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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Cyzicus||View Options:  |  |  |   

Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey)

Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. According to tradition, it was founded by Pelasgians from Thessaly and later received many colonies from Miletus. Like the other Greek cities in Asia, it fell under the rule of the Persia Empire until Alexander the Great captured it in 334 B.C. In 74 B.C. the city, allied with Rome, withstood a siege by 300,000 men led by King Mithridates VI of Pontus. Rome rewarded this loyalty with territory and with municipal independence which lasted until the reign of Tiberius. When it was incorporated into the Empire, Cyzicus was made the capital of Mysia, and afterwards of Hellespontus. Dates of operation: The Cyzicus mint was opened by Gallienus (253 - 268 A.D.) and continued to strike coins well into the Byzantine era. Mintmarks: C, CM, CVZ (sometimes with the Z reversed), CVZIC, K, KVZ, MC, MK, MKV, SMK.

Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.

|Galerius|, |Galerius,| |1| |March| |305| |-| |5| |May| |311| |A.D.|, |follis|
In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Roman people, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc. This coin is dedicated "to the Genius (guardian spirits) of our emperors and caesars."
RB91231. Billon follis, RIC VI Cyzicus 11b, SRCV IV 14342, Cohen VII 39, Hunter V 52 var. (smaller head on obverse), Choice EF, full borders, near full silvering, attractive style, small cut on obverse, weight 12.008 g, maximum diameter 27.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 295 - 296 A.D.; obverse GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN (to the guardian spirits of our emperors and caesars), Genius standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, kalathos on head, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, KA in exergue; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 76 (7 Apr 2019), part of lot 942; $160.00 SALE |PRICE| $144.00
 


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

|Probus|, |Probus,| |Summer| |276| |-| |September| |282| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Adventus reverse types commemorate the emperor's arrival at Rome, either at the commencement of his reign or on his return from a distance. They may also refer to his arrival in some other city or province of the empire. At their accession, emperors were not conveyed in a chariot nor in any other vehicle, but went on horseback or on foot when they made their first public entry into the capital of the Roman world.
RA76334. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 904 (S); Cohen VI 69; Pink VI-1, p. 43; Hunter IV 311 var. (1st officina); cf. SRCV III 11195 (Rome mint, etc.), gVF, green patina with some silvering remaining, weight 4.393 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 2nd emission, end 276 - beginning 277 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), radiate, helmeted, and cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand over right shoulder, oval shield decorated with charging horseman on left arm; reverse ADVENTVS PROBI AVG (the arrival of Emperor Probus), Probus on horseback left, raising right hand in salute, long scepter in left hand, horses' right foreleg raised over bound captive seated left, B in exergue; scarce; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00
 


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.|, |follis|
Very unusual mint error! Poor letter spacing on the reverse forced the engraver to make the final two letters extraordinarily small and curve back up to the exergue line. On many examples of this type the last two letters extend into the exergue to the mintmark. This engraver had his own idea of how to handle the problem.
RL89684. Billon follis, Hunter V 170 (also 2nd officina), RIC VII Cyzicus 9, SRCV IV 15237, Cohen VII 114, Choice gVF, bold well centered strike, some silvering, weight 3.196 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 317 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINVS P F AVG, consular bust left, mappa in right hand, globe and scepter in left hand; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jove the protector of the two Emperors), Jupiter standing left, nude but for chlamys over left shoulder, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, long scepter in left hand, wreath lower left, B right, SMK in exergue; ex Beast Coins; $105.00 SALE |PRICE| $95.00
 


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |maiorina|
In 359, Shapur II the Great of the Persian Empire invaded southern Armenia. The Romans implemented a scorched earth policy and placed strong guards at the Euphrates crossings. Shapur II besieged the Roman fortress of Amida (modern Diyarbakir). After seventy-three days the city was conquered and the population massacred. In the winter of 359, Shapur II halted his campaign, due to heavy casualties. In 360, Shapur II continued his campaign against the Roman fortresses; capturing Singara, Bezabde and Nisibis.
RL88062. Bronze reduced maiorina, RIC VIII Cyzicus 117, LRBC II 2504, Voetter 47, SRCV V 18320, Cohen VII 188, Choice VF, nice green patina, well centered, light earthen deposits, edge a little ragged, weight 1.298 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 358 - 3 Nov 361; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES REIPVBLICE (the hope of the Republic), emperor standing left, wearing helmet and military dress, globe in right hand, spear in left hand, SMKA exergue; $60.00 SALE |PRICE| $54.00
 


Aurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.

|Aurelian|, |Aurelian,| |August| |or| |September| |270| |-| |October| |or| |November| |275| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Aurelian probably joined the army in 235, a year that began an era of crisis, imperial assassinations, invasions, civil wars, plagues, and economic depression, which severely damaged the army. He distinguished himself in battle and successes as a cavalry commander eventually made him a member of emperor Gallienus' entourage. Claudius gave him command of the elite Dalmatian cavalry, and then promoted him to Master of Horse (second in command of the army after the Emperor). As emperor, Aurelian's successful restoration of the Army enabled him to defeat the Alamanni, Goths, Vandals, Juthungi, Sarmatians, and the Palmyrene Empire effectively ending the Roman Empire's Crisis of the Third Century.
RB88412. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3085 (36 spec.), RIC V-1 366, BnF XII 1220, Venèra 10728 - 10732, Hunter IV 105, Cohen VI 206, Choice gVF, well centered, areas of porosity, small green encrustations, weight 4.114 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, issue 10, phase 2, early - summer 275; obverse IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR EXERCITI (restorer of the army), Aurelian standing left holding scepter and presenting globe to Mars, also holding scepter, helmeted, standing right, A in center, XXI in exergue; $60.00 SALE |PRICE| $54.00
 


