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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ CyzicusView Options:  |  |  |   

Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey)

Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. According to tradition, it was founded by Pelasgians from Thessaly and later received many colonies from Miletus. Like the other Greek cities in Asia, it fell under the rule of the Persia Empire until Alexander the Great captured it in 334 B.C. In 74 B.C. the city, allied with Rome, withstood a siege by 300,000 men led by King Mithridates VI of Pontus. Rome rewarded this loyalty with territory and with municipal independence which lasted until the reign of Tiberius. When it was incorporated into the Empire, Cyzicus was made the capital of Mysia, and afterwards of Hellespontus. Dates of operation: The Cyzicus mint was opened by Gallienus (253 - 268 A.D.) and continued to strike coins well into the Byzantine era. Mintmarks: K, KVZ, SMK.


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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Adventus reverse types commemorate the emperor's arrival at Rome, either at the commencement of his reign or on his return from a distance. They may also refer to his arrival in some other city or province of the empire. At their accession, emperors were not conveyed in a chariot nor in any other vehicle, but went on horseback or on foot when they made their first public entry into the capital of the Roman world.
RA76334. Billon antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 904 (S); Cohen VI 69; Pink VI-1, p. 43; Hunter IV 311 var. (1st officina); cf. SRCV III 11195 (Rome mint, etc.), gVF, green patina with some silvering remaining, weight 4.393 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 2nd emission, end 276 - beginning 277 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), radiate, helmeted, and cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand over right shoulder, oval shield decorated with charging horseman on left arm; reverse ADVENTVS PROBI AVG (the arrival of Emperor Probus), Probus on horseback left, raising right hand in salute, long scepter in left hand, horses' right foreleg raised over bound captive seated left, B in exergue; scarce; $280.00 (249.20)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 280 A.D., the Germans destroyed the Roman fleet on the Rhine. Bonosus was proclaimed emperor at Colonia Agrippina (Cologne). After Probus defeated him, Bonosus hanged himself. His family was treated with honors.
RA84373. Billon antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 907; Pink VI/1 p. 43; Hunter IV 323 var. (5th officina); SRCV III 11968 var. (...PROBVS AVG); Cohen VI 173 var. (same), Choice VF, well centered, near full silvering, weight 2.557 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, emission 3, 280 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Victory on left, standing right, palm in left hand, with right hand presenting wreath to emperor, on right, standing left, holding spear in left hand, P low center, XXIMC in exergue; $120.00 (106.80)


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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The reverse legend translates, "Happy Times Restored." Happy times would not last for Constans. This coinage was among his last issues before his general Magnentius rebelled and had him killed.
RL76207. Billon light maiorina, RIC VIII Cyzicus 77 (S), LRBC II 2479, Voetter 20, SRCV V 18699, Cohen VII 18, Hunter V -, aEF, well centered, nice green patina, some encrustation, small edge cracks, weight 4.253 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust left, holding globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Constans walking right, looking back left, leading barbarian from hut under tree, holding spear, star above, SMKΓ in exergue; scarce; $110.00 (97.90)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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For many years, the two imperial colleagues had maintained an uneasy truce, but temperatures rose again in 321 when Constantine pursued some Sarmatians, who had been ravaging territory in his realm, across the Danube into Licinius' territory. When he repeated this with another invasion, this time by the Goths who were pillaging Thrace, Licinius complained that Constantine had broken the treaty between them.
RL79435. Billon follis, RIC VII Cyzicus 15 (R2), Cohen VII 71, SRCV IV 15216, Hunter V 173 ff. var. (2nd officina not listed), Choice aEF, well centered bold strike, some die wear, areas of mild porosity, weight 2.850 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 321 - 324 A.D.; obverse IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing slightly left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders, Victory on globe presenting wreath in right hand, long eagle-topped scepter vertical in left hand, eagle standing left with wreath in beak at feet on left, in right field: X/IIΓ over bound captive seated right and looking left, SMKB in exergue; $110.00 (97.90)


Licinius Junior, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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In 321 A.D., the Catholic Church was first allowed to hold property.
RL79436. Billon follis, RIC VII Cyzicus 18 (R1), SRCV IV 15409, Cohen VII 21, Hunter V 37 ff. var. (3rd officina not listed), Choice gVF, well centered and struck, attractive coin, weight 3.613 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 321 - 18 Sep 324 A.D.; obverse D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, shield in left hand and spear in right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing left, nude but for chlamys over left shoulder, Victory on globe presenting wreath in right hand, long eagle-topped scepter vertical behind in left hand, eagle with wreath in beak at feet left, captive seated right but looking left at feet on right, X/IIΓ (12 1/2) in right field, SMKΓ in exergue; $110.00 (97.90)


Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.

