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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Military| ▸ |Legionary||View Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of the Roman Legions

Legionarii is the name give to the foot soldiers of the Roman legions. The horsemen were distinguished by the appellation of Equites. The term of sixteen years was the period fixed for the service of the Legionarii. Before the reign of Septimius Severus they were not permitted to marry, or at least to have their wives with them in the camp. The military discipline of these troops was very severe. They led a life of great hardship, and made long marches, laden with heavy burdens. During peace they were employed in working on the fortifications of towns and of camps, as well as in repairing the high roads.

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

|Pisidia|, |Philip| |I| |the| |Arab,| |February| |244| |-| |End| |of| |September| |249| |A.D.,| |Antiocheia,| |Pisidia||AE| |26|NEW
Pisidia's geographic and strategic position made it difficult to maintain peace. To strengthen control, Rome colonized the area with military veterans, who were attracted to the area by the fertile soil. An important Roman colony, Antiocheia was, like Rome, divided into seven quarters called "vici" on seven hills. The formal language was Latin until the end of the 3rd century A.D.
RP93142. Bronze AE 26, Krzyzanowska IX/16; BMC Lycia p. 195, 112; SNG BnF 1261 corr. (rev. leg); SNG Hunterian 2133; SNG Righetti 1367; McClean 8962; RPC Online VIII U3239, VF, odd but pleasing portrait, well centered, brassy high points highlighted by darker fields, weight 10.536 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, c. 245 - 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS A, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ANTIO-CHI CO-LON, vexillum flanked by two standards, all surmounted by eagles, S - R in inner fields; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $130.00 (119.60) ON RESERVE

Trajan Decius, September 249 - June or July 251 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

|Pisidia|, |Trajan| |Decius,| |September| |249| |-| |June| |or| |July| |251| |A.D.,| |Antiocheia,| |Pisidia||AE| |25|NEW
Paul of Tarsus gave his first sermon to the Gentiles (Acts 13:13-52) at Antiochia in Pisidia, and visited the city once on each of his missionary journeys, helping to make Antioch a center of early Christianity in Anatolia. Antioch in Pisidia is also known as Antiochia Caesareia and Antiochia in Phrygia.
RP93135. Bronze AE 25, Krzyzanowska pl. XLIV, II/8; RPC Online IX 1258; SNG BnF 1282 var. (...COL CA); SNG PfPS V 124 (same); BMC Lycia p. 198, 125 var. (...COLON), VF, well centered with full legends, minor porosity, light earthen deposits, reverse die crack, weight 8.159 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, Sep 249 - Jun/Jul 251 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES TRAIAN DECIVS AV, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse ANTIOC-HI COL C, eagle on vexillum between two standards, S R in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $100.00 (92.00)

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

|Augustus|, |Augustus,| |16| |January| |27| |B.C.| |-| |19| |August| |14| |A.D.||denarius|
Augustus built the temple of Mars the Avenger on the Capitol to house the recovered legionary eagles, which had been lost by Crassus and Antony to the Parthians.
RR34983. Silver denarius, SRCV I 1623, RIC I 105a, BMCRE I 373, BMCRR Rome 4419-4420, BnF I 1202, RSC I 190, EF, beautiful coin, glossy even gray tone, weight 3.800 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Patricia (Cordoba, Spain) mint, 18 B.C.; obverse CAESARI AVGVSTO, laureate head right; reverse Temple of Mars Ultor (Mars the Avenger), domed round hexastyle shrine with acroteria, set on podium of three steps, containing aquila between two signa militaria, MAR - VLT divided across the field; SOLD


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