, , 695 - 698 A.D.
Leontius' success as a general forced the Arab Caliph Abd al-Malik to make concessions and pay tribute to Emperor Justinian II; but when war was renewed, was defeated. Furious over the loss, Justinian imprisoned him for two years. When he was freed, and his former prison comrades organized a revolt, and he took the throne. Justinian was deposed, his nose and tongue were slit and he was exiled to a monastery. After the Arabs took , the fleet sent to retake the city failed. Rather than report defeat to the emperor, the army overthrew their admiral and named Apsimar, a Germanic sailor, as their leader. Apsimar changed his name to , returned to Constantinople, seized the thrown, cut off Leontius' nose and ears and exiled him to a monastery. In 705, Justinian II returned to Constantinople with an army of Bulgars and Slavs. Both and were dragged through the streets in chains and beheaded.SH83907. Gold , 4, 1333, 5, 15.3, 1731, 191, - (p. 417), VF, , , right , 1.330 g, maximum 14.4 mm, 180o, Constantinople mint, 695 - 698 A.D.; D LEO-N PE AV, bearded facing , wearing and crown with , in right hand; AVSY S, on base, in ; from the Watcher Collection, ex Heritage auction 3002 (Long Beach, Sep 2008), lot 2013 (sold for $747.50 plus fees); ; $1000.00 (€890.00)
, Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 20 January 842 A.D.
Most references date this to the joint reign of Michael II and his son Theophilus II (12 May 821 - 2 Oct 829 A.D.) identified it as Theophilus' first issue after Michael's death (2 Oct 829 - 830 A.D.).
Theophilus was an accomplished scholar and highly cultured. Although he admired Arab art and civilization, he was obliged to expend much effort defending his eastern frontier against Mutasim, the Caliph of Baghdad. He died of dysentery.SH83908. Gold , , 1, 15a; 515c; 11; 13; 1646; 30.6; -; -, VF, slightly irregular , 3.794 g, maximum 13.4 mm, 180o, mint, 829 - 830 A.D.; MI-XAHL bA, bearded facing of Michael, wearing and crown with , in right hand; ΘE-OFILO bA, beardless facing of Theophilus, wearing and crown with , in right hand; from the Watcher Collection; very ; $890.00 (€792.10)
, Michael II and Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 2 October 829 A.D.
Michael II started his career as a humble soldier. Leo V's assassination while trying to impose probably taught Michael a lesson, as he chose to remain religiously neutral. With Bulgarian , he defeated the usurper Thomas, who with his Arab allies even besieged Constantinople for one year. Even after the rebellion was crushed, the Arabs occupied and initiated an invasion of .SH83906. Gold , 31/Cp/AV/2 (solidi); 511; 18 (not in collection, refs BnF); 1650; BMC -; -; -; -, EF, , 1.275 g, maximum 12.8 mm, 180o, mint, 821 - 829 A.D.; MI-XAHL bA, bearded facing of Michael, wearing and crown with , in right hand; ΘE-OFILO b, bearded facing of Theophilus, wearing and crown with , in right hand, in right ; from the Watcher Collection, ex Savoca Numismatik; very ; $720.00 (€640.80)
, , 695 - 698 A.D.
This half-follis of was first identified and published by S. J. , in "A New Coin of the Emperor Leontius" in , Nov 1999. It is otherwise unpublished and this is the second known specimen.BZ73337. Bronze half , , S. J., A New Coin of the Emperor in Num. Circ., Nov 1999; 2 -; -, -, -, -, F, rough green , 2.806 g, maximum 16.1 mm, 180o, mint, 695 - 696 A.D.; half length facing with short beard, wearing crown with and with pelleted lozenge pattern, in right, in left; large K (40 nummi), cruciform ( 5) above, left, I (year 1) right, SCL in ; great rarity, 2nd known; $600.00 (€534.00)
Constantine IV Pogonatus, 15 July 668 - 10 July 685 A.D.
