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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Crisis and Decline ▸ Otacilia SeveraView Options:  |  |  |   

Otacilia Severa, Augusta February or March 244 - September or October 249 A.D.

Otacilia Severa was the wife of Philip I. Very little is known of her, but it is believed she survived her husband's murder.


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In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
RB68880. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 203a, Cohen V 10, Hunter III 14, SRCV III 9164, Nice gVF, centered, superb as-found green patina, weight 20.216 g, maximum diameter 30.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 244 - 249 A.D.; obverse MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG, Concordia seated left, patera in right, double cornucopia in left, S C in exergue; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; $225.00 (195.75)


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Pudicitia was the personification of modesty and chastity.
RB30704. Orichalcum sestertius, SRCV III 9169, RIC IV 209a, Cohen V 55, Hunter III - (p. cxi), VF, weight 16.513 g, maximum diameter 28.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 244 - 245 A.D.; obverse MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverse PVDICITIA AVG, Pudicitia seated left, drawing veil from face with right hand, long transverse scepter in left, S C in exergue; $200.00 (174.00)


Otacilia Severa, Augusta, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Zeugma, Commagene, Syria

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A tetrastyle temple is a temple with four columns. A peribolos is a court enclosed by a wall, especially one surrounding an ancient Greek or Roman temple.
GB90700. Bronze AE 29, BMC Galatia p. 128, 34; Butcher 31b; SNG Mnchen 435 var (capricorn right); SGICV 4056 var (same); SNG Cop -, Choice VF, perfect centering, weight 18.168 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 180o, Zeugma mint, Feb 244 - end Sep 249 A.D.; obverse MAP ΩTAKIΛ CEOYHPAN CEB, draped bust right, wearing stephane, crescent behind shoulders; reverse ZEYΓM−ATEΩN, tetrastyle temple with peribolos enclosing the sacred grove of trees, statue of seated Zeus within temple, capricorn left in exergue; $150.00 (130.50)


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Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.
RS73597. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 130, RSC IV 43, Hunter III 8, SRCV III 9158, Choice VF, excellent portrait, centered, toned, weight 3.923 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 247 A.D.; obverse OTACIL SEVERA AVG, draped bust right set on crescent; reverse PIETAS AVGVSTAE, Pietas standing left, veiled, extending right hand, box of incense in left; $140.00 (121.80)


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Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.
RS74472. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 130, RSC IV 43, Hunter III 8, SRCV III 9158, Choice aEF, nice portrait, frosty surfaces, weight 4.829 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 247 A.D.; obverse OTACIL SEVERA AVG, draped bust right set on crescent; reverse PIETAS AVGVSTAE, Pietas, veiled, standing left, extending right, box of incense in left; $140.00 (121.80)


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Juno (Hera) was the wife and older sister of Jupiter (Zeus). She was a goddess of women and marriage. The cow and the peacock were sacred to her.
RS90441. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 127 (S), RSC IV 20, Hunter III 6, SRCV III 9152, gVF, weight 2.877 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 245 - 247 A.D.; obverse M OTACIL SEVERA AVG, draped bust right set on crescent; reverse IVNO CONSERVAT, Juno standing left, patera in right, long scepter vertical in left; scarce; $130.00 (113.10)


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In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
RS74471. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 9149, RIC IV 126, RSC IV 17, Hunter III - (p. xci), Choice VF, weight 3.345 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 246 - 248 A.D.; obverse M OTACIL SEVERA AVG, draped bust right set on crescent; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG, Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, single cornucopia in left, altar at feet on left; $120.00 (104.40)


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Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.
RS73658. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 130, RSC IV 43, Hunter III 8, SRCV III 9158, Choice VF, nice portrait, well centered on a broad flan, weight 3.451 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 247 A.D.; obverse OTACIL SEVERA AVG, draped bust right set on crescent; reverse PIETAS AVGVSTAE, Pietas standing left, veiled, extending right hand, box of incense in left; $75.00 (65.25)


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In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
RS74157. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 9149, RIC IV 126, RSC IV 17, Hunter III - (p. xci), VF, centered, nice portrait, light toning, some light marks and small encrustations, worn reverse die, weight 3.690 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 246 - 248 A.D.; obverse M OTACIL SEVERA AVG, draped bust right set on crescent; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG, Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, single cornucopia in left, altar at feet on left; $75.00 (65.25)


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Juno (Hera) was the wife and older sister of Jupiter (Zeus). She was a goddess of women and marriage. The cow and the peacock were sacred to her.
RS72381. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 127, RSC IV 20, Hunter III 6, SRCV III 9152, aVF, centered, struck with worn dies, encrustations, weight 3837 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 245 - 247 A.D.; obverse M OTACIL SEVERA AVG, draped bust right set on crescent; reverse IVNO CONSERVAT (Juno the Preserver), Juno standing left, patera in right, long scepter vertical in left; scarce; $60.00 (52.20)




  



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OBVERSE LEGENDS

MARCIAOTACILIASEVERAAVG
MARCIAOTACILSEVERAAVG
MARCOTACILSEVERA
MARCOTACILSEVERAAVG
MOTACILSEVERAAVG
OTACILSEVERAAV


REFERENCES

Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l?Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H.B., E.A. Sydenham & C.H.V. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Macdonald, G. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the Hunterian Collection, University of Glascow, Vol III: Further Asia, Northern Africa, Western Europe. (Glasgow, 1905).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Seaby, H.A. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).

Catalog current as of Monday, August 03, 2015.
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Roman Coins of Otacilia Severa