274, F, scratches, weight 3.580 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, posthumous, 42 B.C.; obverse wreathed head of Julius Caesar right, laurel branch behind, winged caduceus before; reverse L LIVINEIVS / REGVLVS, bull charging right; ex CNG Auction 290, Lot 323; ex R.D. Frederick Collection; rare; $1400.00 (€1050.00)
Thessalonica, Macedonia, Julius Caesar, and Augustus, c. 27 B.C. - 14 A.D. (Possibly Later)
RPC tentatively dates the type to the reign of Augustus but notes it may have been struck as late as the reign of Domitian.
RP65932. Bronze AE 22, RPC I 1555; BMC Macedonia p. 115, 60, F, weight 6.623 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 270o, Thessalonica mint, obverse ΘEOC, bare head of Julius Caesar right; reverse ΘECCAΛONI KEΩN, bare head of Augustus right; $225.00 (€168.75)
Octavian, Triumvir and Imperator, c. 38 - 30 B.C., Julius CaesarReverse, Ancient Imitative or Counterfeit
Imitatives of this type are scarcer than official issues struck in Italy, but perhaps too common to be the work of criminal counterfeiters. They may have been issued by local authorities, either with or without the permission of Rome, to deal with a currency shortage.
RR66783. Bronze sestertius or dupondius, cf. SRCV I 1569, RPC I 620, Crawford 535/1, Sydenham 1335, BMCRR Gaul 106 (official, Italian mint, c. 38 B.C.), F, nice green patina, weight 13.839 g, maximum diameter 29.6 mm, die axis 180o, unofficial mint, after 38 B.C.; obverseCAESARDIVI F, bare head of Octavian right; reverseDIVOS IVLIVS, wreathed head of Julius Caesar right; $200.00 (€150.00)
Julius Caesar, Imperator and Dictator, Assassinated 15 March 44 B.C., Ancient Counterfeit
This was the first coin issued in Caesar's name. It was minted after his invasion of Italy and crossing of the Rubicon on 10 January 49 B.C. until his defeat of Pompey at Pharsalus. The symbolism on the obverse appears to be the triumph of good over evil. The reverse refers to Caesar's office of Pontifex Maximus.
RR66534. Fouree silver plated denarius, cf. RSC I 49, SRCV I 1399, Sydenham 1006, Crawford 443/1 (silver, official, military mint traveling with Caesar, 49 B.C.), Fair, corrosion, exposed core, weight 2.530 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 270o, illegal mint, obverse emblems of the pontificate: culullus (cup) or simpulum (ladle), sprinkler, axe and apex (priest's hat); reverseCAESAR below elephant right trampling on snake; $125.00 (€93.75)
Julius Caesar and Augustus Commemorative Restitution Issue, 81 - 96 A.D., Thessalonica, Macedonia
RP62503. Bronze AE 22, RPC I 1555, SNG ANS 824 ff., aF, weight 7.847 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica mint, reign of Domitian, 81 - 96 A.D.; obverse ΘEOΣ, bare head of Julius Caesar right; reverse ΘEΣΣAΛONIKEΩN, bare head of OctavianAugustus right; $120.00 (€90.00)
Julius Caesar and Octavian, 36 B.C., Vienne, Gaul
Vienne is in south-eastern France, 20 miles (32 km) south of Lyon, on the Rhone River. Before the arrival of the Roman armies under Julius Caesar, Vienne was the capital city of the Allobroges. RPC misspells the name, Vienna.
This dupondiustype, struck at Vienne was frequently halved to make two asses.
RP64468. Bronze cut fragment, cut half of RPC I 517, aF, encrusted, weight 13.623 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, Gaul, Vienne mint, obverse IMP / [CAESARDIVI F DIVI IVLI], bare heads of Julius Caesar left [and Octavian right (off flan)]; reverse C I V (Colonia Iulia Viennensis), prow right with superstructure; budget Julius Caesar portrait; $80.00 (€60.00)
Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Firenze, 1972-1979). Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l’Empire Romain. (Paris, 1880). Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974). Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910). Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001). Seaby, Sear, and Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989). Sear, D. R. The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators 49 - 27 BC. (London, 1998). Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000). Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).
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