the Younger, , 94 - 95 A.D., Smyrna,
In 94 A.D., because he had no heir, adopted his two young great-nephews. He renamed them and . The next year he executed the boys' father, his cousin, Flavius Clemens, and exiled the boys' mother, his niece, . They were charged with Atheism, a charge sometimes applied to condemn converts to Judaism or Christianity. The boys then disappeared from history and their fate is unknown.
Smyrna was the only city to strike coins in the name of the Younger. No coins were struck for his brother.
Some scholars connect with a Roman Matron in the Talmud (Avodah Zarah 10b) and the Deuteronomy Rabbah 2.25. When the emperor had decreed that in 30 days, the Senate would confirm an edict to kill all Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire, the Roman matron convinced her husband to stand up for the Jews. If that identification is correct, her husband Flavius Clemens converted to Judaism, after having contact with the great sage Rabbi Akiva. is a saint in both the Greek Orthodox and the Roman Catholic .SH83453. Bronze AE 16, p. 244, 3, pl. 31 (V1/R1); 1028; 1360; 2208; p. 276, 320, gF/F, 2.790 g, maximum 16.3 mm, 0o, Smyrna mint, as , 94 - 95 A.D.; OYOCΠACIANOC NEΩTEPOC, right; ZMYPNAIΩN, standing right, in extended right hand, frond over left shoulder in left hand; ex Numismatik, auction 7, lot 200; ; $1300.00 (€1157.00)
Armenian Kingdom, Tigranes V (Herodian Tigranes I), c. 6 - 12 A.D.
"The reign of Tigranes V has generally been described as uneventful; his coins are similarly unremarkable. They do not commemorate any historical or military events but merely copy designs common to the Seleucid and autonomous city coinage of , , and . The standing Herakles/Vahagn, which was employed extensively by Tigranes the Great (CCA, 99-103), would have had particular appeal for the Phoenician population, as well as the Armenian." -- Frank L. Kovacs in "Tigranes IV, V, and VI: New Attributions"SH76981. Bronze two chalkoi, 6, ACV 158 (Tigranes IV), 153 (same), VF, portrait, nice green , old scratch on , 5.606 g, maximum 21.7 mm, 0o, (?) mint, c. 6 - 12 A.D.; heavily bearded of Tigranes IV right, wearing Armenian ; BAΣIΛEΩC TIΓPANOY MEΓAΛOY, Herakles-Vahagn standing slightly left, nude, right hand resting on grounded club, skin draped over left arm; ex Pecunem Numismatik Naumann auction 34 (2 Aug 2015), lot 496 ( realized €522.50 including fees); ; $670.00 (€596.30)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Tyre,
Dido, the founder and first queen of , is primarily known from Virgil's Aeneid. Upon succeeding their father as of Tyre, Dido's brother Pygmalion had her husband Sichaeus killed in a plot to seize his immense wealth. Dido, with a large group of friends and followers, escaped Tyre, carrying with them all of Sichaeus' treasure. As depicted on the of this coin, Dido made a sacrifice at the temple of Melqart-Hercules before leaving. The on some other Valerian types, we know of one example struck with this same die, depict Dido in beginning construction.RP75357. Bronze , Unpublished in the many references examined by , cf. 2354 ( and ), 2503 (same), VF, , porous, adjustment marks, 11.064 g, maximum 28.9 mm, 180o, Tyre mint, Oct 253 - Jun 260 A.D.; IMP CP LIC VALERIANVS AVG, laureate and right; COL TVRO MET, Dido standing right, on , extending both toward a temple of Melqart-Hercules in perspective to upper right, club within the temple, flaming column at her feet, shell on right below temple; from the J. Collection; the best of the few examples of the known to ; extremely ; $640.00 (€569.60)
, Augusta 105 - 129 A.D., Amphipolis,
was the wife of , married to him before his succession. She was renowned for her virtue and simplicity. In 100, awarded her with the title of Augusta, but she did not accept the title until 105. did not appear on the coinage until 112. She was largely responsible for Hadrian's succession to the throne after the death of . died in 129 A.D.SH79967. Bronze AE 24, III 645, 1170, 980, -, -, -, -, F, green , pitting, 9.487 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 180o, Amphipolis mint, 105 - 129 A.D.; CEBACTH ΠΛWTEINA, draped right; AMΦIΠOΛTWN, seated left, in right hand; very ; $630.00 (€560.70)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Traianopolis,
Hebros is the Romanized version of the original Thracian Ebros. Today it is the Maritsa river or, in , the Evros. The river enters the Aegean Sea near Enez. The lower course of the Maritsa/Evros forms of the Bulgarian-Greek and most of the Greek-Turkish . The upper Maritsa valley runs east-west in Bulgaria. The unnavigable river is used for power production and irrigation.
