, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
Strabo wrote, "The Romans possess , founded below a ridge at the confluence of the Arar and the Rhone. It is the most populous of all the other cities except Narbo; for it is a center of commerce, and the strike their silver and there." (4.3.2)
SH84233. Silver , 167a, 451, 137, 1373, 1610, EF, nearly as struck, lustrous, slight die wear, 3.887 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 180o, ( , France) mint, 15 - 13 B.C.; DIVI•F, right; bull butting right, IMP•X in ; $1700.00 (€1513.00)
, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.
considered himself an artist, perhaps he was and took an interest in his coinage - the of are considered by many to be the finest numismatic art of the Roman Empire.RB84073. , 443 (S), 428, 119, 83, 262, -, -, -, VF, , excellent portrait, attractive brown , slightly off center, some light corrosion, 25.990 g, maximum 35.0 mm, 180o, mint, 65 A.D.; AVG GER IMP P P, laureate left, globe at point of neck; seated left on and shields, wearing helmet and military garb, in offering in her right hand, her left hand resting on at side, right foot drawn back and resting on helmet, flanking across at center, in ; $1620.00 (€1441.80)
the Younger, , 94 - 95 A.D., Smyrna,
In 94 A.D., because he had no heir, adopted his two young great-nephews. He renamed them and . The next year he executed the boys' father, his cousin, Flavius Clemens, and exiled the boys' mother, his niece, . They were charged with Atheism, a charge sometimes applied to condemn converts to Judaism or Christianity. The boys then disappeared from history and their fate is unknown.
Smyrna was the only city to strike coins in the name of the Younger. No coins were struck for his brother.
Some scholars connect with a Roman Matron in the Talmud (Avodah Zarah 10b) and the Deuteronomy Rabbah 2.25. When the emperor had decreed that in 30 days, the Senate would confirm an edict to kill all Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire, the Roman matron convinced her husband to stand up for the Jews. If that identification is correct, her husband Flavius Clemens converted to Judaism, after having contact with the great sage Rabbi Akiva. is a saint in both the Greek Orthodox and the Roman Catholic .SH83453. Bronze AE 16, p. 244, 3, pl. 31 (V1/R1); 1028; 1360; 2208; p. 276, 320, gF/F, 2.790 g, maximum 16.3 mm, 0o, Smyrna mint, as , 94 - 95 A.D.; OYOCΠACIANOC NEΩTEPOC, right; ZMYPNAIΩN, standing right, in extended right hand, frond over left shoulder in left hand; ex Numismatik, auction 7, lot 200; ; $1350.00 (€1201.50)
, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D.
was Praetorian Prefect for but arranged Caracalla's assassination and seized power. He and his son were accepted by the senate. The Syrian legions, inspired by , Caracalla's aunt, revolted after he concluded an unfavorable peace with the Persians. He was defeated and executed.SL84525. , 139 (S), 120 var. (also draped, noted), 66 71, 7386, -, , strike 5/5, surface 5/5 (4373010-005), lovely mahogany tone with lighter tones on the high points, 20.5 g, maximum 31 mm, 15o, Rome mint, 11 Apr 217 - 31 Dec 217 A.D.; M SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate and right, from the front; TR P COS P P, standing facing, left, long in right hand, in left hand, drapery over left arm, flanking across below center; NGC Certified, ex Stacks-Bowers; $990.00 (€881.10)
, Daughter of , Wife of , Mother of , Grandmother of
was the daughter of Marc Antony and , the wife of , the mother of , and a grandmother of . Renowned for her beauty and virtue, was revered by the Roman people. She was probably poisoned by or committed suicide. She never loved her son , calling him a monster and a fool, but he posthumously made her Augusta in 41 A.D. and issued all her coinage.SH68887. Silver , 66, 111, 2, 1900, F, , 3.717 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 225o, Rome mint, struck under , c. 41 - 42 A.D.; , draped right, wearing barley ; CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI, standing facing, draped as , long torch in right, in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; (R2); $970.00 (€863.30)
, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., of Matthew 22:20-21
Jesus, referring to a "penny" asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was , He said, ''Render therefore unto the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since was at the time, this is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible.RS84641. Silver , , group 4, 150; 30 (C); 48; 16a; 1763, VF, excellent portrait, , , some die wear, 3.755 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, ( , France) mint, c. 18 - 35 A.D.; , laureate right; , Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair with decorated legs, a single line below, long vertical behind in her right, branch in left, feet on footstool; nice , on a ; $950.00 (€845.50)
, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D.