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In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Army, of the Senate, of the Roman People, etc. The legend GENIO AVGVSTI dedicates this coin to the Genius of the Augusti, the Emperors. The figure depicted is the statue of the Spirit of the Roman People which was then in the Roman Forum (it is now lost). The act of pouring the libation to the emperor illustrates what the Christians were required to do in order not to be persecuted.
RT73848. Billon follis, RIC VI Cyzicus 53, SRCV IV 14509, Cohen VII 40, gVF, well centered, sharp detail, light corrosion, some marks, weight 7.117 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 309 - May 310 A.D.; obverse GAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO AVGVSTI (to the guardian spirit of the Emperor), Genius standing left, nude but for kalathos on head and chlamys over shoulders and left arm, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left, B left, star right, MVK in exergue; $100.00 (89.00)


Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.

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In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Roman people, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc. This coin is dedicated "to the Genius (guardian spirits) of our emperors and caesars."
RT84097. Billon follis, RIC VI Cyzicus 11a, SRCV IV 14032, Cohen VII 58, Choice gVF, well centered, nice portrait, silvering, reverse a little weak, weight 8.907 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 297 - 299 A.D.; obverse FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN (to the guardian spirits of our emperors and caesars), Genius standing left, kalathos on head, nude but for paludamentum over shoulders and left arm, patera from which liquid flows in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, KB in exergue; $100.00 (89.00)


Aurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.

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In 274, Rome greeted Aurelian as Restitutor Orbis ("Restorer of the World") and accorded him a magnificent triumph (victory procession), which was graced by his captives Tetricus I and his son Tetricus II. Aurelian's conquests of the Palmyran Empire and the Gallic Empire reunited the Roman Empire.
RA83898. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 2993, BnF XII 1186, RIC V 368 corr., Venra 10426 - 10450, Thibouville 2266, Maravielle 661, Navis-Mhlen 106, VF, full circles strike, near full silvering, flan crack, light deposits, weight 4.313 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, issue 8, phase 2, spring 273 - spring 274 A.D.; obverse IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR ORBIS (to the restorer of the world), Aurelian on right, holding scepter in left, standing left, extending right to woman who crowns him with wreath, ∆ C in exergue; $90.00 (80.10)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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Adventus reverse types commemorate the emperor's arrival at Rome, either at the commencement of his reign or on his return from a distance. They may also refer to his arrival in some other city or province of the empire. At their accession, emperors were not conveyed in a chariot nor in any other vehicle, but went on horseback or on foot when they made their first public entry into the capital of the Roman world.
RB67627. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 904 (S); Cohen VI 69; Pink VI-1, p. 43; Hunter IV 311 var. (1st officina); cf. SRCV III 11195 (Rome mint, etc.), gVF, well centered, a little rough, weight 4.220 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 2nd emission, end 276 - beginning 277 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), radiate, helmeted, and cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand over right shoulder, oval shield decorated with charging horseman on left arm; reverse ADVENTVS PROBI AVG (the arrival of Emperor Probus), Probus on horseback left, raising right hand in salute, long scepter in left hand, horses' right foreleg raised over bound captive seated left, ∆ in exergue; scarce; $80.00 (71.20)


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.

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In 293, Diocletian's Palace was built at a small bay on the Dalmatian coast, four miles from Salona, today's Split, Croatia.
RA71691. Billon antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 306; Cohen VI 33; SRCV IV 12635; Hunter IV 60 var. (1st officina), aEF, well centered, light encrustations, weight 4.499 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 293 - 294 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Diocletian standing right, receiving Victory on globe from from Jupiter standing left, holding long scepter behind in left, Γ in center, XXI in exergue; $80.00 (71.20)




  



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Cyzicus