, , 695 - 698 A.D.
Leontius' success as a general forced the Arab Caliph Abd al-Malik to make concessions and pay tribute to Emperor Justinian II; but when war was renewed, was defeated. Furious over the loss, Justinian imprisoned him for two years. When he was freed, and his former prison comrades organized a revolt, and he took the throne. Justinian was deposed, his nose and tongue were slit and he was exiled to a monastery. After the Arabs took , the fleet sent to retake the city failed. Rather than report defeat to the emperor, the army overthrew their admiral and named Apsimar, a Germanic sailor, as their leader. Apsimar changed his name to , returned to Constantinople, seized the thrown, cut off Leontius' nose and ears and exiled him to a monastery. In 705, Justinian II returned to Constantinople with an army of Bulgars and Slavs. Both and were dragged through the streets in chains and beheaded.SH83907. Gold , 4, 1333, 5, 15.3, 1731, 191, - (p. 417), VF, , , right , 1.330 g, maximum 14.4 mm, 180o, Constantinople mint, 695 - 698 A.D.; D LEO-N PE AV, bearded facing , wearing and crown with , in right hand; AVSY S, on base, in ; from the Watcher Collection, ex Heritage auction 3002 (Long Beach, Sep 2008), lot 2013 (sold for $747.50 plus fees); ; $1000.00 (€890.00)
, Justinian II, 10 July 685 - Late 695 and Summer 705 - 4 November 711 A.D.
The only other example of this variant known to is CNG auction 88, lot 1695 (misdescribed as an ordinary 1270). All other examples have the K below the H on the left, vice below the Λ on the right. Even the "normal" 1270 is missing from the Dumbarton Oaks collection ( 33 refs the coin) and described by as an extreme rarity.
The cruciform on the left is a of the "God-bearer" (the ). The cruciform on the right is for Justinian.
SH73338. Bronze , CNG auction 88, lot 1695 (described as 1270); cf. 1270, 81, 33, 15/Ct/AE/03, 56 (all K below H left), gVF, 3.187 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 180o, mint, 1st reign, c. 694 - 695 A.D.(?); Justinian standing facing, crown with and , in right hand, in left hand, retrograde cruciform ΘEOTOKE BOHΘEI left, cruciform Justinian right; no , large M (40 nummi), Justinian above, H (year 8?) left, Λ over K right, KΓω in ; extreme rarity, 2nd known; $900.00 (€801.00)
, Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 20 January 842 A.D.
Most references date this to the joint reign of Michael II and his son Theophilus II (12 May 821 - 2 Oct 829 A.D.) identified it as Theophilus' first issue after Michael's death (2 Oct 829 - 830 A.D.).
Theophilus was an accomplished scholar and highly cultured. Although he admired Arab art and civilization, he was obliged to expend much effort defending his eastern frontier against Mutasim, the Caliph of Baghdad. He died of dysentery.SH83908. Gold , , 1, 15a; 515c; 11; 13; 1646; 30.6; -; -, VF, slightly irregular , 3.794 g, maximum 13.4 mm, 180o, mint, 829 - 830 A.D.; MI-XAHL bA, bearded facing of Michael, wearing and crown with , in right hand; ΘE-OFILO bA, beardless facing of Theophilus, wearing and crown with , in right hand; from the Watcher Collection; very ; $890.00 (€792.10)
, Michael II and Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 2 October 829 A.D.
Michael II started his career as a humble soldier. Leo V's assassination while trying to impose probably taught Michael a lesson, as he chose to remain religiously neutral. With Bulgarian , he defeated the usurper Thomas, who with his Arab allies even besieged Constantinople for one year. Even after the rebellion was crushed, the Arabs occupied and initiated an invasion of .SH83906. Gold , 31/Cp/AV/2 (solidi); 511; 18 (not in collection, refs BnF); 1650; BMC -; -; -; -, EF, , 1.275 g, maximum 12.8 mm, 180o, mint, 821 - 829 A.D.; MI-XAHL bA, bearded facing of Michael, wearing and crown with , in right hand; ΘE-OFILO b, bearded facing of Theophilus, wearing and crown with , in right hand, in right ; from the Watcher Collection, ex Savoca Numismatik; very ; $720.00 (€640.80)
, , 695 - 698 A.D.
