Athens, , Old , c. 454 - 404 B.C.
The old-style of Athens is famous for its almond shaped eye, archaic smile, and charming owl . Around 480 B.C. a of olive leaves and a decorative scroll were added to Athena's helmet. On the , a crescent moon was added.
During the period 449 - 413 B.C. huge quantities of tetradrachms were minted to finance grandiose building projects such as the Parthenon and to cover the costs of the Peloponnesian War.
SL85595. Silver , 31, 49, 8, 1611, 519, 1597, 1611, 2526, NGC MS, strike 5/5, surface 3/5 (4377469-089), , bold strike, some light marks, 17.18 g, maximum 24 mm, 270o, Athens mint, c. 454 - 404 B.C.; of right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves; AΘE right, owl standing right, facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, all within square; NGC certified (slabbed); ex Heritage Auction 231729, lot 63023; $2350.00 (€2091.50)
The Temple Tax Coin, Tyre KP , Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, 36 - 37 A.D., Temple Tax for Two
Full - Tax for Two. At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied was 1/2 per male. The 1/2 and were the only coins accepted by the temple. Some experts believe that after the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder and , but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The "Jerusalem" shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for , Greek for .
SL85592. Silver ON RESERVE
, 919 (year 162, C); p. 249, 206; 4695; 1426 (6 spec.); 2109; AUB -, NGC AU (about Uncirculated), strike 4/5, surface 5/5 (1883026-004), 14.37 g, maximum 22 mm, 0o, Jerusalem or Tyre mint, 36 - 37 A.D.; laureate of right, lion's skin knotted around neck; TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), left, right foot on ship's ram, frond under wing, date PΞB (year 162) over club left, KP (καισαρ?) over right, Phoenician letter beth (control) between legs; $2000.00 (€1780.00)
, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D.
With this coin claimed there was peace all over the world. It was true that at the time it was struck there was peace along all the borders of the empire, which was a event because was almost always engaged in some war with the nations and tribes that surrounded it. It was, however, an absurdity, in the midst of a civil war within the borders, to acclaim peace on the borders as peace all over the world.
SL85593. Silver , 4 (R), 3, 3, 3, 2, 2156, NGC , strike 4/5, surface 3/5 (4278887-006), , 3.12 g, maximum 18 mm, 180o, mint, Jan - Feb 69 A.D.; IMP M , right; PAX TERRARVM (All the World at Peace), Pax standing left, olive branch in right hand, in left; NGC certified (slabbed); ; $1000.00 (€890.00)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
This may have been a legion raised by Antony and disbanded by . The XI , an old legion of Caesar's, fought for (and won the title Actiaca at the battle of ).
SL79267. Silver , 544/25, 1229, II East 203, 39, NGC F, strike 3/5, surface 2/5, banker's marks (2400602-008), , 3.48 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - XI, ( ) between two legionary standards; NGC certified (slabbed); $400.00 (€356.00)
(Thurioi), , Italy, c. 410 - 350 B.C.
Nearly 70 years after Sybaris was destroyed by the Crotoniats, a new colony was founded on the site on the Gulf of Taranto. Soon after, on the advice of an oracle, the settlers moved a short distance away near a fountain named Thuria, after which the new city was named.
SL85594. Silver nomos, 1791c, 1041, 1442, 1028, 1196, -, NGC VF, strike 5/5, surface 4/5 (3987747-003), 7.67 g, maximum 22 mm, 180o, mint, c. 410 - 350 B.C.; of right, wearing necklace and crested Athenian helmet decorated with holding trident in right hand, rudder over shoulder in left hand; ΘOYPIΩN, bull butting right, lashing tail, lowered, HP above, tunny fish right below; NGC certified (slabbed); ex Heritage auction 231729, lot 63004; $285.00 (€253.65)
, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.
was the Roman goddess of the hearth ( ) and, derived from that, was important for the security of the state (homeland). may have been especially devoted to because he was brought up by his grandmother in that he loved and appreciated. Suetonius wrote, "He was brought up under the care of his paternal grandmother Tertulla on her estates at Cosa. Therefore, even after he became emperor he used constantly to visit the of his infancy, where the manor house was kept in its original condition, since he did not wish to miss anything which he was wont to see there; and he was so devoted to his grandmother's memory that on religious and festival days he always drank from a little silver cup that had belonged to her." With his coinage dedicated to , expressed his respect for and hearth, and his dedication to security of the state.SL85101. Silver , , 1, 50; 574; 71; 55; 2316, VF35 (5163464), mint, 72 A.D.; , laureate right; standing left, in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, VES-TA across ; certified (slabbed) by ; $160.00 (€142.40)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
Eternal peace was just wishful thinking during the reign of (just as it has always been).SL84533. Silver , 41, 102, 23, 8939 var. (pax standing left), 12 var. ( ), NGC AU, strike 3/5, surface 4/5, 5.03 g, maximum 23 mm, 180o, mint, 244 - 245 A.D.; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, , draped, and right, from behind; (eternal peace), Pax advancing left, branch in right hand, transverse in left hand; certified (slabbed) by NGC, from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $135.00 (€120.15)
, 7 March 161 - February 169 A.D.
In 162, sent to lead the war against . spent most of the campaign in Antioch, though he wintered at and summered at Daphne, a resort just outside Antioch. Critics derided Lucius' luxurious lifestyle. He took up a mistress, enjoyed the company of actors and would "dice the whole night through." The Syrian army was said to spend more time in Antioch's open-air cafés than with their units. The war was, nevertheless, a success. Despite Lucius' minimal personal participation, he was awarded the titles Armeniacus, Medicus and Parthicus and a triumph upon his return to in 166.SL76246. , p. 564, 1116; 249, M. 1396 var. (drapery not mentioned), NGC certified VG, strike 4/5, surface 2/5, lt. scrapes (4094568-014), 22.91 g, maximum 33.0 mm, 315o, mint, Dec 163 - Dec 164 A.D.; VERVS - AVG ARMENIACVS, laureate right, slight drapery on left shoulder; TR P IIII - , standing facing, right, nude to the waist, both wings visible on left, frond in right, resting left on inscribed VIC / AVG in two lines set on tree, ( ) flanking in lower fields; from the Sam Mansourati Collection; ; $130.00 (€115.70)
, , 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.
Certificate of Authenticity issued by .
David notes, "a previously unpublished variant of the series listed by (Le Monnayage de l'Atelier de ) on pages 163 and 164, numbers 155-6 and 159-61 (cf. , p. 134, 202-4)...good F, and interesting as an unpublished variant."
RL70838. , unpublished variant; cf. XIII, 155-6 and 159-61; Lyons 202 - 204, gF, 3.451 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 0o, 1st , ( , France) mint, as , 322 - 323 A.D.; IVL CRISPVS , laureate and left, spear pointed forward in right, in left; BEAT TRAN-Q-LITAS, globe on inscribed VOT/IS / XX in three lines, three stars above, PLG in ; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $120.00 (€106.80)
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