, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D.
This is the rarest and one of the rarest 1st century Roman . Only two museums, and ANS, hold examples. A further specimen was found in archeological context in Denmark in 1990s. Besides these, four additional specimens are known. This coin has the best portrait and is clearly the most attractive of the seven known. Jyrki Muona obtained it in 2002 at the NYINC from Glenn .
minted three separate issues. The first and second issues followed Galba's of 90% silver. Otho's third issue was debased to 80% silver. All coins of the third issue share the , perhaps to make it easy to distinguish the debased coins. One might think our coin is simply a error for Otho's third issue, . However, as have shown, this is not the case. If was a simple error, the would be 80% silver. This was struck on second issue 90% silver flans, probably during planning for the third issue, and perhaps only for testing. The was apparently not distributed, and was withdrawn, and melted when it was decided to debase the coinage and use the . It appears a small number were released, most likely by mistake.SH79667. Silver , 10b; 6; 1958.217.1; 1; 1 (7 spec. known, all minted with the same die-pair), Nice VF, the best portrait and most attractive of the seven known specimens, light rose , a few light marks and spots of , 3.273 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 9 Mar - 17 Apr 69 A.D.; IMP AVG TRP, right; , standing left, grain-ears raised in right hand, in left hand; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; $10000.00 (€8900.00)
, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D.
Other than an undescribed photograph in , this is apparently unpublished. Although , it is in Southerland's unpublished addenda.SH72977. Silver , p. 24 (photograph, but not described!, same die), 94 var., 215 var., 50 var., -, S - (var. all SER IMP), VF, porous and pitted, edge scrape top left, 3.389 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 180o, mint, c. 3 Apr - late 68 A.D.; IMPER (arcing left to right above), on horseback prancing left, bare-headed, wearing military garb, cloak flying behind, raising right hand in salute; (arcing downward on right), helmeted and draped of (valor, courage) right, crested helmet; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; extremely ; $2150.00 (€1913.50)
, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.
considered himself an artist, perhaps he was and took an interest in his coinage - the of are considered by many to be the finest numismatic art of the Roman Empire.
RB84073. , 443 (S), 428, 119, 83, 262, -, -, -, VF, , excellent portrait, attractive brown , slightly off center, some light corrosion, 25.990 g, maximum 35.0 mm, 180o, mint, 65 A.D.; AVG GER IMP P P, laureate left, globe at point of neck; seated left on and shields, wearing helmet and military garb, in offering in her right hand, her left hand resting on at side, right foot drawn back and resting on helmet, flanking across at center, in ; $1800.00 (€1602.00)
, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
Strabo wrote, "The Romans possess , founded below a ridge at the confluence of the Arar and the Rhone. It is the most populous of all the other cities except Narbo; for it is a center of commerce, and the strike their silver and there." (4.3.2)
SH84233. Silver , 167a, 451, 137, 1373, 1610, EF, nearly as struck, lustrous, slight die wear, 3.887 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 180o, ( , France) mint, 15 - 13 B.C.; DIVI•F, right; bull butting right, IMP•X in ; $1700.00 (€1513.00)
, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D.
With this coin asserts that he has freedom, but this was empty propaganda. was notoriously cruel, sentenced many to death without trial, raised taxes, and rarely accepted requests for citizenship.RS72971. Silver , 7 (R2); 197, 4, 132, -, -, VF, lightly , lightly etched surfaces, 3.204 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 180o, mint, April - late 68 A.D.; , laureate right; (liberty ), of right, hair knotted behind, wearing pearl necklace; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Artcoins auction 6 (10 Dec 2012), lot 800 (the one and only sale of this on Coin Archives); extremely ; $1350.00 (€1201.50)
the Younger, , 94 - 95 A.D., Smyrna,
In 94 A.D., because he had no heir, adopted his two young great-nephews. He renamed them and . The next year he executed the boys' father, his cousin, Flavius Clemens, and exiled the boys' mother, his niece, . They were charged with Atheism, a charge sometimes applied to condemn converts to Judaism or Christianity. The boys then disappeared from history and their fate is unknown.
Smyrna was the only city to strike coins in the name of the Younger. No coins were struck for his brother.