This was likely struck in anticipation of the upcoming war with . SH72952. Silver , 16, 24, 24, 21, 2165, F, nice portrait and , attractive , porous, 3.038 g, maximum 17.6 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 15 Jan - Feb 69 A.D.; IMP M , right; , walking left, extended in right, frond in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, 23/1000 coins of this in Jyrki Muona' die-study; very ( ); $800.00 (€712.00)
Roman Republic, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, 69 B.C.
The moneyer, M. Plaetorius Cestianus, was from , in , 23 miles east-southeast of Rome, home of the great temple to . Her sanctuary was an immense complex of buildings rising up the hillside on five vast terraces, connected with each other by grand staircases, visible even from the sea. The likely depicts a in the sanctuary. The epithet of means "Original." She was represented suckling two babes, said to be and , and she was especially worshiped by matrons. The oracle continued to be consulted down to Christian times, until Constantine the Great, and again later I, forbade the practice and closed the temple.SH76980. Silver , Rome 3524 (same wheel control); 405/1b; 800a; 340, F, banker's mark, 3.563 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 135o, Rome mint, 69 B.C.; diademed and draped of right, hair in net, wheel (control symbol) behind; temple , ornamented with sculpture of an anguipede (snake legged) giant holding a club(?) in his left hand, M PLAETORI (AE ) on the , S C in ; very ; $800.00 (€712.00)
, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
This coin declares as for the second time, consul for the third time, and . The of refers to the grain producing wealth delivered to Rome by his in . The D (and on similar coins an M) indicates this was struck to be distributed as a donativum (largess) or munus (gift) to his legions. Some may have been distributed at Caesar's quadruple triumph celebrated in 46 B.C., when celebrations included public banquets, plays and gladiatorial games, lasting forty days. Vercingetorix was paraded and executed. Also in 46 B.C., made his nephew his heir. Queen VII of , Caesar's mistress, and Caesarion, his bastard son by her, moved into one of his residences on the . They would remain in Rome as Caesar's guests until his assassination on 15 March 44 B.C.SH84609. Silver , 467/1a, 1637, 1023, 4a; 57, 21, 1403, gVF, dark , some marks and scratches, slightly off center, 3.283 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, African, (?) mint, 46 B.C.; - COS (counterclockwise from lower right, for the 2nd time, consul for the third time), of right, wreathed with grain; implements of the augurate and pontificate: (ladle), ( ), capis (jug), and (wand), ( ) above, below D (donativum = largess) to right, ( ) below; from the James Collection, purchased in 2004 from Numismatica (9A Via Barberini, Rome); $750.00 (€667.50)
, 2 January - 20 December 69 A.D.
In July 69, learned that the armies of the eastern provinces had proclaimed their commander, , as emperor. , aware that he would be defeated, negotiated terms of resignation, but the praetorians refused to allow him to carry out the agreement, and forced him to return to the palace. When Vespasian's troops entered Rome he was dragged out of a lodge where he was hiding, taken to the fatal Gemonian stairs, and executed. His body was thrown into the according to Suetonius; Cassius Dio's account is that was beheaded and his paraded around Rome, and his wife attended to his burial. "Yet I was once your emperor," were his last words. His brother and son were also killed.SH76127. Silver , 107 (S), 72, 34, 71, 17, 2200, VF, excellent portrait, , , light marks and scratches, 3.292 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 180o, Rome mint, Jul - 20 Dec 69 A.D.; A , laureate right; , seated right on throne with back, veiled, draped, in right hand, long in left hand vertical on left (far) side; ; $720.00 (€640.80)
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