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Mesopotamia, Levant, Arabia, or Egypt, Imitative Old StyleTetradrachm, c. 450 - 350 B.C.
From Mesopotamia, across the Levante and Arabia, to Egypt, Persian satraps and local rulers struck imitative Athenian type tetradrachms. Some were struck with styles much different from the Athenian originals. Some included monograms or inscriptions in Aramaic or other local scripts. The style of this coin is close to the original Athenian but unusual enough that we are convinced it is an imitative. In particular, Athena's face is distorted and the owls eyes are unusually large.GS86605. Silver tetradrachm, cf. Dewing 1622; SNG Cop 40; Svoronos Athens pl. 17, 18; SNG Munchen 56; HGC 4 1597; SGCV I 2526, gVF, centered on a tight flan, bumps and marks, punch on obverse, banker's mark on reverse, tiny edge cracks, weight 17.243 g, maximum diameter 24.6 mm, die axis 225o, unofficial mint, c. 450 - 350 B.C.; obversehead of Athena right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves into ear; reverse owl standing right, head facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, AΘE downward on right, all within incuse square; $750.00 (€637.50) ON RESERVE
Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.
The S - Preverse marks were used in 293. This obverselegend was used only until 291 and the portrait style is only correct for coins up to 292. The reverselegend should read COMES AVG. Although the style is equivalent to official issues, this coin is probably an unofficial imitative.RA73280. Billonantoninianus, RIC V-2 447 (R), Webb Carausius 496, Hunter IV -, SRCV IV -, Bourne Carausius -, Linchmere -, Burton Latimer -, Bicester -, Carausian Hoard -, aVF, centered, corrosion, most of the reverselegend unstruck or obliterated, weight 5.637 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 0o, unmarked or unofficial mint, c. 293 A.D.; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate and draped bust right; reverse COMIS AVG (companion of the Emperor), Victory standing left, raising wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, S - P flanking across field (just a trace of the P remaining), nothing (or pellet?) in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; $175.00 (€148.75)
Normans, Southern Italy, Anonymous, Dukes of Apulia or Counts of Sicily & Calabria, c. 1060 - 1080 A.D.
This coin is certainly imitative, as it weighs less then 1/3 the weight of the even the lightest official Class B Byzantineanonymous follisForum has handled. Attribution to the Normans in Italy is based on the reputed find location and some similarity to other Byzantine imitatives issued by the Normans in Southern Italy and Sicily.ME73353. Bronze follaro, apparently unpublished, imitative of Class B Byzantineanonymous follis (SBCV 1823, Constantinople, 1028 - 1041); MEC Italy III -, MIR -, et al. -, F, weight 2.163 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Italian mint, c. 1060 - 1080 A.D.; obverse facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, holding book of Gospels; reverse IS - XS / bAS-ILE / bAS-ILE (Jesus Christ King of Kings, mostly off flan), Cross on three steps, dividing legend; from a California collector; $170.00 (€144.50)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX, c. 116 - 80 B.C., Ancient Counterfeit or Imitative
This is an unusual counterfeit or imitative with a Cypriot style portrait of Zeus Ammon. The central "dimples" are skeuomorphs, actually cut into the dies to imitate the central "dimple" on official coins. On the official coins the center "dimple" resulted from a production process and was not a feature of the dies.GP86872. Bronze AE 22, cf. Svoronos 1698 (official Ptolemaic mint issue), EF, style quite similar to official issues, remnant of pre-strike casting sprues, slightly rough, weight 5.167 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 0o, unofficial mint, c. 116 - 80 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Zeus Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (blundered), two eagles standing left, side by side, on thunderbolts, cornucopia left; $140.00 (€119.00)
Roman Republic, c. 169 - 91 B.C., Unofficial Issue
Crawford notes, "The very common quadrantes with M • and N• (as Milan 351) are clearly unofficial."RR79715. Copper quadrans, cf. Milan 351 (from Crawford appendix p. 309 unofficial issues of bronze coins), Sydenham -, VF, centered on a tight flan, light marks,, weight 4.182 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 135o, unofficial mint, c. 169 - 91 B.C.; obversehead of Hercules right, wearing Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow right, ROMA below, three pellets before, M• above; ex FORVM (2006), ex Goodman collection; $140.00 (€119.00)
Normans, Southern Italy, Anonymous, Dukes of Apulia or Counts of Sicily & Calabria, c. 1081 - 1087 A.D.
