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Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Titus & DomitianReverse
On 14 April 70 A.D. Titus surrounded Jerusalem. He allowed pilgrims to enter to celebrate Passover but this was a trap to put pressure on supplies of food and water; he refused to allow them to leave. On 10 May he began his assault on the walls. The third wall fell on 25 May. The second wall fell on 30 May. On 20 July Titus stormed the Temple Mount. On 4 August 70 A.D. Titus destroyed the Temple. The Jewish fast of Tisha B'Av mourns the Fall of Jerusalem annually on this date. RS87930. Silver denarius, RIC IIpart I, 16 (R); BnF III 1; RSC II 5; BMCRE II 2; Hunter I 2; SRCV I 2399, VF, centered on a tight flan, toned, some light marks, small edge split, weight 2.942 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Jan - Jun (or later) 70 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESARVESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right; reverseCAESARAVG F COS CAESAR AVG F PR, confronted bare heads of Titus right (on left) and Domitian left (on right); rare; $350.00 (€297.50)
Julia Domna, Augusta, 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.
Julia Domna and her children as Terra and the Four Seasons! "The flatterers of Julia Domna pretended that all things were owing to her. The star-besprinkled globe represents the Roman world, which with her husband Septimius Severus she governed; and to the empire of which she destines her two sons, Caracalla and Geta, who, together with as many daughters, are the proof of her fecundity." -- Rasche, T. ii pl l p 932.RS85789. Silver denarius, RIC IV S549 (R), RSC III 35, BMCRE V S21, Hunter III S22, SRCV II 6579, F, well centered, slightly rough with light even corrosion, edge cracks, weight 2.369 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 207 A.D.; obverse IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, hair in horizontal ridges, bun at back of head; reverseFECVNDITAS (fertility), Terra reclining left under a vine, nude to the waist, right hand set on globe spangled with stars, leaning on left arm on basket of fruits, in background four children representing the four seasons; rare; $200.00 (€170.00)
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Cyzicus, Mysia, Poppaea or StatiliaMessalinaReverse
RPC I notes, "although certainty is not at the moment possible (because of the small size and relatively poor preservation of the coins), the portrait of Nero seems to be the "steps" portrait, introduced in 63. If so, the bust should be that of Poppaea (or possibly StatiliaMessalina)." In 62 A.D., Nero divorced Octavia and married Poppaea. In the summer of 65, Nero and Poppaea quarreled. She was pregnant. In a fit of rage, Nero kicked her in the abdomen, killing her. StatiliaMessalina was already Nero's mistress. After Poppaea's death, Nero forced Statilia's husband to commit suicide, so he could marry her. Statilia kept a low profile in public and survived the fall of his reign. After Nero's death, Otho promised to marry her, before his suicide in 69.RP85905. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2249 (3 spec.), BMC Mysia -, SNG BnF -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Hunterian -, SNG Tübingen -, Lindgren -, aF, green patina, weight 3.390 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 63 - 65 A.D.; obverse NEPΩN (counterclockwise on right), bare head of Nero right, ΦY monogram behind; reverse K-Y-Z (K over Z in left field, Z appearing as I, Y in right field), draped bust of empress right; only one specimen on Coin Archives; extremely rare; $140.00 (€119.00)
Fausta, Augusta 324 - 326 A.D., Second Wife of Constantine the Great
Fausta is depicted as Spes, the Roman personification of hope. She holds her infant children, Constantine II and Constantius II, her hopeful promise for the future of the "Republic." RL87983. Billoncentenionalis, RIC VII Trier p. 209, 484; LRBC I 36; SRCV IV 16560; Cohen VII 17, VF, dark brown tone, reverse slightly off center, broad flan, weight 3.198 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 326 A.D.; obverse FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG, draped bust right, hair waved, bun at back, wearing pearl necklace; reverseSPES REIPVBLICAE, Fausta standing facing, looking left, holding infants Constantine II and Constantius II, PTR followed by dot over crescent with horns up in exergue; ex HarlanBerk; $100.00 (€85.00)
Lucilla, Augusta c. 164 - 182 A.D., Wife of Lucius Verus
Although many coin references classify Fecunditas as a personification of fertility rather than as an actual deity, Fecunditas was recognized as a Roman divinity by Nero, who erected a statue to her. Tacitus notes that upon the birth of Claudia Neronis, the senate decreed the construction of a temple of Fertility to be built at Antium. Fecunditas is always portrayed as a female figure holding a child, or children and often a scepter, cornucopia, palm branch or caduceus. Sometimes the children are depicted standing at her feet. Coins portraying her usually advertise the fertility of the imperial family.RB87541. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC III 1736, BMCRE IV 1197, Cohen III 21, Hunter II 48, MIR 18 29, SRCV II 5499, Fair, centered, edge cracks, weight 20.312 g, maximum diameter 32.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 166 - 169 A.D.; obverse LVCILLA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, hair elaborately waived and knotted in chignon low at back; reverseFECVNDITAS, Fecunditas (fertility) seated right, nursing child, one boy behind and one before her, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; nice family reverse at a low budget price; scarce; $50.00 (€42.50)
Fausta, Augusta 324 - 326 A.D., Second Wife of Constantine the Great
Fausta, Maximianus' daughter, was married to Constantine in 307, to secure peace between the rivals. She bore three sons, Constantine II, Constans and Constantius II. In 326, Constantine ordered her steamed to death for her plot that resulted in the execution of Crispus, his son by a previous marriage. RL87990. Billoncentenionalis, RIC VII Antioch p. 689, 68 (R4); LRBC I 1343; SRCV IV 16580; Cohen VII 17, F, well centered, dark patina, earthen deposits, weight 2.497 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 0o, 8th officina, Antioch (Anta0kiyah, Turkey) mint, 326 - 328 A.D.; obverse FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG, draped bust right, hair waved, bun at back, wearing pearl necklace; reverseSALVS REIPVBLICAE, Fausta as Salus standing facing, looking left, holding infants Constantine II and Constantius II, SMANTH in exergue; rare; $50.00 (€42.50)
Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.
Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.RS64673. Silver antoninianus, RSC IV 230a, RIC V-2 320, Schulzki AGK 58, Elmer 395, Hunter IV 73, Cunetio 2428 (16 spec.), SRCV III 10969, VF, reverse slightly off center on a tight flan, porous, edge a little ragged with small flan cracks, weight 3.588 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 266 A.D.; obverseIMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reversePIETAS AVG (to the piety of the Emperor), Pietas standing left, holding a child in each arm, two more children standing flanking at her feet.; $36.00 (€30.60)