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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Adoptive Emperors ▸ Antoninus PiusView Options:  |  |  |   

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.

Titus Aurelius Fulvius Boionius Arrius Antoninus was born around 86 A.D. to a distinguished family. After a typical senatorial career he made a name for himself as proconsul of Asia. He was adopted as Emperor Hadrian's heir in February 138 A.D. and succeeded soon after. His reign was long and peaceful, a Golden Age of tranquility and prosperity. He died in 161 A.D., leaving Marcus Aurelius as his successor.


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In 146, Marcus Aurelius received the imperium proconsular and Faustina the Younger was given the title Augusta.
SH73156. Orichalcum sestertius, BMCRE IV 1669, RIC III 767a, Strack 974, Cohen II 320, Hill UCR 709, SRCV II 4168, VF, nice green patina, nice portrait, light scratches, tight flan, weight 22.051 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 146 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG - PIVS P P TR P, laureate head right; reverse Antoninus in slow quadriga left, eagle-tipped scepter in left, reins in right, COS IIII / S C in two lines in exergue; $700.00 (€609.00)
 


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.

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RS73963. Silver tetradrachm, Dattari 2141/2143; Milne 1927; Geissen 1562; Curtis 571/572; Kampmann 35.384; Emmett 1358/11; BMC Alexandria -, F, inscriptions partially unstruck and off flan, weight 14.284 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 147 - 28 Aug 148 A.D.; obverse ANTWNEINOC CEB EYCEB (clockwise from upper right), laureate head right; reverse L EY∆EKATOY (year 11), Apollo Didymaios (Milesios) standing facing, laureate, nude, small stag in extended right hand, bow in left at side; scarce; $225.00 (€195.75)
 


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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This reverse type was apparently only struck for Antoninus Pius in his year two. Milne lists only a single example. Emmett lists it as rarity 5 (only one or two specimens known from the collections he examined).
RX57412. Bronze hemidrachm, Milne 1612, Emmett 1716 (R5), Dattari -, Geissen -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Hunterian -, SNG Cop -, SNG Milan -, Kampmann-Ganschow -, aF, weight 11.475 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 138 - 28 Aug 139 A.D.; obverse AY TK T AIΛ A∆P ANTWNINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Demeter seated left, veiled, sacrificing from patera in right over altar at feet left, long torch in left, LB (year 2) upper left; extremely rare; $200.00 (€174.00)
 


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.

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In 142, Antoninus Pius ordered the construction of the Antonine Wall. When complete the wall ran 39 miles (63 km) from Old Kilpatrick in West Dunbartonshire on the Firth of Clyde to Carriden near Bo'ness on the Firth of Forth (Scotland). The Romans built nineteen forts and smaller fortlets (milecastles), to protect the border against the Caledonians.
RB90470. Orichalcum sestertius, BMCRE IV 1315, Cohen II 819, RIC III 642(a), Strack III 863, SRCV II 4237, aF, weight 22.720 g, maximum diameter 33.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 141 - 143 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG - PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate head right; reverse TIBERIS, Tiber reclining left, wreathed with reeds, resting right hand on boat on his far side, reeds in left, left arm resting on urn on its side from which water flows, S C in exergue; rare; $200.00 (€174.00)
 


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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Euthenia is the personification of abundance or plenty. To the Romans she was Abundantia. Her attributes are heads of grain and the cornucopia. She can be seated or standing and is sometimes shown emptying a cornucopia.
RX59567. Bronze drachm, cf. Milne 1609 ff.; Geissen 1301; SNG Hunterian 4146; Dattari 2561; BMC Alexandria p. 138, 1162; SNG Cop 430; Kampmann 35.21; Emmett 1518, aF/gF, weight 22.959 g, maximum diameter 33.4 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 138 - 28 Aug 139 A.D.; obverse AYT K T AIΛ A∆P − ANTΩNINOC EYCEB, bare-headed bust right; reverse EYΘHNIA, Euthenia reclining left on sphinx, wearing uraeus, chiton, and peplos, fold in lap filled with fruit, stalks of grain and poppies in right, LB (year 2) in ex; $180.00 (€156.60)
 


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Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This reverse suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from Africa) and its distribution to the people. By the Code De Naviculariis, the mariners appointed to carry grain from Egypt were capitally punished if they did not keep the proper course; and if they did not sail in the proper season, the master of the vessel was banished.
RB65292. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 981, BMCRE IV 2038, SRCV II 4254, Cohen II -, F, weight 21.364 g, maximum diameter 30.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 157 - 158 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II, laureate head right; reverse TR POT XXI COS IIII, Annona standing slightly slightly left, stalks of grain pointed downward in her right over modius overflowing with stalks of grain at feet on left, rudder vertical behind in left resting on prow of galley right, S - C flanking low across field; $180.00 (€156.60)
 