This coin is certainly imitative, as it weighs about 1/3 the normal weight of an official Class J Byzantineanonymous follis. Attribution to the Normans in Italy is based on the reputed find location and some similarity to other Byzantine imitatives issued by the Normans in Southern Italy and Sicily.ME68381. Bronze follaro, apparently unpublished, imitative of Byzantine class J follis (SBCV 1900, Constantinople, 1081 - 1118); MEC Italy III -, Biaggi -, Wroth Western -, aF, on a very small thin flan compared to Byzantine proto-types, weight 2.200 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain S. Italy mint, c. 1081 - 1087 A.D.; obversebust of Christ facing, cross behind, wears pallium and colbium, raising right in benediction, Gospels in left, crescents above, IC - XC flanking; reverseCross with globule and two pellets at each extremity, large crescent below, four globules around each surrounded by pellets; from an American collection; very rare; $110.00 (€93.50)
Thracian or Germanic Tribes, Pseudo-Imperial Coinage, Mid 4th - Early 5th Century A.D.
This type was minted by and used as currency by tribes outside the Roman Empire in Thrace. It copied a Roman votive type issued under Constantine the Great. The inscriptions are made up of illiterate imitations of letters.CE76987. Bronze AE 18, Imitative of Crispus types, for prototypes see RIC VII p. 379 ff. (official Roman, Ticinum mint, c. 320 - 325 A.D.), Choice VF, nice green patina, weight 2.047 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, tribal mint, mid 4th - early 5th century A.D.; obverse laureate bust left, illiterate blundered imitation of a legend; reverse blundered VOT X within wreath, illiterate blundered limitation of a legend around, ST in exergue; $100.00 (€85.00)
Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.
The quantity of PAX coinage issued by Carausius probably exceeded the entire output of all his other types combined. The type was an appeal by the usurper Carausius for peace with the "official" emperors. Diocletian and Maximian did not recognize Carausius as emperor, nor did they reciprocate his desire for peace.RA73491. Billonantoninianus, cf. King Unmarked 31; Burton Latimer 59; Croydon Hoard 63 (...P F AVG); Webb Carausius 128 (same); Bicester Hoard -, F, green patina, edge chip, weight 2.934 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 180o, unofficial mint, obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P AVG, radiate and draped bust right; reverse PAX AV (or similar, blundered), Pax(?) standing, raising branch(?) in right hand, anchor(?) in left hand, no control or mintmarks; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; $95.00 (€80.75)
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Iberian(?) Barbaric Imitative
RB70583. Copper as, cf. SRCV I 1685, RIC I 431, BMCRE 226, Cohen I 515, BnF I 687 (official, Rome mint, 7 B.C.), F, interesting crude style, nice green patina, edge cracks, scratches, pits on reverses, weight 10.390 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 225o, Iberian(?) unofficial mint, obversebare head right; reverse large S C; $90.00 (€76.50)
Geto-Dacian, Roman Republic Imitative, 106 B.C. - 1st Century A.D.
CE76909. Silver denarius, cf. Davis A/II M14 (possibly same prototype but not very similar), cf. possible prototype: Crawford 313/1 (Rome mint, L. Memmius Galeria, 106 B.C.), F, scratches, uneven strike with some areas unstruck, weight 3.596 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 45o, obversestylizedhead of Saturn(?) right; reversebiga right, MEΛΛIVS (or similar) in exergue; $90.00 (€76.50)
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