Constantine IV Pogonatus should be credited with saving Europe from Muslim conquest. Beginning in 674, the great siege of Constantinople, by the caliph Muawiyah I, lasted four years. The newly invented famous "Greek Fire" made the city impregnable and the Arabs were forced to retreat. In 681 he deposed his two brothers. He was succeeded by his 16-year-old son Justinian II.BZ84239. Bronze half , 245, 67, 186, 112, 1214, -, VF, green , rough, 2.566 g, maximum 17.6 mm, 180o, mint, 679 - 681 A.D.; helmeted and facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder; large K, above, +AN-NO ∆ (year 4) flanking left and right; very ; $450.00 (€400.50)
, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
This coin is unusual and possibly unique because it was struck with small dies on a larger older coin, resulting in an appearance similar to countermarking. Other coins were struck in for Heraclius with countermark-like dies, but not with these types. This coin may have been struck under II vice Heraclius.SH68126. Bronze half , for Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine: cf. , 1, 124; for II and Constantine IV: cf. , 2, 94, F, , off-center, 3.329 g, maximum 23.1 mm, 180o, 1st , (or ?) mint, Heraclius (or II?), on left, wearing military dress, long in right and in left; Heraclius Constantine (or Constantine IV), on right (mostly off ), wearing , in right; large K (20 nummi), ANNO left, X[?] right, A below; unique(?); $260.00 (€231.40)
, , 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.
achieved peace with and stemmed losses in Italy and , but lost much of the Balkans. When , a junior officer, revolted and his son were murdered.BZ79566. Bronze half , 231, 244 (not in the collection, refs. ), 118B, 559, 7.77, -, -, -, aVF, left side of weak, 12.083 g, maximum 23.9 mm, 180o, mint, c. 582 - 583 A.D.; D N TIb mAVRIC P P AVC, helmeted and facing , in right hand, on left shoulder ornamented with a horseman riding right; round containing , surmounted by ; K/R-T/G ( ) flanking, XX between NM (20 nummi) in ; ex CGB; very ; $140.00 (€124.60)
, II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
In 665 the Arabs began a new invasion of . Resupplied by sea, the were able to hold the coast and well-fortified for decades. In the spring of 698, however, the Arabs launched an assault by sea and land, forcing the Byzantines and their allies to evacuate . The Arabs burned the city to the ground, leaving the desolate for the next two centuries. The Arab conquest of was then nearly .BZ76424. Bronze , 2, 147; 12.74; 302; 372; 1632; 53; 1055, nice F, , slightly , 6.849 g, maximum 24.8 mm, 45o, mint, 662 - 667 A.D.; (left) with long in right, and Constantine (right), both crowned and stand facing, between, trace of from ; large M flanked by Heraclius (left) and , both stand facing in crown and , above, KTς below; ; $135.00 (€120.15)
, Justin I and Justinian I, 4 April - 1 August 527 A.D.
During Justin's reign (518–527), Justinian was the emperor's close confidant and was probably acting as a regent long before Justin made him co-emperor on 1 April 527. Justinian was appointed consul in 521 and later commander of the army of the east. As Justin became senile near the end of his reign, Justinian became the de facto ruler. Upon Justin's death on 1 August 527, Justinian became the sole sovereign.BZ83458. Bronze , 10b, 3/Cp/AE/1, 112, 125, 4, 3.5, 7 var. (P vice PP), 144 var. (same), -, F, , large crack/flaw, 14.590 g, maximum 34.4 mm, 180o, 2nd , Constantinople mint, 4 Apr - 1 Aug 527 A.D.; D N IVSTIN ET IVSTINIAN P P AVΓ, diademed, draped and of Justin right; large M (40 nummi), above, six-pointed left, right, B (2nd ) below, CON (Constantinope) in ; ; $125.00 (€111.25)
, II Constantine, 26 September 578 - 14 August 582 A.D.
Dumbarton Oaks notes of its single specimen of this without the letter at the end of the , "This is a new and it seems likely that this coin with broad and no mark, was an experiment later to show the .BZ77958. Bronze 3/4 , 15a, 431, 26, -, -, -, -, -, F, , potentially active corrosion, pitting, holed, 12.377 g, maximum 30.1 mm, 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 579 - 580 A.D.; dM TIb CONS-TANT P P AVI, crowned (with & ), draped, and facing; large XXX (30 nummi), above, CON in , no indicated; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; very ; $90.00 (€80.10)
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