Some scholars connect with a Roman Matron in the Talmud (Avodah Zarah 10b) and the Deuteronomy Rabbah 2.25. When the emperor had decreed that in 30 days, the Senate would confirm an edict to kill all Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire, the Roman matron convinced her husband to stand up for the Jews. If that identification is correct, her husband Flavius Clemens converted to Judaism, after having contact with the great sage Rabbi Akiva. is a saint in both the Greek Orthodox and the Roman Catholic .SH83453. Bronze AE 16, p. 244, 3, pl. 31 (V1/R1); 1028; 1360; 2208; p. 276, 320, gF/F, 2.790 g, maximum 16.3 mm, 0o, Smyrna mint, as , 94 - 95 A.D.; OYOCΠACIANOC NEΩTEPOC, right; ZMYPNAIΩN, standing right, in extended right hand, frond over left shoulder in left hand; ex Numismatik, auction 7, lot 200; ; $1350.00 (€1201.50)
Roman Civil Wars, Revolt of , Governor of Spain, April - June 68 A.D.
lived in for eight years. This coin was issued by as governor of Spain in revolt against . The is copied from Republican struck in 62 B.C. by the moneyer L. Scribonius Libo.SH63560. Silver , 9 (R4), 396, 9, 2072, F, , 3.515 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 225o, (?) mint, Apr - Jun 68 A.D.; , young female ( ) right, around forehead; ROM RENASC, standing right in military garb, on globe in right hand, eagle-tipped over left shoulder in left; bargain priced for this interesting R4 rarity implying the restoration of the Republic!, from the Jyrki Muona Collection; very (R4); $1170.00 (€1041.30)
, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D.
was Praetorian Prefect for but arranged Caracalla's assassination and seized power. He and his son were accepted by the senate. The Syrian legions, inspired by , Caracalla's aunt, revolted after he concluded an unfavorable peace with the Persians. He was defeated and executed.SL84525. , 139 (S), 120 var. (also draped, noted), 66 71, 7386, -, , strike 5/5, surface 5/5 (4373010-005), lovely mahogany tone with lighter tones on the high points, 20.5 g, maximum 31 mm, 15o, Rome mint, 11 Apr 217 - 31 Dec 217 A.D.; M SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate and right, from the front; TR P COS P P, standing facing, left, long in right hand, in left hand, drapery over left arm, flanking across below center; NGC Certified, ex Stacks-Bowers; $1100.00 (€979.00)
, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
"The coin that killed ." The declares is "Dictator for Life." would be for the remainder of his life, but his life would end only a few weeks or days after this coin was struck. For to put his image on coins and in effect declare himself was too much for and his republican allies. On the Ides of March (15 March) 44 B.C. was stabbed to death by as many as 60 conspirators, led by and Cassius. According to Plutarch, a seer had warned that harm would come to no later than the Ides of March. On his way to the Theater of Pompey, where he would be assassinated, passed the seer and joked, "The ides of March have come," meaning to say that the prophecy had not been fulfilled, to which the seer replied, "Aye, ; but not gone." This meeting is famously dramatized in William Shakespeare's play "Julius Caesar" when is warned by the soothsayer to "beware the Ides of March."
SH84451. Silver , 480/8, 1061, Rome 4154, 23, 105, 1411, aF, , , , porous areas, 3.204 g, maximum 17.3 mm, 180o, struck by P. L. Aemilus Buca, Rome mint, lifetime issue, Feb - 15 Mar 44 B.C.; DICT PERPETVO, laureate of right; standing left, in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, L BVCA downward on the right; $1100.00 (€979.00)
, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., of Matthew 22:20-21
Jesus, referring to a "penny" asked, "Whose is this image and superscription?" When told it was , He said, ''Render therefore unto the things which are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:20-21). Since was at the time, this is attributed by scholars as the "penny" referred to in the Bible
SH84237. Silver , group 1, 144; 26 (C); 34; 1762; 16; 1763, gVF, attractive , , , light marks, 3.789 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 45o, ( , France) mint, early 'plain' , c. 15 - 18 A.D.; , laureate right; , Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair with plain legs set on base, long vertical behind in her right, branch in left, no footstool; $1100.00 (€979.00)
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