This half-follis of was first identified and published by S. J. , in "A New Coin of the Emperor Leontius" in , Nov 1999. It is otherwise unpublished and this is the second known specimen.BZ73337. Bronze half , , S. J., A New Coin of the Emperor in Num. Circ., Nov 1999; 2 -; -, -, -, -, F, rough green , 2.806 g, maximum 16.1 mm, 180o, mint, 695 - 696 A.D.; half length facing with short beard, wearing crown with and with pelleted lozenge pattern, in right, in left; large K (40 nummi), cruciform ( 5) above, left, I (year 1) right, SCL in ; great rarity, 2nd known; $600.00 (€534.00)
Constantine IV Pogonatus, 15 July 668 - 10 July 685 A.D.
Constantine IV Pogonatus should be credited with saving Europe from Muslim conquest. Beginning in 674, the great siege of Constantinople, by the caliph Muawiyah I, lasted four years. The newly invented famous "Greek Fire" made the city impregnable and the Arabs were forced to retreat. In 681 he deposed his two brothers. He was succeeded by his 16-year-old son Justinian II.BZ84239. Bronze half , 245, 67, 186, 112, 1214, -, VF, green , rough, 2.566 g, maximum 17.6 mm, 180o, mint, 679 - 681 A.D.; helmeted and facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder; large K, above, +AN-NO ∆ (year 4) flanking left and right; very ; $450.00 (€400.50)
, John V Palaeologus, 15 June 1341 - 16 February 1391 A.D.
John V was made emperor three days short of his ninth birthday. Anna of Savoy was appointed regent for her son. After Anna was defeated in a civil war, John V was made junior emperor to his former advisor John VI Kantakouzenos and he married John VI's daughter. John VI ignored his young colleague and in time even replaced him with his own son Matthew. John V Palaeologus obtained Genoese , overthrew his rivals, took sole rule and banished John Kantakouzenos to a monastery. John V converted to Catholicism in an attempt to obtain aid from the against the Turks, but even this failed. Without allies, the state was forced to become a vassal of the Empire, permitted to exist only by the grace of the mighty .BZ84652. Bronze , 887; 317; p. 238, 8; 2525 (assarion); -; -; -, aVF, full , edge cracks, excellent for the , 0.956 g, maximum 21.7 mm, 180o, mint, 1365 - 1369 A.D.; Saint Demetrius standing facing, , wearing tunic, breastplate, and , inverted spear vertical in right hand, resting left hand on grounded at side, flanked on each side by a long with three bars, ; emperor standing facing, wearing crown with , , , collar-piece and , staff topped with a in in right hand, model of city in left hand, (the hand of God) above, in lower right ; very ; $300.00 (€267.00)
, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
This coin is unusual and possibly unique because it was struck with small dies on a larger older coin, resulting in an appearance similar to countermarking. Other coins were struck in for Heraclius with countermark-like dies, but not with these types. This coin may have been struck under II vice Heraclius.SH68126. Bronze half , for Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine: cf. , 1, 124; for II and Constantine IV: cf. , 2, 94, F, , off-center, 3.329 g, maximum 23.1 mm, 180o, 1st , (or ?) mint, Heraclius (or II?), on left, wearing military dress, long in right and in left; Heraclius Constantine (or Constantine IV), on right (mostly off ), wearing , in right; large K (20 nummi), ANNO left, X[?] right, A below; unique(?); $260.00 (€231.40)
Empire of Nicaea, John III Ducas-Vatatzes, c. 15 December 1221 - 3 November 1254
John was a very successful ruler who greatly increased the size, influence, and prosperity of the Nicaean Empire. He prepared the way for his descendants to successfully restore Greek rule to Constantinople and to rule the .
BZ84956. Bronze , 57, 32, pl. 34, 3, 2115, -, -, VF, tight irregular shaped , 3.163 g, maximum 21.0 mm, 180o, , Magnesia ad Sipylum (Manisa, Turkey) mint, c. 15 Dec 1221 - 3 Nov 1254; of a cherub with four wings, pellets flanking on left and right; IWO - ∆PK (or similar), John seated facing on throne with back, wearing with , , and , in left hand, in left hand; ; $160.00 (€142.40)
, , 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.
achieved peace with and stemmed losses in Italy and , but lost much of the Balkans. When , a junior officer, revolted and his son were murdered.BZ79566. Bronze half , 231, 244 (not in the collection, refs. ), 118B, 559, 7.77, -, -, -, aVF, left side of weak, 12.083 g, maximum 23.9 mm, 180o, mint, c. 582 - 583 A.D.; D N TIb mAVRIC P P AVC, helmeted and facing , in right hand, on left shoulder ornamented with a horseman riding right; round containing , surmounted by ; K/R-T/G ( ) flanking, XX between NM (20 nummi) in ; ex CGB; very ; $140.00 (€124.60)
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