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Antoninus Pius is depicted on the reverse in his role as Pontifex Maximus, the high priest of Rome, the president of the college of pontiffs, and responsible for overseeing the religion and sacred ceremonies of the Romans. On 17 December 384, after the Christian emperor Gratian refused the title, Pope Siricius took the title Pontifex Maximus.
RB73461. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 794 (S), Hunter II 387, BMCRE IV 1726, cf. SRCV II 4246 (TR P XXII), Cohen II -, F, nice green patina, attractive portrait, flan crack, weight 25.371 g, maximum diameter 32.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 158 - 159 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head right; reverse VOTA SVSCE-PTA DEC III, COS IIII in exergue, emperor standing left, togate, sacrificing over flaming tripod altar, S - C flanking across field; scarce; $175.00 (€152.25)
 


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Ceres a goddess of agriculture, grain crops, fertility and motherly relationships, was listed among the Di Consentes, Rome's equivalent to the Twelve Olympians of Greek mythology. The Romans saw her as the counterpart of the Greek goddess Demeter, whose mythology was reinterpreted for Ceres in Roman art and literature.
RS90427. Silver denarius, RSC II 1006 (S), Strack 312, RIC III 259, BMCRE IV 876, SRCV II 4127, Hunter II - (p. lxxix), gVF, well centered, nearly as struck, die wear, weight 3.314 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 156 - 157 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II, laureate head right; reverse TR POT XX COS IIII, Ceres seated left, veiled and draped, seat without back, feet on footstool, right foot drawn back, holding torch over lap in right hand, left elbow resting on back of throne, two stalks of grain in left hand at hip; scarce; $170.00 (€147.90)
 


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Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This reverse suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from Egypt) and its distribution to the people.
RS90684. Silver denarius, RSC II 288b, BMCRE IV 765, Hunter II 84, RIC III 204 var (no rudder), cf. SRCV II 4068 (TRP XVII, etc.), EF, well centered and struck, ragged flan with small edge cracks, weight 3.472 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 151 - 152 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XV, laureate head right; reverse COS IIII, Annona standing half left, heads of grain in right hand, left hand rests on modius overflowing with grain and set a half-seen ship on right, rudder against the ship's side; $170.00 (€147.90)
 


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The careless striking and British provenance of many examples of this type seems to indicate that such specimens may have been struck in the island province, perhaps in the region of the northern frontier." -- Roman Coins and Their Values by David R. Sear
RB72662. Bronze as, SRCV II 4296, RIC III 934, BMCRE IV 1971, Cohen II 117, F, a little rough, weight 11.459 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome or British mint, 154 - 155 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XVIII, laureate head right; reverse BRITANNIA COS IIII, Britannia seated left on rock, in attitude of dejection, shield and vexillum behind, S C in exergue; $165.00 (€143.55)
 




  



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OBVERSE LEGENDS

ANTONINVSAVGPIVS
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSCOS
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPP
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPCOSIII
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPCOSIIII
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPIMPII
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRP
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXI
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXII
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXIII
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXIIII
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXV
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXVI
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXVII
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXVIII
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXVIIII
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXX
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXXI
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXXII
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXXIII
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXXIIII
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPCOSII
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPCOSIII
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPCOSIIII
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXI
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXII
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXIII
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXIIII
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXV
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXVI
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXVII
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXVIII
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXIX
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXX
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXXI
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXXII
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXXIII
ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXXIIII
ANTONINVSAVGPPTRIXX
ANTONINVSFXII
ANTONINVSFXVI
ANTONINVSFXVII
ANTONINVSFXXII
IMPANTONINVSAVGCOS
IMPANTONINVSAVGVSTVS
IMPCAESAELANTONINVSAVG
IMPCAESAELIVSANTONINVSAVG
IMPCAESTAELANTONINVSAVGPIVSPP
IMPCAESTAELHADRANTONINVSAVGPIVSPP
IMPCAESTAELHADRIANTONINVSAVGPIVS
IMPCAESTAELHADRIANTONINVSAVGPIVSPP
IMPTAELCAESANTONINVS
IMPTAELCAESANTONINVSAVG
IMPTAELCAESARHADRANTONINVS
IMPTAELCAESHADRANTONINVS
IMPTAELCAESHADRIANTONINVS
IMPTAELIVSCAESARANTONINVS


REFERENCES

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calicó, E.X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. I: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 2: Nerva to Antoninus Pius. (Paris, 1883).
Mattingly, H. & E. Sydenham. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. II: Vespasian to Hadrian. (London, 1926).
Mattingly, H. & E. Sydenham. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol III: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. (London, 1930).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 4: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. (London, 1940).
Robinson, A.S. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet. II. Trajan to Commodus (London, 1971).
Seaby, H.A. & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. II: Tiberius to Commodus. (London, 1979).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Strack, P.L. Untersuchungen zur römischen Reichsprägung des zweiten Jahrhunderts, Teil III: Die Reichsprägung zur Zeit Antoninus Pius. (Stuttgart, 1937).
Toynbee, J.M.C. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Saturday, September 05, 2015.
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Roman Coins of Antoninus Pius