Delmatius, Caesar, 18 September 335 - mid 337 A.D.

|Delmatius|, |Delmatius,| |Caesar,| |18| |September| |335| |-| |mid| |337| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
Dalmatius was son of another Flavius Dalmatius, censor, and nephew of Constantine I. Dalmatius and his brother Hannibalianus were educated at Tolosa (Toulouse) by rhetor Exuperius. On 18 September 335, he was raised to the rank of Caesar, with the control of Thracia, Achaea and Macedonia. Dalmatius died in late summer 337, killed by his own soldiers. It is possible that his death was related to the purge that hit the imperial family at the death of Constantine, and organized by Constantius II with the aim of removing any possible claimant to the throne.
RL91650. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Cyzicus 145, LRBC I 1270, SRCV IV 16900, Cohen VII 8, Hunter V 6 var. (bust also draped, 4th officina), VF, tight flan, slightly off center, edge ragged, weight 1.921 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 336 - mid 337 A.D.; obverse FL IVL DELMATIVS NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMKΓ in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $60.00 SALE |PRICE| $54.00
 


Aurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.

|Aurelian|, |Aurelian,| |August| |or| |September| |270| |-| |October| |or| |November| |275| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Aurelian probably joined the army in 235, a year that began an era of crisis, imperial assassinations, invasions, civil wars, plagues, and economic depression, which severely damaged the army. He distinguished himself in battle and successes as a cavalry commander eventually made him a member of emperor Gallienus' entourage. Claudius gave him command of the elite Dalmatian cavalry, and then promoted him to Master of Horse (second in command of the army after the Emperor). As emperor, Aurelian's successful restoration of the Army enabled him to defeat the Alamanni, Goths, Vandals, Juthungi, Sarmatians, and the Palmyrene Empire effectively ending the Roman Empire's Crisis of the Third Century.
RA87240. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3088 (45 spec.), RIC V-1 366, BnF XII 1224, Venèra 10733 - 10747, Cohen VI 206, Hunter IV 105 var. (2nd officina), Choice VF, well centered, much silvering, weight 3.314 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, issue 10, phase 2, early - summer 275; obverse IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR EXERCITI (restorer of the army), Mars (on left) and Aurelian standing confronted, Aurelian presenting globe to Mars, each holds a long scepter, B in center, XXI in exergue; $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00
 


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

|Maximian|, |Maximian,| |286| |-| |305,| |306| |-| |308,| |and| |310| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
About 287, Diocletian assumed the title Iovius and Maximian assumed the title Herculius. The titles were symbolic of their roles: Diocletian-Jove was dominant, responsible for planning and commanding; Maximian-Hercules had the heroic role of completing assigned tasks. Despite the symbolism, the emperors were not actually worshiped as the gods Jupiter and Hercules in the imperial cult. Instead, they were seen as the gods' instruments, imposing the gods' will on earth.
RA91632. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV 53 (also 4th officina), RIC V-2 607 corr. (no dot in ex.), SRCV IV 13115, Cohen VI 53, aEF, well centered, nice portrait, most silvering remaining, flow lines, reverse struck with a worn die, weight 2.852 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 286 - 295 A.D.; obverse IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM• (harmony with the soldiers), Maximianus standing right with short scepter, Jupiter standing left presenting Victory on globe with right and holding long scepter vertical behind in left, ∆ between them, XXI• in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $45.00 SALE |PRICE| $40.50
 


Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D.

|Claudius| |II|, |Claudius| |II| |Gothicus,| |September| |268| |-| |August| |or| |September| |270| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
A scarce and popular historical type - the reverse commemorates Claudius' great victory over the Goths at Naissus in Upper Moesia.
RA88871. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 978 (7 spec.), Çanakkale 2439 - 2440, RIC V-1 252 var. (SPQR in ex.), SRCV III 11381 var. (SPQR in ex.), Cunetio -, Normanby -, aVF, well centered, some porosity, centers not fully struck, ragged edge, weight 3.413 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina(?), Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, issue 4, c. mid 270 - Sep 270; obverse IMP CLAVDIVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE GOTHIC (victory over the Goths), two captives seated at the base of a trophy of captured arms; rare; $40.00 SALE |PRICE| $36.00
 


Honorius, 23 January 393 - 15 August 423 A.D.

|Honorius|, |Honorius,| |23| |January| |393| |-| |15| |August| |423| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
The Notitia Dignitatum shows the development of forces in the Roman Empire. When this coin was struck 200,000 soldiers guarded the borders, and a reserve force of 50,000 was available for deployment. Many of the soldiers were from Germanic tribes: Alamanni, Franks, Goths, Saxons and Vandals. In the winter of 394 the Huns cross the frozen Danube and destroyed the villages built by resettled Goths. Regardless of the force size available, Theodosius I, six hundred miles away in Italy, did not send reinforcements to defend the northern frontier.
RL91666. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Cyzicus 29(c), DOCLR 703 - 705, LRBC II 2576, SRCV V 20998, Cohen VIII 23, F, centered on a tight flan, scratches, porous, weight 1.784 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 23 Jan 393 - 17 Jan 395 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Honorius on horseback right, raising right hand, reins in left hand, SMK[...] in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $40.00 SALE |PRICE| $36.00
 




  



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REFERENCES|

Bastien, P. "Coins with a Double Effigy Issued by Licinius at Nicomedia, Cyzicus, and Antioch" in NC 1973.


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