- The Collaborative Numismatics Project
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register. The column on the left includes the "Best of NumisWiki" menu. If you are new to collecting, start with Ancient Coin Collecting 101. All blue text is linked. Keep clicking to endlessly explore. Welcome Guest. Please login or register. The column on the left includes the "Best of NumisWiki" menu. All blue text is linked. Keep clicking to endlessly explore. If you have written a numismatic article, please add it to NumisWiki.

Resources Home
New Articles
Most Popular
Recent Changes
Current Projects
Admin Discussions
How to

Index Of All Titles


Aes Grave
Aes Rude
The Age of Gallienus
Alexander Tetradrachms
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coin Lesson Plans
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Counterfeits
Ancient Glass
Ancient Oil Lamps
Ancient Weapons
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Folles
Anonymous Follis
Anonymous Class A Folles
Antioch Officinae
Armenian Numismatics Page
Byzantine Denominations
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Clashed Dies
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Danubian Celts
Damnatio Coinage
Damnatio Memoriae
Denarii of Otho
Diameter 101
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC - Rarity Tables
Etruscan Alphabet
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
Facing Portrait of Augustus
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Gallienus Zoo
Greek Alphabet
Greek Coins
Greek Dates
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Hasmonean Dynasty
Helvetica's ID Help Page
The Hexastyle Temple of Caligula
Historia Numorum
Horse Harnesses
Identifying Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Important Collection Auctions
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
Kushan Coins
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Later Roman Coinage
Latin Plurals
Latin Pronunciation
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Malloy Weapons
Maps of the Ancient World
Military Belts
Mint Marks
Museum Collections Available Online
Nabataean Alphabet
Nabataean Numerals
The [Not] Cuirassed Elephant
Not in RIC
Numismatic Bulgarian
Numismatic Excellence Award
Numismatic French
Numismatic German
Numismatic Italian
Numismatic Spanish
Parthian Coins
Patina 101
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
Phoenician Alphabet
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Militaria
Roman Mints
Roman Names
Rome and China
Satyrs and Nymphs
Serdi Celts
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
Statuary Coins
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Syracusian Folles
Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax Hoard
Test Cut
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
Venus Cloacina
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Who was Trajan Decius
Widow's Mite

   View Menu

Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet

References commonly use modern Hebrew type for ancient Aramaic and Hebrew legends.  The chart below may be helpful for reading and understanding these legends.  Hebrew is written from right to left, and has only consonants.  Most Hebrew words have a three letter root. 


Hebrew is traditionally written without vowels/dots (Nikudot).  For example the "Bet" has a dot in the center while the "Vet" lacks the dot.    The Vav is a "V" with two vertically aligned dots under it, a "O" with a dot on top and a "U" with a dot in the middle left.   The Kaf has a dot in the center, while the Khaf/Chaf has none.   The Pe has a dot in the center while the Fe has none.  The Shin has a dot in the upper right , while the Sin has one in the upper left.  The Tav has a dot in the center while the Sav has none,   The Tav/Sav is only in the Askenazi accent, the Sephardi accent does not recognize the Sav, both are pronounced Tav.  Modern Israel has adopted the Sephardi accent and the Sephardi accent is considered closest to ancient Hebrew.   Certain letters have a "final" form (Sofit) that is only at the end of a word, such as the second "Khaf", second "Mem", second "Nun", the second "Fe" and the second "Tzade".  There is a difference between the Alef and the Ayin, the Ayin is gutteral and the associated vowel sound comes from deeper in the throat.

The Hebrew letters also have numeric values.  For example, on top of the chalice on the Bar Kochba shekels, you will see (from right to left) Shin Alef, Shin Bet Shin Gimel,. Shin Daled or Shin Hei.  Shin the first letter of the word Shana (Shin Nun Hei) or Year and Alef = 1, Bet = 2, Gimel =3,  Daled =4 & Hei = 5.


Judaean Coins For Sale at Forum Ancient Coins

300Shinshelosh meot
400Tavarba meot
500Tav Kuf or Chaf Sofitchamesh meot
600Tav Resh or Mem Sofitshesh meot
700Tav Shin or Nun Sofitsheva meot
800Tav Tav or Pei Sofitshemone meot
900Tav Tav Kuf or Tsadi Sofitt'sha meot

Here is a nice chart showing the changes of Hebrew script over time.

Heres another chart...

 And another, showing some early Hebrew...

1 Proto-Sinaitic writing
2 Proto-Canaanite writing 
3 Ahiram Sarcophagus
4 Mesha Stele
5 Ostraca House
6 Lachish Ostraca
7 Coins
8 Scroll of Isaiah from the Dead Sea Scrolls
9 Scroll of the war of the Sons of Light and the Sons of Darkness
10-11 Ossuaries
12 Letter of Bar-Kochba
13 Waiver for selling a house
14 Samarian writing


Omnigolot - the online encyclopedia of writing systems & languages - http://www.omniglot.com/writing/.