The Three , named Euphrosyne, Aglaia and Thalia, were the attendants of (Aphrodite).SH74540. Brass AE 31, 27 (V13/R24), 2739, -, -, F, , cleaning scratches, , 11.934 g, maximum 31.2 mm, 15o, Traianopolis mint, hegemon Statilus Barbarus; AYK Λ CEΠ - CEYHPOC Π, laureate right; HΓ CTATI BAPBAPOY TPAIANOΠO−ΛITΩN, River-god Hebrus reclining left on upturned urn; the Charites (the Three ) behind his legs standing facing; left and middle Charites with heads right, left Charis holding rod(?), middle Charis holding ; big 31 mm bronze!; very ; $580.00 (€516.20)
, Roman Rule, Aesillas, 90 - 75 B.C.
This was apparently intended to encourage Macedonian pride by portraying the legendary national hero of the Macedonians, and at the same time clearly communicate Roman authority with name and of the Roman .SH77215. Silver , Group VI, 223; 1330; 3305; 1439, VF, nice , light , die wear, 14.921 g, maximum 28.3 mm, 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, 90 - 75 B.C.; of Alexander the Great right with horn of and flowing hair, Θ behind, MAKE∆ONΩN below; AESILLAS above money-chest (cista), club, and Q over quaestor's chair ( ), all within laurel , pellet at end of Q; $500.00 (€445.00)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Hadrianopolis,
refounded a Thracian tribal capital, changed its name to Hadrianopolis, developed it, adorned it with monuments, and made it the capital of the Roman province. The city is Edirne, Turkey today. From ancient times, the around Edirne has been the site of no fewer than 16 major battles or sieges. Military historian John Keegan identifies it as "the most contested spot on the globe" and attributes this to its geographical location. Licinius was defeated there by in 323, and was killed by the Goths during the Battle of Adrianople in 378.SH65237. Bronze AE 25, p. 157 & pl. XXII, 244 (V137/R244); , Suppl. II, 658; -, -, -, VF, green , 7.837 g, maximum 24.7 mm, 180o, Hadrianopolis (Edirne, Turkey) mint, IOYΛIA ∆O CEBACTH, draped right; A∆PIANOΠOΛEITΩN, galley left with four oarsmen and steersman in stern; very ; $460.00 (€409.40)
, Roman Rule, Aesillas, 90 - 75 B.C.
This was apparently intended to encourage Macedonian pride by portraying the legendary national hero of the Macedonians, and at the same time clearly communicate Roman authority with name and of the Roman .SH77214. Silver , Group , O90/R328; 3305; 224; 1330; 1439, VF, rose , , die wear, 16.397 g, maximum 26.1 mm, 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, 90 - 75 B.C.; of Alexander the Great right with horn of and flowing hair, Θ behind, MAKE∆ONΩN below; AESILLAS above money-chest (cista), club, and Q over quaestor's chair ( ), all within laurel , pellet on chest , pellet at center of knot, pellet at end of Q; $450.00 (€400.50)
Athens, , , c. 140 - 175 A.D.
Minos demanded that, every ninth year, Athens send seven boys and seven girls to to be devoured by the , a half-man, half-bull monster that lived in the Labyrinth. , son of Aigeus, the of Athens, volunteered to take the place of one of the youths and slay the monster to stop this horror. Upon his arrival to , , Minos' daughter, fell in love with him and gave him a ball of to him find his way out of the Labyrinth. promised that if he escaped he would take her with him. Using the string to mark his path, he made his way to the heart of the Labyrinth, slew the , followed the string out, and then rescued the Athenian boys and girls. told to leave and Phaedra behind on the beach. Distressed by his broken heart, forgot to put up the white sails that were to signal his success. Upon seeing black sails, his father committed suicide, throwing himself off a cliff into the sea, causing this body of water to be named the Aegean.GB77873. Bronze , p. 105, 764; 341; , pl. 96, 1; 276, aF, corrosion, 7.132 g, maximum 23.7 mm, 180o, Athens mint, pseudo-autonomous under Rome, c. 140 - 175 A.D.; helmeted of right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; AΘHNAIΩN, right, preparing to slay the , nude, planting knee on the back of , raising club in his right hand, a horn of the in his left hand, the falling right on left knee; from the Butte College Foundation, ex (Antioch Associates); very ; $450.00 (€400.50)
and , 24 January 41 - 48 A.D., Knossos,
was Claudius' 3rd wife and mother of and . They were married when she was 14. In 48 A.D., while was away in , even though she was married to the emperor, married her lover, Gaius Silius. Silius was executed and driven to suicide.SH74280. Bronze AE 20, 1001 (rev ending ) or 1002, 214 ( ) or 212, -, -, aVF, crowded , 4.393 g, maximum 20.4 mm, 180o, Knossos mint, Cytherus und Capito, 41 A.D.; TI CLAVDIVS AVG , of left; [CAPITONE CYTHERONTE ] or [CYTHERO CAPITONE] (end of off ), draped of right; extremely ; $430.00 (€382.70)
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